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Toxic epidermal necrolysis in systemic lupus erythematosus

Horne, Nathanael S; Narayan, Archana R; Young, Rose-Marie; Frieri, Marianne
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an acute, rapidly evolving mucocutaneous reaction with a high mortality rate characterized by extensive painful cutaneous and mucosal exfoliation and systemic involvement that is frequently associated with medication use. The treatment of this condition is controversial. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a generalized autoimmune disease of unknown etiology characterized by the production of autoantibodies to self antigens. Several case reports in the literature have demonstrated an association between SLE and TEN, and it has been postulated that lupus-associated TEN may exist. In this review, we will explore the association of SLE and TEN, and its diagnosis and treatment
PMID: 16431352
ISSN: 1568-9972
CID: 114335

Dermatophagoides extract-treated confluent type II epithelial cells (cA549) and human lung mesenchymal cell growth

Capetandes, Anthony; Horne, Nathanael S; Frieri, Marianne
BACKGROUND: Chronic severe persistent asthma is associated with damaged epithelial cells with discontinuous tight junctions that contribute to dysregulated fibroblast and endothelial cell (mesenchymal) growth. Dermatophagoides species-derived proteases have been shown to cause damage to epithelial cell tight junctions. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Dermatophagoides species can stimulate confluent A549 (cA549), a cell type with discontinuous tight junctions that approximate differentiated type II cells, to undergo altered growth and secrete putative soluble factors that affect the growth of human lung fibroblasts and microvascular endothelial cells. METHODS: Dialyzed Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus or Dermatophagoides farinae extracts (0, 300, 600, and 1000 AU/mL) were cultured with and without cA549 in serum-free media for 24 hours. After changes in cA549 growth were recorded, conditioned media from extracts with cA549 (CM) and without cA549 (control media [CTLM]) were transferred to fibroblasts and endothelial cells for 24 hours. Fibroblast and endothelial cell growth responses to CM and CTLM were observed and measured. RESULTS: All conditions showed greater than 95% cell viability. Confluent A549 showed dose-dependent growth changes characterized by increased aggregation when incubated with 300, 600, and 1000 AU/mL of D pteronyssinus in serum-free media relative to control. The CM, but not the CTLM, induced dose-dependent aggregation by fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Fibroblasts also showed decreased adhesion when incubated with CM. Dermatophagoides farinae-treated cA549 showed similar but weaker results. The use of serum, boiled CM, or boiled extract inhibited these findings. CONCLUSIONS: Dialyzed Dermatophagoides species extracts altered cA549 growth and stimulated the secretion of factors that dysregulate mesenchymal cell growth in vitro
PMID: 16279569
ISSN: 1081-1206
CID: 114334