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Malignant lymphoma of the lower urinary tract: A single institutional experience

Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Ren, Qinghu; Huang, Hongying; Park, Kyung; Deng, Fang-Ming
Lymphoma of the urinary tract is relatively rare and comprises of < 5% of all primary extra nodal lymphoma. Diagnoses of these lesions at anearly stage is important as they can disseminate or transform into high grade lesion if there is a delay in the diagnoses. There are only few case series and case reports on the malignant lymphoma of the urinary tract. The aim of this study was to characterize lymphoma involving the urinary bladder and prostate. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and histologic findings of the malignant lymphoma involving urinary bladder and prostate at our institution. Lymphoma involving the lower urinary tract clinically presented with lower urinary tract symptoms and usually with concurrent associated urinary bladder cancer or prostatic cancer in our series. Lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnoses especially in patients with prior history of lymphoid disorders. There should be a high index of suspicion when there is any atypical lymphoid infiltrate in routine urinary bladder and prostate surgical specimens.
PMID: 35526304
ISSN: 1618-0631
CID: 5213972

Optimal Method for Reporting Prostate Cancer Grade in MRI-targeted Biopsies

Deng, Fang-Ming; Isaila, Bogdan; Jones, Derek; Ren, Qinghu; Kyung, Park; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Mirsadraei, Leili; Xia, Yuhe; Melamed, Jonathan
When multiple cores are biopsied from a single magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted lesion, Gleason grade may be assigned for each core separately or for all cores of the lesion in aggregate. Because of the potential for disparate grades, an optimal method for pathology reporting MRI lesion grade awaits validation. We examined our institutional experience on the concordance of biopsy grade with subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) grade of targeted lesions when grade is determined on individual versus aggregate core basis. For 317 patients (with 367 lesions) who underwent MRI-targeted biopsy followed by RP, targeted lesion grade was assigned as (1) global Grade Group (GG), aggregated positive cores; (2) highest GG (highest grade in single biopsy core); and (3) largest volume GG (grade in the core with longest cancer linear length). The 3 biopsy grades were compared (equivalence, upgrade, or downgrade) with the final grade of the lesion in the RP, using κ and weighted κ coefficients. The biopsy global, highest, and largest GGs were the same as the final RP GG in 73%, 68%, 62% cases, respectively (weighted κ: 0.77, 0.79, and 0.71). For cases where the targeted lesion biopsy grade scores differed from each other when assigned by global, highest, and largest GG, the concordance with the targeted lesion RP GG was 69%, 52%, 31% for biopsy global, highest, and largest GGs tumors (weighted κ: 0.65, 0.68, 0.59). Overall, global, highest, and largest GG of the targeted biopsy show substantial agreement with RP-targeted lesion GG, however targeted global GG yields slightly better agreement than either targeted highest or largest GG. This becomes more apparent in nearly one third of cases when each of the 3 targeted lesion level biopsy scores differ. These results support the use of global (aggregate) GG for reporting of MRI lesion-targeted biopsies, while further validations are awaited.
PMID: 34115670
ISSN: 1532-0979
CID: 4900372

The Spectrum of Biopsy Site Histologic Change in the Radical Prostatectomy Specimen [Meeting Abstract]

Melamed, Jonathan; Ren, Joyce; Deng, Fang-Ming; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Jones, Derek
ISSN: 0023-6837
CID: 5243202

The Spectrum of Biopsy Site Histologic Change in the Radical Prostatectomy Specimen [Meeting Abstract]

Melamed, Jonathan; Ren, Joyce; Deng, Fang-Ming; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Jones, Derek
ISSN: 0893-3952
CID: 5243332

Clonal Distribution and Intratumor Heterogeneity of the TCR Repertoire in Papillary Thyroid Cancer With or Without Coexistent Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

Cui, Likun; Zhang, Chaoting; Ding, Huirong; Feng, Dongdong; Huang, Hongying; Lu, Zheming; Liu, Baoguo
The intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) of the amount and TCR repertoires of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in PTC with and without coexistent Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) are unclear. Here, we investigated the amount of T cells in tumor and corresponding normal tissues by immunohistochemical staining on 80 tumor samples and 40 normal samples from 40 patients. The immune repertoire of T cells was identified on 24 tumor samples and 12 normal samples from 12 patients using TCR high-throughput sequencing. The results demonstrated that the numbers of CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in PTC without coexistent HT (PTC-WO) were significantly lower than those in PTC with existing HT (PTC-W). In PTC-W, the density of CD4+ TILs were generally higher when compared with CD8+ TILs. Furthermore, we found that the numbers of CD3+ T cells and their CD4+, CD8+ subtypes in tumor samples were generally higher than those in normal tissue in PTC-WO and moreover, the number of CD3+ T cells was negatively associated with TCR clonality in PTC-WO. In addition, although ITH of the TCR repertoire truly existed in PTC-W and PTC-WO, the TCR repertoires between distinct regions of the non-adjacent tumor foci were presented with a higher degree of similarity than those between tumor and matched normal tissue in PTC-WO, yet the similarity of intratumor repertoires was not significantly higher than those between tumor and corresponding normal samples in PTC-W. This research comprehensively delineated the quantity and TCR repertoire ITH of T cells in PTC-W and PTC-WO, suggesting that TILs might be reactive to tumor antigens in PTC-WO. Moreover, multiregion biopsies should be performed to precisely identify the immune background in PTC-W and PTC-WO.
PMID: 35720279
ISSN: 1664-3224
CID: 5277962

IBCL-373: Updated Experience from Mosunetuzumab in Multiple Relapsed Follicular Lymphoma: Promising Efficacy from a Phase I Trial [Meeting Abstract]

Assouline, S; Kim, W S; Sehn, L H; Schuster, S J; Cheah, C Y; Nastoupil, L J; Shadman, M; Yoon, S -S; Matasar, M J; Diefenbach, C; Gregory, G P; Bartlett, N L; Wei, M C; Doral, M Y; Yin, S; Negricea, R; Li, C -C; Penuel, E; Huang, H; Budde, L E
Context: Follicular lymphoma (FL) often presents with recurrent relapses. Treatment options for patients (pts) with FL who have received >=2 prior lines of therapy are limited, and prognosis is poor. The safety and efficacy of mosunetuzumab, a full-length, fully humanized IgG1 CD20/CD3 bispecific antibody is currently being investigated in an ongoing open-label, multicenter, Phase I/Ib, dose-escalation and expansion trial in relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell lymphoma (GO29781; NCT02500407).
Objective(s): To present updated data from the R/R FL cohort.
Method(s): Pts received intravenous mosunetuzumab step-up doses in cycle (C) 1, days (D) 1 and 8, then the target dose on D15 and D1 of each subsequent 21-day cycle (Group B); treatment continued for <=17 cycles.
Result(s): As of January 21, 2020, mosunetuzumab 0.4/1.0/2.8 mg to 1/2/13.5 mg (C1D1/8/15 dose levels) was given to 62 pts with FL who received >=2 prior systemic therapies. Pts had a median age of 59 (27-85) years, median number of 3 (2-11) prior therapies; 33 pts (53%) were double refractory, 30 (48%) had progression of disease within 24 months of first-line treatment (POD24), and four (6%) received prior chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy. Overall response rate (ORR) and CR rate were 68% and 50%, respectively. In high-risk pts, consistent CR rates were observed: 55% (18/33) in pts with double refractory disease, 53% (16/30) in pts who had POD24, 78% (7/9) in pts with PI3Ki refractory FL, and 50% (2/4) in those who received prior CAR-T therapy. Twenty-six pts with a CR (74%) remained in remission (median time on study: 14.4 months). In responders (n=42), median duration of response was 20.4 months (95% CI: 11.7-not reached), and median progression-free survival was 11.8 months (95% CI: 7.3-21.9). Adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs were reported in 60 (97%) and 22 pts (35%), respectively. The most common grade (Gr) >=3 AEs included hypophosphatemia (23%) and neutropenia (21%). Fourteen pts (23%) experienced CRS1; events were mostly Gr 1 or 2, reversible, and occurred largely during C1.
Conclusion(s): A high CR rate, durable responses, and a manageable safety profile were observed with mosunetuzumab monotherapy in heavily pre-treated pts with FL, including high-risk pts.
ISSN: 2152-2669
CID: 4982872

Prediction by a genomic classifier of unfavorable disease in low grade prostate cancer [Meeting Abstract]

Zhao, Y; Deng, F; Huang, H; Melamed, J; Park, K; Ren, Q
Background: Low risk prostate cancers are amenable to active surveillance which can reduce harmful overtreatment of indolent disease. However there is great variability of criteria in urological practice for determination of active surveillance candidacy. The quantity of Gleason pattern 4 is an important prognostic parameter and may influence treatment decisions. A genomic classifier, the Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score has been used to predict both clinical risk and tumor aggressiveness in patients diagnosed on biopsy with low risk prostate cancer (Grade group (GG) 1 and 2). This study investigated whether Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) can predict unfavorable disease and correlates with percentage of Gleason pattern 4 in low grade prostate cancer.
Design(s): We searched our surgical pathology database for prostate biopsies with Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score reports (2016- 2019). Oncotype Dx was performed on the single core with worst disease (core with longest tumor and/or maximum percentage of pattern 4). Biopsy results including Gleason Score and length of the tumor and percentage of pattern 4 from the core submitted for Oncotype test were recorded. Follow-up repeat biopsy or prostatectomy, if performed, were also retrieved for review of Gleason Score. Oncotype GPS score and related clinical information were analyzed in the study.
Result(s): 306 prostate biopsy cases with Oncotype DX test report were included in the study. Among these cases, 124 cases were originally diagnosed as GG1 (Gleason Score 3 + 3) and 182 cases were GG2 (3 + 4). The average GPS in GG 2 is significantly higher than GG1 (28.52 +/- 11.80 vs 17.88 +/- 9.35, p < 0.0001). Forty cases in GG1 had follow up repeat biopsy or prostatectomy. Twenty cases were upgraded to GG2. Cases with higher GPS score are more likely to upgrade to GG2 (23.10 +/- 10.13 vs 16.55 +/- 8.22, p < 0.05) in follow up repeat biopsy or prostatectomy. In GG1 group, GPS score correlated with the maximum tumor length and tumor percentage (p < 0.01). In GG2, patients with Gleason pattern 4 greater than 30% received higher GPS score than patients with pattern 4 less than 30% (p < 0.05). GPS significantly correlated with percentage of Gleason pattern 4 but not length of pattern 4, length of tumor, PSA level or PSA density.
Conclusion(s): In GG1, Oncotype Dx GPS can predict the likelihood of unfavorable disease at follow up repeat biopsy or prostatectomy. In GG2, GPS score correlated with percentage of pattern 4, supporting its role as an auxiliary tool for clinical risk classification
ISSN: 1530-0285
CID: 4471042

Gleason score 3+4=7 prostate cancer with minimal pattern 4 identified in prostate needle biopsy barely has worse pathological outcomes [Meeting Abstract]

Serrano, A; Melamed, J; Ren, Q; Huang, H; Park, K; Flaifel, A; Deng, F
Background: Recent clinical guidelines for management of prostate adenocarcinoma are aimed at expanding active surveillance (AS) to include men with intermediate-risk (Gleason score 3+4=7) disease on needle biopsy (NB). However, studies reported a large portion of men with Gleason 3+4=7 prostate cancer on biopsy, that harbored adverse surgical pathologic findings. It remains unclear which subset of intermediate-risk patients with Gleason score 7 cancers can be safely treated with AS. In this study we investigate whether the percentage of Gleason pattern 4 in NB with Gleason score 7 cancers is an indicator for stratifying risk.
Design(s): We retrospectively reviewed our electronic record database for patients that underwent core NB over a 6-year period. We included NB with Gleason score 3+3=6 (G336), 3+4=7 with <5% Gleason pattern 4 (G4%<5) and 3+4=7 with 6-49% maximum Gleason pattern 4 (G4%6-49); all cases had corresponding radical prostatectomy (RP) within 6 months of the biopsy. We defined adverse pathology (AP) as any RP with Gleason score equal to or greater than 4+3=7 and/or stage T3 or higher. We compare AP outcomes in final follow-up RP of three NB groups: G336, G4%<5 and G4%6-49.
Result(s): A total of 289 NB with corresponding radical prostatectomies were identified. The breakdown of Gleason groups is shown in Table 1. GS336 has an AP rate of 26.6%, while G4<5% an AP rate of 20%. In comparison, the group of patients with G4%6-49 exhibited a 42% rate of AP (Table 1). A Chi-square test performed comparing AP of G4%<5 and G%6-49 is statistically significant p= .0237 (Figure 1). Conversely, there is no statistical difference between the rate of AP in G4<5% and G336, p= 0.46. G336 and G4%<5 were aggregated into a new group G%0-5 with an AP rate of 25.2% compared to G%6-10 AP rate 39.6%, p= 0.0576 (Figure 2). G4%6-10 and G4%11-49 had comparable rates of AP, 39.6% and 43.1%, respectively (p=0.681). (Table presented)
Conclusion(s): Currently there is a paradigm shift amongst pathologist and the significance of minimal percentage pattern 4 on prostate biopsies. Our current data supports the recent literature publications that <5% maximal Gleason pattern 4 on a single core has a similar rate of adverse pathological outcomes as Gleason score 3+3=6 and can be considered for AS. Although we did not detect a statistical difference between the rate of AP between G4%0-5 and G4%6-10, the data is beginning to approach statistical significance and warrants further risk stratification
ISSN: 1530-0285
CID: 4471092

TCR repertoire intratumor heterogeneity of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in centers and margins of localized lung adenocarcinomas

Zhang, Chaoting; Ding, Huirong; Huang, Hongying; Palashati, Heyilimu; Miao, Yu; Xiong, Hongchao; Lu, Zheming
Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) of T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in different T-cell subsets and locations in lung adenocarcinomas was unclear. Here, we investigated percentages and TCR repertoire of freshly isolated CD4+ and CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in tumor centers and margins by flow cytometry on 80 tumor samples from 20 patients and high-throughput TCR sequencing on 27 and 25 samples of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs from seven patients. Our results demonstrated that amount and TCR repertoire diversity of CD4+ TILs were significantly higher than those of CD8+ TILs and moreover substantial ITH regarding amount and TCR repertoire of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs were observed. Additionally, ITH of CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio and CD8+ TIL repertoire across center regions was lower than that across margin regions. The amount and TCR repertoire ITH of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs and mean clonality of CD8+ TILs in tumor centers were associated with relapse. Our study provides insights into amount and TCR repertoire ITH of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs in tumor centers and margins as well as corresponding association with prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma patients, suggesting potential clinical significance of TCR repertoire.
PMID: 30151844
ISSN: 1097-0215
CID: 3559952

The difference and relationship of CD4+ and CD8+ tumour infiltrating lymphocytes in lung adenocarcinoma [Editorial]

Zhang, Chaoting; Lu, Zheming; Huang, Hongying
PMID: 30863488
ISSN: 1949-2553
CID: 3733162