Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Electrocardiographic QT interval and cardiovascular reactivity in fibromyalgia differ from chronic fatigue syndrome

Naschitz, Jochanan E; Slobodin, Gleb; Sharif, Dauod; Fields, Madeline; Isseroff, Hillel; Sabo, Edmond; Rosner, Itzhak
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) frequently overlap clinically and have been considered variants of one common disorder. We have recently shown that CFS is associated with a short corrected electrocardiographic QT interval (QTc). In the present study, we evaluated whether FM and CFS can be distinguished by QTc. METHODS: The study groups were comprised of women with FM (n=30) and with CFS (n=28). The patients were evaluated with a 10 min supine-30 min head-up tilt test. The electrocardiographic QT interval was corrected for heart rate (HR) according to Fridericia's equation (QTc). In addition, cardiovascular reactivity was assessed based on blood pressure and HR changes and was expressed as the 'hemodynamic instability score' (HIS). RESULTS: The average supine QTc in FM was 417 ms (SD 25) versus 372 ms (SD 22) in CFS (p<0.0001); the supine QTc cut-off <385.7 ms was 79% sensitive and 87% specific for CFS vs. FM. The average QTc at the 10th minute of tilt was 409 ms (SD 18) in FM versus 367 ms (SD 21) in CFS (p<0.0001); the tilt QTc cut-off <383.3 ms was 71% sensitive and 91% specific for CFS vs. FM. The average HIS in FM patients was -3.52 (SD 1.96) versus +3.21 (SD 2.43) in CFS (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: A relatively short QTc and positive HIS characterize CFS patients and distinguish them from FM patients. These data may support the contention that FM and CFS are separate disorders.
PMID: 18395162
ISSN: 0953-6205
CID: 201302

Shortened QT interval: a distinctive feature of the dysautonomia of chronic fatigue syndrome

Naschitz, Jochanan; Fields, Madeline; Isseroff, Hillel; Sharif, Dauod; Sabo, Edmond; Rosner, Itzhak
PURPOSE: Because autonomic nervous functioning is frequently abnormal in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), we examined whether the corrected QT interval (QTc) in CFS differs from QTc in other populations. METHODS: The QTc was calculated at the end of 10 minutes of recumbence and the end of 10 minutes of head-up tilt. In a pilot study, groups of 15 subjects, CFS, and controls, matched for age and sex, were investigated. In a second phase of the study, the QTc was measured in larger groups of CFS (n = 30) and control patients (n = 96) not matched for demographic features. RESULTS: In the pilot study, the average supine QTc in CFS was 0.371 +/- 0.02 seconds and QTc on tilt, 0.385 +/- 0.02 seconds, significantly shorter than in controls (P = .0002 and .0003, respectively). Results of phase II confirmed this data. CONCLUSIONS: Relative short QTc intervals are features of the CFS-related dysautonomia. The significance of this finding is discussed.
PMID: 16895768
ISSN: 0022-0736
CID: 201312

Search for disease-specific cardiovascular reactivity patterns: developing the methodology

Naschitz, Jochanan E; Rozenbaum, Michael; Fields, Madeline; Isseroff, Hillel; Enis, Sean; Babich, Jay P; Peck, Shannon; Peck, Elisabeth Rubin; Gaitini, Louis; Naschitz, Shaul; Sabo, Edmond; Rosner, Itzhak
Aberrations of CVR (cardiovascular reactivity), an expression of autonomic function, lack specificity for a particular disorder. Recently, a CVR pattern particular to chronic fatigue syndrome has been observed. In the present study, we aimed to develop methodologies for assessing disease-specific CVR patterns. As a prototype, a population of 50 consecutive patients with FMF (familial Mediterranean fever) was studied and compared with control populations. A 10 min supine/30 min head-up tilt test with recording of the heart rate and blood pressure or the pulse transit time was performed. Five studies were conducted applying different methods. In each study, statistical analysis identified independent predictors of CVR in FMF. Based on regression coefficients of these predictors, a linear DS (discriminant score) was computed for every subject. Each study established an equation to assess CVR, calculate DS for FMF and determine the sensitivity and specificity of the DS cut-off. In each of the five studies, abnormal CVR was observed in FMF patients. The best accuracy (88% sensitivity and 90.1% specificity for FMF) was obtained by a method based on beat-to-beat heart rate and pulse transit time recordings. Data was processed by fractal and recurrence quantitative analysis with recordings in FMF patients compared with a mixed control population. Identification of disease-specific CVR patterns was possible with the methodologies described in the present study. In FMF, disease-specific CVR may be explained by the interplay between neuroendocrine loops specific to FMF with cardiovascular homoeostatic mechanisms. Recognition of disease-specific CVR patterns may advance the understanding of homoeostatic mechanisms and have implications in clinical practice.
PMID: 15330754
ISSN: 0143-5221
CID: 201322

Patterns of cardiovascular reactivity in disease diagnosis

Naschitz, J E; Rosner, I; Rozenbaum, M; Fields, M; Isseroff, H; Babich, J P; Zuckerman, E; Elias, N; Yeshurun, D; Naschitz, S; Sabo, E
BACKGROUND:Aberrations of cardiovascular reactivity (CVR), an expression of autonomic function, occur in a number of clinical conditions, but lack specificity for a particular disorder. Recently, a CVR pattern particular to chronic fatigue syndrome was observed. AIM/OBJECTIVE:To assess whether specific CVR patterns can be described for other clinical conditions. METHODS:Six groups of patients, matched for age and gender, were evaluated with a shortened head-up tilt test: patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (n = 20), non-CFS fatigue (F) (n = 15), neurally-mediated syncope (SY) (n = 21), familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (n = 17), psoriatic arthritis (PSOR) (n = 19) and healthy subjects (H) (n = 20). A 10-min supine phase was followed by recording 600 cardiac cycles on tilt (5-10 min). Beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) and pulse transit time (PTT) were measured. Results were analysed using conventional statistics, recurrence plot analysis and fractal analysis. RESULTS:Multivariate analysis evaluated independent predictors of the CVR in each patient group vs. all other groups. Based on these predictors, equations were determined for a linear discriminant score (DS) for each group. The best sensitivities and specificities of the DS, consistent with disease-related phenotypes of CVR, were noted in the following groups: CFS, 90.0% and 60%; SY, 93.3% and 62.5%; FMF, 90.1% and 75.4%, respectively. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:Pathological disturbances may alter cardiovascular reactivity. Our data support the existence of disease-related CVR phenotypes, with implications for pathogenesis and differential diagnosis.
PMID: 14976271
ISSN: 1460-2725
CID: 3928122

Radiolabeled leukocyte imaging in inflammatory bowel disease: a prospective blinded evaluation

Lachter, Jesse; Isseroff, Hillel Noah; Yasin, Kamel; Keidar, Zohar; Israel, Ora
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nuclear medicine scintigraphies have been reported to assist in making the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. This work aimed to assess the role of radiolabeled leukocyte scintigraphy for the diagnosis of suspected inflammatory bowel disease. METHODOLOGY: Forty-six adult patients were referred for labeled leukocyte scintigraphy for the evaluation of active abdominal pain. The patient population included inpatients and outpatients, with known or suspected inflammatory bowel disease. The nuclear medicine staff was blinded to the patient's specific complaints. RESULTS: The labeled leukocyte scintigraphy was positive in 11 of the 15 patients eventually determined to have Crohn's disease. Four of the 15 were false negatives. All four of the ulcerative colitis patients had normal scans. There were no false-positive scans. The positive predictive value was thus 100%, the negative predictive value was 77%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 58% and 100% respectively for Crohn's disease. CONCLUSIONS: We found radiolabeled leukocyte scintigraphy helpful in prospective, blinded assessments of patients with non-stricturizing or non-fistulizing forms of Crohn's disease. Scintigraphy may be more justified for reassessments rather than in making an initial diagnosis. The scans were of value in Crohn's disease but not for ulcerative colitis.
PMID: 14571757
ISSN: 0172-6390
CID: 201332

Unilateral necrobiosis lipoidica of the ischemic limb--a case report [Case Report]

Naschitz, Jochanan E; Fields, Madeline; Isseroff, Hillel; Wolffson, Vladimir; Yeshurun, Daniel
A 63-year-old diabetic woman presented with new-onset intermittent claudication of the right calf accompanied by ipsilateral necrobiosis lipoidica (NL). The latter presented the typical appearance of oval, indurated plaques, with brownish-red margins and central atrophy, scattered over the right thigh and calf. Arteriography demonstrated severe obstructive lesions on the right femoral artery. NL and claudication spared the left leg. A possible ischemic pathogenesis of NL emerges from this observation and is supported by recent studies in the literature.
PMID: 12678201
ISSN: 0003-3197
CID: 201342

Assessment of cardiovascular reactivity by fractal and recurrence quantification analysis of heart rate and pulse transit time

Naschitz, J E; Rosner, I; Shaviv, N; Khorshidi, I; Sundick, S; Isseroff, H; Fields, M; Priselac, R M; Yeshurun, D; Sabo, E; Itzhak, R
Methods used for the assessment of cardiovascular reactivity are flawed by nonlinear dynamics of the cardiovascular responses to stimuli. In an attempt to address this issue, we utilized a short postural challenge, recorded beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) and pulse transit time (PTT), assessed the data by fractal and recurrence quantification analysis, and processed the obtained variables by multivariate statistics. A 10-min supine phase of the head-up tilt test was followed by recording 600 cardiac cycles on tilt, that is, 5-10 min. Three groups of patients were studied, each including 20 subjects matched for age and gender--healthy subjects, patients with essential hypertension (HT), and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The latter group was studied on account of the well-known dysautonomia of CFS patients, which served as contrast against the cardiovascular reactivity of the healthy population. A total of 52 variables of the HR and PTT were determined in each subject. The multivariate model identified the best predictors for the assessment of reactivity of healthy subjects vs CFS. Based on these predictors, the "Fractal & Recurrence Analysis-based Score" (FRAS) was calculated: FRAS=76.2+0.04*HR-supine-DET -12.9*HR-tilt-R/L -0.31*HR-tilt-s.d. -19.27*PTT-tilt-R/L -9.42*PTT-tilt-WAVE. The median values and IQR of FRAS in the groups were: healthy=-1.85 (IQR 1.89), hypertensives=+0.52 (IQR 5.78), and CFS=-24.2 (5.34) (HT vs healthy subjects: P=0.0036; HT vs CFS: P<0.0001). Since the FRAS differed significantly between the three groups, it appears likely that the FRAS may recognize phenotypes of cardiovascular reactivity.
PMID: 12574789
ISSN: 0950-9240
CID: 3928102

The head-up tilt test with haemodynamic instability score in diagnosing chronic fatigue syndrome

Naschitz, J E; Rosner, I; Rozenbaum, M; Naschitz, S; Musafia-Priselac, R; Shaviv, N; Fields, M; Isseroff, H; Zuckerman, E; Yeshurun, D; Sabo, E
BACKGROUND:Studying patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), we have developed a method that uses a head-up tilt test (HUTT) to estimate BP and HR instability during tilt, expressed as a 'haemodynamic instability score' (HIS). AIM/OBJECTIVE:To assess HIS sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of CFS. DESIGN/METHODS:Prospective controlled study. METHODS:Patients with CFS (n=40), non-CFS chronic fatigue (n=73), fibromyalgia (n=41), neurally mediated syncope (n=58), generalized anxiety disorder (n=28), familial Mediterranean fever (n=50), arterial hypertension (n=28), and healthy subjects (n=59) were evaluated with a standardized head-up tilt test (HUTT). The HIS was calculated from blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) changes during the HUTT. RESULTS:The tilt was prematurely terminated in 22% of CFS patients when postural symptoms occurred and the HIS could not be calculated. In the remainder, the median(IQR) HIS values were: CFS +2.14(4.67), non-CFS fatigue -3.98(5.35), fibromyalgia -2.81(2.62), syncope -3.7(4.36), generalized anxiety disorder -0.21(6.05), healthy controls -2.66(3.14), FMF -5.09(6.41), hypertensives -5.35(2.74) (p<0.0001 vs. CFS in all groups, except for anxiety disorder, p=NS). The sensitivity for CFS at HIS >-0.98 cut-off was 90.3% and the overall specificity was 84.5%. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:There is a particular dysautonomia in CFS that differs from dysautonomia in other disorders, characterized by HIS >-0.98. The HIS can reinforce the clinician's diagnosis by providing objective criteria for the assessment of CFS, which until now, could only be subjectively inferred.
PMID: 12589011
ISSN: 1460-2725
CID: 3928112

Hemodynamics instability score in chronic fatigue syndrome and in non-chronic fatigue syndrome

Naschitz, Jochanan E; Sabo, Edmond; Naschitz, Shaul; Rosner, Itzhak; Rozenbaum, Michael; Fields, Madeline; Isseroff, Hillel; Priselac, Renata Musafia; Gaitini, Luis; Eldar, Samuel; Zukerman, Eli; Yeshurun, Daniel
OBJECTIVE: In studying patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) we developed a method that confers numerical expression to the degree of blood pressure and heart rate lability, ie, the 'hemodynamic instability score' (HIS). The HIS in CFS patients differed significantly from healthy subjects. The present investigation compares the HIS in CFS, non-CFS chronic fatigue and patients with recurrent syncope. METHODS: Patients with CFS (n = 21), non-CFS chronic fatigue (n = 24), syncope of unknown cause (n = 44), and their age and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 21) were evaluated with a standardized head-up tilt test (HUTT). Abnormal reactions (endpoints) on HUTT were classified 'clinical outcomes' (cardioinhibitory or vasodepressor reaction, orthostatic hypotension, postural tachycardia syndrome) and 'HIS endpoint', i.e. HIS >-0.98. RESULTS: The highest incidence of endpoints was noted in patients with CFS (79%), followed by patients with syncope of unknown cause (46%), non-CFS chronic fatigue (35%), and healthy subjects (14%). Presyncope or syncope during tilt occurred in 38% of CFS patients, 21% of patients with non-CFS chronic fatigue, and 43% of patients with recurrent syncope. The average HIS values were: CFS = +2.02 (SD 4.07), non-CFS chronic fatigue = -2.89 (SD 3.64), syncope = -3.2 (SD 3.0), healthy = -2.48 (4.07). The odds ratios for CFS patients to have HIS >-0.98 was 8.8 compared with non-CFS chronic fatigue patients, 14.6 compared with recurrent syncope patients, and 34.8 compared with healthy subjects. CONCLUSION: The cardiovascular reactivity in patients with CFS has certain features in common with the reactivity in patients with recurrent syncope or non-CFS chronic fatigue, such as the frequent occurrence of vasodepressor reaction, cardioinhibitory reaction, and postural tachycardia syndrome. Apart from to these shared responses, the large majority of CFS patients exhibit a particular abnormality which is characterized by HIS values >-0.98. Thus, HIS >-0.98 lends objective criteria to the assessment of CFS.
PMID: 12528078
ISSN: 0049-0172
CID: 201352