Disparities in Addiction Treatment: Learning from the Past to Forge an Equitable Future
Jackson, Danielle S; Nguemeni Tiako, Max Jordan; Jordan, Ayana
The Half-Century long problem of addiction treatment disparities. We cannot imagine addressing disparities in addiction treatment without first acknowledging and deconstructing the etiology of this inequity. This article examines the history of addiction treatment disparities beginning with early twentieth-century drug policies. We begin by discussing structural racism, its contribution to treatment disparities, using opioid use disorder as a case study to highlight the importance of a structural competency framework in obtaining care. We conclude by discussing diversity in the workforce as an additional tool to minimizing disparities. Addiction treatment should be aimed at addressing care delivery in the context of the social, economic, and political determinants of health, which require appreciation of their historical origins to move toward equitable treatment.
Perceptions on navigating ACGME-accredited addiction psychiatry fellowship program websites: A thematic analysis across a race- and gender-diverse pool of potential applicants
Abrams, Matthew P; Jackson, Danielle S; Aneke-Gratia, Amaka; Kohler, Anne E; Mehtani, Nicky; Jordan, Ayana
Evaluating ACGME-accredited addiction psychiatry fellowship online content: A critical analysis of addiction psychiatry fellowship program websites in the US
Abrams, Matthew P; Lett, Elle; Jackson, Danielle S; Kohler, Anne E; Jordan, Ayana
The Bridge Between Racial Justice and Clinical Practice [Comment]
Rolin, Stephanie A; Jackson, Danielle S; Swartz, Marvin S
Improving Access to Care for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder Requires a Health Equity Lens [Comment]
Jackson, Danielle S; Jorgensen, Shea; Balasuriya, Lilanthi
Improving Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Care for the Nation [Comment]
Jackson, Danielle S; Wiley, Whittney; Horvitz-Lennon, Marcela
Risk to self: identifying and managing risk of suicide and self-harm
Correia, Raquel; Jackson, Danielle
Two Interventions for PatientsWith Major Depression and Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Impact on Quality of Life
Jackson, Danielle S; Banerjee, Samprit; Sirey, Jo Anne; Pollari, Cristina; Solomonov, Nili; Novitch, Richard; Chalfin, Alexandra; Wu, Yiyuan; Alexopoulos, George S
OBJECTIVE:Clinically significant depression occurs in approximately 40% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and both illnesses severely impair quality of life. This study tests the hypothesis that problem-solving integrated with a treatment adherence intervention, the Problem Solving-Adherence (PSA), is superior to a personalized treatment adherence intervention, the Personalized Intervention for Depressed Patients with COPD (PID-C), alone in improving quality of life in depressed COPD patients. METHODS:After screening 633 admissions for acute rehabilitation, we studied quality of life in 87 participants with major depression (by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) and severe COPD randomly assigned to 14 sessions of PID-C or PSA over 26 weeks. Quality of life was assessed using the Word Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF at baseline and weeks 10, 14, and 26. RESULTS:The hypothesis was not supported. Exploratory latent class growth modeling identified two quality of life trajectories. In 80.5% of participants, quality of life remained unchanged and improved in the remaining 19.5% during the first 14 weeks. Patients with a stable quality trajectory had higher qualityof life at baseline and a stronger sense of personal agency. CONCLUSION:Maintaining quality of life is a favorable outcome in depressed patients with COPD whose course is one of deterioration. These findings highlight the usefulness of PID-C, an easy to learn, personalized adherence enhancement intervention that, after further testing, may be integrated into the rehabilitation and care of depressed COPD patients.
Reward learning impairment and avoidance and rumination responses at the end of Engage therapy of late-life depression
Victoria, Lindsay W; Gunning, Faith M; Bress, Jennifer N; Jackson, Danielle; Alexopoulos, George S
OBJECTIVES:This study examined the association between reward processing, as measured by performance on the probabilistic reversal learning (PRL) task and avoidance/rumination in depressed older adults treated with Engage, a psychotherapy that uses "reward exposure" to increase behavioral activation. METHODS:Thirty older adults with major depression received 9Â weeks of Engage treatment. At baseline and treatment end, the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was used to assess depression severity and the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS) to assess behavioral activation and avoidance/rumination. Participants completed the PRL task at baseline and at treatment end. The PRL requires participants to learn stimulus-reward contingencies through trial and error, and switch strategies when the contingencies unexpectedly change. RESULTS:At the end of Engage treatment, the severity of depression was lower (HAM-D: t(19)Â =Â -7.67, PÂ <Â .001) and behavioral activation was higher (BADS: t(19)Â =Â 2.23, PÂ =Â .02) compared to baseline. Response time following all switches (r(19)Â =Â -0.63, PÂ =Â .003) and error switches (r(19)Â =Â -0.57, PÂ =Â .01) at baseline was negatively associated with the BADS avoidance/rumination subscale score at the end of Engage treatment. CONCLUSIONS:Impaired reward learning, evidenced by slower response following all switches and error switches, contributes to avoidant, ruminative behavior at the end of Engage therapy even when depression improves. Understanding reward processing abnormalities of avoidance and rumination may improve the timing and targeting of interventions for these symptoms, whose persistence compromises quality of life and increases the risk of depression relapse.
Risk Factors for Postoperative Venous Thromboembolic Complications after Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction
Sultan, Steven M; Jackson, Danielle S; Erhard, Heather A; Greenspun, David T; Benacquista, Teresa; Garfein, Evan S; Weichman, Katie E
BACKGROUND:â€ƒVenous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant cause of postoperative morbidity and a focus of patient safety initiatives. Despite giving appropriate prophylaxis in accordance with the Caprini risk assessment model, we observed a high incidence of VTE in patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction at our institution. To explore factors contributing to these events, we compared patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction who sustained postoperative VTEs to those who did not. METHODS:â€ƒA retrospective review of all patients who underwent microsurgical free flap breast reconstruction at Montefiore Medical Center from January 2009 to January 2016 was conducted. Patients were divided into two cohorts; those sustaining postoperative VTE and those who did not. Patients were compared based on demographics, comorbidities, operative time, estimated intraoperative blood loss, need for transfusion, volume of transfusion, and discharge on postoperative aspirin. RESULTS:â€‰=â€‰0.003). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:â€ƒPatients sustaining postoperative VTE after microsurgical breast reconstruction are more likely to have an increased volume of blood transfusions and lack of discharge on postoperative aspirin.