Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Primary neurosurgery for pediatric low-grade gliomas: a prospective multi-institutional study from the Children's Oncology Group

Wisoff, Jeffrey H; Sanford, Robert A; Heier, Linda A; Sposto, Richard; Burger, Peter C; Yates, Allan J; Holmes, Emiko J; Kun, Larry E
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system neoplasms are the most common solid tumors in children, and more than 40% are low-grade gliomas. Variable locations, extent of resection, postoperative neurodiagnostic evaluation, and histology have confounded therapy and outcome. OBJECTIVES: To investigate disease control and survival after surgery. METHODS: A prospective natural history trial from 1991 to 1996 produced a subset of patients with low-grade gliomas managed by primary surgery and subsequent observation. Patients were evaluable if eligibility, tumor location, and extent of resection were confirmed by pathological diagnosis, preoperative and postoperative imaging, and the surgeon's report. Primary end points were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and postprogression survival. RESULTS: Of 726 patients enrolled, 518 were fully evaluable for analysis. The 5- and 8-year OS rates were 97% +/- 0.8% and 96% +/- 0.9%, respectively, and PFS rates were 80% +/- 1.8% and 78% +/- 2.0%. In univariate analyses, histological type, extent of residual tumor, and disease site were significantly associated with PFS and OS. In multivariate analysis, gross total resection (GTR) without residual disease was the predominant predictor of PFS. In patients with limited residual disease, 56% were free of progression at 5 years. CONCLUSION: GTR should be the goal when it can be achieved with an acceptable functional outcome. The variable rate of progression after incomplete resection highlights the need for new predictors of tumor behavior
PMID: 21368693
ISSN: 1524-4040
CID: 137059

Efficacy and safety of radical resection of primary and recurrent craniopharyngiomas in 86 children

Elliott, Robert E; Hsieh, Kevin; Hochm, Tsivia; Belitskaya-Levy, Ilana; Wisoff, Jessica; Wisoff, Jeffrey H
OBJECT: Optimal treatment of primary and recurrent craniopharyngiomas remains controversial. Radical resection and limited resection plus radiation therapy yield similar rates of disease control and overall survival. The data are much less clear for recurrent tumors. The authors report their experience with radical resection of both primary and recurrent craniopharyngiomas in children and compare the outcomes between the 2 groups. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in 86 children younger than 21 years of age who underwent a total of 103 operations for craniopharyngioma between 1986 and 2008; these were performed by the senior author. The goal was resection with curative intent in all patients. Two patients were lost to follow-up and were excluded from analysis. The mean age at the time of surgery was 9.6 years, and the mean follow-up was 9.0 years. RESULTS: All 57 children with primary tumors underwent gross-total resection (GTR). A GTR was achieved in significantly fewer children with recurrent tumors (18 [62%] of 29). There were 3 perioperative deaths (3%). Tumor recurred after GTR in 14 (20%) of 71 patients. Overall survival and progression-free survival were significantly better in patients with primary tumors at time of presentation to the authors' institution. There were no significant differences in the neurological, endocrinological, visual, or functional outcomes between patients with primary and those with recurrent tumors. Factors negatively affecting overall survival and progression-free survival include subtotal resection (recurrent tumors only), tumor size >or= 5 cm, or presence of hydrocephalus or a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Prior radiation therapy and increasing tumor size were both risk factors for incomplete resection at reoperation. CONCLUSIONS: In the hands of surgeons with experience with craniopharyngiomas, the authors believe that radical resection at presentation offers the best chance of disease control and potential cure with acceptable morbidity. While GTR does not preclude recurrence and is more difficult to achieve in recurrent tumors, especially large and previously irradiated tumors, radical resection is still possible in patients with recurrent craniopharyngiomas with morbidity similar to that of primary tumors
PMID: 20043735
ISSN: 1933-0715
CID: 106277

Role of diffusion tensor imaging in resection of thalamic juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma [Case Report]

Moshel, Yaron A; Elliott, Robert E; Monoky, David J; Wisoff, Jeffrey H
OBJECT: The choice of surgical approach during resection of a thalamic juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA) is dictated by the location of the displaced normal thalamus and posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC). Diffusion tensor (DT) imaging and white matter tractography can identify the location of the PLIC in relation to the tumor and may be useful in planning the operative trajectory. METHODS: Diffusion tensor imaging was used to localize the PLIC on preoperative MR imaging in 6 children undergoing resection of thalamic JPAs. After review of the standard T2-weighted MR imaging sequences, the anticipated position of the PLIC was determined. This result was compared with the location of the PLIC determined by a blinded radiologist with the use of DT imaging. The utility of DT imaging in determining the surgical approach to a thalamic JPA, degree of resection, and neurological outcomes were all evaluated. RESULTS: Diffusion tensor imaging confirmed the expected location of the PLIC as approximated on conventional T2-weighted images in all 6 cases. In 1 patient in particular, unexpected medial deviation of the PLIC was identified, and this proved useful in tailoring the approach to a more lateral trajectory. Gross-total resection of all cystic and solid tumor components was confirmed on postoperative imaging in all cases. All patients experienced mild to moderate worsening of neurological status immediately following resection, but 4 of 6 patients were back to their preoperative baseline at 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Diffusion tensor imaging and white matter tractography successfully identified the white matter fibers emanating from the precentral gyrus within the PLIC in children with thalamic JPAs prior to surgery. Diffusion tensor imaging served as a valuable tool for stereotactic planning of operative approaches to thalamic JPAs. Localizing the position of the PLIC helped minimize potential neurological morbidity and facilitated gross-total resection
PMID: 19951034
ISSN: 1933-0715
CID: 105652

Impact of Rare and Multiple Concurrent Gene Fusions on Diagnostic DNA Methylation Classifier in Brain Tumors

Galbraith, Kristyn; Serrano, Jonathan; Shen, Guomiao; Tran, Ivy; Slocum, Cheyanne C; Ketchum, Courtney; Abdullaev, Zied; Turakulov, Rust; Bale, Tejus; Ladanyi, Marc; Sukhadia, Purvil; Zaidinski, Michael; Mullaney, Kerry; DiNapoli, Sara; Liechty, Benjamin L; Barbaro, Marissa; Allen, Jeffrey C; Gardner, Sharon L; Wisoff, Jeffrey; Harter, David; Hidalgo, Eveline Teresa; Golfinos, John G; Orringer, Daniel A; Aldape, Kenneth; Benhamida, Jamal; Wrzeszczynski, Kazimierz O; Jour, George; Snuderl, Matija
UNLABELLED:DNA methylation is an essential molecular assay for central nervous system (CNS) tumor diagnostics. While some fusions define specific brain tumors, others occur across many different diagnoses. We performed a retrospective analysis of 219 primary CNS tumors with whole genome DNA methylation and RNA next-generation sequencing. DNA methylation profiling results were compared with RNAseq detected gene fusions. We detected 105 rare fusions involving 31 driver genes, including 23 fusions previously not implicated in brain tumors. In addition, we identified 6 multi-fusion tumors. Rare fusions and multi-fusion events can impact the diagnostic accuracy of DNA methylation by decreasing confidence in the result, such as BRAF, RAF, or FGFR1 fusions, or result in a complete mismatch, such as NTRK, EWSR1, FGFR, and ALK fusions. IMPLICATIONS/UNASSIGNED:DNA methylation signatures need to be interpreted in the context of pathology and discordant results warrant testing for novel and rare gene fusions.
PMID: 37870438
ISSN: 1557-3125
CID: 5625782

Heidelberg ETV score to assess success of ETV in patients with occlusive hydrocephalus: a retrospective single-center study

Issa, Mohammed; Younsi, Alexander; Paggetti, Filippo; Miotk, Nikolai; Seitz, Angelika; Bendszus, Martin; Wisoff, Jeffrey H; Unterberg, Andreas; El Damaty, Ahmed
In aqueduct stenosis, pressure difference below and above level of obstruction leads to bulging of third ventricular floor (TVF) and lamina terminalis (LT). Endoscopic third ventriculocisternostomy (ETV) is the standard treatment in these patients. We tried to assess success of ETV depending on those two radiological changes in aqueduct stenosis. We implemented "Heidelberg ETV score" retrospectively to assess the state of TVF as well as LT in same manner in midsagittal MR image. Every patient had a preoperative, direct, 3-months and one-year postoperative score from -2 to + 2. We correlated the scores to clinical course to decide whether the score is reliable in defining success of ETV. Between 2017-2021, 67 (mean age 25.6 ± 23.9y) patients treated with ETV were included. Success rate of primary and Re-ETVs was 91% over 46.8 ± 19.0 months. A marked shift of score to the left after surgery in success group was noticed through the distribution of score immediate postoperative, 3-months later; 70.2% showed (+ 2) before surgery, 38.9% scored (0) after surgery and 50.9% showed further score drop to (-1) 3 months later, p < 0.001. In cases of failure, there was initial decrease after surgery followed by increase with ETV-failure (mean time to failure: 7.2 ± 5.7 months) in 100%. Significant difference was noticed in Heidelberg score at postoperative 1-year- and failure-MRI follow-up between two groups, p < 0.001. Heidelberg score describes anatomical changes in third ventricle after ETV and can serve in assessment of MR images to define success of the procedure in patients with aqueduct stenosis.
PMID: 37644240
ISSN: 1437-2320
CID: 5606962

Clinical utility of whole-genome DNA methylation profiling as a primary molecular diagnostic assay for central nervous system tumors-A prospective study and guidelines for clinical testing

Galbraith, Kristyn; Vasudevaraja, Varshini; Serrano, Jonathan; Shen, Guomiao; Tran, Ivy; Abdallat, Nancy; Wen, Mandisa; Patel, Seema; Movahed-Ezazi, Misha; Faustin, Arline; Spino-Keeton, Marissa; Roberts, Leah Geiser; Maloku, Ekrem; Drexler, Steven A; Liechty, Benjamin L; Pisapia, David; Krasnozhen-Ratush, Olga; Rosenblum, Marc; Shroff, Seema; Boué, Daniel R; Davidson, Christian; Mao, Qinwen; Suchi, Mariko; North, Paula; Hopp, Amanda; Segura, Annette; Jarzembowski, Jason A; Parsons, Lauren; Johnson, Mahlon D; Mobley, Bret; Samore, Wesley; McGuone, Declan; Gopal, Pallavi P; Canoll, Peter D; Horbinski, Craig; Fullmer, Joseph M; Farooqui, Midhat S; Gokden, Murat; Wadhwani, Nitin R; Richardson, Timothy E; Umphlett, Melissa; Tsankova, Nadejda M; DeWitt, John C; Sen, Chandra; Placantonakis, Dimitris G; Pacione, Donato; Wisoff, Jeffrey H; Teresa Hidalgo, Eveline; Harter, David; William, Christopher M; Cordova, Christine; Kurz, Sylvia C; Barbaro, Marissa; Orringer, Daniel A; Karajannis, Matthias A; Sulman, Erik P; Gardner, Sharon L; Zagzag, David; Tsirigos, Aristotelis; Allen, Jeffrey C; Golfinos, John G; Snuderl, Matija
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Central nervous system (CNS) cancer is the 10th leading cause of cancer-associated deaths for adults, but the leading cause in pediatric patients and young adults. The variety and complexity of histologic subtypes can lead to diagnostic errors. DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that provides a tumor type-specific signature that can be used for diagnosis. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:We performed a prospective study using DNA methylation analysis as a primary diagnostic method for 1921 brain tumors. All tumors received a pathology diagnosis and profiling by whole genome DNA methylation, followed by next-generation DNA and RNA sequencing. Results were stratified by concordance between DNA methylation and histopathology, establishing diagnostic utility. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:Of the 1602 cases with a World Health Organization histologic diagnosis, DNA methylation identified a diagnostic mismatch in 225 cases (14%), 78 cases (5%) did not classify with any class, and in an additional 110 (7%) cases DNA methylation confirmed the diagnosis and provided prognostic information. Of 319 cases carrying 195 different descriptive histologic diagnoses, DNA methylation provided a definitive diagnosis in 273 (86%) cases, separated them into 55 methylation classes, and changed the grading in 58 (18%) cases. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:DNA methylation analysis is a robust method to diagnose primary CNS tumors, improving diagnostic accuracy, decreasing diagnostic errors and inconclusive diagnoses, and providing prognostic subclassification. This study provides a framework for inclusion of DNA methylation profiling as a primary molecular diagnostic test into professional guidelines for CNS tumors. The benefits include increased diagnostic accuracy, improved patient management, and refinements in clinical trial design.
PMID: 37476329
ISSN: 2632-2498
CID: 5536102

Safety and effectiveness of the assessment and treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus in the Adult Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network

Williams, Michael A; Nagel, Sean J; Golomb, James; Jensen, Hailey; Dasher, Nickolas A; Holubkov, Richard; Edwards, Richard J; Luciano, Mark G; Zwimpfer, Thomas J; Katzen, Heather; Moghekar, Abhay; Wisoff, Jeffrey H; McKhann, Guy M; Hamilton, Mark G
OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to describe the processes and outcomes associated with patients at five sites in the Adult Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (AHCRN) who had undergone evaluation and treatment for suspected idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and had 1-year postoperative follow-up. METHODS:Subjects with possible iNPH who had been prospectively enrolled in the AHCRN registry between November 19, 2014, and December 31, 2018, were evaluated by CSF drainage via either lumbar puncture or external lumbar drainage, consistent with recommendations of the international iNPH guidelines. Standardized clinical evaluations of gait, cognition, urinary symptoms, depression, and functional outcomes were conducted at baseline, before and after CSF drainage, and at 4-month intervals after shunt surgery. Complications of CSF drainage and shunt surgery were recorded. RESULTS:Seventy-four percent (424/570) of patients with possible iNPH had CSF drainage, and 46% of them (193/424) underwent shunt surgery. The mean change in gait velocity with CSF drainage was 0.18 m/sec in patients who underwent shunt surgery versus 0.08 m/sec in patients who did not. For shunt surgery patients, gait velocity increased by 54% from 0.67 m/sec before CSF drainage to 0.96 m/sec 8-12 months after surgery, and 80% of patients had an increase of at least 0.1 m/sec by the first postoperative visit. Evaluation of cognition, urinary symptoms, depression, and functional outcomes also revealed improvement after shunt surgery. Of 193 patients who had undergone shunt surgery, 176 (91%) had no complications and 17 (9%) had 28 complications. Eleven patients (6%) had 14 serious complications that resulted in the need for surgery or an extended hospital stay. The 30-day reoperation rate was 3%. CONCLUSIONS:Using criteria recommended by the international iNPH guidelines, the authors found that evaluation and treatment of iNPH are safe and effective. Testing with CSF drainage and treatment with shunt surgery are associated with a high rate of sustained improvement and a low rate of complications for iNPH in the 1st year after shunt surgery. Patients who had undergone shunt surgery for iNPH experienced improvement in gait, cognitive function, bladder symptoms, depression, and functional outcome measures. Gait velocity, which is an easily measured, objective, continuous variable, should be used as a standard outcome measure to test a patient's response to CSF drainage and shunt surgery in iNPH.
PMID: 35276651
ISSN: 1933-0693
CID: 5183662

Clinical value of DNA methylation in practice: A prospective molecular neuropathology study [Meeting Abstract]

Galbraith, Kristyn; Shen, Guomiao; Serrano, Jonathan; Vasudevaraja, Varshini; Tran, Ivy; Movahed-Ezazi, Misha; Harter, David; Hidalgo, Eveline; Wisoff, Jeffrey; Orringer, Daniel; Placantonakis, Dimitris; Gardner, Sharon; William, Christopher; Zagzag, David; Allen, Jeffrey; Sulman, Erik; Golfinos, John; Snuderl, Matija
ISSN: 0022-3069
CID: 5244322

Cognitive and gait outcomes after primary endoscopic third ventriculostomy in adults with chronic obstructive hydrocephalus

Zwimpfer, Thomas J; Salterio, Nicholas; Williams, Michael A; Holubkov, Richard; Katzen, Heather; Luciano, Mark G; Moghekar, Abhay; Nagel, Sean J; Wisoff, Jeffrey H; Golomb, James; McKhann, Guy M; Edwards, Richard J; Hamilton, Mark G
OBJECTIVE:The object of this study was to determine the short- and long-term efficacy of primary endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) on cognition and gait in adults with chronic obstructive hydrocephalus. METHODS:Patients were prospectively accrued through the Adult Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network patient registry. Patients with previously untreated congenital or acquired obstructive hydrocephalus were included in this study. Gait velocity was assessed using a 10-m walk test. Global cognition was assessed with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Only patients with documented pre- and post-ETV gait analysis and/or pre- and post-ETV MoCA were included. RESULTS:A total of 74 patients had undergone primary ETV, 42 of whom were analyzed. The remaining 32 patients were excluded, as they could not complete both pre- and post-ETV assessments. The mean age of the 42 patients, 19 (45.2%) of whom were female, was 51.9 ± 17.1 years (range 19-79 years). Most patients were White (37 [88.1%]), and the remainder were Asian. Surgical complications were minor. Congenital etiologies occurred in 31 patients (73.8%), with aqueductal stenosis in 23 of those patients (54.8%). The remaining 11 patients (26.2%) had acquired cases. The gait short-term follow-up cohort (mean 4.7 ± 4.1 months, 35 patients) had a baseline median gait velocity of 0.9 m/sec (IQR 0.7-1.3 m/sec) and a post-ETV median velocity of 1.3 m/sec (IQR 1.1-1.4 m/sec). Gait velocity significantly improved post-ETV with a median within-patient change of 0.3 m/sec (IQR 0.0-0.6 m/sec, p < 0.001). Gait velocity improvements were sustained in the long term (mean 14 ± 2.8 months, 12 patients) with a baseline median velocity of 0.7 m/sec (IQR 0.6-1.3 m/sec), post-ETV median of 1.3 m/sec (IQR 1.1-1.7 m/sec), and median within-patient change of 0.4 m/sec (IQR 0.2-0.6 m/sec, p < 0.001). The cognitive short-term follow-up cohort (mean 4.6 ± 4.0 months, 38 patients) had a baseline median MoCA total score (MoCA TS) of 24/30 (IQR 23-27) that improved to 26/30 (IQR 24-28) post-ETV. The median within-patient change was +1 point (IQR 0-2 points, p < 0.001). However, this change is not clinically significant. The cognitive long-term follow-up cohort (mean 14 ± 3.1 months, 15 patients) had a baseline median MoCA TS of 23/30 (IQR 22-27), which improved to 26/30 (IQR 25-28) post-ETV. The median within-patient change was +2 points (IQR 1-3 points, p = 0.007), which is both statistically and clinically significant. CONCLUSIONS:Primary ETV can safely improve symptoms of gait and cognitive dysfunction in adults with chronic obstructive hydrocephalus. Gait velocity and global cognition were significantly improved, and the worsening of either was rare following ETV.
PMID: 34534954
ISSN: 1933-0693
CID: 5178342

Epilepsy surgery in infants up to 3 months of age: Safety, feasibility, and outcomes: A multicenter, multinational study

Roth, Jonathan; Constantini, Shlomi; Ekstein, Margaret; Weiner, Howard L; Tripathi, Manjari; Chandra, Poodipedi Sarat; Cossu, Massimo; Rizzi, Michele; Bollo, Robert J; Machado, Hélio Rubens; Santos, Marcelo Volpon; Keating, Robert F; Oluigbo, Chima O; Rutka, James T; Drake, James M; Jallo, George I; Shimony, Nir; Treiber, Jeffrey M; Consales, Alessandro; Mangano, Francesco T; Wisoff, Jeffrey H; Teresa Hidalgo, Eveline; Bingaman, William E; Gupta, Ajay; Erdemir, Gozde; Sundar, Swetha J; Benifla, Mony; Shapira, Vladimir; Lam, Sandi K; Fallah, Aria; Maniquis, Cassia A B; Tisdall, Martin; Chari, Aswin; Cinalli, Giuseppe; Blount, Jeffrey P; Dorfmüller, Georg; Uliel-Sibony, Shimrit
OBJECTIVE:Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) during the first few months of life is challenging and necessitates aggressive treatment, including surgery. Because the most common causes of DRE in infancy are related to extensive developmental anomalies, surgery often entails extensive tissue resections or disconnection. The literature on "ultra-early" epilepsy surgery is sparse, with limited data concerning efficacy controlling the seizures, and safety. The current study's goal is to review the safety and efficacy of ultra-early epilepsy surgery performed before the age of 3 months. METHODS:To achieve a large sample size and external validity, a multinational, multicenter retrospective study was performed, focusing on epilepsy surgery for infants younger than 3 months of age. Collected data included epilepsy characteristics, surgical details, epilepsy outcome, and complications. RESULTS:Sixty-four patients underwent 69 surgeries before the age of 3 months. The most common pathologies were cortical dysplasia (28), hemimegalencephaly (17), and tubers (5). The most common procedures were hemispheric surgeries (48 procedures). Two cases were intentionally staged, and one was unexpectedly aborted. Nearly all patients received blood products. There were no perioperative deaths and no major unexpected permanent morbidities. Twenty-five percent of patients undergoing hemispheric surgeries developed hydrocephalus. Excellent epilepsy outcome (International League Against Epilepsy [ILAE] grade I) was achieved in 66% of cases over a median follow-up of 41 months (19-104 interquartile range [IQR]). The number of antiseizure medications was significantly reduced (median 2 drugs, 1-3 IQR, p < .0001). Outcome was not significantly associated with the type of surgery (hemispheric or more limited resections). SIGNIFICANCE/CONCLUSIONS:Epilepsy surgery during the first few months of life is associated with excellent seizure control, and when performed by highly experienced teams, is not associated with more permanent morbidity than surgery in older infants. Thus surgical treatment should not be postponed to treat DRE in very young infants based on their age.
PMID: 34128544
ISSN: 1528-1167
CID: 4911572