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Neutrophilic dermatosis in a patient with an IKZF1 variant and a review of monogenic autoinflammatory disorders presenting with neutrophilic dermatoses [Case Report]

Guirguis, Justina; Iosim, Sonia; Jones, Derek; Likhite, Maryel; Chen, Fei; Kesserwan, Chimene; Gindin, Tatyana; Kahn, Philip J; Beck, David; Oza, Vikash S; Hillier, Kirsty
Monogenic diseases of immune dysregulation should be considered in the evaluation of children presenting with recurrent neutrophilic dermatoses in association with systemic signs of inflammation, autoimmune disease, hematologic abnormalities, and opportunistic or recurrent infections. We report the case of a 2-year-old boy presenting with a neutrophilic dermatosis, found to have a novel likely pathogenic germline variant of the IKAROS Family Zinc Finger 1 (IKZF1) gene; the mutation likely results in a loss of function dimerization defective protein based on reports and studies of similar variants. IKZF1 variants could potentially lead to aberrant neutrophil chemotaxis and development of neutrophilic dermatoses. Long-term surveillance is required to monitor the development of hematologic malignancy, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency, and infection in patients with pathogenic IKZF1 germline variants.
PMID: 38413050
ISSN: 1525-1470
CID: 5634772

Stimulated Raman histology, a novel method to allow for rapid pathologic examination of unprocessed, fresh prostate biopsies

Mannas, Miles P; Jones, Derek; Deng, Fang-Ming; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Melamed, Jonathan; Orringer, Daniel A; Taneja, Samir S
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Delay between targeted prostate biopsy (PB) and pathologic diagnosis can lead to a concern of inadequate sampling and repeated biopsy. Stimulated Raman histology (SRH) is a novel microscopic technique allowing real-time, label-free, high-resolution microscopic images of unprocessed, unsectioned tissue. This technology holds potential to decrease the time for PB diagnosis from days to minutes. We evaluated the concordance of pathologist interpretation of PB SRH as compared with traditional hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained slides. METHODS:, to create SRH images. The cores were then processed as per normal pathologic protocols. Sixteen PB containing a mix of benign and malignant histology were used as an SRH training cohort for four genitourinary pathologists, who were then tested on a set of 32 PBs imaged by SRH and processed by traditional H&E. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and concordance for prostate cancer (PCa) detection on SRH relative to H&E were assessed. RESULTS:The mean pathologist accuracy for the identification of any PCa on PB SRH was 95.7%. In identifying any PCa or ISUP grade group 2-5 PCa, a pathologist was independently able to achieve good and very good concordance (κ: 0.769 and 0.845, respectively; p < 0.001). After individual assessment was completed a pathology consensus conference was held for the interpretation of the PB SRH; after the consensus conference the pathologists' concordance in identifying any PCa was also very good (κ: 0.925, p < 0.001; sensitivity 95.6%; specificity 100%). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:SRH produces high-quality microscopic images that allow for accurate identification of PCa in real-time without need for sectioning or tissue processing. The pathologist performance improved through progressive training, showing that ultimately high accuracy can be obtained. Ongoing SRH evaluation in the diagnostic and treatment setting hold promise to reduce time to tissue diagnosis, while interpretation by convolutional neural network may further improve diagnostic characteristics and broaden use.
PMID: 37154588
ISSN: 1097-0045
CID: 5509242

Stimulated Raman histology as a method to determine the adequacy of renal mass biopsy and identify malignant subtypes of renal cell carcinoma

Mannas, Miles P; Deng, Fang-Ming; Belanger, Eric C; Jones, Derek; Ren, Joyce; Huang, William; Orringer, Daniel A; Taneja, Samir S
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Renal tumor biopsy requires adequate tissue sampling to aid in the investigation of small renal masses. In some centers the contemporary nondiagnostic renal mass biopsy rate may be as high as 22% and may be as high as 42% in challenging cases. Stimulated Raman Histology (SRH) is a novel microscopic technique which has created the possibility for rapid, label-free, high-resolution images of unprocessed tissue which may be viewed on standard radiology viewing platforms. The application of SRH to renal biopsy may provide the benefits of routine pathologic evaluation during the procedure, thereby reducing nondiagnostic results. We conducted a pilot feasibility study, to assess if renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes may be imaged and to see if high-quality hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) could subsequently be generated. METHODS/MATERIALS/METHODS:. The cores were then processed as per routine pathologic protocols. The SRH images and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) slides were then viewed by a genitourinary pathologist. RESULTS:The SRH microscope took 8 to 11 minutes to produce high-quality images of the renal biopsies. Total of 25 renal tumors including 1 oncocytoma, 3 chromophobe RCC, 16 clear cells RCC, 4 papillary RCC, and 1 medullary RCC were included. All renal tumor subtypes were captured, and the SRH images were easily differentiated from adjacent normal renal parenchyma. High quality H&E slides were produced from each of the renal biopsies after SRH was completed. Immunostains were performed on selected cases and the staining was not affected by the SRH image process. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:SRH produces high quality images of all renal cell subtypes that can be rapidly produced and easily interpreted to determine renal mass biopsy adequacy, and on occasion, may allow renal tumor subtype identification. Renal biopsies remained available to produce high quality H&E slides and immunostains for confirmation of diagnosis. Procedural application has promise to decrease the known rate of renal mass nondiagnostic biopsies, and application of convolutional neural network methodology may further improve diagnostic capability and increase utilization of renal mass biopsy among urologists.
PMID: 37225634
ISSN: 1873-2496
CID: 5508442

Optimal Method for Reporting Prostate Cancer Grade in MRI-targeted Biopsies

Deng, Fang-Ming; Isaila, Bogdan; Jones, Derek; Ren, Qinghu; Kyung, Park; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Mirsadraei, Leili; Xia, Yuhe; Melamed, Jonathan
When multiple cores are biopsied from a single magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted lesion, Gleason grade may be assigned for each core separately or for all cores of the lesion in aggregate. Because of the potential for disparate grades, an optimal method for pathology reporting MRI lesion grade awaits validation. We examined our institutional experience on the concordance of biopsy grade with subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) grade of targeted lesions when grade is determined on individual versus aggregate core basis. For 317 patients (with 367 lesions) who underwent MRI-targeted biopsy followed by RP, targeted lesion grade was assigned as (1) global Grade Group (GG), aggregated positive cores; (2) highest GG (highest grade in single biopsy core); and (3) largest volume GG (grade in the core with longest cancer linear length). The 3 biopsy grades were compared (equivalence, upgrade, or downgrade) with the final grade of the lesion in the RP, using κ and weighted κ coefficients. The biopsy global, highest, and largest GGs were the same as the final RP GG in 73%, 68%, 62% cases, respectively (weighted κ: 0.77, 0.79, and 0.71). For cases where the targeted lesion biopsy grade scores differed from each other when assigned by global, highest, and largest GG, the concordance with the targeted lesion RP GG was 69%, 52%, 31% for biopsy global, highest, and largest GGs tumors (weighted κ: 0.65, 0.68, 0.59). Overall, global, highest, and largest GG of the targeted biopsy show substantial agreement with RP-targeted lesion GG, however targeted global GG yields slightly better agreement than either targeted highest or largest GG. This becomes more apparent in nearly one third of cases when each of the 3 targeted lesion level biopsy scores differ. These results support the use of global (aggregate) GG for reporting of MRI lesion-targeted biopsies, while further validations are awaited.
PMID: 34115670
ISSN: 1532-0979
CID: 4900372

The Spectrum of Biopsy Site Histologic Change in the Radical Prostatectomy Specimen [Meeting Abstract]

Melamed, Jonathan; Ren, Joyce; Deng, Fang-Ming; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Jones, Derek
ISSN: 0023-6837
CID: 5243202

Stimulated Raman Spectroscopy as Rapid On-site Evaluation of Renal Neoplastic and Non-neoplastic Biopsies [Meeting Abstract]

Ren, Joyce; Mannas, Miles; Jones, Derek; Orringer, Daniel; Taneja, Samir; Deng, Fang-Ming
ISSN: 0023-6837
CID: 5243232

The Spectrum of Biopsy Site Histologic Change in the Radical Prostatectomy Specimen [Meeting Abstract]

Melamed, Jonathan; Ren, Joyce; Deng, Fang-Ming; Hoskoppal, Deepthi; Huang, Hongying; Jones, Derek
ISSN: 0893-3952
CID: 5243332

Stimulated Raman Spectroscopy as Rapid On-site Evaluation of Renal Neoplastic and Non-neoplastic Biopsies [Meeting Abstract]

Ren, Joyce; Mannas, Miles; Jones, Derek; Orringer, Daniel; Taneja, Samir; Deng, Fang-Ming
ISSN: 0893-3952
CID: 5243372

Genitourinary involvement of immunoglobulin G4-related disease [Letter]

Chung, Rainjade; Movassaghi, Miyad; Moran, George; Jones, Derek; Steed, Kelly D; Anderson, Christopher B
PMID: 34320629
ISSN: 1462-0332
CID: 5106602

Rare presentation of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in a failed renal allograft

Stern, Jeffrey; Leonard, Jeanette; Jones, Derek; Deng, Fang Ming; Berman, Russell; Stewart, Zoe
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) are rare, mesenchymal tumors that can occur in any anatomic location. IMTs have a variable clinical course but usually require wide surgical excision to prevent local recurrence. There have been limited case reports of IMT occurring in solid organ transplant recipients. Herein we report on a case of IMT presenting in a failed renal allograft. A 53-year-old male awaiting re-transplant presented with pain and a palpable mass in his allograft. Imaging demonstrated an infiltrative soft tissue mass encasing the renal hilum. Percutaneous biopsy demonstrated a myofibroblastic proliferation with myxoid background and no high-grade features. The tumor cells were diffusely positive for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 (ALK-1) and had a Ki-67 proliferation index of 10%. These findings were consistent with a diagnosis of IMT. A transplant nephrectomy was performed with wide margins to achieve an R0 resection. Pathology on the resection specimen confirmed an IMT that measured 6.5 cm x 6.3 cm. The patient has no evidence of local recurrence at 6-months follow-up and has been relisted for a second kidney transplant.
ISSN: 2451-9596
CID: 4921542