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Integrating Ambulatory Addiction Consultation Service Into a Community Mental Health Center

Jegede, Oluwole; Muvvala, Srinivas; Cahill, John; Wade, Ryan; Jordan, Ayana
Despite the escalation in substance related overdose mortality-culminating in more than 100,000 deaths in each of the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic-healthcare systems have not kept up with the demands for care among people who use drugs. There remains a significant gap in access to evidence-based treatment. The addiction consult services has served to address this gap, as a critical intervention that engages mostly hospitalized patients and initiate addiction treatment in acute settings, but little is known about addiction consult services in ambulatory settings. This model of care could potentially serve to scale up the care for people who use drugs in the community by embedding the limited number of addiction professionals within existing ambulatory systems, thus extending their reach. We describe here an innovative, yet simple and potentially replicable model for an ambulatory addiction consultation service in a large, advanced community mental health center.
PMID: 36111994
ISSN: 1935-3227
CID: 5336512

Racial Disparities in Access to Psychedelic Treatments and Inclusion in Research Trials

Morales, Justin; Quan, Erik; Arshed, Arslaan; Jordan, Ayana
As psychedelic-assisted therapy research and clinical trials continue to grow, there is a positive outlook on the future, but also concerns about who will benefit. Most research shows that there is an obvious deficit of racial and ethnically minoritized populations, defined within the article, enrolling in studies. The objectives of this paper are (1) to provide a history of psychedelics and its resurgence over the last two decades; (2) to present an understanding of the racialization of psychedelics in the treatment of psychiatric disorders; (3) to showcase the current inequity of psychedelic medicine; and (4) to operationalize an antiracism framework for racial equity to decolonize psychedelic research, or remove the historically pervasive White power dynamic in hopes of shifting power back to the originating indigenous cultures. The psychedelic movement is in a rare place to optimize inclusion and this article aims to demonstrate how. [Psychiatr Ann. 2022;52(12):494-499.].
ISSN: 0048-5713
CID: 5408482

Lack of Racial and Ethnic Diversity Among Addiction Physicians [Letter]

Garcia, Maria E; Coffman, Janet; Jordan, Ayana; Martin, Marlene
PMID: 35102480
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 5153462

Racial and ethnic differences in alcohol, cannabis, and illicit substance use treatment: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of studies done in the USA

Jordan, Ayana; Quainoo, Stephanie; Nich, Charla; Babuscio, Theresa A; Funaro, Melissa C; Carroll, Kathleen M
Reports from uncontrolled trials and surveys suggest that there are disparities in substance-use outcomes for minoritised racial and ethnic populations, yet few of these disparities have emerged from randomised clinical trials (RCTs). We conducted a systematic review of RCTs published in English of Black or Latinx adults with any non-nicotine substance use disorder that reported rates of treatment initiation, engagement, or substance-use outcome by race or ethnicity. Study quality was assessed by the Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal tool and a Yale internally validated quality assessment. Of the 5204 studies, 50 RCTs met the inclusion criteria, all done in the USA, 24 compared treatment initiation, engagement, or outcome across races or ethnicities and 26 compared these same factors within a race. Few RCTs have reported outcomes specifically for Black or Latinx populations, with nine reporting significant differences by race or ethnicity. Significant differences were found in all studies that evaluated the baseline differences in social determinants. This Review explains the need for optimisation of RCTs to inform the design, delivery, and dissemination of treatment to historically excluded communities.
PMID: 35752192
ISSN: 2215-0374
CID: 5278162

The Stress and Resilience Town Hall: A systems response to support the health workforce during COVID-19 and beyond

Tebes, Jacob K; Awad, Michael N; Connors, Elizabeth H; Fineberg, Sarah K; Gordon, Derrick M; Jordan, Ayana; Kravitz, Richard; Li, Luming; Ponce, Allison N; Prabhu, Maya; Rubman, Susan; Silva, Michelle A; Steinfeld, Matthew; Tate, David C; Xu, Ke; Krystal, John H
OBJECTIVE:The COVID-19 pandemic is a traumatic stressor resulting in anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and burnout among healthcare workers. We describe an intervention to support the health workforce and summarize results from its 40-week implementation in a large, tri-state health system during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD:We conducted 121 virtual and interactive Stress and Resilience Town Halls attended by 3555 healthcare workers. Town hall participants generated 1627 stressors and resilience strategies that we coded and analyzed using rigorous qualitative methods (Kappa = 0.85). RESULTS:We identify six types of stressors and eight types of resilience strategies reported by healthcare workers, how these changed over time, and how town halls were responsive to emerging health workforce needs. We show that town halls dedicated to groups working together yielded 84% higher mean attendance and more sharing of stressors and resilience strategies than those offered generally across the health system, and that specific stressors and strategies are reported consistently while others vary markedly over time. CONCLUSIONS:The virtual and interactive Stress and Resilience Town Hall is an accessible, scalable, and sustainable intervention to build mutual support, wellness, and resilience among healthcare workers and within hospitals and health systems responding to emerging crises, pandemics, and disasters.
PMID: 35569322
ISSN: 1873-7714
CID: 5277412

Multivariate, Transgenerational Associations of the COVID-19 Pandemic Across Minoritized and Marginalized Communities

Yip, Sarah W; Jordan, Ayana; Kohler, Robert J; Holmes, Avram; Bzdok, Danilo
Importance/UNASSIGNED:The experienced consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic have diverged across individuals, families, and communities, resulting in inequity within a host of factors. There is a gap of quantitative evidence about the transgenerational impacts of these experiences and factors. Objective/UNASSIGNED:To identify baseline predictors of COVID-19 experiences, as defined by child and parent report, using a multivariate pattern-learning framework from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants/UNASSIGNED:ABCD is an ongoing prospective longitudinal study of child and adolescent development in the United States including 11 875 youths, enrolled at age 9 to 10 years. Using nationally collected longitudinal profiling data from 9267 families, a multivariate pattern-learning strategy was developed to identify factor combinations associated with transgenerational costs of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. ABCD data (release 3.0) collected from 2016 to 2020 and released between 2019 and 2021 were analyzed in combination with ABCD COVID-19 rapid response data from the first 3 collection points (May-August 2020). Exposures/UNASSIGNED:Social distancing and other response measures imposed by COVID-19, including school closures and shutdown of many childhood recreational activities. Main Outcomes and Measures/UNASSIGNED:Mid-COVID-19 experiences as defined by the ABCD's parent and child COVID-19 assessments. Results/UNASSIGNED:Deep profiles from 9267 youth (5681 female [47.8%]; mean [SD] age, 119.0 [7.5] months) and their caregivers were quantitatively examined. Enabled by a pattern-learning analysis, social determinants of inequity, including family structure, socioeconomic status, and the experience of racism, were found to be primarily associated with transgenerational impacts of COVID-19, above and beyond other candidate predictors such as preexisting medical or psychiatric conditions. Pooling information across more than 17 000 baseline pre-COVID-19 family indicators and more than 280 measures of day-to-day COVID-19 experiences, non-White (ie, families who reported being Asian, Black, Hispanic, other, or a combination of those choices) and/or Spanish-speaking families were found to have decreased resources (mode 1, canonical vector weight [CVW] = 0.19; rank 5 of 281), escalated likelihoods of financial worry (mode 1, CVW = -0.20; rank 4), and food insecurity (mode 1, CVW = 0.21; rank 2), yet were more likely to have parent-child discussions regarding COVID-19-associated health and prevention issues, such as handwashing (mode 1, CVW = 0.14; rank 9), conserving food or other items (mode 1, CVW = 0.21; rank 1), protecting elderly individuals (mode 1, CVW = 0.11; rank 21), and isolating from others (mode 1, CVW = 0.11; rank 23). In contrast, White families (mode 1, CVW = -0.07; rank 3), those with higher pre-COVID-19 income (mode 1, CVW = -0.07; rank 5), and presence of a parent with a postgraduate degree (mode 1, CVW = -0.06; rank 14) experienced reduced COVID-19-associated impact. In turn, children from families experiencing reduced COVID-19 impacts reported longer nighttime sleep durations (mode 1, CVW = 0.13; rank 14), less difficulties with remote learning (mode 2, CVW = 0.14; rank 7), and decreased worry about the impact of COVID-19 on their family's financial stability (mode 1, CVW = 0.134; rank 13). Conclusions and Relevance/UNASSIGNED:The findings of this study indicate that community-level, transgenerational intervention strategies may be needed to combat the disproportionate burden of pandemics on minoritized and marginalized racial and ethnic populations.
PMID: 35138333
ISSN: 2168-6238
CID: 5167192

The Crucial Role of Black, Latinx, and Indigenous Leadership in Harm Reduction and Addiction Treatment [Editorial]

Hughes, Marcus; Suhail-Sindhu, Selena; Namirembe, Sarah; Jordan, Ayana; Medlock, Morgan; Tookes, Hansel E; Turner, Joseph; Gonzalez-Zuniga, Patricia
PMID: 35349317
ISSN: 1541-0048
CID: 5201042

Federal and State Regulatory Changes to Methadone Take-Home Doses: Impact of Sociostructural Factors [Editorial]

Wyatt, Janan P; Suen, Leslie W; Coe, William H; Adams, Zoe M; Gandhi, Mona; Batchelor, Hannah M; Castellanos, Stacy; Joshi, Neena; Satterwhite, Shannon; Pérez-Rodríguez, Rafael; Rodríguez-Guerra, Esther; Albizu-Garcia, Carmen E; Knight, Kelly R; Jordan, Ayana
PMID: 35349318
ISSN: 1541-0048
CID: 5201052

Structural Adaptations to Methadone Maintenance Treatment and Take-Home Dosing for Opioid Use Disorder in the Era of COVID-19 [Editorial]

Suen, Leslie W; Coe, William H; Wyatt, Janan P; Adams, Zoe M; Gandhi, Mona; Batchelor, Hannah M; Castellanos, Stacy; Joshi, Neena; Satterwhite, Shannon; Pérez-Rodríguez, Rafael; Rodríguez-Guerra, Esther; Albizu-Garcia, Carmen E; Knight, Kelly R; Jordan, Ayana
PMID: 35349324
ISSN: 1541-0048
CID: 5201062

Lessons for the Opioid Crisis-Integrating Social Determinants of Health Into Clinical Care [Editorial]

Hansen, Helena; Jordan, Ayana; Plough, Alonzo; Alegria, Margarita; Cunningham, Chinazo; Ostrovsky, Andrey
PMID: 35349328
ISSN: 1541-0048
CID: 5201072