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Optical coherence tomography/scanning laser ophthalmoscopy imaging of optic nerve head drusen

Patel, Nandesh N; Shulman, Julia P; Chin, Kimberly J; Finger, Paul T
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate optical coherence tomography/scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (OCT/SLO) imaging for optic nerve head drusen (ONHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nine consecutive eyes with ONHD were imaged. Each underwent visual field testing, 20-MHz B-scan ultrasonography, photography, and OCT/SLO imaging of the nerve head. Similar evaluation was performed on 12 matched, disease-free control eyes for comparison. RESULTS: OCT/SLO imaging of ONHD demonstrated lucencies (100%), variable amounts of displacement, and thickening of the overlying nerve fiber layer, as well as disorganization of the adjacent retinal pigment epithelium (44%). Optic nerve head topography was measured (using horizontal and vertical electronic calipers). Mean disc diameter was 1.81 mm (range: 1.49 to 2.12 mm). All ONHD demonstrated anterior displacement of the base of the optic nerve cup (shallowing) compared to controls. The cup base was a mean +0.32 mm anterior to the retinal pigment epithelium for ONHD versus -0.23 mm for normal controls. CONCLUSION: OCT/SLO revealed unique and clinically helpful views of ONHD
PMID: 20954642
ISSN: 1938-2375
CID: 136504

Cryptococcal chorioretinitis with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome [Case Report]

Shulman, Julia; de la Cruz, Elisel Lacerdo; Latkany, Paul; Milman, Tatyana; Iacob, Codrin; Sanjana, Veeraf
Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) is an inflammatory syndrome in the context of immune restoration directed at a specific infectious antigen despite resolution of infection, often associated with opportunistic infections. IRIS has been reported in 30% to 35% of HIV patients who have cryptococcosis in whom antiretroviral therapy was initiated. We would like to report a case of IRIS localized to the eye secondary to cryptococcal infection.
PMID: 19831560
ISSN: 1744-5078
CID: 2706222

Whole-body 18FDG PET-CT imaging of systemic sarcoidosis: ophthalmic oncology and uveitis

Shulman, Julia P; Latkany, Paul; Chin, Kimberly J; Finger, Paul T
PURPOSE: To describe whole-body 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed radiographic tomography (PET-CT) imaging of ophthalmic patients with systemic sarcoidosis. METHODS: Four systemic sarcoidosis patients were evaluated with PET-CT for staging. Two had been treated for conjunctival melanoma and two had been referred for atypical choroidal tumors. PET-CT images were studied for presence of tumor or tissue with increased standardized uptake values, indicating increased metabolic activity. RESULTS: In all cases, PET-CT revealed focal systemic lesions with increased uptake (SUV range 1.7-5.9 kg/mL). Cases 1 and 2 had a previous diagnosis of sarcoidosis (without ocular involvement), while cases 3 and 4 were diagnosed during their work-up. PET-CT revealed the presence and distribution of systemic sarcoid granulomas. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, PET-CT staged patients with eye cancer and systemic sarcoidosis and aided in differentiating between a metastatic choroidal tumor and uveal sarcoid granuloma. PET-CT offers a method to assess the presence and distribution of systemic sarcoidosis
PMID: 19412870
ISSN: 1744-5078
CID: 139658