Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Clozapine Discontinuation and Malignant Catatonia: A Case Report [Case Report]

Kapulsky, Leonid; Greiner, Miranda G; Daniels, Jessica E; Gordon-Elliott, Janna S
PMID: 29703551
ISSN: 1545-7206
CID: 4474562

Urinary Retention Associated With Cariprazine: A Case Report [Case Report]

Kapulsky, Leonid; Brody, Benjamin D
Urinary retention is a well-documented adverse effect of antipsychotic medications and is thought to be mediated by anticholinergic, adrenergic, and other neurotransmitter effects. Whereas urinary retention has been reported with typical and some atypical antipsychotics, there have been no reports of urinary retention with the novel antipsychotic cariprazine. We report on a case of urinary retention associated with cariprazine. Possible mechanisms for this adverse effect are discussed.
PMID: 30273189
ISSN: 1537-162x
CID: 4474572

Gastroenterologists Have Suboptimal Hepatitis B Virus Screening Rates in Patients Receiving Immunosuppressive Therapy

Paul, Sonali; Shuja, Asim; Tam, Idy; Kim, Eun Min; Kang, Sandra; Kapulsky, Leonid; Viveiros, Kathleen; Lee, Hannah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Hepatitis B reactivation in patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy can lead to liver failure and death. Prior studies have shown suboptimal hepatitis B screening rates, but few have compared screening rates across specialties or factors associated with screening. METHODS:A retrospective study was performed using a hospital-based chemotherapy database and outpatient pharmacy records from January 1999 to December 2013. HBV screening rates prior to initiation of immunosuppression were determined. Multivariate analysis was used to determine predictors of HBV screening. RESULTS:Of the 4008 study patients, 47 % were screened prior to receiving immunosuppressive therapy; only 48 % on rituximab and 45 % of those on anti-TNF therapy were screened. Transplant specialists screened most frequently (85 %) while gastroenterologists screened the least (34 %). Factors significantly associated with HBV screening were younger age, Asian race, use of anti-rejection therapy, and treatment by a transplant specialist (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION:HBV screening prior to immunosuppressive therapy is suboptimal, especially among gastroenterologists. Efforts to improve screening rates in at risk populations are needed.
PMID: 26993822
ISSN: 1573-2568
CID: 4474552

The Effects of Ibuprofen Consumption on the Incidence of Postpartum Depression

Kapulsky, Leonid; Christos, Paul; Ilagan, John; Kocsis, James
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common and debilitating psychiatric condition whose etiology is yet to be fully elucidated. Anti-inflammatory medications have been shown to be effective in the treatment of major depressive disorder but there have only been a few trials examining whether anti-inflammatory medications can serve as effective prophylactic agents against the development of major depressive disorder. Prophylaxis against PPD with anti-inflammatory agents has never been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:We performed a prospective observational trial examining whether consumption of higher doses of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is associated with a lower incidence of PPD. We recruited high-risk women and collected data on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System pain scale and clinical assessment of PPD at postpartum weeks 0, 3, and 6. Subjects were instructed to keep a log of medication consumed. RESULTS:When looking at the total sample, we found that higher consumption of ibuprofen was associated with lower incidence of PPD, although this result was nonsignificant (P = 0.26). When we stratified by concurrent psychotropic medication, we found that among women not taking psychotropic medications, higher consumption of ibuprofen at week 3 was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of having PPD at week 3 (P = 0.03). DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:We found that ibuprofen consumption was significantly associated with a reduced risk of development of PPD at week 3 among high-risk women not taking psychotropic medications.
PMID: 33811197
ISSN: 1537-162x
CID: 4831522

Food insecurity, depression, and social support in HIV-infected Hispanic individuals

Kapulsky, Leonid; Tang, Alice M; Forrester, Janet E
Previous research has identified an association between food insecurity and depression in a variety of world regions in both healthy and HIV-infected individuals. We examined this association in 183 HIV-infected Hispanic adults from the greater Boston area. We measured depression with the Burnam depression screen and food insecurity with the Radimer/Cornell Questionnaire. Dietary intake was assessed with an adapted version of the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression models were created with depression as the outcome variable and food insecurity as the main predictor. In bivariate analyses, food insecurity was significantly associated with depression [odds ratio (OR) 2.5; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1, 5.5; p = 0.03]. When we accounted for social support, food insecurity was no longer significant. We found no differences in the quality or quantity of dietary intake between the food insecure and food secure groups. Our findings highlight the importance of social support in the association between food insecurity and depression. Food insecurity may reflect social support more than actual dietary intake in this population.
PMID: 25047405
ISSN: 1557-1920
CID: 4474542