How Do You Solve a Problem like Incidentalomas (version 2.0)? [Editorial]
Incidental Pancreatic Cysts on Cross-Sectional Imaging
Incidental pancreatic cysts are commonly encountered in radiology practice. Although some of these are benign, mucinous varieties have a potential to undergo malignant transformation. Characterization of some incidental pancreatic cysts based on imaging alone is limited, and given that some pancreatic cysts have a malignant potential, various societies have created guidelines for the management and follow-up of incidental pancreatic cysts. This article reviews the imaging findings and work-up of pancreatic cysts and gives an overview of the societal guidelines for the management and follow-up of incidental pancreatic cysts.
A comprehensive radiologic review of abdominal and pelvic torsions
The clinical manifestations of abdominal and pelvic organ torsion can often be non-specific and can affect a wide range of ages and demographic groups. Radiologists have a key role in not only establishing the diagnosis of organ torsion, but also in the assessment of potential complications. As multiple imaging modalities may be utilized in the evaluation of abdominal and pelvic pain, recognizing the various appearances of organ torsion is important to ensure early diagnosis and thereby reducing patient morbidity and mortality, particularly since abdominal and pelvic organ torsion may not be clinically suspected at the time of initial patient presentation.
Mentorship in Radiology and in Life [Editorial]
Editorial Comment: Low Radiation Dose is Comparable to Conventional CT for Right Colonic Diverticulitis [Comment]
The practice of emergency radiology throughout Europe: a survey from the European Society of Emergency Radiology on volume, staffing, equipment, and scheduling
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To obtain information from radiology departments throughout Europe regarding the practice of emergency radiology METHODS: A survey which comprised of 24 questions was developed and made available online. The questionnaire was sent to 1097 chairs of radiology departments throughout Europe using the ESR database. All data were collected and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics software, version 20 (IBM). RESULTS:A total of 1097 radiologists were asked to participate, 109 responded to our survey. The response rate was 10%. From our survey, 71.6% of the hospitals had more than 500 beds. Ninety-eight percent of hospitals have an active teaching affiliation. In large trauma centers, emergency radiology was considered a dedicated section. Fifty-three percent of institutions have dedicated emergency radiology sections. Less than 30% had all imaging modalities available. Seventy-nine percent of institutions have 24/7 coverage by staff radiologists. Emergency radiologists interpret cross-sectional body imaging, US scans, and basic CT/MRI neuroimaging in more than 50% of responding institutions. Cardiac imaging examinations/procedures are usually performed by cardiologist in 53% of institutions, while non-cardiac vascular procedures are largely performed and interpreted by interventional radiologists. Most people consider the European Diploma in Emergency Radiology an essential tool to advance the education and the dissemination of information within the specialty of emergency radiology. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Emergency radiologists have an active role in the emergency medical team. Indeed, based upon our survey, they have to interact with emergency physicians and surgeons in the management of critically ill patients. A broad skillset from ultrasonography and basic neuroimaging is required. KEY POINTS/CONCLUSIONS:â€¢ At most major trauma centers in Europe, emergency imaging is currently performed by all radiologists in specific units who are designated in the emergency department. â€¢ Radiologists in the emergency section at present have a broad skillset, which includes cross-sectional body imaging, ultrasonography, and basic neuroimaging of the brain and spine. â€¢ A dedicated curriculum that certifies a subspecialty in emergency radiology with a diploma offered by the European Society of Emergency Radiology demonstrates a great interest by the vast majority of the respondents.
The Magnet Is Sometimes "Off"-Practical Strategies for Optimizing Challenging Musculoskeletal MR Imaging
To describe practical solutions to the unique technical challenges of musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging, including off-isocenter imaging, artifacts from motion and metal prostheses, small field-of-view imaging, and non-conventional scan angles and slice positioning. Unique challenges of musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging require a collaborative approach involving radiologists, physicists, and technologists utilizing optimized magnetic resonance protocols, specialized coils, and unique patient positioning, in order to reliably diagnose critical musculoskeletal MR image findings.
How to Read, Write, and Review the Imaging Literature
Everyone at all levels in academic radiology is supposed to know how to read an original research article or a review article and to evaluate it critically, to participate in writing such manuscripts, and, as one becomes more senior, to participate in the peer review process, yet there is little formal teaching in our experience as to how to do these inter-related activities throughout radiology training. The purpose of this review article is therefore to provide our perspective - from the junior trainee to the senior radiology attending - as to how one should be reading, reviewing, and writing the imaging literature, and also providing guidance from other thought leaders in this area, and from the literature itself. We hope to inspire radiology trainees and radiologists at all levels, particularly those in academic careers, to more fully participate in peer review and in radiology publication.
Ectopic Pregnancy: Hemoperitoneum Does Not Equate to Tubal Rupture Response [Letter]
More Than Just 2 Layers: A Comprehensive Multimodality Imaging Review of Endometrial Abnormalities
Endometrial abnormalities develop in female patients of all ages. Symptoms related to endometrial pathologies are among the most common causes of gynecologist office visits, with the radiologists playing an important role in endometrial evaluation. In some instances, the radiologist may be the first physician to note endometrial pathology. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive review of radiologic modalities utilized in the evaluation of the endometrium, as well as the imaging appearance of various endometrial disease processes.