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Creation of a somatic-autonomic reflex pathway for treatment of neurogeni [Meeting Abstract]

Kelly, CE; Xiao, CG; Weiner, H; Beric, A; Nitti, VW; Lepor, H
ISI:000227687902017
ISSN: 0022-5347
CID: 769342

The relationship between pressure flow studies and ultrasound-estimated bladder wall mass

Kelly, Christopher E
The basic evaluation of suspected voiding dysfunction involves fundamental objective tools such as the pressure-flow study. Although accurate, the several drawbacks to this invasive study of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) are discussed and evaluated. Other non-invasive and/or minimally invasive ways of diagnosing BOO continue to be the subject of investigation. The ultrasound-estimated bladder wall thickness and bladder wall mass indices are 2 parameters that may be useful for screening and diagnosing BOO. Preliminary results are presented from the prospective clinical trial comparing the diagnosing capabilities and results obtained with pressure-flow studies (the historic gold standard for BOO diagnosing) with that of ultrasound-estimated bladder weight
PMCID:1477622
PMID: 16986026
ISSN: 1523-6161
CID: 105896

Identification of a cytoskeleton-bound form of phospholemman with unique C-terminal immunoreactivity

Kelly, C E; Ram, M L; Francis, S A; Houle, T D; Cala, S E
Phospholemman (PLM) is a 72-amino acid transmembrane protein thought to function in Na,K-ATPase regulation or assembly, similar to other members of the FXYD family of proteins. Unique to PLM among these regulatory proteins are sites for C-terminal phosphorylation by PKA and PKC, although a role for phosphorylation in PLM function remains unclear. To study PLM phosphorylation, we used PLM phosphopeptides to generate antibodies to specifically detect phosphorylated PLM. Peptide affinity chromatography isolated two populations of antibodies: one reacting with standard PLM, a collection of closely-spaced 15-kDa protein bands by SDS-PAGE. About 20% of PLM antibodies reacted specifically with a single distinct form of PLM. Levels of this second immunological form (PLM-b) were increased with overexpression of PLM cDNA, and also reacted with a monoclonal antibody against the PLM N-terminus. In complete contrast to standard PLM, however, PLM-b was quantitatively insoluble in nonionic detergents and was released from tight binding by colchicine. Antibodies to PLM-b were present in two different antisera raised to the phosphorylated C-terminal peptide (residues 57-70), but not in antiserum raised to the non-phosphorylated C-terminal peptide. Despite an apparent relationship between PLM-b and phosphorylated PLM, PLM-b levels were not affected by treatment of heart cells with isoproterenol. PLM-b appears to represent a cytoskeleton-attached detergent-insoluble form of PLM with distinctive C-terminal immunoreactivity that might have implications for PLM structure and function.
PMID: 15798901
ISSN: 0022-2631
CID: 769302

Evaluation of voiding dysfunction and measurement of bladder volume

Kelly, Christopher E
When evaluating patients with voiding dysfunction, noninvasive tests such as uroflowmetry and measurement of postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) can help to determine whether additional testing is warranted. PVR can be measured by 2 methods: catheterization or bedside bladder ultrasonography. Although both methods have advantages, the convenience, efficiency, and safety of bladder ultrasound makes its use beneficial in a wide variety of populations, including hospitalized patients, children, and the elderly. More recently, bladder ultrasound has been used for other procedures, such as suprapubic aspiration, evaluation of intravesical masses, and to determine bladder wall thickness and bladder wall mass, both of which have been associated with outflow obstruction
PMCID:1472847
PMID: 16985853
ISSN: 1523-6161
CID: 114412

Annexin-V imaging for noninvasive detection of cardiac allograft rejection

Narula, J; Acio, E R; Narula, N; Samuels, L E; Fyfe, B; Wood, D; Fitzpatrick, J M; Raghunath, P N; Tomaszewski, J E; Kelly, C; Steinmetz, N; Green, A; Tait, J F; Leppo, J; Blankenberg, F G; Jain, D; Strauss, H W
Heart transplant rejection is characterized pathologically by myocyte necrosis and apoptosis associated with interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration. Any one of these components can be targeted for noninvasive detection of transplant rejection. During apoptotic cell death, phosphatidylserine, a phospholipid that is normally confined to the inner leaflet of cell membrane bilayer, gets exteriorized. Technetium-99m-labeled annexin-V, an endogenous protein that has high affinity for binding to phosphatidylserine, has been administered intravenously for noninvasive identification of apoptotic cell death. In the present study of 18 cardiac allograft recipients, 13 patients had negative and five had positive myocardial uptake of annexin. These latter five demonstrated at least moderate transplant rejection and caspase-3 staining, suggesting apoptosis in their biopsy specimens. This study reveals the clinical feasibility and safety of annexin-V imaging for noninvasive detection of transplant rejection by targeting cell membrane phospholipid alterations that are commonly associated with the process of apoptosis.
PMID: 11726976
ISSN: 1078-8956
CID: 3146442

Phase-I (TC)-T-99m-Annexin-V imaging study in heart transplant rejection: Can noninvasive detection of apoptosis in cardiac allografts obviate the need for endomyocardial biopsy? [Meeting Abstract]

Narula, J; Acio, ER; Narula, N; Fyfe, B; Fitzpatrick, JM; Wood, D; Raghunath, PN; Kelly, C; Tomaszewski, JE; Samuels, LE; Blankenberg, FD; Strauss, HW
ISI:000090072303706
ISSN: 0009-7322
CID: 3147452

Current concepts and controversies in urodynamics

Kelly CE; Krane RJ
Urodynamics is the dynamic study of the transport, storage, and evacuation of urine by the urinary tract. It is comprised of several tests that, when used individually or collectively, can give information about lower urinary tract function. The components of the urodynamic study are uroflowmetry, cystometry, pressure-flow studies, electromyography, urethral pressure profilometry, leak point pressure measurement, videourodynamics, and ambulatory urodynamics. Familiarity with the recent advances and controversies of each component is essential when using urodynamics to diagnose and treat lower urinary tract dysfunction
PMID: 12084317
ISSN: 1527-2737
CID: 30798

PHASE-I Tc-99m-annexin-V imaging study for noninvasive detection of apoptosis during allograft rejection in heart transplantation. [Meeting Abstract]

Acio, ER; Fitzpatrick, JM; Samuels, LE; Guerraty, A; Fyfe, B; Narula, N; Tomaszewski, JE; Snyder, G; Kelly, C; Narula, J
ISI:000089892400501
ISSN: 0161-5505
CID: 3147442

Use of delayed pushing with epidural anesthesia: findings from a randomized, controlled trial

Mayberry, L J; Hammer, R; Kelly, C; True-Driver, B; De, A
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes between women receiving epidural anesthesia assigned to a group following either a 1-hour "delayed" pushing protocol or directed to initiate pushing at full cervical dilation. STUDY DESIGN: Using a randomized, controlled design, multivariate analyses were used to evaluate second stage labor duration and Apgar scores. An estimated odds ratio equation evaluated fetal descent progress. RESULTS: A 13.68-minute difference occurred in second stage labor length (p = 0.225). No differences were found in Apgar scores (p > 0.09). An estimated odds ratio, that progress in terms of one fetal station unit would occur for control group subjects as compared with subjects with similar progress in the experimental group, was 1.51 (95% confidence interval: 1.16, 1.95). CONCLUSION: Second stage labor was not significantly lengthened, and a similar rate of fetal descent occurred in the absence of directed pushing. Findings support further research on the potential advantages of minimizing the duration of pushing in labor.
PMID: 10685198
ISSN: 0743-8346
CID: 1577752