Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:

person:khannk01

in-biosketch:yes

Total Results:

60


GALECTIN-9 PROTECTS HUMANIZED ACE2-IMMUNOCOMPETENT MICE from SARS-CoV-2 INFECTION [Meeting Abstract]

Yeung, S T; Premeaux, T A; Niki, T; Pillai, S; Khanna, K M; Ndhlovu, L
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) remains a global health emergency even with effective vaccines and limited FDA-approved therapies. To limit mortality and morbidity across the spectrum of disease, the need for therapeutics remains critical. Galectin9 (gal9) is a beta-galactoside binding protein that modulates cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. In response to SARS-CoV2 infection, it has been shown that circulating gal9 levels are elevated in patient sera with moderate to severe disease. Additionally, it has been reported that gal9 unexpectedly may competitively bind the host ACE2 receptor, potentially impeding viral entry. Therefore, we hypothesized that early recombinant gal-9 treatment post infection may prevent binding of the virus to susceptible host cells resulting in decreased severity of SARS-CoV2-associated disease.
Method(s): To determine the therapeutic potential of gal9 for treating COVID19, we infected K18-hACE2 transgenic mice intranasally with 104 particle forming units (PFU) of SARS-CoV2. 6 hours post infection (hpi), mice were treated with a single dose of 30 ug of recombinant human gal9 (rhgal9) or PBS intraperitoneally and subsequently monitored 12 days for morbidity. Subgroups of mice were humanely euthanized at 2 and 5 days pi (dpi) for viral plaque assay, flow cytometry, and protein analysis from lung tissue and bronchial alveolar lavage (BAL).
Result(s): We found that mice treated with rhgal9 during the acute phase of infection exhibit improved survival compared to PBS treated animals (25%, p<0.0001). We found that at 5 dpi, rhgal9 treated mice exhibited enhanced viral clearance in the BAL but not in the lung parenchyma. Additionally, we found increased CD8 T cell (p<0.001) and decreased neutrophil (p<0.05) frequencies in the lung at 5 dpi. Finally, we found that BAL fluid had elevated levels of Type 1 Interferon [IFNa (p<0.01) and IFNb (p<0.01)] at 2 dpi and increased MyD88 proinflammatory cytokines [IL1a (p<0.05), IL1b (p<0.01), TNFa (p<0.05), and MIP1a (p<0.05) at 5 dpi.
Conclusion(s): Our study suggests that rhgal9 treatment may be potentially therapeutic for treating acute COVID19. Our data suggest that rhgal9 treatment in combination with other anti-inflammatory mediators may curtail damaging inflammation associated with SARS-CoV2 disease. Further studies are required to determine the optimal time, combination and duration of treatment pi to effectively target the gal9 pathways
EMBASE:638148923
ISSN: 2161-5853
CID: 5250642

Helminth resistance is mediated by differential activation of recruited monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages and arginine depletion

Chen, Fei; El-Naccache, Darine W; Ponessa, John J; Lemenze, Alexander; Espinosa, Vanessa; Wu, Wenhui; Lothstein, Katherine; Jin, Linhua; Antao, Olivia; Weinstein, Jason S; Damani-Yokota, Payal; Khanna, Kamal; Murray, Peter J; Rivera, Amariliz; Siracusa, Mark C; Gause, William C
Macrophages are known to mediate anti-helminth responses, but it remains uncertain which subsets are involved or how macrophages actually kill helminths. Here, we show rapid monocyte recruitment to the lung after infection with the nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. In this inflamed tissue microenvironment, these monocytes differentiate into an alveolar macrophage (AM)-like phenotype, expressing both SiglecF and CD11c, surround invading parasitic larvae, and preferentially kill parasites in vitro. Monocyte-derived AMs (Mo-AMs) express type 2-associated markers and show a distinct remodeling of the chromatin landscape relative to tissue-derived AMs (TD-AMs). In particular, they express high amounts of arginase-1 (Arg1), which we demonstrate mediates helminth killing through L-arginine depletion. These studies indicate that recruited monocytes are selectively programmed in the pulmonary environment to express AM markers and an anti-helminth phenotype.
PMID: 35021079
ISSN: 2211-1247
CID: 5118842

Microbial signatures in the lower airways of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients associated with poor clinical outcome

Sulaiman, Imran; Chung, Matthew; Angel, Luis; Tsay, Jun-Chieh J; Wu, Benjamin G; Yeung, Stephen T; Krolikowski, Kelsey; Li, Yonghua; Duerr, Ralf; Schluger, Rosemary; Thannickal, Sara A; Koide, Akiko; Rafeq, Samaan; Barnett, Clea; Postelnicu, Radu; Wang, Chang; Banakis, Stephanie; Pérez-Pérez, Lizzette; Shen, Guomiao; Jour, George; Meyn, Peter; Carpenito, Joseph; Liu, Xiuxiu; Ji, Kun; Collazo, Destiny; Labarbiera, Anthony; Amoroso, Nancy; Brosnahan, Shari; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Kaufman, David; Bakker, Jan; Lubinsky, Anthony; Pradhan, Deepak; Sterman, Daniel H; Weiden, Michael; Heguy, Adriana; Evans, Laura; Uyeki, Timothy M; Clemente, Jose C; de Wit, Emmie; Schmidt, Ann Marie; Shopsin, Bo; Desvignes, Ludovic; Wang, Chan; Li, Huilin; Zhang, Bin; Forst, Christian V; Koide, Shohei; Stapleford, Kenneth A; Khanna, Kamal M; Ghedin, Elodie; Segal, Leopoldo N
Respiratory failure is associated with increased mortality in COVID-19 patients. There are no validated lower airway biomarkers to predict clinical outcome. We investigated whether bacterial respiratory infections were associated with poor clinical outcome of COVID-19 in a prospective, observational cohort of 589 critically ill adults, all of whom required mechanical ventilation. For a subset of 142 patients who underwent bronchoscopy, we quantified SARS-CoV-2 viral load, analysed the lower respiratory tract microbiome using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics and profiled the host immune response. Acquisition of a hospital-acquired respiratory pathogen was not associated with fatal outcome. Poor clinical outcome was associated with lower airway enrichment with an oral commensal (Mycoplasma salivarium). Increased SARS-CoV-2 abundance, low anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody response and a distinct host transcriptome profile of the lower airways were most predictive of mortality. Our data provide evidence that secondary respiratory infections do not drive mortality in COVID-19 and clinical management strategies should prioritize reducing viral replication and maximizing host responses to SARS-CoV-2.
PMID: 34465900
ISSN: 2058-5276
CID: 4998422

Beyond neutralization for BNT162b2 mRNA vaccination [Comment]

Damani-Yokota, Payal; Yeung, Stephen T; Khanna, Kamal M
Mounting a robust immune response against SARS-CoV-2 requires neutralization as well as effector T cell functions. In this issue of Cell Host Microbe, Tauzin et al. characterize the humoral and T cell responses after a single dose of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine in individuals with or without previous exposure to SARS-CoV-2.
PMID: 34265240
ISSN: 1934-6069
CID: 4965332

Ketogenic diet restrains aging-induced exacerbation of coronavirus infection in mice

Ryu, Seungjin; Shchukina, Irina; Youm, Yun-Hee; Qing, Hua; Hilliard, Brandon; Dlugos, Tamara; Zhang, Xinbo; Yasumoto, Yuki; Booth, Carmen J; Fernández-Hernando, Carlos; Suárez, Yajaira; Khanna, Kamal; Horvath, Tamas L; Dietrich, Marcelo O; Artyomov, Maxim N; Wang, Andrew; Dixit, Vishwa Deep
Increasing age is the strongest predictor of risk of COVID-19 severity and mortality. Immunometabolic switch from glycolysis to ketolysis protects against inflammatory damage and influenza infection in adults. To investigate how age compromises defense against coronavirus infection, and whether a pro-longevity ketogenic-diet (KD) impacts immune-surveillance, we developed an aging model of natural murine beta coronavirus (mCoV) infection with mouse hepatitis virus strain-A59 (MHV-A59). When inoculated intranasally, mCoV is pneumotropic and recapitulates several clinical hallmarks of COVID-19 infection. Aged mCoV-A59-infected mice have increased mortality and higher systemic inflammation in the heart, adipose tissue and hypothalamus, including neutrophilia and loss of γδ T cells in lungs. Activation of ketogenesis in aged mice expands tissue protective γδ T cells, deactivates the NLRP3 inflammasome and decreases pathogenic monocytes in lungs of infected aged mice. These data establish harnessing of the ketogenic immunometabolic checkpoint as a potential treatment against coronavirus infection in the aged.
PMID: 34151773
ISSN: 2050-084x
CID: 4918152

SARS-CoV-2 exacerbates proinflammatory responses in myeloid cells through C-type lectin receptors and Tweety family member 2

Lu, Qiao; Liu, Jia; Zhao, Shuai; Gomez Castro, Maria Florencia; Laurent-Rolle, Maudry; Dong, Jianbo; Ran, Xiaojuan; Damani-Yokota, Payal; Tang, Hongzhen; Karakousi, Triantafyllia; Son, Juhee; Kaczmarek, Maria E; Zhang, Ze; Yeung, Stephen T; McCune, Broc T; Chen, Rita E; Tang, Fei; Ren, Xianwen; Chen, Xufeng; Hsu, Jack C C; Teplova, Marianna; Huang, Betty; Deng, Haijing; Long, Zhilin; Mudianto, Tenny; Jin, Shumin; Lin, Peng; Du, Jasper; Zang, Ruochen; Su, Tina Tianjiao; Herrera, Alberto; Zhou, Ming; Yan, Renhong; Cui, Jia; Zhu, James; Zhou, Qiang; Wang, Tao; Ma, Jianzhu; Koralov, Sergei B; Zhang, Zemin; Aifantis, Iannis; Segal, Leopoldo N; Diamond, Michael S; Khanna, Kamal M; Stapleford, Kenneth A; Cresswell, Peter; Liu, Yue; Ding, Siyuan; Xie, Qi; Wang, Jun
Despite mounting evidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) engagement with immune cells, most express little, if any, of the canonical receptor of SARS-CoV-2, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Here, using a myeloid cell receptor-focused ectopic expression screen, we identified several C-type lectins (DC-SIGN, L-SIGN, LSECtin, ASGR1, and CLEC10A) and Tweety family member 2 (TTYH2) as glycan-dependent binding partners of the SARS-CoV-2 spike. Except for TTYH2, these molecules primarily interacted with spike via regions outside of the receptor-binding domain. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis of pulmonary cells from individuals with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) indicated predominant expression of these molecules on myeloid cells. Although these receptors do not support active replication of SARS-CoV-2, their engagement with the virus induced robust proinflammatory responses in myeloid cells that correlated with COVID-19 severity. We also generated a bispecific anti-spike nanobody that not only blocked ACE2-mediated infection but also the myeloid receptor-mediated proinflammatory responses. Our findings suggest that SARS-CoV-2-myeloid receptor interactions promote immune hyperactivation, which represents potential targets for COVID-19 therapy.
PMID: 34048708
ISSN: 1097-4180
CID: 4888442

TAP dysfunction in dendritic cells enables noncanonical cross-presentation for T cell priming

Barbet, Gaëtan; Nair-Gupta, Priyanka; Schotsaert, Michael; Yeung, Stephen T; Moretti, Julien; Seyffer, Fabian; Metreveli, Giorgi; Gardner, Thomas; Choi, Angela; Tortorella, Domenico; Tampé, Robert; Khanna, Kamal M; García-Sastre, Adolfo; Blander, J Magarian
Classic major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) presentation relies on shuttling cytosolic peptides into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). Viruses disable TAP to block MHC-I presentation and evade cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. Priming CD8+ T cells against these viruses is thought to rely solely on cross-presentation by uninfected TAP-functional dendritic cells. We found that protective CD8+ T cells could be mobilized during viral infection even when TAP was absent in all hematopoietic cells. TAP blockade depleted the endosomal recycling compartment of MHC-I molecules and, as such, impaired Toll-like receptor-regulated cross-presentation. Instead, MHC-I molecules accumulated in the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), sequestered away from Toll-like receptor control, and coopted ER-SNARE Sec22b-mediated vesicular traffic to intersect with internalized antigen and rescue cross-presentation. Thus, when classic MHC-I presentation and endosomal recycling compartment-dependent cross-presentation are impaired in dendritic cells, cell-autonomous noncanonical cross-presentation relying on ERGIC-derived MHC-I counters TAP dysfunction to nevertheless mediate CD8+ T cell priming.
PMID: 33790474
ISSN: 1529-2916
CID: 4837762

Microbial signatures in the lower airways of mechanically ventilated COVID19 patients associated with poor clinical outcome

Sulaiman, Imran; Chung, Matthew; Angel, Luis; Koralov, Sergei; Wu, Benjamin; Yeung, Stephen; Krolikowski, Kelsey; Li, Yonghua; Duerr, Ralf; Schluger, Rosemary; Thannickal, Sara; Koide, Akiko; Rafeq, Samaan; Barnett, Clea; Postelnicu, Radu; Wang, Chang; Banakis, Stephanie; Perez-Perez, Lizzette; Jour, George; Shen, Guomiao; Meyn, Peter; Carpenito, Joseph; Liu, Xiuxiu; Ji, Kun; Collazo, Destiny; Labarbiera, Anthony; Amoroso, Nancy; Brosnahan, Shari; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Kaufman, David; Bakker, Jan; Lubinsky, Anthony; Pradhan, Deepak; Sterman, Daniel; Heguy, Adriana; Uyeki, Timothy; Clemente, Jose; de Wit, Emmie; Schmidt, Ann Marie; Shopsin, Bo; Desvignes, Ludovic; Wang, Chan; Li, Huilin; Zhang, Bin; Forst, Christian; Koide, Shohei; Stapleford, Kenneth; Khanna, Kamal; Ghedin, Elodie; Weiden, Michael; Segal, Leopoldo
Mortality among patients with COVID-19 and respiratory failure is high and there are no known lower airway biomarkers that predict clinical outcome. We investigated whether bacterial respiratory infections and viral load were associated with poor clinical outcome and host immune tone. We obtained bacterial and fungal culture data from 589 critically ill subjects with COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation. On a subset of the subjects that underwent bronchoscopy, we also quantified SARS-CoV-2 viral load, analyzed the microbiome of the lower airways by metagenome and metatranscriptome analyses and profiled the host immune response. We found that isolation of a hospital-acquired respiratory pathogen was not associated with fatal outcome. However, poor clinical outcome was associated with enrichment of the lower airway microbiota with an oral commensal ( Mycoplasma salivarium ), while high SARS-CoV-2 viral burden, poor anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody response, together with a unique host transcriptome profile of the lower airways were most predictive of mortality. Collectively, these data support the hypothesis that 1) the extent of viral infectivity drives mortality in severe COVID-19, and therefore 2) clinical management strategies targeting viral replication and host responses to SARS-CoV-2 should be prioritized.
PMCID:8010736
PMID: 33791687
ISSN: n/a
CID: 4830952

Microbial signatures in the lower airways of mechanically ventilated COVID19 patients associated with poor clinical outcome

Sulaiman, Imran; Chung, Matthew; Angel, Luis; Tsay, Jun-Chieh J; Wu, Benjamin G; Yeung, Stephen T; Krolikowski, Kelsey; Li, Yonghua; Duerr, Ralf; Schluger, Rosemary; Thannickal, Sara A; Koide, Akiko; Rafeq, Samaan; Barnett, Clea; Postelnicu, Radu; Wang, Chang; Banakis, Stephanie; Perez-Perez, Lizzette; Jour, George; Shen, Guomiao; Meyn, Peter; Carpenito, Joseph; Liu, Xiuxiu; Ji, Kun; Collazo, Destiny; Labarbiera, Anthony; Amoroso, Nancy; Brosnahan, Shari; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Kaufman, David; Bakker, Jan; Lubinsky, Anthony; Pradhan, Deepak; Sterman, Daniel H; Weiden, Michael; Hegu, Adriana; Evans, Laura; Uyeki, Timothy M; Clemente, Jose C; De Wit, Emmie; Schmidt, Ann Marie; Shopsin, Bo; Desvignes, Ludovic; Wang, Chan; Li, Huilin; Zhang, Bin; Forst, Christian V; Koide, Shohei; Stapleford, Kenneth A; Khanna, Kamal M; Ghedin, Elodie; Segal, Leopoldo N
Mortality among patients with COVID-19 and respiratory failure is high and there are no known lower airway biomarkers that predict clinical outcome. We investigated whether bacterial respiratory infections and viral load were associated with poor clinical outcome and host immune tone. We obtained bacterial and fungal culture data from 589 critically ill subjects with COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation. On a subset of the subjects that underwent bronchoscopy, we also quantified SARS-CoV-2 viral load, analyzed the microbiome of the lower airways by metagenome and metatranscriptome analyses and profiled the host immune response. We found that isolation of a hospital-acquired respiratory pathogen was not associated with fatal outcome. However, poor clinical outcome was associated with enrichment of the lower airway microbiota with an oral commensal ( Mycoplasma salivarium ), while high SARS-CoV-2 viral burden, poor anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody response, together with a unique host transcriptome profile of the lower airways were most predictive of mortality. Collectively, these data support the hypothesis that 1) the extent of viral infectivity drives mortality in severe COVID-19, and therefore 2) clinical management strategies targeting viral replication and host responses to SARS-CoV-2 should be prioritized.
PMCID:7924286
PMID: 33655261
ISSN: n/a
CID: 4801472

Evaluation of the Lower Airway Microbiota in Patients with Severe SARS-CoV2 [Meeting Abstract]

Barnett, C. R.; Sulaiman, I; Tsay, J-C; Wu, B.; Krolikowski, K.; Li, Y.; Postelnicu, R.; Carpenito, J.; Rafeq, S.; Clemente, J. C.; Angel, L. F.; Mukherjee, V; Pradhan, D.; Brosnahan, S.; Lubinsky, A. S.; Yeung, S.; Jour, G.; Shen, G.; Chung, M.; Khanna, K.; Ghedin, E.; Segal, L. N.
ISI:000685468900221
ISSN: 1073-449x
CID: 5230292