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The Rise of Eating Disorders During COVID-19 and the Impact on Treatment [Letter]

Reed, Jace; Ort, Katherine
PMID: 34780989
ISSN: 1527-5418
CID: 5048982

Responses From an Informal Qualitative Survey About Child and Adolescent Integrated Care Models [Letter]

Zaim, Nadia; Ort, Katherine; Hopkins, Melissa
PMID: 34806595
ISSN: 2667-2960
CID: 5063332

A Previously Healthy Adolescent With Acute Psychosis and Severe Hyperhidrosis [Case Report]

Rosenblatt, Tatiana; Ort, Katherine; Shaw, Richard; Levy, Rebecca J; Chen, Chen; Niemi, Angela; Hoang, Kim
A previously healthy 15-year-old boy presented with 3 months of progressive psychosis, insomnia, back and groin pain, and hyperhidrosis. On examination, the patient was disheveled, agitated, and soaked with sweat, with systolic blood pressure in the 160s and heart rate in the 130s. Aside from occasional auditory and visual hallucinations, his neurologic examination was normal. The patient was admitted for an extensive workup, including MRI of the brain and spine and lumbar puncture, which were normal. Through collaboration with various pediatric specialists, including psychiatry and neurology, a rare diagnosis was ultimately unveiled.
PMID: 32444380
ISSN: 1098-4275
CID: 4568372

Supporting caregivers during hematopoietic cell transplantation for children with primary immunodeficiency disorders

Yoo, Jennie; Halley, Meghan C; Lown, E Anne; Yank, Veronica; Ort, Katherine; Cowan, Morton J; Dorsey, Morna J; Smith, Heather; Iyengar, Sumathi; Scalchunes, Christopher; Mangurian, Christina
BACKGROUND:Caregivers of children with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) experience significant psychological distress during their child's hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) process. OBJECTIVES:This study aims to understand caregiver challenges and identify areas for health care system-level improvements to enhance caregiver well-being. METHODS:In this mixed-methods study caregivers of children with PIDs were contacted in August to November 2017 through online and electronic mailing lists of rare disease consortiums and foundations. Caregivers were invited to participate in an online survey assessing sociodemographic variables, the child's medical characteristics, psychosocial support use, and the World Health Organization-5 Well-Being Index. Open-ended questions about health care system improvements were included. Descriptive statistics and linear multivariate regression analyses were conducted. A modified content analysis method was used to code responses and identify emergent themes. RESULTS:Among the 80 caregiver respondents, caregivers had a median age of 34 years (range, 23-62 years) and were predominantly female, white, and married with male children given a diagnosis of severe combined immune deficiency. In the adjusted regression model lower caregiver well-being was significantly associated with lower household income and medical complications. Challenges during HCT include maintaining relationships with partners and the child's healthy sibling or siblings, managing self-care, and coping with feelings of uncertainty. Caregivers suggested several organizational-level solutions to enhance psychosocial support, including respite services, online connections to other PID caregivers, and bedside mental health services. CONCLUSIONS:Certain high-risk subpopulations of caregivers might need more targeted psychosocial support to reduce the long-term effect of the HCT experience on their well-being. Caregivers suggested several organizational-level solutions for provision of this support.
PMID: 31178019
ISSN: 1097-6825
CID: 4568362

Pocket Reference Card Improves Pediatric Resident Comfort in Caring for Children at End of Life

Balkin, Emily M; Ort, Katherine; Goldsby, Robert; Duvall, Jessica; Kim, Cynthia D
BACKGROUND:Studies have shown that pediatricians in all stages of training are uncomfortable managing patients at end of life. Our goal was to create and test a portable reference card to improve pediatric resident education in comprehensive care for children nearing end of life. METHODS:We evaluated the impact of the Pediatric End-of-Life Care Management Reference Card on residents' perceived comfort and knowledge through pre- and post-intervention surveys. The preintervention questionnaires and pocket cards were distributed to all first- and second-year residents, and then a follow-up survey was provided six months later. Based on Likert scales, questions focused on self-reported understanding of palliative care principles and knowledge regarding and comfort in performing end-of-life symptom management. RESULTS:Twenty-six pediatric residents completed pre- and post-intervention surveys. Following receipt of the reference card, no significant changes were noted consistently across all groups of residents. The majority of improvements were noted when comparing second to third year residents, including knowledge and comfort related to pain management, comfort in managing secretions and nausea, and documentation following death. The first to second year residents demonstrated improvement in knowing what language to use to tell a family that their child has died. CONCLUSION:This study demonstrates that a portable reference card may be a convenient, simple, and useful component of education for pediatric residents in end-of-life care management. This reference card is a foundation from which to develop a standardized educational tool. Additional research is required to assess the impact of this type of intervention in pediatric palliative care education.
PMID: 27792463
ISSN: 1557-7740
CID: 4568352