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Dermoscopic features of a solitary fibrofolliculoma on the left cheek

Criscito, Maressa C; Mu, Euphemia W; Meehan, Shane A; Polsky, David; Kopeloff, Iris
PMID: 28087042
ISSN: 1097-6787
CID: 2412872

Dendritic cells freshly isolated from human blood express CD4 and mature into typical immunostimulatory dendritic cells after culture in monocyte-conditioned medium

O'Doherty U; Steinman RM; Peng M; Cameron PU; Gezelter S; Kopeloff I; Swiggard WJ; Pope M; Bhardwaj N
A procedure has been developed to isolate dendritic cells to a high degree of purity from fresh blood. Prior enrichment methods have relied upon an initial 1-2-d culture period. Purified fresh isolates lack the characteristic morphology, phenotype, and immunostimulatory function of dendritic cells. The purified cells have the appearance of medium sized lymphocytes and express substantial levels of CD4, but lack the T cell molecules CD3, CD8, and T cell receptor. When placed in culture, the cells mature in a manner resembling the previously described, cytokine-dependent maturation of epidermal dendritic cells (Langerhans cells). The cells enlarge and exhibit many cell processes, express much higher levels of major histocompatibility complex class II and a panel of accessory molecules for T cell activation, and become potent stimulators of the mixed leukocyte reaction. Among the many changes during this maturation process are a fall in CD4 and the appearance of high levels of B7/BB1, the costimulator for enhanced interleukin 2 production in T cells. These changes are not associated with cell proliferation, but are dependent upon the addition of monocyte-conditioned medium. We suggest that the freshly isolated CD4-positive blood dendritic cells are recent migrants from the bone marrow, and that subsequent maturation of the lineage occurs in tissues in situ upon appropriate exposure to cytokines
PMID: 8102389
ISSN: 0022-1007
CID: 16505


ISSN: 0730-2312
CID: 54211

Tolerizing mice to human leukocytes: a step toward the production of monoclonal antibodies specific for human dendritic cells

O'Doherty U; Swiggard WJ; Inaba K; Yamaguchi Y; Kopeloff I; Bhardwaj N; Steinman RM
Despite several attempts to isolate a mAb specific for human dendritic cells, none currently exists. Recent attempts have utilized an improved dendritic cell purification method to prepare immunogens and a rapid two-color flow cytometric screening procedure that allows large numbers of hybridoma supernatants to be examined in each fusion. Yet these improvements have also failed, yielding only hybridomas that bind 'shared' antigens expressed by both dendritic cells and other leukocytes. Dendritic cells express many shared antigens, including CD45 [leukocyte common antigen], CD40, leukocyte [beta 2] integrins CD11a and CD11c, CD54 [ICAM-1], CD44 [Pgp-1], CD58 [LFA-3], and the B7/BB1 antigen. Therefore, we are attempting to bias the immune response toward rarer, dendritic cell-specific clones by tolerizing or immunosuppressing our animals to shared antigens. In one approach, adult mice held in barrier cages are injected with 'nondendritic' cells and cyclophosphamide [CP], in order to ablate responding 'nonspecific' B cell clones. Fifteen days after the last dose of CP, they are challenged with nondendritic cells. A week later they are bled, and serum antibody titers against nondendritic cells are determined by FACS, in order to demonstrate tolerance compared to controls injected with CP alone. In the second approach, neonatal mice are injected with human T lymphoblasts at birth, followed by boosting at 1 week. In adulthood, they are challenged sequentially with sheep erythrocytes [sRBC], then with T blasts, to demonstrate that they can respond to unrelated cells but not to tolerogenic cells. One week after each kind of challenge, mice are bled and serum antibody levels are determined for treated and sham-injected mice. When these two approaches were compared, CP led only to nonspecific immunosuppression, while neonatal injections produced selective, antigen-specific nonresponsiveness to the tolerizing T blasts
PMID: 8379367
ISSN: 0065-2598
CID: 16506

Multiple pilomatricomas: report of two cases and review of the association with myotonic dystrophy [Case Report]

Kopeloff I; Orlow SJ; Sanchez MR
Two patients are reported who experienced multiple pilomatricomas beginning in childhood. Although one patient had no evidence of associated diseases, the second patient was diagnosed with myotonic dystrophy subsequent to the onset of the pilomatricomas. Previous reports of multiple pilomatricomas and the association with myotonic dystrophy are reviewed
PMID: 1424796
ISSN: 0011-4162
CID: 13405

A solitary nodule on the chest. Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus [Case Report]

Scherbenske JM; Kopeloff IH; Turiansky G; Sau P
PMID: 2360848
ISSN: 0003-987x
CID: 16504