Impact of COVID-19 on HPV Vaccination Rates in New York City and Long Island
BACKGROUND:In the United States, uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been exceptionally low as compared with other vaccines. During the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, routine vaccinations were deferred or delayed, further exacerbating HPV vaccine hesitancy. The specific effect of the pandemic on HPV vaccination rates in the United States has not been yet described. METHODS:We aimed to determine the percentage of children achieving full HPV vaccination (2 doses) by age 15 years and to compare prepandemic to pandemic rates of HPV vaccination at pediatric practices across our institution. A retrospective chart review was performed to compare HPV vaccination rates in the "prepandemic" and "pandemic" periods for all children 9 through 14 years of age. Additionally, peaks in COVID-19 positivity were compared with HPV vaccination rates. RESULTS:Of children 9-14 years old, 49.3% received at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine in the prepandemic period, compared with 33.5% during the pandemic ( P < 0.0001). Only 33.5% of patients received the full 2-dose series of HPV prepandemic, compared with 19.0% of patients during the pandemic ( P < 0.0001). When COVID-19 positivity rates peaked, HPV vaccination also declined. CONCLUSIONS:The issue of low HPV vaccination rates was amplified due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as illustrated by the correlation between peaks in COVID-19 positivity and low rates of HPV vaccination.
A quality improvement initiative to reduce hypothermia in a Baby-Friendly nursery - our story of algorithms, K-cards, and Key cards
BACKGROUND:Baby-Friendly hospitals encourage rooming-in newborns with mothers. In our institution, we noticed increased incidence of hypothermia following Baby-Friendly designation. We aimed to reduce the incidence of hypothermia in the mother-baby-unit to <15% and to decrease the rate of isolated hypothermia admissions to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by 20% over two years. METHODS:After a retrospective review of newborns â‰¥35 weeks gestation in the mother-baby-unit with hypothermia, we implemented multiple interventions such as nursing education, hypothermia algorithm, Kamishibai cards, and Key cards. RESULTS:Hypothermia incidence in the mother-baby-unit decreased from 20.9 to 14.5% (pâ€‰<â€‰0.001) and infants requiring NICU admission decreased by 71% (pâ€‰<â€‰0.001) following all interventions. Apart from nursing education, all interventions led to significant reductions in both outcomes from baseline. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Instituting a hypothermia algorithm and utilizing K-cards and Key cards reduces the incidence of hypothermia in the mother-baby-unit and NICU admissions for isolated hypothermia.
Giving Your Electronic Health Record a Checkup After COVID-19: A Practical Framework for Reviewing Clinical Decision Support in Light of the Telemedicine Expansion
BACKGROUND:The transformation of health care during COVID-19, with the rapid expansion of telemedicine visits, presents new challenges to chronic care and preventive health providers. Clinical decision support (CDS) is critically important to chronic care providers, and CDS malfunction is common during times of change. It is essential to regularly reassess an organization's ambulatory CDS program to maintain care quality. This is especially true after an immense change, like the COVID-19 telemedicine expansion. OBJECTIVE:Our objective is to reassess the ambulatory CDS program at a large academic medical center in light of telemedicine's expansion in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS:Our clinical informatics team devised a practical framework for an intrapandemic ambulatory CDS assessment focused on the impact of the telemedicine expansion. This assessment began with a quantitative analysis comparing CDS alert performance in the context of in-person and telemedicine visits. Board-certified physician informaticists then completed a formal workflow review of alerts with inferior performance in telemedicine visits. Informaticists then reported on themes and optimization opportunities through the existing CDS governance structure. RESULTS:Our assessment revealed that 10 of our top 40 alerts by volume were not firing as expected in telemedicine visits. In 3 of the top 5 alerts, providers were significantly less likely to take action in telemedicine when compared to office visits. Cumulatively, alerts in telemedicine encounters had an action taken rate of 5.3% (3257/64,938) compared to 8.3% (19,427/233,636) for office visits. Observations from a clinical informaticist workflow review included the following: (1) Telemedicine visits have different workflows than office visits. Some alerts developed for the office were not appearing at the optimal time in the telemedicine workflow. (2) Missing clinical data is a common reason for the decreased alert firing seen in telemedicine visits. (3) Remote patient monitoring and patient-reported clinical data entered through the portal could replace data collection usually completed in the office by a medical assistant or registered nurse. CONCLUSIONS:In a large academic medical center at the pandemic epicenter, an intrapandemic ambulatory CDS assessment revealed clinically significant CDS malfunctions that highlight the importance of reassessing ambulatory CDS performance after the telemedicine expansion.
A Quality Improvement Initiative to Improve Perioperative Hypothermia Rates in the NICU Utilizing Checklists
Premature infants are at high risk for heat loss. Infants undergoing surgical procedures outside of the neonatal intensive care unit have an increased risk of hypothermia. Hypothermia can lead to delayed recovery, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, sepsis, and emotional stress for the parents. We aimed to reduce the incidence of hypothermia for infants undergoing surgical procedures from a baseline of 44.4% to less than 25% over 3 years (2016-2018) with the utilization of a checklist and education.
Helping Children BREATHE- Transforming Asthma Care Through Patient Centered Management Protocols [Meeting Abstract]