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Successful Reduction in the Heart Failure Length of Stay through Standardized Management [Meeting Abstract]

Elyasi, Maekal; Ciancarelli, James W.; Mohammed, Norhan M.; Maidhof, Andrew J.; Michelakis, Nickolaos; Lachmann, Justine S.
ISSN: 1071-9164
CID: 3519542

Invasive Hemodynamics of Pulmonary Disease and the Right Ventricle

Silber, David; Lachmann, Justine
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) falls into 5 groups, as defined by the World Health Organization. Swan-Ganz catheters determine precapillary versus postcapillary PH. The hemodynamic values of PH at rest and with vasodilatory challenge categorize the etiology of PH and guide treatment. RV maladaptations to increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and the chronicity of the right ventricle's (RV) response to increased PH and/or increased PVR can be understood with pressure-volume (PV) loops constructed with use of conductance catheters. These PV loops demonstrate the RV's ability to increase stroke volume in acutely and chronically increased PVR.
PMID: 28600088
ISSN: 2211-7466
CID: 3519502

Utility of Remote Monitoring Using a Mobile Phone in Patients with Heart Failure: the REMOTE-HF-1 Study [Meeting Abstract]

Stahlberg, Marcus; Govind, Satish C.; Orr, Nicole M.; Gopal, Aasha S.; Lachmann, Justine S.; Bhagirath, R.; Ramesh, S. S.; Lund, Lars H.; Braunschweig, Frieder
ISSN: 0009-7322
CID: 3519512


Ray, Beevash; Lachmann, Justine; Cohen, Jerald L.; Gubernikoff, George; DeLeon, Joshua R.; Gaztanaga, Juan; Michelakis, Nickolaos; Naidu, Srihari S.
ISSN: 0735-1097
CID: 3406922

Relative importance of errors in left ventricular quantitation by two-dimensional echocardiography: insights from three-dimensional echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

Chukwu, Ebere O; Barasch, Eddy; Mihalatos, Dennis G; Katz, Alan; Lachmann, Justine; Han, Jing; Reichek, Nathaniel; Gopal, Aasha S
BACKGROUND:The accuracy of left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) on two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) is limited by image position (IP), geometric assumption (GA), and boundary tracing (BT) errors. METHODS:Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) were used to determine the relative contribution of each error source in normal controls (n = 35) and patients with myocardial infarctions (MIs) (n = 34). LV volumes and EFs were calculated using (1) apical biplane disk summation on 2DE (IP + GA + BT errors), (2) biplane disk summation on RT3DE (GA + BT errors), (3) 4-multiplane to 8-multiplane surface approximation on RT3DE (GA + BT errors), (4) voxel-based surface approximation on RT3DE (BT error alone) and (5) CMR. By comparing each method with CMR, the absolute and relative contributions of each error source were determined. RESULTS:IP error predominated in LV volume quantification on 2DE in normal controls, whereas GA error predominated in patients with MIs. Underestimation of volumes on 2DE was overcome by increasing the number of imaging planes on RT3DE. Although 4 equidistant image planes were acceptable, the best results were achieved with voxel-based RT3DE. For EF estimation, IP error predominated in normal controls, whereas BT error predominated in patients with MIs. Nevertheless, one third of the EF estimation error in patients with MIs was due to a combination of IP and GA errors, both of which may be addressed using RT3DE. CONCLUSIONS:The relative contribution of each source of LV quantitation error on 2DE was defined and quantified. Each source of error differed depending on patient characteristics and LV geometry.
PMID: 18765174
ISSN: 1097-6795
CID: 3519492

Left ventricular structure and function for postmyocardial infarction and heart failure risk stratification by three-dimensional echocardiography

Gopal, Aasha S; Chukwu, Ebere O; Mihalatos, Dennis G; Katz, Alan S; Mathew, Sunil T; Lachmann, Justine S; Toole, Rena S; Schapiro, William; Reichek, Nathaniel
PMID: 17555935
ISSN: 1097-6795
CID: 3519482

Utility of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for optimizing cardiac resynchronization therapy: Comparison with tissue Doppler imaging [Meeting Abstract]

Chukwu, Ebere O.; Schecter, Stuart O.; Lachmann, Justine S.; Mihalatos, Dennis G.; Fan, Deli; Toole, Rena S.; Greenberg, Steven; Levine, Joesph; Jayam, Vinod; Hoch, David; Reichek, Nathaniel; Gopal, Aasha S.
ISSN: 0735-1097
CID: 3519532

Sildenafil improves exercise hemodynamics and oxygen uptake in patients with systolic heart failure

Lewis, Gregory D; Lachmann, Justine; Camuso, Janice; Lepore, John J; Shin, Jordan; Martinovic, Maryann E; Systrom, David M; Bloch, Kenneth D; Semigran, Marc J
BACKGROUND:Heart failure (HF) is frequently associated with dysregulation of nitric oxide-mediated pulmonary vascular tone. Sildenafil, a type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitor, lowers pulmonary vascular resistance in pulmonary hypertension by augmenting intracellular levels of the nitric oxide second messenger, cyclic GMP. We tested the hypothesis that a single oral dose of sildenafil (50 mg) would improve exercise capacity and exercise hemodynamics in patients with chronic systolic HF through pulmonary vasodilation. METHODS AND RESULTS/RESULTS:Thirteen patients with New York Heart Association class III HF underwent assessment of right heart hemodynamics, gas exchange, and first-pass radionuclide ventriculography at rest and with cycle ergometry before and 60 minutes after administration of 50 mg of oral sildenafil. Sildenafil reduced resting pulmonary arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and pulmonary vascular resistance, and increased resting and exercise cardiac index (P<0.05 for all) without altering mean arterial pressure, heart rate, or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. Sildenafil reduced exercise pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, and pulmonary vascular resistance/systemic vascular resistance ratio, which indicates a selective pulmonary vasodilator effect with exercise. Peak VO2 increased (15+/-9%) and ventilatory response to CO2 output (VE/VCO2 slope) decreased (16+/-5%) after sildenafil treatment. Improvements in right heart hemodynamics and exercise capacity were confined to patients with secondary pulmonary hypertension (rest pulmonary arterial pressure >25 mm Hg). CONCLUSIONS:The present study shows that in patients with systolic HF, type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibition with sildenafil improves peak VO2, reduces VE/VCO2 slope, and acts as a selective pulmonary vasodilator during rest and exercise in patients with HF and pulmonary hypertension.
PMID: 17179022
ISSN: 1524-4539
CID: 3519472

Acute administration of sildenafil improves peak VO2 proportionate to pulmonary vasodilation in patients with heart failure [Meeting Abstract]

Lewis, Gregory D.; Lachmann, Justine; Camuso, Janice M.; Shin, Jordan; Systrom, David M.; Bloch, Kenneth D.; Semigran, Marc J.
ISSN: 0009-7322
CID: 3519522

Dissociation between improvement in left ventricular performance and functional class in patients with chronic heart failure

Ennezat, Pierre V; Ennezat, Caroline A; Vijayaraman, Pugazhendhi; Lachmann, Justine; Asseman, Philippe; Cohen-Solal, Alain; Sonnenblick, Edmund H; LeJemtel, Thierry H
Resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and functional capacity do not correlate in chronic heart failure patients treated with digitalis, diuretics, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. We sought to determine whether substantial improvement in LVEF, as may occur during long-term beta-blockade or after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, leads consistently to improvement in functional class. Doppler echocardiogram and assessment of functional class were obtained at baseline and 12 months after initiation of beta-blockade (87 patients) or CABG surgery (51 patients). At 12 months the effects of beta-blockade were variable: LVEF increased greatly by >or=11% (median value) in 45 patients (52%) and by <11% in 19 (22%), but it decreased or remained unchanged in 23 patients (26%). In contrast, functional class was unchanged or worsened in 59 patients (68%) and improved in only 28 (32%). Similarly, surgery had variable effects on LVEF. LVEF increased by >or=12% (median) in 28 patients (55%) and by <12% in 14 (27%), whereas it decreased or remained unchanged in 9 patients (18%). Functional class was unchanged or worsened in 41 patients (80%) and improved in only 10 (20%). Changes in functional class and LVEF were unrelated for both interventions. Both beta-blockade and CABG surgery improve LVEF in the majority of patients. However, significant improvement in LVEF does not enhance functional capacity consistently in chronic heart failure.
PMID: 16116329
ISSN: 0160-2446
CID: 3519462