Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:

person:leej55 or lekash01 or lewisc12 or pahlk01 or osorir01



Total Results:


Examining the Multilevel Barriers to Pharmacy-Based HIV Prevention and Treatment Services

Crawford, Natalie D; Lewis, Crystal F; Moore, Ronnie; Pietradoni, Glen; Weidle, Paul
PMID: 35550478
ISSN: 1537-4521
CID: 5350862

Anti-Asian Attitudes in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: an Exploratory Study

Pahl, Kerstin; Wang, John; Sanichar, Navin; Williams, Sharifa; Nick, Gilbert A; Wang, Lisa; Lekas, Helen-Maria
OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this paper was to measure if people with greater "structural literacy," as indicated by greater awareness of racial and socioeconomic disparities in COVID-19 impact, would hold fewer negative attitudes against those perceived to be Asian in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS:A survey was administered between April and August 2020 to participants from two longitudinal cohorts in New York State. The survey assessed anti-Asian attitudes relating to COVID-19, awareness of racial and socioeconomic disparities in COVID-19, residential location, socioeconomic status, and other demographic information. The sample included 233 Black, Latinx, and White midlife adults from urban, suburban, and rural New York neighborhoods. Multivariable regression modeling was used to assess associations between COVID-19 disparities awareness, an indicator of structural literacy, and anti-Asian attitudes, adjusting for gender, race/ethnicity, residential location, and socioeconomic disadvantage. RESULTS:Greater awareness of disparities in COVID-19 was associated with lower levels of anti-Asian attitudes after adjustment (adj-slope =  - 0.358, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Greater structural literacy, as measured by awareness of socioeconomic and racial disparities in COVID-19 impact, was associated with fewer anti-Asian attitudes among Black, Latinx, and White adults. IMPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:Increasing structural literacy may reduce anti-Asian attitudes that motivate harmful acts against oppressed groups.
PMID: 35913546
ISSN: 2196-8837
CID: 5287842

The Impacts of COVID-19 on a Statewide Population With Mental Illness

Rodgers, Ian T; Samaranayake, Dhanushki; Anderson, Adrienne; Capobianco, Linda; Cohen, Dana E; Ehntholt, Amy; Feeney, Suzanne; Leckman-Westin, Emily; Marinovic, Sonia; Smith, Thomas E; Dixon, Lisa B; Lekas, Helen-Maria; Lewis-Fernández, Roberto; Saake, Amanda
OBJECTIVE:This survey examined the experiences of individuals receiving treatment in a large public mental health system during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS:The survey, conducted between May and June 2020, assessed four domains: impacts on mental health, experiences with telehealth, access to care and resources, and sources and adequacy of support. Descriptive analyses were conducted. RESULTS:Of 4,046 respondents, 70% reported increases in their anxiety and stress because of the pandemic. A majority (55%) reported experiencing challenges related to the social determinants of health and functional needs. Most respondents reported that their care went undisrupted, with 92% using telehealth and 90% reporting feeling adequately supported. CONCLUSIONS:The pandemic substantially affected individuals with mental illness, particularly with regard to mental health related to the social determinants of health and functional needs. However, respondents felt that their mental health care was maintained and that they were adequately supported.
PMID: 34587787
ISSN: 1557-9700
CID: 5521582

Potential long-term effect of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors on dementia risk: A propensity score matched retrospective cohort study in US veterans

Zheng, Chunlei; Fillmore, Nathanael R; Ramos-Cejudo, Jaime; Brophy, Mary; Osorio, Ricardo; Gurney, Mark E; Qiu, Wei Qiao; Au, Rhoda; Perry, George; Dubreuil, Maureen; Chen, Shu G; Qi, Xin; Davis, Pamela B; Do, Nhan; Xu, Rong
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors are widely used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their potential to retard Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression has been reported. However, their long-term effects on the dementia/AD risk remain unknown. METHODS:A propensity scored matched retrospective cohort study was conducted among 40,207 patients with RA within the US Veterans Affairs health-care system from 2000 to 2020. RESULTS:A total of 2510 patients with RA prescribed TNF inhibitors were 1:2 matched to control patients. TNF inhibitor use was associated with reduced dementia risk (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.52-0.80), which was consistent as the study period increased from 5 to 20 years after RA diagnosis. TNF inhibitor use also showed a long-term effect in reducing the risk of AD (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39-0.83) during the 20 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:TNF inhibitor use is associated with lower long-term risk of dementia/AD among US veterans with RA.
PMID: 34569707
ISSN: 1552-5279
CID: 5067402

A longitudinal pathway from ethnic-racial discrimination to sexual risk behaviors among Black women and Latinas: Ethnic-racial identity exploration as a protective factor

Pahl, Kerstin; Williams, Sharifa Z; Capasso, Ariadna; Lewis, Crystal Fuller; Lekas, Helen Maria
BACKGROUND:Black women and Latinas in their thirties continue to be at risk for HIV transmission via heterosexual intercourse. METHODS:Informed by the Theory of Gender and Power, this study investigated a longitudinal path model linking experiences of ethnic-racial discrimination in late adolescence to sexual risk behaviors in adulthood among 492 Black women and Latinas. We also tested whether ethnic-racial identity exploration served as a resilience asset protecting women against the psychological impact of ethnic-racial discrimination. Survey data from female participants in the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study, which has followed a cohort of New York City Black and Latinx youth since 1990, were analyzed. Data for this analysis were collected at four time points when participants were on average 19, 24, 29, and 32 years of age. Structural equation modeling was used to examine a hypothesized pathway from earlier ethnic-racial discrimination to later sexual risk behaviors and the protective role of ethnic-racial identity exploration. RESULTS:Results confirmed that ethnic-racial discrimination in late adolescence was linked with sexual risk behaviors in the early thirties via increased levels of affective distress in emerging adulthood, experiences of victimization in young adulthood, and substance use in the early thirties among women low in ethnic-racial identity exploration. We also found that ethnic-racial identity served as a resilience asset, as the association between discrimination in late adolescence and affective distress in emerging adulthood was not significant among women with higher levels of ethnic-racial identity exploration. CONCLUSIONS:The results provide important preliminary evidence that ethnic-racial identity exploration may serve as a resilience asset among Black women and Latinas confronting racial discrimination. Further, we suggest that ethnic-racial identity exploration may constitute an important facet of critical consciousness.
PMID: 35637046
ISSN: 1873-5347
CID: 5283392

Challenges and opportunities of telehealth digital equity to manage HIV and comorbidities for older persons living with HIV in New York State

Baim-Lance, Abigail; Angulo, Matthew; Chiasson, Mary Ann; Lekas, Helen-Maria; Schenkel, Rachel; Villarreal, Jason; Cantos, Anyelina; Kerr, Christine; Nagaraja, Aarthi; Yin, Michael T; Gordon, Peter
BACKGROUND:Older persons living with HIV (PLWH) need routine healthcare to manage HIV and other comorbidities. This mixed methods study investigated digital equity, constituted as access, use and quality, of HIV and specialty telehealth services for PLWH > 50 years during the initial wave of the COVID-19 pandemic when services transitioned to remote care. METHODS:A survey of closed and open-ended questions was administered to 80 English (N = 63) and Spanish (N = 17) speaking PLWH receiving HIV care at an Academic Medical Center (N = 50) or a Federally Qualified Health Center (N = 30) in New York State. Quantitative analyses examined characteristics predicting telehealth use and visit quality. Qualitative analyses utilized thematic coding to reveal common experiences. Results were integrated to deepen the interpretation. RESULTS:Telehealth access and use were shaped by multiple related and unstable factors including devices and connectivity, technology literacy, and comfort including privacy concerns. Participants demonstrated their substantial effort to achieve the visit. The majority of patients with a telehealth visit perceived it as worse than an in-person visit by describing it as less interpersonal, and resulting in poorer outcomes, particularly participants with less formal education. Technology was not only a barrier to access, but also influenced perceptions of quality. CONCLUSIONS:In the COVID-19 pandemic initial wave, barriers to using telehealth were unequally distributed to those with more significant access and use challenges. Beyond these barriers, examining the components of equity indicate further challenges replicating in-person care using telehealth formats for older PLWH. Work remains to establish telehealth as both equitable and desirable for this population.
PMID: 35524251
ISSN: 1472-6963
CID: 5213952

Scaling opioid overdose prevention and naloxone dispensation among rural and small metro area pharmacists: findings from a qualitative study

Tofighi, Babak; Martino, Daniele; Lekas, Helen Maria; Williams, Sharifa Z.; Blau, Chloe; Lewis, Crystal F.
Background: Community pharmacies offer a population-wide approach to scale opioid overdose prevention programs (OOPP). This qualitative study identified factors influencing implementation of New York State"™s OOPP to inform the uptake of naloxone dispensation in rural and small metro area pharmacies. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted among licensed retail, independent, or supermarket pharmacists (n = 60) in the mid-Hudson valley area of New York in high- and medium-overdose regions. The semi-structured 29-item survey captured attitudes and experiences related to pharmacy participation in naloxone dispensation. Results: Data revealed pharmacist support for naloxone dispensation. Barriers to OOPP success included: (1) Insufficient retail pharmacy leadership support for administrative and clinical tasks for OOPP tasks; (2) excessive opioid analgesic prescribing by physicians; (3) limited uptake of naloxone by prescribers and patients; (4) out-of-pocket costs for patients to obtain naloxone; (5) lack of time, staffing, and space to provide opioid overdose prevention counseling; (6) concern for increased overdose fatalities and injection drug use in the pharmacy premises if pharmacists dispensed sterile syringes, naloxone, and/or Buprenorphine-naloxone; and (7) stigmatizing attitudes toward persons who use opioids. Conclusion: Multi-level intervention efforts that include pharmacist-prescriber communication and training, and stigma-reducing efforts in rural and small metro area regions are needed.
ISSN: 1465-9891
CID: 5315292

Latent triple trajectories of substance use as predictors for the onset of antisocial personality disorder among urban African American and Puerto Rican adults: A 22-year longitudinal study

Lee, Jung Yeon; Pahl, Kerstin; Kim, Wonkuk
PMID: 35073243
ISSN: 1547-0164
CID: 5147772

Internet use and uptake of a web-based prevention and risk reduction intervention for persons who use drugs in New York City - WebHealth4Us study (2013-2016)

Lewis, Crystal Fuller; Williams, Sharifa Z; Tofighi, Babak; Lekas, Helen-Maria; Joseph, Adriana; Rivera, Alexis; Amesty, Silvia C
PMID: 35499405
ISSN: 1547-0164
CID: 5215862

A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Feasibility of a Medical Management-Based Text Messaging Intervention Combined With Buprenorphine in Primary Care

Tofighi, Babak; Durr, Meghan; Marini, Christina; Lewis, Crystal F; Lee, Joshua D
Background/UNASSIGNED:Mobile health (mHealth) tools offer an effective and personalized approach to enhance chronic disease management and may partially offset provider-level barriers to increasing buprenorphine prescribing in primary care. This study assessed the feasibility of integrating a text messaging-based medical management tool (TeMeS) in primary care among patients initiating buprenorphine. Methods/UNASSIGNED:TeMeS messages are categorized per the medical management model, programed in a HIPAA-compliant texting software (Apptoto©), and delivered in a tiered fashion over 8-weeks to patients. This mixed-methods evaluation of TeMeS utilized key stakeholder feedback (patients, physicians, administrators, nursing), text messaging software process measures, thematic analysis of patient participant text message content, and electronic administrative data (eg, appointment adherence, treatment retention) at 2-months. Results/UNASSIGNED:The study team approached 65 patients and n = 14 (21%) were ineligible or declined to participate in the study. Most eligible participants owned a smartphone (90%), responded to at least one text query (88%) over an average of 24 days, and few requested to stop receiving texts (6%). Participant text replies included responses to cognitive behavioral therapy-based queries (13.8%), confirming or rescheduling appointments (6.1%), and insurance, pharmacy, or clinical issues pertaining to buprenorphine dispensation or dosing (2%). Suggestions for design modifications included personalizing message content and adjusting message frequency per patient risk of illicit opioid reuse, use of video-based informational content, and real-time provider and staff support for emergent issues. Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:Our findings highlight the acceptability, feasibility, and high rates of engagement of utilizing text messaging to enhance self-management among patients initiating buprenorphine treatment.
PMID: 35356483
ISSN: 1178-2218
CID: 5219952