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Existing Nongated CT Coronary Calcium Predicts Operative Risk in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgeries (ENCORES)

Choi, Daniel Y; Hayes, Dena; Maidman, Samuel D; Dhaduk, Nehal; Jacobs, Jill E; Shmukler, Anna; Berger, Jeffrey S; Cuff, Germaine; Rehe, David; Lee, Mitchell; Donnino, Robert; Smilowitz, Nathaniel R
BACKGROUND:Preoperative cardiovascular risk stratification before noncardiac surgery is a common clinical challenge. Coronary artery calcium scores from ECG-gated chest computed tomography (CT) imaging are associated with perioperative events. At the time of preoperative evaluation, many patients will not have had ECG-gated CT imaging, but will have had nongated chest CT studies performed for a variety of noncardiac indications. We evaluated relationships between coronary calcium severity estimated from previous nongated chest CT imaging and perioperative major clinical events (MCE) after noncardiac surgery. METHODS:We retrospectively identified consecutive adults age ≥45 years who underwent in-hospital, major noncardiac surgery from 2016 to 2020 at a large academic health system composed of 4 acute care centers. All patients had nongated (contrast or noncontrast) chest CT imaging performed within 1 year before surgery. Coronary calcium in each vessel was retrospectively graded from absent to severe using a 0 to 3 scale (absent, mild, moderate, severe) by physicians blinded to clinical data. The estimated coronary calcium burden (ECCB) was computed as the sum of scores for each coronary artery (0 to 9 scale). A Revised Cardiac Risk Index was calculated for each patient. Perioperative MCE was defined as all-cause death or myocardial infarction within 30 days of surgery. RESULTS:<0.0001). An ECCB ≥3 was associated with 2-fold higher adjusted odds of MCE versus an ECCB <3 (adjusted odds ratio, 2.11 [95% CI, 1.42-3.12]). CONCLUSIONS:Prevalence and severity of coronary calcium obtained from existing nongated chest CT imaging improve preoperative clinical risk stratification before noncardiac surgery.
PMID: 37732454
ISSN: 1524-4539
CID: 5599072

Perioperative Challenges During Stereotactic Neurosurgery and Deep Brain Stimulator Placement

Chapter by: Lee, Mitchell Y; Bloom, Marc J
pp. 207-212
CID: 2337162

Iatrogenic carotid artery pseudoaneurysm recognized by ultrasound [Letter]

Morimoto, Maki; Lee, Mitchell Y; Kim, Jung T
PMID: 20417123
ISSN: 1532-8422
CID: 130895

Efficacy of Clevidipine in Controlling Perioperative Hypertension in Neurosurgical Patients: Initial Single-center Experience

Bekker, Alex; Didehvar, Sorosch; Kim, Sunmi; Golfinos, John G; Parker, Erik; Sapson, Andrew; Haile, Michael; Kline, Richard; Lee, Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Acute blood pressure (BP) elevations in neurosurgical patients are associated with serious neurologic, cardiovascular, or surgical site complications. Clevidipine, an ultra-short-acting dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, has been shown to be efficacious and safe for acute hypertension in cardiac surgery. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of clevidipine in controlling perioperative hypertension in the neurosurgical setting. METHODS: Patients scheduled for intracranial surgery were prospectively enrolled after giving consent. Clevidipine (0.5 mg/mL in 20% lipid solution, which was to be initiated at 10 mg/h and titrated to effect) was administered as the primary antihypertensive agent for perioperative hypertension, with target BPs of less than 130 mm Hg. Other vasoactive drugs were administered as needed for treating systolic BP (SBP) less than 90 mm Hg or greater than 130 mm Hg. The primary study endpoint was the proportion of patients not requiring rescue antihypertensives to maintain target SBP (<130 mm Hg). RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were enrolled. One patient did not require antihypertensive therapy. Seventeen patients (17 of 21, 81%) were treated with clevidipine alone; one received clevidipine in the postanesthesia care unit only. Twenty-eight hypertensive episodes (defined as any new acute BP elevation requiring clevidipine initiation) were documented. SBP was reduced to target level within 15 minutes in 22 of 28 episodes (78.6%). Two mild hypotensive episodes occurred after the initiation of clevidipine infusion; these transient decreases in BP were treated with vasoactive drugs and resolved within 5 minutes. CONCLUSIONS: Clevidipine is effective and safe for perioperative hypertension in patients undergoing intracranial procedures. Rapid control of BP is possible with higher starting doses. Drug effects resolved rapidly after drug discontinuation
PMID: 20622687
ISSN: 1537-1921
CID: 112425

Anesthesia Residents Have a Negative Opinion on Proposed ACGME Changes to the Curriculum: A Pilot Study

Wajda, Michael C; Lee, Mitchell Y; O'Neill, Daniel; Morimoto, Maki; Tepfenhardt, Lisa; Kim, Jung
BACKGROUND:The ACGME has proposed changes to the curriculum for anesthesia residents. These changes include increasing critical care from 2 to 4 months, pain from 1 to 3 months, and obstetrics, pediatric, neuroanesthesia, and cardio thoracic anesthesia from 1 to 2 months. In addition, they have included a preoperative clinic for 1 month. METHODS:With IRB approval, a survey of the anesthesia residents at New York University was distributed. The residents questioned ranged from the CA-1 to the Ca-3 class. The survey questioned the residents on their current curriculum and the proposed changes. RESULTS:22 Residents completed the questionnaire. Seventy-seven percent of the residents polled felt they had enough experience in critical care with the current requirements and 82% did not want the increase to 4 months (p=0.007). Seventy-three percent of the residents responded that their pain management exposure was sufficient and 82% did not want it increased (p=0.011). Overwhelmingly, 82% of those polled felt an entire month of preoperative clinic was not necessary. Seventy-three percent of those residents polled would not be comfortable on subspecialty rotations as early as August of their CA-1 year. 82% felt that too much of their training would be spent outside of the operating room, and the majority (59%) thought more residents would be on each rotation. Moreover, 55% think that the proposed changes will adversely affect residents in training. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:The results of this survey demonstrate that most residents at New York University do not think the current curriculum should change. The majority opinion is that it will negative impact their education.
PMID: 27281181
ISSN: 2333-0406
CID: 3104962