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Ocular involvement as the initial manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis in children [Case Report]

Levi, Michelle; Kodsi, Sylvia R; Rubin, Steven E; Lyons, Chris; Golden, Richard; Olitsky, Scott E; Christiansen, Stephen; Alcorn, Deborah M
Ophthalmic manifestations are noted in about 50% of adults with Wegener's granulomatosis. Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare disease in the pediatric age group. The disease may present initially with ocular manifestations. We report the largest series to date of children whose ocular findings were the initial presenting signs of Wegener's granulomatosis
PMID: 18083587
ISSN: 1528-3933
CID: 94580

Surgical treatment of capillary hemangiomas causing amblyopia

Levi, Michelle; Schwartz, Shirah; Blei, Francine; Ceisler, Emily; Steele, Mark; Furlan, Louis; Millman, Arthur; Kodsi, Sylvia R
BACKGROUND: Capillary hemangiomas of the eyelids and orbit can cause refractive and occlusive amblyopia. Although oral and intralesional steroid injections are the most common treatment modalities, sometimes they are not successful. There is a paucity of information in the literature on the success of eliminating amblyogenic factors by treating these lesions with surgical resection. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 10 patients in two pediatric ophthalmology practices who underwent surgical excision of a capillary hemangioma that was causing amblyopia and that had failed to regress with other treatment. RESULTS: Two patients had surgery secondary to pupillary occlusion, which was successful in relieving occlusion. Eight patients had surgery secondary to significant astigmatism. The average preoperative astigmatic difference between the affected and unaffected eye in five of these patients undergoing surgery before the age of 21 months was 2.15 D. The average postoperative astigmatic difference was 0.1 D. The average preoperative astigmatic difference between the affected and unaffected eye in three patients undergoing surgery after 21 months of age was 1.6 D. Surgery completely failed to reduce the astigmatism in two of these patients. The third patient had a decrease of 0.75 D of cylinder but still had a difference of 1.75 D between the two eyes postoperatively. Postoperative complications in this study included wound infection in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical excision of capillary hemangiomas that were resistant to other modes of treatment was useful in relieving pupillary occlusion and in decreasing the amount of astigmatism if performed before the age of 21 months in our series of patients. Our cases as well as the literature suggest that surgery should be performed at 13 months or earlier to reduce the amount of astigmatism
PMID: 17344079
ISSN: 1091-8531
CID: 71020