Utilization of Crowdfunding for Cataract and LASIK Procedures
PURPOSE/UNASSIGNED:To study the nature of crowdfunding campaigns for common ophthalmologic procedures. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:Cross sectional, retrospective study of campaigns on GoFundMe.com from January 1st, 2021 to July 31st, 2021. All domestic and international campaigns referring to cataract and intraocular lens placement or LASIK procedures, excluding those with non-ophthalmologic conditions or campaigns for multiple conditions. Descriptive analysis of campaigns including condition, country of origin of patient, total and median value raised, total and median value sought, age of the patient, funding goal met, insurance status when possible. Total and median funds raised and sought, international versus domestic campaigns, success rate for campaigns, percent of campaigns involving children, percent of campaigns mentioning insurance. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:137 campaigns were identified, 67.9% (93/137) were for cataract and 32.1% (44/137) were for LASIK. 13.1% (18/137) of campaigns were international. 7.3% (10/137) campaigns were successful at reaching funding goals. Of successful campaigns, 70.0% (7/10) were for cataract and 30.0% (3/10) were for LASIK. Total value raised (in USD) was $131,763, where $106,593 was for cataract and $25,170 was for LASIK. The median value sought overall was $5,000, where the median sought for cataract procedures was $5,000 and the median for LASIK was $4,000. The median value raised was $395. 5.8% (8/137) of campaigns mentioned minors. 12.5% (1/8) of campaigns for children or minors successfully met funding goals compared to 7.0% (9/129) adult campaigns. The total funds raised for children or minors was $9,224 with a goal of $41,050. The total funds raised for adults was $122,539 out of a goal of $775,617. 14.6% (20/137) campaigns mentioned insurance coverage, of which 85% (17/20) were for cataract and 15.0% (3/20) were for LASIK. Premium lenses (toric, multifocal, etc.) were mentioned in 1.1% of cataract campaigns (1/93) as being cost prohibitive. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:Crowdfunding is ineffective as a means for patients to raise funds for ophthalmic procedures. The broad range of financial requests within campaigns indicates a large patient knowledge gap in cost for procedures.
Cyclodialysis Cleft Associated with Kahook Dual Blade Goniotomy [Case Report]
Aim/UNASSIGNED:The aim of this study is to report cyclodialysis cleft creation during Kahook dual blade (KDB) goniotomy. Background/UNASSIGNED:No known reports of cyclodialysis clefts have been published to the authors' knowledge after KDB goniotomy. Case description/UNASSIGNED:A 55-year-old myopic male with primary open angle glaucoma in both eyes (OU) underwent routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implant with KDB goniotomy in the right eye (OD). Preoperative intraocular pressures (IOP) OD were in the low 20 mm Hg range on timolol and bimatoprost. Postoperative IOP was 4 mm Hg, with a moderate depth anterior chamber. Gonioscopy was slit in all quadrants, with no structures visible, and no improvement on indentation. Mild macular choroidal folds were present OD. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) revealed an area of supraciliary fluid. Anterior chamber reformation with viscoelastic was performed and repeat gonioscopy revealed a cyclodialysis cleft from 2:00 to 3:00. Treatment with multiple sessions of argon laser photocoagulation successfully closed the cleft. Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:KDB goniotomy may be complicated by cyclodialysis cleft formation and hypotony maculopathy. Visualization of a cleft on gonioscopy may require anterior chamber reformation. Clinical significance/UNASSIGNED:With an increasing use of KDB for goniotomy, previously unreported complications may arise including cyclodialysis cleft and resultant hypotony maculopathy. Because cleft following KDB goniotomy is rare, suspicion may be low and diagnosis could be delayed in the setting of postoperative hypotony with closed angles. How to cite this article/UNASSIGNED:Cyclodialysis Cleft Associated with Kahook Dual Blade Goniotomy. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2019;13(2):74-76.
Management of Blood Pressure in Patients with Glaucoma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) is defined as the difference between BP and intraocular pressure (IOP). With low BP comes low OPP and resultant ischemic damage to the optic nerve, leading to glaucoma progression. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on BP as it relates to glaucoma and to create a forum of discussion between ophthalmologists and internal medicine specialists. RECENT FINDINGS:Both high and low BP has been linked glaucoma. Low BP is particularly associated with glaucoma progression in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients. Patients who have low nighttime BP readings are at highest risk of progression of their glaucoma. Internal medicine specialists and ophthalmologists should consider the relationship between BP and glaucoma when treating patients with concomitant disease. Too-low nighttime BP should be avoided. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is a useful tool to identify patients at greatest risk for progression.