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Surgical relief of small bowel obstruction by migrated biliary stent: extraction without enterotomy

Garg, Karan; Zagzag, Jonathan; Khaykis, Inessa; Liang, Howard
BACKGROUND: Distal stent migration is a well-known complication following insertion of biliary stents. Most such cases can be managed expectantly, because the stents pass through the gastrointestinal tract. However, small bowel obstruction as a result of the stent mandates surgical intervention. METHODS: We report the case of a patient who had distal stent migration causing a small bowel obstruction. We successfully retrieved the stent without an enterotomy, by using a combination of laparoscopy, endoscopy, and fluoroscopy. Our unique technique greatly decreased the risk of bacterial peritonitis in this patient with decompensated cirrhosis and associated ascites, which in this patient population results in a high mortality. RESULTS: Management of small bowel obstruction secondary to biliary stent migration necessitates operative intervention. Retrieval of a dislodged stent can be performed safely without subjecting the patient to an enterotomy or a small bowel resection. Postoperative morbidity should be significantly reduced by this approach. CONCLUSION: Retrieval of biliary stents in cases of small bowel obstruction without perforation may be successfully performed without enterotomy or bowel resection. A similar approach may be applied to other foreign bodies dislodged in the small bowel
PMID: 21902982
ISSN: 1086-8089
CID: 139040

CT of jejunal diverticulitis: imaging findings, differential diagnosis, and clinical management [Case Report]

Macari, M; Faust, M; Liang, H; Pachter, H L
AIM: To describe the imaging findings of jejunal diverticulitis as depicted at contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and review the differential diagnosis and clinical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT and pathology databases were searched for the diagnosis of jejunal diverticulitis. Three cases were identified and the imaging and clinical findings correlated. RESULTS: Jejunal diverticulitis presents as a focal inflammatory mass involving the proximal small bowel. A trial of medical management with antibiotics may be attempted. Surgical resection may be required if medical management is unsuccessful. CONCLUSION: The imaging findings at MDCT may allow a specific diagnosis of jejunal diverticulitis to be considered and may affect the clinical management of the patient
PMID: 17145267
ISSN: 0009-9260
CID: 70314

Perforated duodenal diverticulitis: a report of three cases [Case Report]

Miller, George; Mueller, Claudia; Yim, Duke; Macari, Michael; Liang, Howard; Marcus, Stuart; Shamamian, Peter
BACKGROUND: Duodenal diverticuli are present in up to 22% of the population. However, perforation of a duodenal diverticulum with spillage of enteric contents into the retroperitoneum is rare. METHODS: We report three cases of perforated duodenal diverticulitis. RESULTS: Clinical presentations varied widely from patients with acute abdominal findings and generalized sepsis to a patient with mild symptoms of abdominal discomfort. CT scanning was the imaging modality used to make an accurate diagnosis. Treatment approaches for the most stable patient included nonoperative management with antibiotics, bowel rest and parenteral alimentation, while the less stable patients underwent definitive surgery with complete diversion of gastric contents and biliary flow from the affected area of duodenum. CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the salient issues in the presentation, diagnosis and modern management of patients with this potentially catastrophic disease
PMID: 16137998
ISSN: 0253-4886
CID: 61257

Complete biliary avulsion from blunt compression injury [Case Report]

Arkovitz MS; Liang H; Pachter HL; Alexander P; Newman RM; Gittes GK
The liver is the solid organ most commonly injured as a result of blunt abdominal trauma. Complete avulsion of the common hepatic duct is a rare and devastating type of hepatobiliary trauma. Here the authors report the case of a 7-year-old child who had complete biliary disruption as a result of an abdominal crush injury that was not diagnosed correctly preoperatively. The intraoperative diagnosis and treatment of this injury is discussed
PMID: 10549775
ISSN: 0022-3468
CID: 6228

Traumatic cysts of the spleen--the role of cystectomy and splenic preservation: experience with seven consecutive patients [see comments] [Comment]

Pachter HL; Hofstetter SR; Elkowitz A; Harris L; Liang HG
Nonparasitic secondary cysts (pseudocysts) of the spleen are uncommon and usually result from blunt abdominal trauma. A 3-year experience with 7 consecutive cases of posttraumatic splenic pseudocysts suggests an increased prevalence of this clinical entity. This report describes 7 adult patients (5 men and 2 women) with a mean age of 32 years, all of whom sustained relatively minor trauma within 5 years of admission. Persistent epigastric or left upper quadrant pain led to a CT scan diagnosis of splenic cysts that varied in size from 7 cm to 15 cm. Each patient underwent resection of the cyst-bearing portion of the spleen with preservation of the remaining normal splenic parenchyma. There were no deaths or complications in the entire group. Because posttraumatic splenic cysts are rare, the accumulation of a significant data base leading to firm conclusions is lacking.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PMID: 8371303
ISSN: 0022-5282
CID: 13077

Significant trends in the treatment of hepatic trauma. Experience with 411 injuries

Pachter HL; Spencer FC; Hofstetter SR; Liang HG; Coppa GF
Several significant advances in the treatment of hepatic injuries have evolved over the past decade. These trends have been incorporated into the overall treatment strategy of hepatic injuries and are reflected in experiences with 411 consecutive patients. Two hundred fifty-eight patients (63%) with minor injuries (grades I to II) were treated by simple suture or hemostatic agents with a mortality rate of 6%. One hundred twenty-eight patients (31%) sustained complex hepatic injuries (grades III to V). One hundred seven patients (83.5%) with grades III or IV injury underwent portal triad occlusion and finger fracture of hepatic parenchyma alone. Seventy-three surviving patients (73%) required portal triad occlusion, with ischemia times varying from 10 to 75 minutes (mean, 30 minutes). The mortality rate in this group was 6.5% (seven patients) and was accompanied by a morbidity rate of 15%. Fourteen patients (11%) with grade V injury (retrohepatic cava or hepatic veins) were managed by prolonged protal triad occlusion (mean cross-clamp time, 46 minutes) and extensive finger fracture to the site of injury. In four of these patients an atrial caval shunt was additionally used. Two of these patients survived, whereas six of the 10 patients managed without a shunt survived, for an overall mortality rate of 43%. Over the past 4 years, six patients (4.7%) with ongoing coagulopathies were managed by packing and planned re-exploration, with four patients (67%) surviving and one (25%) developing an intra-abdominal abscess. One additional patient (0.8%) was managed by resectional debridement alone and survived. During the past 5 years, 25 hemodynamically stable and alert adult patients (6%) sustaining blunt trauma were evaluated by computed tomography scan and found to have grade I to III injuries. All were managed nonoperatively with uniform success. The combination of portal triad occlusion (up to 75 minutes), finger fracture technique, and the use of a viable omental pack is a safe, reliable, and effective method of managing complex hepatic injuries (grade III to IV). Juxtahepatic venous injuries continue to carry a prohibitive mortality rate, but nonshunting approaches seem to result in the lowest cumulative mortality rate. Packing and planned reexploration has a definitive life-saving role when used adjunctively in the presence of a coagulopathy. Nonoperative management of select hemodynamically stable adult patients, identified by serial computed tomography scans after sustaining blunt trauma is highly successful (95-97%)
PMID: 1616386
ISSN: 0003-4932
CID: 13603

Traumatic injuries to the pancreas: the role of distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation

Pachter HL; Hofstetter SR; Liang HG; Hoballah J
PMID: 2681807
ISSN: 0022-5282
CID: 10473