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Superficial Femoral Artery Intervention by Single Transpedal Arterial Access

Amoroso, Nicholas S; Shah, Sooraj; Liou, Michael; Ratcliffe, Justin; Lala, Moinakhtar; Diwan, Ravi; Huang, Yili; Rosero, Hugo; Coppola, John; Bertrand, Olivier F; Kwan, Tak W
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic disease of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is frequently seen and can be treated with percutaneous interventions, traditionally via femoral artery access. There are limited reports of transpedal artery access for peripheral artery interventions, but none to date describing routine primary transpedal artery approach for SFA stenting. METHODS: In this preliminary study, we report 4 patients who underwent successful endovascular SFA stenting using a single transpedal artery access via a new ultra-low profile 6 Fr sheath (Glidesheath Slender; Terumo Corporation). RESULTS: All patients underwent successful SFA stenting without complication. Procedure time varied from 51 to 72 minutes. The mean contrast amount used was 56 mL; mean fluoroscopy time was 21 minutes; mean radiation dose was 91 mGy. At 1-month follow-up, duplex ultrasonography showed that all pedal arteries had remained patent. CONCLUSIONS: Transpedal artery approach as a primary approach to SFA stenting appears feasible and safe. Comparative trials with standard percutaneous femoral approach are warranted.
PMID: 26524208
ISSN: 1557-2501
CID: 1927682

Tips and tricks for antegrade recanalization of chronic total occlusions using the CrossBoss catheter

Kwan, Tak W; Diwan, Ravi; Ratcliffe, Justin A; Huang, Yili; Patri, Rahul; James, David; Liou, Michael; Fallahi, Arzhang; Young, Bruce; Nanjundappa, Aravinda; Daggubati, Ramesh
OBJECTIVES: To provide new strategies and techniques for the successful recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) with the sole use of the CrossBoss catheter. In addition, some common CTO scenarios are illustrated in detail. BACKGROUND: CTOs are one of the most challenging complex coronary lesion subsets to intervene upon. Even with the innovation of specialized catheters, the success rate of antegrade recanalization remains low. METHODS: Between June and December 2013, a retrospective analysis of 50 consecutive patients who presented with a planned percutaneous intervention (PCI) of a CTO was performed. In all patients, the CrossBoss catheter was used. No additional reentry devices were necessary. Procedural success was defined as <20% residual stenosis and TIMI-3 distal blood flow of the treated vessel at the end of the procedure. RESULTS: The majority of the patients were male (72%), with an average age of 68 years. Thirty percent of patients presented with prior CTO-PCI failure. The average fluoroscopy time was 45.9 minutes and the average amount of contrast use was 273.8 mL. No patient suffered a coronary perforation from the CrossBoss catheter. CONCLUSIONS: With increased experience using the CrossBoss catheter, the antegrade success rate of CTOs can be improved. Some tips include identifying the likely course of the artery with the aid of retrograde injection, proper guidewire selection and manipulation, and redirecting the CrossBoss catheter if there is substantial deviation from the original path.
PMID: 25661766
ISSN: 1557-2501
CID: 1667342

The utility of extension catheters in transradial percutaneous coronary intervention

Kwan, Tak W; Diwan, Ravi; Ratcliffe, Justin A; James, David; Patri, Rahul; Huang, Yili; Liou, Michael; Nanjundappa, Aravinda; Daggubati, Ramesh; Pancholy, Samir; Patel, Tejas
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the use of extension catheters in transradial intervention of complex coronary lesions. BACKGROUND:Complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via transradial approach remains a challenge for many interventionalists, primarily due to the difficulty in obtaining adequate guide catheter support. METHODS:A retrospective case series identified 54 patients who presented for PCI of complex coronary lesions. A lesion was defined as complex if it contained severe calcification, proximal tortuosity, chronic total occlusion, or was located distal to a previously implanted stent. After identifying the complex lesions, a conversion to femoral approach was considered, but an attempt via the transradial approach with the use of an extension catheter was chosen as the initial strategy. Specific cases highlighting this approach are illustrated in detail. RESULTS:The average age of the patients was 72 years old, with male predominance (55%). The success rate of completing the transradial intervention with the help of an extension catheter was 96%. Stent delivery failed due to severe tortuosity and calcification in only 2 cases. The coronary artery involved was either the left anterior descending (n = 25), the left circumflex (n = 10), the right coronary artery (n = 14), or a saphenous vein graft (n = 5). There were no coronary dissections evident from use of the extension catheter. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:In the treatment of complex coronary lesions via the transradial approach, the use of an extension catheter may assist in improving successful intervention and decrease the frequency of crossover to a femoral approach.
PMID: 25589697
ISSN: 1557-2501
CID: 3407222

Effectiveness of fluorography versus cineangiography at reducing radiation exposure during diagnostic coronary angiography

Shah, Binita; Mai, Xingchen; Tummala, Lakshmi; Kliger, Chad; Bangalore, Sripal; Miller, Louis H; Sedlis, Steven P; Feit, Frederick; Liou, Michael; Attubato, Michael; Coppola, John; Slater, James
Coronary angiography is the gold standard for defining obstructive coronary disease. However, radiation exposure remains an unwanted hazard. Patients referred for coronary angiography with abdominal circumference <45 inches and glomerular filtration rate >60 ml/min were randomized to the fluorography (n = 25) or cineangiography (n = 25) group. Patients in the fluorography group underwent coronary angiography using retrospectively stored fluorography with repeat injection under cineangiography only when needed for better resolution per operator's discretion. Patients in the cineangiography group underwent coronary angiography using routine cineangiography. The primary end point was patient radiation exposure measured by radiochromic film. Secondary end points included the radiation output measurement of kerma-area product and air kerma at the interventional reference point (Ka,r) and operator radiation exposure measured by a dosimeter. Patient radiation exposure (158.2 mGy [76.5 to 210.2] vs 272.5 mGy [163.3 to 314.0], p = 0.001), kerma-area product (1,323 muGy.m(2) [826 to 1,765] vs 3,451 muGy.m(2) [2,464 to 4,818], p <0.001), and Ka,r (175 mGy [112 to 252] vs 558 mGy [313 to 621], p <0.001) were significantly lower in the fluorography compared with cineangiography group (42%, 62%, and 69% relative reduction, respectively). Operator radiation exposure trended in the same direction, although statistically nonsignificant (fluorography 2.35 muGy [1.24 to 6.30] vs cineangiography 5.03 muGy [2.48 to 7.80], p = 0.059). In conclusion, the use of fluorography in a select group of patients during coronary angiography, with repeat injection under cineangiography only when needed, was efficacious at reducing patient radiation exposure.
PMID: 24513469
ISSN: 0002-9149
CID: 851832

Bifurcation stenting in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction: An analysis from dkcrush II randomized study

Kwan, Tak W; Gujja, Karthik; Liou, Michael C; Huang, Yili; Wong, Sally; Coppola, John; Chen, Shao-Liang
OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the clinical outcomes of bifurcation stenting in patients who presented with stent thrombosis segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Patients with STEMI are usually excluded from randomized bifurcation studies. There is limited information for bifurcation stenting in this population. METHODS: All STEMI patients who were randomized were retrospectively reviewed from DKCRUSH II (double kissing, double crush) database. DKCRUSH II is a multicenter, randomized study of provisional stenting (PS) versus the DK crush stenting techniques. A total of 370 patients with bifurcation lesions were randomized and of this group a total of 63 patients with STEMI were found. This group of STEMI included 30 patients in the PS group and 33 patients in the DK crush stenting group. RESULTS: There were no differences in terms of contrast used, procedure time, and fluoroscopy time. Procedural success rates were 97% in all patients with STEMI, with 100% in the PS group and 94% in the DK crush stenting group. During the procedure, there were two patients with less than TIMI 3 (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) flow in the main vessel of the DK crush group However, TIMI 3 flow was 100% in the side branch for both groups. Cumulative 12-month major adverse cardiac event (MACE) was 22% in the whole STEMI group, whereas PS and DK crush groups were 23% versus 21%, respectively (P = NS). There were no differences in in-hospital, 6-month, and 12-month MACE in these two groups. At 6 and 12 months, there were two cardiac deaths in the PS group but without statistical significance when compared with the DK crush stenting group (7% vs. 0%, P = NS). CONCLUSION: Bifurcation stenting in patients with STEMI is safe and feasible. The immediate and midterm clinical outcomes were comparable between PS and DK crush stenting. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
PMID: 23529835
ISSN: 1522-1946
CID: 540152

Approaches for dislodged stent retrieval during transradial percutaneous coronary interventions

Kwan, Tak W; Chaudhry, Muhammad; Huang, Yili; Liou, Michael; Wong, Sally; Zhou, Xuanjing; Pancholy, Samir; Patel, Tejas
Transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been associated with a lower incidence of major access site related complications. With the increased implementation of transradial approach in complex PCI, stent dislodgement is unavoidable in any interventionalists' career. Stent retrieval is different in a transradial approach as compared to a transfemoral approach because of the former's smaller arterial size. In this review, we outline the different stent retrieval techniques with considerations from transradial access.
PMID: 22581524
ISSN: 1522-1946
CID: 760652

The importance of bifurcation lesions in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Kanei, Yumiko; Nakra, Navin C; Liou, Michael; Singh, Jagdeep; Fox, John T; Kwan, Tak W
BACKGROUND: Bifurcation lesions at the time of emergent PCI for STEMI are relatively common. However, there are little data regarding their significance. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of bifurcation lesions in the setting of emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: In 391 patients who underwent primary and rescue PCI, the clinical characteristics, procedural success, and in-hospital cardiac events were compared retrospectively between the patients with and without bifurcation lesions. The PCI strategy was at the discretion of the operator. RESULTS: The culprit artery involved a bifurcation lesion in 54/391 (14%) patients. The baseline clinical characteristics between the groups with and without bifurcation lesions were similar. The majority of bifurcation lesions (81%) were seen in the left anterior ascending (LAD) artery. All lesions were treated with the provisional stenting approach, and only 2 (3%) patients required 2 stents. There were no difference in the procedural success and the final TIMI-3 flow, but PCI of bifurcation lesion required higher amount of contrast use. There was no in-hospital MACE in the bifurcation group. The peak cardiac enzyme, left ventricular function, and length of stay were similar in these 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Bifurcation lesions are relatively common in emergent PCI for STEMI involving the LAD. It can be safely treated with a provisional stenting approach, and the immediate outcome is similar to non-bifurcation lesions.
PMID: 23415387
ISSN: 1878-0938
CID: 760542

Effectiveness of Fluoroscopy-Save versus Cinematography at Reducing Radiation Exposure During Diagnostic Coronary Angiography: A Randomized Controlled Trial [Meeting Abstract]

Shah, Binita; Mai, Xingchen; Tummala, Lakshmi; Kliger, Chad; Feit, Frederick; Bangalore, Sripal; Liou, Michael; Attubato, Michael; Coppola, John; Slater, James
ISSN: 0735-1097
CID: 185732

Transradial Szabo technique for intervention of ostial lesions

Kwan, Tak W; Chen, Jack P; Cherukuri, Sanjay; Huang, Yili; Liou, Michael; El Sakr, Fredy; Wong, Sally; Coppola, John
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to assess the feasibility and safety of transradial intervention (TRI) of coronary ostial lesions using the Szabo technique. BACKGROUND: When performing TRI of coronary ostial lesions, precise stent positioning is of paramount importance. TRI has experienced increasing popularity in the U.S.; however, utilization of the Szabo technique has not been systematically evaluated in this setting. We report the results of ostial stent deployment using the Szabo technique for 2 experienced TRI operators and centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 40 consecutive patients who underwent PCI from April 2009 to September 2011. All patients who underwent PCI via the transradial route with the Szabo technique for ostial lesions performed by experienced transradial operators (>200 cases/yr) were included. RESULTS: In our study of 40 patients with 41 coronary ostial lesions, overall procedural success rate was 100%. Stent dislodgement was seen in 1 patient. Clinical follow up was 100%, with a mean duration of 292.7+/-200 days. Target lesion revascularization (TLR) was seen in 2 patients (5%). One patient had an episode of transient ischemic attack (TIA) at 33 days after PCI; another experienced subacute stent thrombosis at 81 days while on dual antiplatelet therapy. MACE was 7.5% overall. CONCLUSION: In our study, treatment of coronary ostial lesions with the Szabo technique via TRI is associated with a high procedural success rate and a low MACE of 7.5%.
PMID: 22672433
ISSN: 0896-4327
CID: 760642

Feasibility and safety of 7F sheathless guiding catheter during transradial coronary intervention

Kwan, Tak W; Cherukuri, Sanjay; Huang, Yili; Pancholy, Samir; Daggubati, Ramesh; Liou, Michael; Coppola, John; Saito, Shigeru
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to assess the feasibility, safety, and rate of radial artery occlusion (RAO) using 7F sheathless guiding catheter in a large population undergoing transradial intervention (TRI). BACKGROUND: There is a frequent need for large bore guiding catheter to perform complex coronary interventions. Hydrophilic sheathless guiding catheters are not available in the US, therefore, we present the results of a multicenter study using the modified sheathless technique and readily available catheters. METHODS: Between December 2010 and February 2011, 116 consecutive patients from four tertiary US centers who underwent TRI using 7F sheathless guiding catheter were included in this study. RESULTS: In our study of 116 patients with 123 coronary lesions, 57 stenoses (49%) were complex interventions, which included patients with acute coronary syndromes, chronic total occlusion (CTO), bifurcation stenting, calcified lesions, left main artery, and saphenous venous graft interventions. Overall procedural success rate was 95%. At 7-day, there were six patients (5%) with RAO, of which two of the six had severe radial artery spasm during the procedure. At 30-day, the overall persistent RAO was only detected in three patients (2.5%), as three patients had return of antegrade radial artery flow. CONCLUSIONS: In our multicenter study of 116 consecutive patients, using 7F sheathless guiding catheter to perform TRI is associated with a high procedural success (95%) and a low 30-day RAO rate (2.5%).
PMID: 22566381
ISSN: 1522-1946
CID: 760662