Double Frost Suture Technique for Simultaneous Skin Grafting of the Upper and Lower Eyelids
The double Frost suture is a useful supplement to the reconstruction of ipsilateral upper and lower eyelid defects with full-thickness skin grafts. This technique involves silk traction sutures that overlap the upper and lower eyelids to place them on maximal stretch after placement of 2 full-thickness skin grafts. It has the added benefit of protecting the cornea and compressing both grafts under 1 bolster. The authors illustrate this technique in 2 pediatric cases-a congenital melanocytic kissing eyelid nevus and a periocular burn. Each case resulted in large upper and lower anterior lamellar defects, which were reconstructed with supraclavicular and retroauricular free skin grafts. The double Frost sutures counter vertical cicatricial forces during graft healing, obviating the need for staged procedures. Both described cases resulted in excellent graft survival with minimal contracture.
Invited Discussion on: "Experience of Two Different Techniques of Medial Epicanthoplasty with Four-Point Homologous Design-A Cohort Study" [Letter]
Gender Distribution and Rates of Publication of Abstracts Presented at the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Meeting Over a 25-Year Period
Commentary on: Current Upper Blepharoplasty and Ptosis Management Practice Patterns Among The Aesthetic Society Members
Adjustable Ptosis Correction via Posterior Levator Advancement With Minimal Superior Tarsectomy
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To report the surgical technique and outcomes for adjustable ptosis correction using a posterior levator advancement with minimal superior tarsectomy. METHODS:A retrospective single-center study was conducted on patients who underwent adjustable ptosis repair via posterior levator advancement with minimal superior tarsectomy by a single surgeon from 2002 to 2018. Patients with greater than 1 mm asymmetry between eyes or contour abnormalities underwent nonsurgical adjustment in the office within 6 days of surgery. RESULTS:A total of 79 patients (146 eyelids) were included in this study. The patients were female (67%), underwent bilateral surgery (87%) with mean age of 63 years (range, 20-92). The mean improvement in marginal reflex distance 1 at postoperative month 1 was 2.56 Â± 1.04 mm (p â‰¤ 0.0001). Postoperative symmetry of 1 mm or less between eyes was achieved in 96.6% of patients. Only 8 eyes (5.4%) underwent in-office adjustment postoperatively. No demographic or clinical differences were noted in eyes that required adjustments. Postoperative complications included dry eyes that resolved by 3 months (13.6%), suture cyst (1.4%), corneal abrasion (1.4%), and persistent eyelid edema (1.4%). Surgical revision was required in 2.8% of eyes. CONCLUSIONS:The adjustable posterior levator advancement with minimal superior tarsectomy is an effective surgical technique for ptosis repair with the added benefit of in-office adjustability to correct minor asymmetries.
Inferior Oblique Entrapment After Orbital Fracture With Transection and Repair
Extraocular muscle (EOM) entrapment with resulting reduction in motility and diplopia is a known complication of orbital fractures. Less commonly, transection of the EOMs due to trauma, iatrogenic injury, or intentional myotomy may lead to persistent diplopia. The inferior oblique (IO) is often encountered during orbital surgery along the medial wall and floor, and may be disinserted to aid in visualization. The authors present a case of IO entrapment which occurred during zygomaticomaxillary fracture reduction. Intraoperatively, an IO transection was performed and the muscle was reattached within the orbit. Postoperatively, the patient did not develop diplopia or motility disruption. This technique may provide a useful solution to an unusual problem during orbital fracture repair.
Oculoplastics Education in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic With Virtual Suturing Curriculum
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in ophthalmic practice: an expert opinion
Introduction: There has been a growing interest in hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in recent years across multiple disciplines. In the field of ophthalmology, the implications of increased HBOT use may include expanded applications in treating ocular vascular pathologies as well as a greater incidence of HBOT-induced visual complications. Areas covered: The authors review recent studies on HBOT usage in the treatment of ocular conditions. In addition to providing updates on the ophthalmic indications of HBOT, adverse visual effects of HBOT are also investigated. Expert opinion: Further evidence substantiating HBOT as an effective treatment modality for ocular vascular pathologies, such as central retinal artery occlusion and diabetic retinopathy, have been published in recent years. With the identification of more prognostic factors, increased success in HBOT has been reported. However, studies also show that adverse ocular effects associated with hyperbaric oxygen exposure include myopia and cataracts. It is important to recognize the risks of iatrogenic changes in visual acuity when considering patients for HBOT.
Doxycycline Injection for Sclerotherapy of Lower Eyelid Festoons and Malar Edema: Preliminary Results
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To investigate the safety and efficacy of direct, intralesional doxycycline hyclate injection for improving the appearance of cosmetically significant lower eyelid festoons and malar edema. METHODS:An Institutional Review Board approved, retrospective review was performed of 15 consecutive patients with malar edema and/or festoons injected with doxycycline hyclate at a concentration of 10â€‰mg/ml. Pre- and postinjection photographs were reviewed and graded on a scale of 0 to 3 (0: no festoon; 1: small festoon; 2: medium festoon; 3: large festoon) by 2 masked physician observers. Patients were excluded from the final analysis if they received an alternate dose concentration, had incomplete photographic records, or did not follow up. Student t test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS:Twenty consecutive treatment areas of 11 patients were included in the analysis. Final follow up ranged from 3 to 104 weeks, with a mean follow up of 22.5 weeks. The average (standard deviation) initial festoon grade of 2.5 (0.58) decreased to 0.9 (0.82) with a p value of <0.001. The average number of injections performed per side was 1.4 (range: 1-2). The mean volume per injection was 0.72 ml (range: 0.15-2.0 ml). Commonly documented subjective complaints were burning sensation with injection, pain, bruising, and erythema. There were no other dermatologic or visual complications following treatment. CONCLUSIONS:These preliminary results suggest that intralesional injections of doxycycline hyclate at a concentration of 10 mg/ml may be an effective treatment option for cosmetically significant lower eyelid festoons and malar edema. Future prospective studies with increased patient numbers, increasing concentrations, combination therapies with local anesthetic or regional nerve blocks, and longer follow up are needed to validate these results and determine optimal injection technique.
Nasal Glioma: A Rare Cause of Congenital Inner Canthal Swelling
Nasal glioma, encephalocele, and ectopic brain are rare congenital anomalies. The terminology applied to these entities has been historically confusing. In many cases, the terms overlap and may be employed synonymously although some authors emphasize their differences. The authors describe herein a child with an inner canthal mass of brain-like tissue that they interpret as nasal glioma, a variety of encephalocele that has lost its connection to the intracranial contents. This research was conducted in conformity with the Helsinki Declaration and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act regulations.