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Comparing Outcomes of CT-Guided Percutaneous Pericardial Drainage with Surgical Pericardial Window in Patients with Symptomatic Pericardial Effusions

Ingber, Ross B; Lodhi, Umairullah; Mootz, Joseph; Siegel, Adam; Al-Roubaie, Mustafa; Greben, Craig
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To compare short-term outcomes of CT-guided percutaneous pericardial drainage (PPD) versus subxiphoid surgical pericardial window (PW) drainage and analyze the risk factors associated with their outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent either percutaneous drainage with drainage catheter placement or PW with surgical drain placement for symptomatic pericardial effusion between January 1, 2006 and August 31, 2016 was performed after institutional review board approval (decision number 16-783). The primary objective was to test for associations between the short-term (≤30 days post procedure) complication and recurrence rates in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusions. The secondary objectives were to test for associations between short-term complications with changes in vital signs. RESULTS:Of the 257 procedures included in the final analysis, 142 were in the percutaneous drainage group. Short-term complication rate was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in patients undergoing PW, 17% (19/114), as compared with PPD, 2% (3/142). The estimated odds of having complications in the PW cohort was 9 times greater than the percutaneous drainage cohort (OR = 9.3, 95% CI:  2.7-32.3). No significant difference was observed between whether or not a patient experienced a short-term recurrence and any of the explanatory variables (patient demographics, imaging, and vital signs). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:CT-guided PPD is a safer alternative to surgical PW as it leads to fewer complications without a significant difference in recurrence rate of pericardial effusion.
PMID: 36925336
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 5471242

CT-Guided Pericardial Drainage: A Safe and Viable Alternative to Ultrasound-Guided Drainage

Ingber, Ross B; Al-Roubaie, Mustafa; Lodhi, Umairullah; Greben, Craig
PMID: 36062228
ISSN: 0739-9529
CID: 5471232

Initial Institutional Experience With Cryoablation Therapy for Breast Fibroadenomas: Technique, Molecular Science, and Post-Therapy Imaging Follow-up

Sheth, Monica; Lodhi, Umairullah; Chen, Brandon; Park, Young; McElligott, Suzanne
Cryoablation is a safe and effective nonsurgical treatment for breast fibroadenomas (FAs). The treatment response is inversely related to the tumor size, with lesions less than 2 cm showing an optimal response. Ultrasound (US) imaging follow-up of the ablated tumor is recommended at 6-month intervals for 2 years at our institution. Although a decrease in the size of the FA clinically and on US imaging is the expected treatment response, variations can be seen. Knowledge of typical US changes over time is imperative to prevent unnecessary rebiopsy or excision in patients who have undergone cryoablation. We will review the initial patient selection criteria, cryoablation technique, and US findings at regular follow-up intervals after cryoablation of FAs through a series of cases treated at our institution.
PMID: 30843236
ISSN: 1550-9613
CID: 3723312

Multisystem Radiologic Manifestations of Erdheim-Chester Disease

Lodhi, Umairullah; Sarmast, Uzair; Khan, Saadullah; Yaddanapudi, Kavitha
Erdheim-Chester Disease is a rare form of multiorgan non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis that affects individuals between the ages of 50 and 70 with an equal distribution among males and females. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality that is mostly due to infiltration of critical organs. Some of the sites that Erdheim-Chester Disease affects include the skeletal system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, lungs, kidneys (retroperitoneum), and skin. The most common presenting symptom of Erdheim-Chester Disease is bone pain although a large majority of patients are diagnosed incidentally during a workup for a different disease process. Diagnosing Erdheim-Chester Disease is challenging due its rarity and mimicry to other infiltrative processes. Therefore, a multimodality diagnostic approach is employed with imaging being at the forefront. As of date, a comprehensive radiologic review of the manifestations of Erdheim-Chester Disease has rarely been reported. Here we present radiologic findings of an individual suffering from Erdheim-Chester Disease.
PMID: 27340583
ISSN: 2090-6862
CID: 5236422

Interferon-α accelerates murine systemic lupus erythematosus in a T cell-dependent manner

Liu, Zheng; Bethunaickan, Ramalingam; Huang, Weiqing; Lodhi, Umairullah; Solano, Ingrid; Madaio, Michael P; Davidson, Anne
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the mechanism by which interferon-α (IFNα) accelerates systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in (NZB×NZW)F1 (NZB/NZW) mice. METHODS:NZB/NZW mice were treated with an adenovirus expressing IFNα. In some mice, T cells were depleted with an anti-CD4 antibody. The production of anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) antibodies was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and enzyme-linked immunospot assay. Germinal centers and antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) in spleens and IgG deposition and leukocyte infiltrates in kidneys were visualized by immunofluorescence staining. The phenotype of splenic cells was determined by flow cytometry. Finally, somatic hypermutation and gene usage in VH regions of IgG2a and IgG3 were studied by single-cell polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS:IFNα-accelerated lupus in NZB/NZW mice was associated with elevated serum levels of IgG2 and IgG3 anti-dsDNA antibodies and accumulation of many IgG ASCs in the spleen, which did not develop into long-lived plasma cells. Furthermore, IgG2a and IgG3 antibodies in the mice were highly somatically mutated and used distinct repertoires of VH genes. The induction of SLE in the mice was associated with an increase in B cell Toll-like receptor 7 expression, increased serum levels of BAFF, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α, and induction of T cells expressing IL-21. Although IFNα drove a T cell-independent increase in serum levels of IgG, autoantibody induction and the development of nephritis were both completely dependent on CD4+ T cell help. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:These findings demonstrate that, although IFNα activates both innate and adaptive immune responses in NZB/NZW mice, CD4+ T cells are necessary for IFNα-driven induction of anti-dsDNA antibodies and clinical SLE.
PMID: 20954185
ISSN: 1529-0131
CID: 5236412