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Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide, Abatacept, and Short Course of Tacrolimus Combination (CAST) Is Safe and Seems Highly Effective in Preventing Graft-Versus-Host Disease Following Haploidentical Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation [Meeting Abstract]

Al-Homsi, A S S; Cirrone, F; Cole, K; Stocker, K; Bruno, B; Suarez-Londono, J A; Goldberg, J; Abdul-Hay, M
The introduction of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has circumvented the need for T-cell depletion following haploidentical stem cell transplantation (SCT). By expanding the donor pool for patients from certain ethnic minorities, this has addressed to some degree an important health care disparity issue in SCT. However, a recent registry study showed increased incidence GvHD and inferior outcomes in patients receiving haploidentical SCT with PTCy, tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil for GvHD prevention as opposed to matched unrelated donor SCT with PTCy-based GvHD prevention. Seeking to improve the results of GvHD prevention in the setting of haploidentical SCT, we examined a combination of PTCy, abatacept and a short course of tacrolimus (CAST). Abatacept is a recombinant soluble fusion protein composed of the extracellular domain of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) fused to the Fc region of IgG1. Abatacept blocks CD28-CD80I86 axis and prevents T-cell co-stimulation. In early studies, abatacept has shown promising results when added to methotrexate and tacrolimus in matched and mismatched donor SCT. We initiated a phase Ib-II clinical trial for patients with hematological malignancies undergoing haploidentical SCT. Patients received G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood grafts from related haploidentical donors. GvHD prevention consisted of PTCy 50mg/kg IV on day +3 and +4 with forced hydration, abatacept 10mg/kg IV on day +5, +14 and +28 and tacrolimus. Tacrolimus was started on day +5 at 0.02mg/kg/day by continuous IV and adjusted thereafter to maintain a trough level of 5-12ng/mL. Tacrolimus taper was planned to begin on day +60 and complete by day +90 in the absence of GvHD. All patients received standard supportive care including levofloxacin until neutrophil engraftment, posaconazole until day +75, acyclovir for 1 year and, if CMV positive by serology, letermovir until day +100. Pneumocystis Jiroveci prophylaxis was started after neutrophil engraftment and continued until 6 months post-transplant. G-CSF was administered routinely until neutrophil engraftment. Since September 2020, 19 patients were enrolled. Three patients are too early in their post-transplant course and were excluded from this analysis. Patients' characteristics are summarized in the table. All but 2 patients received cryopreserved products. Median times to ANC and platelet engraftment were 18.5 days (14-30) and 28.5 (16-61). All 16 patients achieved full whole blood donor chimerism by day +30. There was no secondary graft failure. With a median follow-up was 149.5 days (41-308) with 10 patients having >120 days and 8 >180 days of follow-up, 4 patients developed skin acute GvHD (all grade I). No patient developed grade II-IV acute GvHD. Two patients developed skin chronic GvHD (limited, both moderate). Both cases were diagnosed following COVID-19 vaccination. Fifteen patients completed tacrolimus taper by day +90. Two patients received systemic steroids, one for treatment of cGvHD. The remaining patients required no further immunosuppressive therapy beyond day +90. CMV activation rate was 25%. One patient had EBV reactivation and required preemptive therapy with 2 weekly rituximab doses. There were no cases of adenovirus, HHV-6 virus or BK virus reactivation. Four patients developed renal insufficiency (3 in the setting of acute sepsis and 1 with thrombotic microangiopathy, which resolved after tapering off tacrolimus. One patient with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma relapsed and died. All other patients are alive and well. In summary, our preliminary results suggest that CAST with shortened course of tacrolimus is feasible and seems to offer very promising outcomes with low rates of acute GvHD. The study is accruing actively and the results of a larger cohort with longer follow-up will be presented at the meeting. If confirmed, by improving the outcomes of haploidentical SCT, this regimen may further address a health care disparity issue, offering almost every patient in need of allogeneic SCT an alternative donor option with equal outcomes. [Formula presented] Disclosures: Al-Homsi: Daichii Sanyko: Consultancy; Celyad: Other: Advisory Board. Abdul-Hay: Abbvie: Consultancy; Servier: Other: Advisory Board, Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Other: Advisory Board, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. OffLabel Disclosure: Abatacept - off label use as GvHD prevention Cyclophosphamide - off label use as GvHD prevention
ISSN: 1528-0020
CID: 5104312

Post-Transplant High Dose Cyclophosphamide and Bortezomib As Graft-Versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation [Meeting Abstract]

Bruno, B; Cirrone, F; Cole, K; Stocker, K; Abdul-Hay, M; Suarez-Londono, J A; Hochman, T; Goldberg, J; Al-Homsi, A S S
Introduction. Prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) remains a major challenge. The combination of methotrexate (MTX) and a calcineurin inhibitor has been the standard regimen for prophylaxis in patients receiving matched sibling donor (MSD) or matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplants for the past few decades. However, over 50% of patients undergoing AHCT still develop acute or chronic GvHD or even both, causing high rates of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, calcineurin inhibitors also have untoward toxic side effects. High dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy), initially introduced for GvHD prevention in the setting of haploidentical transplantation, has now been studied in MSD and MUD transplants. We adopted a novel approach to prevent GvHD using a short course of PTCy and bortezomib. We hypothesized that such combination is safe and effective and omits the need for calcineurin or m-TOR inhibitors. Study Design. We report the outcomes of a prospective cohort of patients who received PTCy and bortezomib for GvHD prevention following MSD or MUD transplants. Twenty-eight patients were treated in a phase I-II trial and their clinical outcomes were previously reported (al-Homsi AS et al, BBMT 2019). Most of the remaining patients were treated on an extension trial. GvHD prevention consisted of PTCy 50 mg/kg IV on day +3 and +4, and bortezomib 1.3mg/m 2 IV 6 hours after transplant and again 72 hours after. Patients receiving MUD transplants also received rabbit ATG (thymoglobulin) 5mg/kg total IV fractionated on day -4 to -2. All patients received peripheral blood grafts and standard supportive care as per Institutional policy. G-CSF was administered routinely until neutrophil engraftment. Results. Fifty-eight patients are included in this analysis. Median age was 60 (range 22-78) years. Fifty-three percent of patients were male. Underlying malignancies consisted of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies in 79.3% and 20.6%, respectively. Acute myeloid leukemia (50%) and myelodysplastic syndromes (24.1%) were the most common diseases. At transplant, disease risk index was low, intermediate, high and very high in 19.0%, 48.3%, 31.0% and 1.7% of patients, respectively. Median Pretransplant Assessment of Mortality Score (PAM) was 16.7 (5.4-29.4). Grafts were from MSD in 24.1% or MUD in 75.9% of patients. Recipient (R)/Donor (D) CMV status at transplant was as follows: R+/D+: 43%; R+/D-: 21%; R-/D+: 14% and R-/D-: 22%. Conditioning regimens consisted of reduced intensity fludarabine and busulfan in all but 2 patients who were conditioned with myeloablative fludarabine and busulfan. Overall, the regimen was remarkably well tolerated. Median times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 16 (13-28) and 26 (15-57) days respectively. No patient experienced primary graft failure. CMV and EBV reactivation rates were 46.6% and 24%. Cumulative incidences of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute GVHD were 35% (95% CI: 22%-47%) and 15% (95% CI: 7%-25%) at day +120, respectively. Cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD was 14% at 1 year. Overall, 34% of patients required immunosuppression with systemic steroids after day +4 either for grade III-IV acute or chronic GvHD. Disease relapse rate was 26%. One-year cumulative incidence of transplant-related mortality was 14% (95% CI: 6%-25%). Median overall survival was 30.7 (95% CI: 15.7-not yet reached) months. One-year overall survival was 72% (95% CI: 57%-82%). One-year composite GvHD (acute and chronic) free and relapse free survival (GRFS) was 41.6% (95% CI: 28.9%-54%). Conclusion. PTCy and bortezomib combination for GvHD prophylaxis following MSD and MUD transplants is well tolerated and effective. It offers an alternative regimen to calcineurin and m-TOR inhibitor-containing regimens and may be preferred in certain settings including patients with limited resources, poor medication compliance, and with impaired renal function. A comparison of this cohort to a matched control group of patients receiving methotrexate and cyclosporine for GvHD prevention is ongoing. Disclosures: Abdul-Hay: Amgen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Servier: Other: Advisory Board, Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Other: Advisory Board, Speakers Bureau; Abbvie: Consultancy; Takeda: Speakers Bureau. Al-Homsi: Celyad: Other: Advisory Board; Daichii Sanyko: Consultancy. OffLabel Disclosure: Cyclophosphamide and Bortezomib are used for GvHD prevention
ISSN: 1528-0020
CID: 5104412

Management of atypical chronic lymphocytic leukemia presenting with extreme leukocytosis [Case Report]

Muddasani, Ramya; Talwar, Neel; Suarez-Londono, Jaime Andres; Braunstein, Marc
Atypical chronic lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL) with CCND1 translocation is poorly described, particularly in the era of modern inhibitors of the B-cell receptor pathway. We present a patient with atypical CLL who had a significant response to ibrutinib, highlighting the effectiveness of this agent in higher risk CLL subgroups.
PMID: 32477538
ISSN: 2050-0904
CID: 4465922

Aggressive presentation of plasmablastic myeloma

Suarez-Londono, Jaime Andres; Rohatgi, Abhinav; Antoine-Pepeljugoski, Crystal; Braunstein, Marc J
PMID: 32265213
ISSN: 1757-790x
CID: 4377332

Association between Multiple Myeloma Cytogenetic Risk Groups and Clinical Presentation [Meeting Abstract]

Muddasani, Ramya; Ramdhanny, Angela; Lutz, Gabriel; Akerman, Meredith; Ho, Albert; Suarez-Londono, Jaime; Braunstein, Marc
ISSN: 0361-8609
CID: 4439332

Management of Aggressive Plasmablastic Myeloma with Daratumumab; A Case Report [Meeting Abstract]

Rohatgi, Abhinav; Suarez-Londono, Jaime; Braunstein, Marc
ISSN: 0361-8609
CID: 4439322

Accelerated leukemic transformation after haplo-identical transplantation for hydroxyurea-treated sickle cell disease

Janakiram, Murali; Verma, Amit; Wang, Yanhua; Budhathoki, Anjali; Suarez Londono, Jaime; Murakhovskaya, Irina; Braunschweig, Ira; Minniti, Caterina P
PMID: 28587497
ISSN: 1029-2403
CID: 3432332