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Graves Disease Presenting With Advanced Orbitopathy and Acropachy

Azam, Zaki Y; Palazzolo, Laura; Shinder, Roman
PMID: 31261164
ISSN: 1537-2677
CID: 4952252

Predictors of Manual Dexterity in Simulation-Based Cataract Surgery

Palazzolo, Laura; Kozlova, Anna; Laudi, John J; Rizzuti, Allison E
ISSN: 2475-4757
CID: 4952392

Overview of the diagnosis, evaluation, and novel treatment strategies for ophthalmic emergencies in the hospitalized geriatric patient

Chapter by: Palazzolo, Laura; Gorski, Matthew
in: Therapeutic Advances in Hospital Medicine: Focus on the Older Adult by
[S.l.] : Wolters Kluwer Health Adis (ESP), 2018
pp. 366-399
ISBN: 9781496399939
CID: 4952372

Overview of the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Novel Treatment Strategies for Ophthalmic Emergencies in the Hospitalized Geriatric Patient [Review]

Palazzolo, Laura; Gorski, Matthew
ISSN: 1075-2765
CID: 4952362

Optic Nerve, Visual Pathways, Oculomotor System, and Consequences of Intracranial Injury

Chapter by: Elmalem, Valerie I; Palazzolo, Laura; Akanda, Marib
in: Textbook of ocular trauma : evaluation and treatment by
[S.l.] : Springer, 2017
pp. 169-250
ISBN: 9783319476315
CID: 4952412

Cognitive emotion regulation fails the stress test

Raio, Candace M; Orederu, Temidayo A; Palazzolo, Laura; Shurick, Ashley A; Phelps, Elizabeth A
Cognitive emotion regulation has been widely shown in the laboratory to be an effective way to alter the nature of emotional responses. Despite its success in experimental contexts, however, we often fail to use these strategies in everyday life where stress is pervasive. The successful execution of cognitive regulation relies on intact executive functioning and engagement of the prefrontal cortex, both of which are rapidly impaired by the deleterious effects of stress. Because it is specifically under stressful conditions that we may benefit most from such deliberate forms of emotion regulation, we tested the efficacy of cognitive regulation after stress exposure. Participants first underwent fear-conditioning, where they learned that one stimulus (CS+) predicted an aversive outcome but another predicted a neutral outcome (CS-). Cognitive regulation training directly followed where participants were taught to regulate fear responses to the aversive stimulus. The next day, participants underwent an acute stress induction or a control task before repeating the fear-conditioning task using these newly acquired regulation skills. Skin conductance served as an index of fear arousal, and salivary alpha-amylase and cortisol concentrations were assayed as neuroendocrine markers of stress response. Although groups showed no differences in fear arousal during initial fear learning, nonstressed participants demonstrated robust fear reduction following regulation training, whereas stressed participants showed no such reduction. Our results suggest that stress markedly impairs the cognitive regulation of emotion and highlights critical limitations of this technique to control affective responses under stress.
PMID: 23980142
ISSN: 1091-6490
CID: 1722532