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Drivers of Memory Loss Underreport in Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer Versus Vascular Disease

Briggs, Anthony Q; Ouedraogo Tall, Sakina; Boza-Calvo, Carolina; Bernard, Mark A; Bubu, Omonigho M; Masurkar, Arjun V
BACKGROUND:We examined drivers of self and study partner reports of memory loss in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from Alzheimer (AD-MCI) and vascular disease (Va-MCI). METHODS:We performed retrospective cross-sectional analyses of participants with AD-MCI (n=2874) and Va-MCI (n=376) from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center data set. Statistical analysis utilized 2-sided t test or the Fisher exact test. RESULTS:Compared with AD-MCI, Va-MCI subjects (24.5% vs. 19.7%, P=0.031) and study partners (31.4% vs. 21.6%, P<0.0001) were more likely to deny memory loss. Black/African Americans were disproportionately represented in the group denying memory loss in AD-MCI (20.0% vs. 13.2%, P<0.0001) and Va-MCI (33.7% vs. 18.0%, P=0.0022). Study partners of participants with these features also disproportionately denied memory loss: female (AD-MCI: 60.1% vs. 51.7%, P=0.0002; Va-MCI: 70.3% vs. 52.3%, P=0.0011), Black/African American (AD-MCI: 23.5% vs. 11.98%, P<0.0001; Va-MCI: 48.8% vs. 26.5%, P=0.0002), and <16 years of education (AD-MCI only: 33.9% vs. 16.3%, P=0.0262). In AD-MCI and Va-MCI, participants with anxiety were disproportionately represented in the group endorsing memory loss (AD: 28.2% vs. 17.4%, P<0.0001; Va: 31.5% vs. 16.1%, P=0.0071), with analogous results with depression. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The findings would suggest extra vigilance in interview-based MCI detection of persons at-risk for self-based or informant-based misreport.
PMID: 38755756
ISSN: 1546-4156
CID: 5651692

Impact of white matter hyperintensities on subjective cognitive decline phenotype in a diverse cohort of cognitively normal older adults

Rothstein, Aaron; Zhang, Yian; Briggs, Anthony Q; Bernard, Mark A; Shao, Yongzhao; Favilla, Christopher; Sloane, Kelly; Witsch, Jens; Masurkar, Arjun V
OBJECTIVES:Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a preclinical stage of AD. White matter hyperintensities (WMH), an MRI marker of cerebral small vessel disease, associate with AD biomarkers and progression. The impact of WMH on SCD phenotype is unclear. METHODS/DESIGN:A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was conducted on a diverse cohort with SCD evaluated at the NYU Alzheimer's Disease Research Center between January 2017 and November 2021 (n = 234). The cohort was dichotomized into none-to-mild (n = 202) and moderate-to-severe (n = 32) WMH. Differences in SCD and neurocognitive assessments were evaluated via Wilcoxon or Fisher exact tests, with p-values adjusted for demographics using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS:Moderate-to-severe WMH participants reported more difficulty with decision making on the Cognitive Change Index (1.5 SD 0.7 vs. 1.2 SD 0.5, p = 0.0187) and worse short-term memory (2.2 SD 0.4 vs. 1.9 SD 0.3, p = 0.0049) and higher SCD burden (9.5 SD 1.6 vs. 8.7 SD 1.7, p = 0.0411) on the Brief Cognitive Rating Scale. Moderate-to-severe WMH participants scored lower on the Mini-Mental State Examination (28.0 SD 1.6 vs. 28.5 SD 1.9, p = 0.0491), and on delayed paragraph (7.2 SD 2.0 vs. 8.8 SD 2.9, p = 0.0222) and designs recall (4.5 SD 2.3 vs. 6.1 SD 2.5, p = 0.0373) of the Guild Memory Test. CONCLUSIONS:In SCD, WMH impact overall symptom severity, specifically in executive and memory domains, as well as objective performance on global and domain-specific tests in verbal memory and visual working/associative memory.
PMID: 37291739
ISSN: 1099-1166
CID: 5605232