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Patient-physician race/ethnicity concordance improves adherence to cardiovascular disease guidelines [Meeting Abstract]

Nguyen, A M; Siman, N; Barry, M; Cleland, C M; Pham-Singer, H; Ogedegbe, O; Berry, C; Shelley, D
Research Objective: Studies have found that race/ethnicity concordance between patients and providers improves medication adherence among patients with hypertension and single CVD outcomes (eg, blood pressure control). Our objective was to examine the association of patient-physician race/ethnicity concordance on adherence to the Million Hearts "ABCS" CVD guidelines: (A) aspirin when indicated, (B) blood pressure control, (C) cholesterol management, and (S) smoking screening and cessation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the impact of race/ ethnicity concordance on guideline adherence to multiple CVD outcome measures.
Study Design: This study was part of HealthyHearts NYC, a stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial funded through AHRQ's EvidenceNOW initiative to test the effectiveness of practice facilitation on helping primary care practices adhere to CVD guidelines. The main outcomes were the Million Hearts' ABCS measures. Two additional measures were created: (a) proportion of patients who use tobacco who received a cessation intervention (smokers counseled) and (b) a composite measure that assessed the proportion of patients meeting treatment targets for A, B, and C (ABC composite). Practice-level outcome data were extracted for thirteen quarters from practices' electronic health record (EHR) systems, encompassing the control, intervention, and follow-up periods of the intervention. Patient-physician race/ethnicity concordance was calculated using patient race/ethnicity data extracted from the practices' EHR and physician race/ethnicity data collected via a Provider Survey. The concordance measure was calculated as the proportion of patients with the same race/ethnicity as the physician, for example, if practice is led by an Asian physician, and patients are 33% non-Hispanic white, 5% non-Hispanic black, 5% Hispanic, and 57% Asian, the concordance is 0.57. Population Studied: 211 small primary care practices in NYC. Principal Findings: 57.7% of Hispanic, 53.6% of black, 73.6% of Asian, 74.2% of non-Hispanic white, and 24.1% of Hawaiian/Pacific Islander patients had the same race/ethnicity as their physicians. 44.7% of physicians had the same race/ethnicity as at least 70% of their patients. Patient-physician race/ethnicity concordance was associated with adherence to four of our six outcome measures: aspirin (IRR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.03-1.14, P < .001); blood pressure (IRR = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.07-1.12, P < .001); smoking screening and cessation (IRR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.04-1.08, P < .001); and ABC composite (IRR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.33-1.52, P < 0.001). We did not find an association for race/ethnicity concordance with Cholesterol and Smokers Counseled.
Conclusion(s): Increasing opportunities for patient-physician race/ ethnicity concordance may improve adherence to CVD guidelines. The largest improvement was observed in the ABC Composite measure, suggesting that patient-physician race/ethnicity concordance is particularly important for managing medically complex patients who have multiple chronic diseases. Implications for Policy or Practice: Health policy should fund programs that support the recruitment and retention of a wide diversity of students and faculty to increase the level of concordance in patient-clinician encounters. Policy makers may also want to consider legislation to help support or protect small practices that predominantly serve communities of color, where a large proportion of the physicians may be racially/ ethnically concordant with the patient population. Medical education programs should incorporate patient-physician communication training to minimize gaps potentially created by race/ethnicity discordance
ISSN: 1475-6773
CID: 4782832

Surgical Treatment of Symptomatic Congenital Type I Lunotriquetral Coalition: Technique and a Report of 4 Cases

Tordjman, Daniel; Barry, Mohamed K; Hinds, Richard M; Yang, S Steven
Lunotriquetral (LT) synchondrosis is an uncommon variant of congenital LT coalition. Unlike complete LT fusions, this incomplete pseudoarthrosis-like coalition can become symptomatic. Surgical LT arthrodesis is a described treatment for this variant of LT coalition (Minnaar type I). We report 4 patients who underwent LT fusion with a second-generation headless compression screw and distal radius cancellous autograft. Fusion was achieved in all cases at an average of 2.5 months postoperatively. All the patients were satisfied with complete pain relief in 2 patients and minimal pain in 2 patients, and all improved their range of motion. We recommend this procedure, and report the techniques for this limited wrist arthrodesis as treatment for the symptomatic LT synchondrosis.
PMID: 27741054
ISSN: 1531-6572
CID: 2278552

Altered protein metabolism following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

Caso, Giuseppe; Vosswinkel, James A; Garlick, Peter J; Barry, Mohamed K; Bilfinger, Thomas V; McNurlan, Margaret A
The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effect of CABG (coronary artery bypass graft) surgery on the rates of synthesis of muscle protein, the positive acute-phase protein fibrinogen and the negative acute-phase protein albumin. Synthesis rates of muscle protein, fibrinogen and albumin were measured simultaneously before and 4 h after the end of surgery from the incorporation of L-[(2)H(5)]phenylalanine (given at 43 mg/kg of body weight) in 12 patients undergoing CABG surgery. Surgery was performed either with the use of extracorporeal circulation with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump; n=5) or with the beating heart procedure without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump; n=7). Post-surgical muscle protein fractional synthesis rates were decreased by 36+/-6.5% compared with pre-surgical values (1.59+/-0.10 compared with 0.97+/-0.08%/day respectively; P<0.001). In contrast, the synthesis rates of both fibrinogen (36+/-4 compared with 100+/-11 of body weight; P<0.0001) and albumin (123+/-12 compared with 178+/-19 of body weight; P<0.001) were both significantly increased after surgery. No significant differences were found between surgery performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that CABG surgery has a profound effect on protein metabolism, with a differential response of protein synthesis in muscle and liver
PMID: 17953516
ISSN: 1470-8736
CID: 106080