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SubCutaneous OnLay endoscopic Approach (SCOLA) mesh repair for small midline ventral hernias with diastasis recti: An initial US experience

Dong, Caroline T; Sreeramoju, Prashanth; Pechman, David M; Weithorn, David; Camacho, Diego; Malcher, Flavio
BACKGROUND:Patients presenting for evaluation of umbilical and epigastric hernias are often found to have diastasis recti (DR). As isolated hernia repair in these patients may be associated with higher rates of recurrence, prior international publications have described a prefascial mesh repair in combination with anterior plication of DR. We present our initial United States (US) experience with a SubCutaneous OnLay endoscopic Approach (SCOLA) to address these concurrent pathologies in a single hybrid procedure. METHODS:Between July 2018 and December 2019, a prospective cohort of 16 patients underwent the SCOLA procedure. Subcutaneous dissection was carried out from the suprapubic region superiorly to the xiphoid process and laterally to the linea semilunaris. Hernia contents were reduced and defects were incorporated into anterior DR plication, which was performed with running barbed suture. Onlay mesh was placed to cover the entire dissected space, and subcutaneous drains were placed. Three separate attendings performed cases with one supervising attending for standard technique. RESULTS:. The mean hernia defect size was 1.9 (0.7) cm. Mean operative time was 146 (46.3) minutes; two (15%) cases were performed robotically. The mean follow-up time was approximately two months (63 days). Three (18.8%) patients developed seroma, one (6.3%) patient developed an infected seroma, and two (12.5%) patients developed hernia recurrence. CONCLUSIONS:SCOLA technique is shown to be a safe and effective approach for patients presenting with small midline ventral hernias and concomitant DR. Our preliminary US data demonstrates higher rates of post-operative complication in patients with higher BMI, which suggests that patient selection and pre-operative counseling is essential to achieve better technical outcomes in our patient population.
PMID: 33206243
ISSN: 1432-2218
CID: 4995912

Robotic mesh explantation (RoME): a novel approach for patients with chronic pain following hernia repair

Mandujano, Cosman Camilo; Tchokouani, Loic; Lima, Diego L; Malcher, Flavio; Jacob, Brian
BACKGROUND:Post-herniorrhaphy pain is common with an estimated 8-10% incidence of mesh-related complications, requiring mesh explantation in up to 6% of cases, most commonly after inguinal hernia repairs. Reoperation for mesh explantation poses a surgical challenge due to adhesions, scarring and mesh incorporation to the surrounding tissues. Robotic technology provides a versatile platform for enhanced exposure to tackle these complex cases. We aim to share our experience with a novel robotic approach to address these complex cases. METHODS:A descriptive, retrospective analysis of patients undergoing a robotic mesh explantation (RoME) for mesh-related chronic pain, or recurrent ventral hernia by two surgeons between the period of March 2016 and January of 2020. The patients were evaluated for resolution of mesh related abdominal pain as well as early post-operative complications. RoME was performed with concomitant hernia repair in cases of recurrences. RESULTS:Twenty-nine patients underwent a robotic mesh explantation (RoME) for mesh-related chronic pain, or recurrent ventral hernia between March 2016 and January of 2020. Nineteen patients (65.5%) had a prior inguinal hernia repair and 10 patients (34.5%) had a prior ventral hernia repair. Indications for mesh removal included chronic pain with or without hernia recurrence. Seventeen patients (58.6%) reported improvement or resolution of pain postoperatively (63% with a prior inguinal hernia repair and 50% of patients with a prior ventral hernia repair). Five patients (17.2%) required mesh reinforcement after explantation. Nineteen patients (65.5%) underwent mesh explantation with primary fascial closure or no mesh reinforcement. The mean follow-up was 36.4 days. The most common postoperative complication was seroma formation (6.8%), with one reported recurrence (3.4%). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Robotic mesh explantation in challenging cases due to the effect of chronic scarring, adhesions and mesh incorporation to the surrounding tissues is safe and provides an advantageous platform for concomitant hernia repair in these complex cases.
PMID: 34724577
ISSN: 1432-2218
CID: 5037862

Endoscopic onlay repair for ventral hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis repair: Why so many different names for the same procedure? A qualitative systematic review

Malcher, Flavio; Lima, Diego Laurentino; Lima, Raquel Nogueira C L; Cavazzola, Leandro Totti; Claus, Christiano; Dong, Caroline T; Sreeramoju, Prashanth
BACKGROUND:A subcutaneous endoscopic onlay repair for ventral hernia with an anterior plication of diastasis recti (DR) has been published under different names in different countries. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the safety and feasibility of different named techniques with the same surgical concept. METHODS:The PRISMA guidelines were followed during all stages of this systematic review. The MINORS score system was used to perform qualitative assessment of all studies included in this review. Recommendations were then summarized for the following pre-defined key items: protocol, research question, search strategy, study eligibility, data extraction, study designs, risk of bias, publication bias, heterogeneity, and statistical analysis. RESULTS:The systematic literature search found 2548 articles, 317 of which were duplicates and excluded from analysis. The titles and abstracts from the remaining 2231 articles were assessed. After careful evaluation, 2125 articles were determined to be unrelated to our study and subsequently excluded. The full text of the remaining 106 articles was thoroughly assessed. Case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and general reviews were then excluded. A total of 13 articles were ultimately included for this review, describing a similar subcutaneous endoscopic approach for repair of concomitant ventral hernias and rectus diastasis defined under nine different named techniques on 716 patients. The number of patients in those studies varied from 10 to 201. The mean operative time varied from 68.5 to 195 min. The most common complication was seroma, followed by pain requiring intervention, hematoma, and surgical site infection. CONCLUSIONS:There are a few technique variations described in different studies, but with no significant differences in outcomes. We, therefore, propose to unify these procedures under one term, ENDoscopic Onlay Repair (ENDOR). This technique has shown to be effective and safe, with seroma being the most common complication.
PMID: 34031740
ISSN: 1432-2218
CID: 4996012

Cecal bascule - A rare cause of cecal volvulus after cesarean section

Bakshi, Chetna; Pereira, Xavier; Massad, Nicole; Lima, Diego Laurentino; Peskin-Stolze, Melissa; Malcher, Flavio
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE/UNASSIGNED:Cecal bascule is a rare form of a cecal volvulus characterized by an anterior and superiorly displaced cecum in turn causing compression of the ascending colon that can result in a large bowel obstruction. We report a case of cecal bascule in a newly postpartum patient, with emphasis on clinical presentation, radiologic findings and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION/METHODS:A 37-year-old female who underwent an uncomplicated c-section and bilateral salpingectomy developed severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and peritonitis 12 h after surgery. A computerized tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a dilated and superiorly displaced cecum. The diagnosis of cecal bascule was confirmed intraoperatively and a right hemicolectomy was performed. The patient recovered appropriately and was discharged on postoperative day six. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:Cecal bascule is the rarest form of cecal volvulus. In the context of obstetrics and gynecology, it has mostly been mentioned perioperatively after cesarean, but was also reported in an antepartum patient. It usually occurs in patients with redundant or mobile cecum, which is a result of incomplete fixation of the cecum to the retroperitoneum during embryogenesis. Other risk factors include recent surgery, previous abdominal surgery, ileus, chronic constipation, and distal colonic obstruction. An association has also been shown with pregnancy or the postpartum abdomen and is hypothesized to be due to mass effect. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Cecal bascule is a serious entity requiring a high index of suspicion and warranting greater awareness in the post-natal patient. Clinical diagnosis, prompt imaging, and surgery are important to avoid bowel ischemia and perforation.
PMCID:8278416
PMID: 34247120
ISSN: 2210-2612
CID: 4996022

Initial experience using a handheld fully articulating software-driven laparoscopic needle driver in TAPP inguinal hernia repair

Needham, Victoria; Camacho, Diego; Malcher, Flavio
BACKGROUND:The laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair is a widely performed minimally invasive operation, but can present considerable ergonomic challenges for the surgeon. Our objective was to determine if a novel handheld software-driven laparoscopic articulating needle driver can mitigate these difficulties. METHODS:The video recordings of a consecutive series of TAPP cases by a single surgeon using the articulating device were compared with a series of cases using straight-stick laparoscopy. Two critical steps of the procedure were analyzed for time: mesh fixation and peritoneal suture closure. These steps were then compared before and after 10 initial consecutive cases to analyze whether the surgeon demonstrated improvement. A cost analysis was also performed between the two techniques. RESULTS:For mesh fixation, the surgeon averaged 227 s using tacker devices, compared with 462.4 s using the novel laparoscopic device (p = 0.06). For the peritoneal closure component of the operation, the surgeon improved the time per suture pass during closure from 60.61 s during the first 10 cases to 38.84 s after the first 10 cases (p = 0.0004), which was comparable to the time per stitch for standard laparoscopy (34.8 s vs 34.84 s, p = 0.997). Left-sided inguinal hernia repairs using the articulating device demonstrated a significantly longer time per stitch during peritoneal closure compared to the right side after first 10 cases (left: 40.62 s; right: 27.91, p = 0.005). Our direct cost analysis demonstrated that suture closure of the peritoneum using the articulating device was more cost-effective than tack fixation. CONCLUSIONS:After only a 10 case initial experience, a laparoscopic hand-held articulating needle driver is comparable to standard laparoscopy to complete suture mesh fixation and peritoneal closure for TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Further, the feasibility of suture mesh fixation minimizes the need for costly tacker devices. This instrument appears to be a promising tool in this largely minimally invasive era of hernia repair.
PMCID:8116294
PMID: 33825010
ISSN: 1432-2218
CID: 4995982

Robotic abdominal wall repair: adoption and early outcomes in a large academic medical center

Pereira, Xavier; Lima, Diego L; Friedmann, Patricia; Romero-Velez, Gustavo; Mandujano, Cosman C; Ramos-Santillan, Vicente; Garcia-Cabrera, Ana; Malcher, Flavio
Robotic-assisted abdominal wall repair (RAWR) has seen an exponential adoption over the last 5 years. Skepticism surrounding the safety, efficacy, and cost continues to limit a more widespread adoption of the platform. We describe our initial experience of 312 patients undergoing RAWR at a large academic center. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing any RAWR from July 1, 2016 to March 18, 2020 was completed. Patient specific, operation specific, and 30-day outcomes specific data were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess factors associated with 30-day complications. There was a steady adoption of RAWR over the study period. A total of 312 patient were included, 138 (44%) were abdominal wall repairs and 174 (56%) were inguinal repairs. The mean age of the cohort was 54.2 years (SD 16), 69% were males, and the mean BMI was 29 kg/m2 (SD 4.8). There were two reported intraoperative events and nine operative conversions. 60 patients had at least one complication at 30-days. These include: 52 seromas, 4 hematomas, 2 surgical-site infections, 1 deep venous thrombus, and 1 recurrence at 30-days. BMI, type of hernia, and sex were not associated with complications at 30-days. The use of absorbable mesh, longer hospital stay, operative conversion, previous repair, and expert hernia surgeon were significant predictors of 30-day complications. Age, operative conversion, and previous repair were the only predictors of 30-day complications on multivariate regression. Our initial experience of 312 patients demonstrates the adoption and comparable short-term outcomes for a wide variety of robotic-assisted hernia repairs.
PMCID:8136367
PMID: 34018122
ISSN: 1863-2491
CID: 4996002

Surgical education during pandemic times: How the virtual world can help us in real life? The Hernia U experience [Case Report]

Malcher, Flavio; Lima, Diego Laurentino; Cavazzola, Leandro Totti; Cl Lima, Raquel Nogueira; Davila, Eduardo Parra; Morales-Conde, Salvador
PMID: 33468361
ISSN: 2173-5077
CID: 4995952

Is Minimally Invasive Repair the New Gold Standard for Primary Unilateral Inguinal Hernias? Results of an International Survey of Surgeons

Lima, Raquel Nogueira C L; Lima, Diego Laurentino; Romero-Velez, Gustavo; Pereira, Xavier; Shaear, Mohammad; Bianchi, Juliana M; Claus, Christiano; Dos Santos, Dalmir Cavalcanti; Malcher, Flavio
PMID: 33685253
ISSN: 1557-9034
CID: 4995972

Risk Factors for Surgical Site Occurrence or Infection and Recurrence After Incisional Hernia Repair in Abdominal Transplant Population

Cheema, Fareed; Andacoglu, Oya; Huang, Li-Ching; Phillips, Sharon E; Malcher, Flavio
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To investigate risk factors for hernia recurrence, surgical site occurrence/infection (SSO/I) and those requiring procedural intervention (SSOPI) after incisional hernia repair (IHR) following abdominal transplantation. METHODS:Patients undergoing IHR following abdominal transplant were retrospectively identified in the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database. Primary outcome measures were SSO/I, SSOPI and hernia recurrence. RESULTS:was associated with 180-day recurrence, whereas history of hypertension remained significant for recurrence at 2 years (P < .05). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:History of an open abdomen, DM, and obesity are risk factors for SSO/I, and obesity and hypertension are associated with short-term and long-term recurrence after IHR following abdominal organ transplantation. Immunosuppression had negative correlation with SSO/I. However, long-term outcomes and those related to immunosuppression should be interpreted cautiously in view of the small sample size and low follow-up rates. Baseline comorbidities seem to be the main drive for hernia outcomes for transplant population, similar to the general population. Larger cohorts and longer follow-up are necessary to delineate preventable risk factors for SSO/Is and hernia recurrences after organ transplantation.
PMID: 33551186
ISSN: 1873-2623
CID: 4995962

Hernia U: challenges and opportunities of an online platform for surgical education

Lima, Diego Laurentino; Lima, Raquel Nogueira C Laurentino; Parra-Davila, Eduardo; Morales-Conde, Salvador; Malcher, Flavio
PMID: 33978136
ISSN: 1809-4546
CID: 4995992