Response to Letter to the Editor on "Does the Use of Intraoperative Technology Yield Superior Patient Outcomes Following Total Knee Arthroplasty?" [Letter]
Primary total hip arthroplasty outcomes in octogenarians
AIMS/OBJECTIVE:As our population ages, the number of octogenarians who will require a total hip arthroplasty (THA) rises. In a value-based system where operative outcomes are linked to hospital payments, it is necessary to assess the outcomes in this population. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of elective, primary THA in patients â‰¥ 80 years old to those aged < 80. METHODS:A retrospective review of 10,251 consecutive THA cases from 2011 to 2019 was conducted. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores (Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS)), as well as demographic, readmission, and complication data, were collected. RESULTS:= 0.57; p = 0.048). There were no observed differences in 12-week (p = 0.518) or one-year (p = 0.511) HOOS scores. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Â 2021;2(7):535-539.
Effect of Marital Status on Outcomes Following Total Joint Arthroplasty
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the specific socioeconomic factor such as marital status has any effect on clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after primary total hip (THA) and knee (TKA) arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent primary THA or TKA from January 2019 to August 2019 who answered all PROM questionnaires. Both THA and TKA patients were separated into two groups based on their marital status at the time of surgery (married vs. non-married). Demographics, clinical data, and PROMs (FJS-12, HOOS, JR, KOOS, JR, and VR-12 PCS&MCS) were collected at various time-periods. Demographic differences were assessed using chi-square and independent sample t tests. Clinical data and mean PROMs were compared using multilinear regressions while accounting for demographic differences. RESULTS:This study included 389 patients who underwent primary THA and 193 that underwent primary TKA. In the THA cohort, 256 (66%) patients were married and 133 (34%) were non-married. In the TKA cohort, there were 117 (61%) married patients and 76 (39%) non-married patients. Length of stay was significantly shorter for married patients in both the THA (1.30 vs. 1.64; pâ€‰=â€‰0.002) and TKA (1.89 vs. 2.36; pâ€‰=â€‰0.024) cohorts. Surgical-time, all-cause emergency department visits, discharge disposition, and 90-day all-cause adverse events (readmissions/revisions) did not statistically differ between both cohorts. Both HOOS, JR and KOOS, JR score improvements from baseline to 1-year did not statistically differ for the THA and TKA cohorts, respectively. Although VR-12 PCS (pâ€‰=â€‰0.012) and MCS (pâ€‰=â€‰0.004) score improvement from baseline to 1-year statistically differed for the THA cohort, they did not for the TKA cohort. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Total joint arthroplasty may yield similar clinical benefits in all patients irrespective of their marital status. Although some PROMs statistically differed among married and non-married patients, the differences are likely not clinically significant. Surgeons should continue to assess levels of psychosocial support in their patients prior to undergoing TJA to optimize outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:III, Retrospective Cohort Study.
Adoption of Robotic Arm-Assisted Total Hip Arthroplasty Results in Reliable Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes at Minimum Two-Year Follow Up
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Longevity and success of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is largely dependent on component positioning. While use of robotic platforms can improve this positioning, published evidence on its clinical benefits is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes of THA with robotic surgical assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:We conducted an analysis of robotic arm-assisted primary THAs performed by a single surgeon utilizing a posterior approach. A total of 99 patients (107 cases) who had a minimum two-year follow up were identified. Their mean age was 61 years (range, 33 to 84 years), and their mean body mass index was 30.5 kg/m2 (range, 18.5 to 49.1 kg/m2). There were 56% female patients and primary osteoarthritis was the principal hip diagnosis in 88.8%. Operative times, lengths of hospital stay, and discharge dispositions were recorded, along with any complications. Modified Harris Hip Scores (HHS) were calculated to quantify clinical outcomes. RESULTS:Mean postoperative increases in HHS at 2- to 5.7-year follow up was 33 points (range, 6 to 77 points). There were no complications attributable to the use of robotic assistance. Surgical-site complications were rare; one case underwent a revision for prosthetic joint infection (0.93%) but there were no dislocations, periprosthetic fractures, or cases of mechanical implant loosening. There was no evidence of progressive radiolucencies or radiographic failure. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:Robotic arm-assisted THA resulted in low complication rates at minimum two-year follow up, with clinical outcomes comparable to those reported with manual surgery.1-4 The haptically-guided acetabular bone preparation enabled reliable cementless acetabular fixation and there were no adverse events related to the use of the robot. Dislocations were avoided in this case series. Randomized controlled clinical trials are needed to compare manual to robotic surgery and to investigate whether the precision found with this functional planning will reliably reduce the incidence of dislocations.
Obesity does not influence acetabular component accuracy when using a 3D optical computer navigation system
Introduction/UNASSIGNED:Improper cup positioning and leg length discrepancy (LLD) are two of the most common errors following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and are associated with potentially significant consequences. Obesity is associated with increased risk of mechanical complications, including dislocations, which may be secondary to cup malposition and failure to restore leg length and offset. 3D Optical Camera computerassisted navigation (CAN) system may reduce the risk of component malposition and LLD with real time intraoperative feedback. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of CAN influences acetabular component placement (CP) accuracy and leg length restoration in obese (body mass index(BMI)â‰¥35kg/m 2 ) patients undergoing primary THA. Methods/UNASSIGNED:A multi-center retrospective review was conducted identifying consecutive THA cases with BMI > 35kg/m 2 using CAN (Intellijoint Hip, Waterloo, CA) from 2015-2019. These patients were then matched with patients undergoing conventional THA (control) at a 1:1 ratio according to BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and gender. TraumaCadâ„¢ software (Brainlab, Chicago, IL) was used to measure cup anteversion, inclination, and change (Î”) in LLD between pre- and postoperative radiographic images. The safety target zones used as reference for precision analysis of CP were 15Â°-30Â° for anteversion and 30Â°-50Â° for inclination. Results/UNASSIGNED:176 patients were included: 88 CAN and 88 control cases. CAN cases were found to have a lower Î”LLD than controls (3.53Â±2.12mm vs. 5.00Â±4.05mm; p=0.003). Additionally, more CAN cases fell within the target safe zone than controls (83% vs.60%, p=0.00083). Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:Our findings suggest that the use of a CAN system may be more precise in component placement, and useful in facilitating the successful restoration of preoperative leg length following THA than conventional methodology.
Impact of Preoperative Opioid Use on Patient Outcomes Following Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative opioid use had any effect on clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) before and after primary, elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). The authors retrospectively reviewed 793 patients who underwent primary THA from November 2018 to March 2020 with available PROMs. Patients were stratified into two groups based on whether or not they were taking opioids preoperatively. Demographics, clinical data, and PROMs (Forgotten Joint Score-12 [FJS-12], Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement [HOOS, JR], and Veterans RAND 12 [VR-12] Physical Component Score [PCS] and Mental Component Score [MCS]) were collected at various time periods. Demographic differences were assessed with chi-square and independent sample t tests. Clinical data and PROMs were compared using multilinear regressions. Seventy-five (10%) patients were preoperative opioid users and 718 (90%) were not. Preoperative opioid users had a longer stay (1.37 vs 1.07 days; P=.030), a longer surgical time (102.44 vs 90.20 minutes; P=.001), and higher all-cause postoperative emergency department visits (6.7% vs 2.1%; P=.033) compared with patients not taking opioids preoperatively. Preoperative HOOS, JR (46.63 vs 51.26; P=.009), VR-12 PCS (27.79 vs 31.53; P<.001), and VR-12 MCS (46.24 vs 49.33; P=.044) were significantly lower for preoperative opioid users, but 3-month and 1-year postoperative scores were not statistically different. At 3 months and 1 year, FJS-12 scores did not differ significantly. Mean improvement preoperatively to 1 year in HOOS, JR values exceeded the minimal clinically important difference, with preoperative opioid users experiencing a greater improvement (36.50 vs 33.11; P=.008). Preoperative opioid users had a longer stay, a longer surgical time, and higher all-cause emergency department visits compared with preoperatively opioid naÃ¯ve patients. Although preoperative opioid users reported significantly lower preoperative PROMs, they did not statistically differ postoperatively, which indicates a larger delta improvement and similar benefits following THA. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(2):77-84.].
Accuracy of imageless navigation for functional cup positioning and restoration of leg length in total hip arthroplasty: a matched comparative analysis
Total Hip Arthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fracture in the Setting of Challenging Extraction of an Intramedullary Femoral Nail: A Case Report [Case Report]
Introduction/UNASSIGNED:Performing total hip arthroplasty (THA) for femoral neck fracture in the setting of a pre-existing intramedullary nail can be technically challenging, particularly if nail extraction is not feasible. Case Report/UNASSIGNED:A 76-year-old male presented with a with a displaced femoral neck fracture in the setting of a previously placed antegrade intramedullary nail with a healed femoral shaft fracture. After failed nail extraction, a novel technique was used to remove the proximal portion of the nail to allow for hybrid THA with implantation of a cemented femoral stem. Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:This is the first reported surgical technique of using a cortical window technique for partial intramedullary nail resection and cemented stem implantation in the setting of challenging intramedullary femoral nail extraction.
The effect of implant size difference on patient outcomes and failure after bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty
Background/UNASSIGNED:Proper sizing of femoral and tibial components has been associated with long-term outcomes and survivorship in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) and may be a reason for differences in outcomes between knees. The aim of this study compares post-operative outcomes and revision rates in patients undergoing SBTKA with different component sizes. Methods/UNASSIGNED:A retrospective review was conducted at a single academic institution identifying patients who underwent SBTKA from 2011 to 2019. Inclusion criteria included: primary osteoarthritis, similar pre-operative deformity, and same implant manufacturer. The primary outcome compares pre- and post-op (delta, Î”) Knee Society Score-Knee Score (KSS-KS) and range of motion (ROM) between knees. Secondary outcome measures were all-cause revisions rates, including manipulations under anesthesia and arthroscopy with or without lysis of adhesions. Results/UNASSIGNED:149 patients were identified who met the inclusion criteria: 128 patients had femoral size difference (FSD) of 0, 138 patients had tibial size difference (TSD) of 0, 21 patients with FSD of 1, and 11 patients with TSD of 1. There was no difference in Î”KSS-KS or Î”ROM in patients for any FSD or TSD. Revisions for aseptic loosening were greater for TSD 1 compared to TSD 0 (pÂ <Â 0.001). No other differences in cause of revision were identified. Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:A TSD of 1 may be associated with increased revision rates for aseptic loosening in both smaller and larger sized implants. Surgeons may achieve optimal patient outcomes in SBTKA with proper sized implants through increased awareness of component asymmetry and repeat intraoperative evaluation when asymmetrical measurements occur.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Following Total Knee Arthroplasty
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon cause of residual pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The presentation is variable, and there is no gold standard diagnostic test. Diagnosis is more difficult after TKA because some classic signs of CRPS may be unreliable and imaging may be difficult to interpret. Early intervention is the most important factor in predicting improvement, necessitating high suspicion in patients with exaggerated pain and stiffness after excluding more common causes. This article reviews the literature regarding CRPS following TKA, explains the diagnosis, and discusses treatment. [Orthopedics. 2020;4x(x):xx-xx.].