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Identify Early and Involve Everyone: Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Care Pathway Developed for Inpatient Management and Transitions of Care for Heart Failure Patients Reported Using SQUIRE 2.0 Guidelines

Thaker, Rishi; Pink, Kevin; Garapati, Sita; Zarandi, Donna; Shah, Purvi; Ramasubbu, Kumudha; Mehta, Parag
Introduction Heart failure accounts for 1-2% of overall healthcare costs. While the link between re-hospitalization and mortality is unclear, care pathways that standardize inpatient management and establish outpatient follow-up improve patient outcomes and reduce morbidity. Aim To implement a comprehensive interdisciplinary care pathway for heart failure patients with the goal of optimizing inpatient management and improving transitions of care. Methods To address this clinical need, New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital (NYP-BMH) identified resources needed to optimize patient care, developed an inpatient admission order set (so-called "power plan"), and implemented a multidisciplinary clinical care pathway. The Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle addressed the implementation obstacles. Interdisciplinary rounds guided day-to-day management and addressed barriers. Our team developed a sustainable care pathway, and measured the utilization of pharmacy, nutrition, physical therapy, case management, and social work resources; outpatient appointments were made prior to discharge. We used the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) 2.0 guidelines to guide our planning and evaluation of this quality improvement initiative. Results Our intervention markedly increased the number of heart failure hospitalizations that were identified on admission, and the use of pharmacy/nutrition services was greater after the intervention. The utilization of our "power plan" promoted adherence to a series of evidence-based best practices, but these measures had no significant impact on readmissions as a whole. The involvement of the case management support team increased outpatient appointments made for patients prior to discharge and aided in the transition of care from inpatient to outpatient management. Conclusion The management of heart failure patients starts in the hospital and continues in the community. Patients who are treated in a standardized dedicated care pathway have reduced morbidity and better outcomes. Identifying these patients early, involving a comprehensive team, and transitioning their care to the outpatient setting improves the quality of care in these patients.
PMID: 35165579
ISSN: 2168-8184
CID: 5534372

Analyses of electronic health records utilization in a large community hospital

Verma, Gautam; Ivanov, Alexander; Benn, Francis; Rathi, Anil; Tran, Nathaniel; Afzal, Ashwad; Mehta, Parag; Heitner, John F
INTRODUCTION:The Electronic Health Record (EHR) has become an integral component of healthcare delivery. Survey based studies have estimated that physicians spend 4-6 hours of their workday devoted to EHR. Our study was designed to use computer software to objectively obtain time spent on EHR. METHODS:We recorded EHR time for 248 physiciansover 2 time intervals. EHR active use was defined as more than 15 keystrokes, or 3 mouse clicks, or 1700 "mouse miles" per minute. We recorded total time and % of work hours spent on EHR, and differences in those based on seniority. Physicians reported duty hours using a standardized toolkit. RESULTS:Physicians spent 3.8 (±2) hours on EHR daily, which accounted for 37% (±17%), 41% (±14%), and 45% (±12%) of their day for all clinicians, residents, and interns, respectively. With the progression of training, there was a reduction in EHR time (all p values <0.01). During the first academic quarter, clinicians spent 38% (± 8%) of time on chart review, 17% (± 7%) on orders, 28% (±11%) on documentation (i.e. writing notes) and 17% (±7%) on other activities (i.e. physician hand-off and medication reconciliation). This pattern remained unchanged during the fourth quarter. CONCLUSIONS:Physicians spend close to 40% of their work day on EHR, with interns spending the most time. There is a significant reduction in time spent on EHR with training and greater experience, although the overall amount of time spent on EHR remained high.
PMID: 32609757
ISSN: 1932-6203
CID: 4777882

Review and Analysis of Publication Trends over Three Decades in Three High Impact Medicine Journals [Historical Article]

Ivanov, Alexander; Kaczkowska, Beata A; Khan, Saadat A; Ho, Jean; Tavakol, Morteza; Prasad, Ashok; Bhumireddy, Geetha; Beall, Allan F; Klem, Igor; Mehta, Parag; Briggs, William M; Sacchi, Terrence J; Heitner, John F
CONTEXT/BACKGROUND:Over the past three decades, industry sponsored research expanded in the United States. Financial incentives can lead to potential conflicts of interest (COI) resulting in underreporting of negative study results. OBJECTIVE:We hypothesized that over the three decades, there would be an increase in: a) reporting of conflict of interest and source of funding; b) percentage of randomized control trials c) number of patients per study and d) industry funding. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION/METHODS:Original articles published in three calendar years (1988, 1998, and 2008) in The Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of American Medical Association were collected. DATA EXTRACTION/METHODS:Studies were reviewed and investigational design categorized as prospective and retrospective clinical trials. Prospective trials were categorized into randomized or non-randomized and single-center or multi-center trials. Retrospective trials were categorized as registries, meta-analyses and other studies, mostly comprising of case reports or series. Study outcomes were categorized as positive or negative depending on whether the pre-specified hypothesis was met. Financial disclosures were researched for financial relationships and profit status, and accordingly categorized as government, non-profit or industry sponsored. Studies were assessed for reporting COI. RESULTS:1,671 original articles were included in this analysis. Total number of published studies decreased by 17% from 1988 to 2008. Over 20 year period, the proportion of prospective randomized trials increased from 22 to 46% (p < 0.0001); whereas the proportion of prospective non-randomized trials decreased from 59% to 27% (p < 0.001). There was an increase in the percentage of prospective randomized multi-center trials from 11% to 41% (p < 0.001). Conversely, there was a reduction in non-randomized single-center trials from 47% to 10% (p < 0.001). Proportion of government funded studies remained constant, whereas industry funded studies more than doubled (17% to 40%; p < 0.0001). The number of studies with negative results more than doubled (10% to 22%; p<0.0001). While lack of funding disclosure decreased from 35% to 7%, COI reporting increased from 2% to 84% (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Improved reporting of COI, clarity in financial sponsorship, increased publication of negative results in the setting of larger and better designed clinical trials represents a positive step forward in the scientific publications, despite the higher percentage of industry funded studies.
PMID: 28107475
ISSN: 1932-6203
CID: 4777662

Racing Against the Clock: Internal Medicine Residents' Time Spent On Electronic Health Records

Chen, Lu; Guo, Uta; Illipparambil, Lijo C; Netherton, Matt D; Sheshadri, Bhairavi; Karu, Eric; Peterson, Stephen J; Mehta, Parag H
BACKGROUND:Since the late 1980s, resident physicians have spent increasing amounts of time on electronic health record (EHR) data entry and retrieval. Objective longitudinal data measuring time spent on the EHR are lacking. OBJECTIVE:We sought to quantify the time actually spent using the EHR by all first-year internal medicine residents in a single program (N = 41). METHODS:Active EHR usage data were collected from the audit logs for May, July, and October 2014 and January 2015. Per recommendations from our EHR vendor (Cerner Corporation), active EHR usage time was defined as more than 15 keystrokes, or 3 mouse clicks, or 1700 "mouse miles" per minute. Active EHR usage time was tallied for each patient chart viewed each day and termed an electronic patient record encounter (EPRE). RESULTS:In 4 months, 41 interns accumulated 18,322 hours of active EHR usage in more than 33,733 EPREs. Each intern spent on average 112 hours per month on 206 EPREs. Interns spent more time in July compared to January (41 minutes versus 30 minutes per EPRE, P < .001). Time spent on the EHR in January echoed that of the previous May (30 minutes versus 29 minutes, P = .40). CONCLUSIONS:First-year residents spent a significant amount of time actively using the EHR, achieving maximal proficiency on or before January of the academic year. Decreased time spent on the EHR may reflect greater familiarity with the EHR, growing EHR efficiencies, or other factors.
PMID: 26913101
ISSN: 1949-8357
CID: 5488222

Life Threatening Severe QTc Prolongation in Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus due to Hydroxychloroquine

O'Laughlin, John P; Mehta, Parag H; Wong, Brian C
We present a case of a syncopal episode resulting from significant QT interval prolongation in a patient on hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and end stage renal disease. The patient had been treated with hydroxychloroquine for two years prior to presentation. After thorough workup for secondary causes of QT interval prolongation hydroxychloroquine was discontinued and the patient's QT interval shortened. The patient was treated with mexiletine to prevent sudden ventricular arrhythmias, which was unique compared to other documented cases in which lidocaine was used. The patient was noted to have mild prolongation of the QT interval on electrocardiogram prior to initiation of hydroxychloroquine therapy which was exacerbated by its use and may have been caused due to toxicity from underlying renal failure.
PMID: 27478650
ISSN: 2090-6404
CID: 5488212

Improving the Laboratory Add-On Process and Increasing Housestaff Satisfaction with an EMR Intervention

Shahnazarian, Vahe; Mehta, Parag
At a community hospital in Brooklyn, New York, the process for ordering add-on testing to drawn blood tubes involved filling out a paper sheet, then faxing and bulleting that sheet to the lab. It was a very inefficient, cumbersome, and unsatisfactory way of completing the process. In light of this, an EMR intervention was implemented in which the add-on order was placed as an EMR order. The study spanned over almost five years, over a year of which was post-intervention. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of add-on orders being placed as a result of the intervention. This has greatly improved housestaff satisfaction with the overall process. In conclusion, the project was a great success and met its goals of simplifying a difficult and cumbersome process while increasing user satisfaction.
PMID: 27239309
ISSN: 2050-1315
CID: 5488202

Hepatitis C: improving the quality of screening in a community hospital by implementing an electronic medical record intervention

Shahnazarian, Vahe; Karu, Eric; Mehta, Parag
Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) have recommended that adults born between the years of 1945-1965 should receive one-time testing for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). In fact, Governor Andrew Cuomo of the State of New York had signed a bill on October 23, 2013 which mandated NY hospitals and healthcare providers to offer HCV testing to all "Baby Boomers." For our project, we wanted to increase our community hospital's compliance with this law and improve the quality of patient care in doing so. An electronic medical record intervention was implemented in conjunction with our information technology services department. This intervention would flag eligible patients and would run them through a predetermined algorithm to see if they needed HCV testing. Multiple plan, do, study, act (PDSA) cycles were run during the length of the study and many changes were made in order to achieve maximum effect. We ended up increasing our HCV testing rate from 47.2% (pre-intervention) to 87.9% (final month of the study), which was statistically significant with a p-value of <0.0000001. We also ended up with a framework that is both generalizable to other projects and is also self-sustaining, so that it can continue to run itself once all the project members have finished working there as house staff.
PMID: 26734374
ISSN: 2050-1315
CID: 5488192

High value cost conscious care for diabetic patients at a community hospital

Karu, Eric; Shahnazarian, Vahe; Mehta, Parag
At New York Methodist Hospital (Brooklyn, NY), the pattern of ordering glucose testing was studied by a multidisciplinary committee because the medicine residents were placing inpatient chemstrip orders at their own discretion. It was found that chemstrip orders were being placed at inappropriate frequencies, and occasionally on inappropriate patients. The staff and residents were educated on daily rounds in order to achieve the goal of reducing unwarranted fingersticks, consequently increasing patient satisfaction and reducing wasted time, resources, and costs. From April 2014 through March 2015 there were 274,889 fingersticks in the inpatient setting and following the intervention the number of fingersticks had decreased to 238,187, representing a significant decrease.
PMID: 26732178
ISSN: 2050-1315
CID: 5488182

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma presenting as obstructive jaundice with complete resolution of jaundice after chemotherapy [Letter]

Rao, Pawan K; Mehta, Parag; Krishnamurthy, Muthuswamy
PMID: 12597317
ISSN: 0038-4348
CID: 5488232