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Systemic lupus erythematosus is not a risk factor for poor outcomes after total hip and total knee arthroplasty

Shah, U H; Mandl, L A; Mertelsmann-Voss, C; Lee, Y Y; Alexiades, M M; Figgie, M P; Goodman, S M
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Historically, arthroplasty in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients has been less successful than for patients with osteoarthritis (OA). It is not known if SLE remains an independent risk factor for poor arthroplasty outcomes or if other factors, such as avascular necrosis (AVN), continue to play a role. METHODS:A case-control study using data from a single-institution arthroplasty registry compared SLE total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with OA controls matched by age, gender and presence of AVN. Baseline, two-year administrative and self-report data, and diagnosis leading to arthroplasty were evaluated. RESULTS:A total of 54 primary SLE THA and 45 primary SLE TKA were identified from May 2007 through June 2011. AVN was present in 32% of SLE THA and no TKA. SLE THA had worse preoperative WOMAC pain (42.5 vs. 52.7; p = 0.01) and function (38.8 vs. 48.0; p = 0.05) compared with OA. However, at two years there was no difference in WOMAC pain (91.1 vs. 92.1; p = 0.77) or WOMAC function (86.4 vs. 90.8; p = 0.28). SLE TKA were similar to OA in both preoperative pain (42.6 vs. 48.4; p = 0.14) and function (42.1 vs. 46.8; p = 0.30) and two-year pain (85.7 vs. 88.6; p = 0.50) and function (83.7 vs. 85.1; p = 0.23). Compared to OA, SLE THA and TKA patients had more renal failure (14% vs. 1%; p = 0.007) and hypertension (52% vs. 29%; p = 0.009). In a multivariate linear regression, SLE was not predictive of either poor pain or poor function. CONCLUSIONS:While SLE patients have more comorbidities than OA, and SLE THA have worse preoperative pain and function compared with OA controls, SLE was not an independent risk factor for poor short-term pain or function after either hip or knee arthroplasty.
PMID: 25595621
ISSN: 1477-0962
CID: 3499262

US trends in rates of arthroplasty for inflammatory arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and spondyloarthritis

Mertelsmann-Voss, Christina; Lyman, Stephen; Pan, Ting Jung; Goodman, Susan M; Figgie, Mark P; Mandl, Lisa A
OBJECTIVE:Although rates of arthroplasty have increased dramatically, rates among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are reported to be decreasing. It is not known if this is also the case among patients with other inflammatory arthritides. This study was undertaken to evaluate rates of arthroplasty due to RA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), and a composite group of patients with inflammatory arthritides (IA), compared to arthroplasty rates among patients without inflammatory or autoimmune conditions. METHODS:Administrative discharge databases (State Inpatient Databases of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, New York Department of Health Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System, California Statewide Health Planning and Development) were used to compare rates of knee, hip, and shoulder arthroplasty occurring from 1991 to 2005. RESULTS:Of 2,839,325 arthroplasties in 1991-2005, 2.7% were performed in patients with IA. The rate of arthroplasty for noninflammatory conditions doubled (124.5 per 100,000 persons in 1991 versus 247.5 per 100,000 persons in 2005), while the rate for IA remained stable at 5.1 per 100,000. Rates of arthroplasty for RA decreased slightly (4.6 per 100,000 versus 4.5 per 100,000) and those for JIA decreased by nearly 50% (0.22 per 100,000 versus 0.13 per 100,000), but the rate of arthroplasty for SpA increased by nearly 50% (0.22 per 100,000 versus 0.31 per 100,000). Age at the time of arthroplasty increased for patients with RA (mean ± SD 63.4 ± 12.7 years versus 64.9 ± 12.8 years), JIA (30.9 ± 12.2 years versus 36.7 ± 14.9 years), and SpA (54.3 ± 16.1 years versus 60.4 ± 13.9 years). However, the mean age at the time of arthroplasty among non-IA cases decreased (71.5 ± 11.8 years versus 69.0 ± 12.0 years). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:This population-based study is the first to show that arthroplasty rates have decreased significantly among patients with JIA and minimally among patients with RA, and have increased among patients with SpA. The increased age at the time of arthroplasty among patients with JIA and SpA suggests that these patients are increasingly able to defer surgical interventions. Further research is needed to assess the ongoing effect of biologic agents on the need for arthroplasties in patients with IA.
PMID: 24591462
ISSN: 2326-5205
CID: 3499242

Arthroplasty rates are increased among US patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: 1991-2005

Mertelsmann-Voss, Christina; Lyman, Stephen; Pan, Ting Jung; Goodman, Susan; Figgie, Mark P; Mandl, Lisa A
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate population-based systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) arthroplasty rates and compare them with rates in patients with no inflammatory or autoimmune conditions. METHODS:Administrative hospital discharge databases from 10 American states were used to compare knee, hip, and shoulder arthroplasty rates from 1991 to 2005 in patients with SLE and in patients with no inflammatory or autoimmune conditions. RESULTS:Arthroplasties were performed on patients with SLE (n = 4253) and patients with noninflammatory conditions (n = 2,762,660). Arthroplasty rates for patients with noninflammatory conditions almost doubled from 1991 to 2005 (124.5 cases/100,000 persons vs 247.5/100,000; p < 0.001). A similar trend was observed for SLE (0.17/100,000 vs 0.38/100,000; p < 0.001). The mean age at arthroplasty in patients with noninflammatory conditions decreased (71.5 ± 11.8 vs 69.0 ± 12.0; p < 0.001), whereas the mean age in patients with SLE increased (47.3 ± 17.0 vs 56.8 ± 16.0; p < 0.001). When stratified by age and sex, arthroplasty in cases of SLE increased in all groups except for women < 44 years old. In 1991, osteonecrosis accounted for 53% and osteoarthritis (OA) 23% of cases of SLE; by 2005 this relationship had reversed, with osteonecrosis accounting for 24% and OA 61% of cases of SLE. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:From 1991 to 2005, arthroplasty rates increased in patients with SLE in similar proportions to overall joint replacement rates. The age of patients with SLE arthroplasty increased and fewer cases were due to osteonecrosis. These data suggest significant changes are occurring - patients with SLE are now living long enough to develop OA and are healthy enough to undergo elective surgery.
PMID: 24692528
ISSN: 0315-162x
CID: 3499252

Trends in US Arthroplasty Rates 1991-2005: Patients with Inflammatory Arthritis Continue to Require Joint Replacement [Meeting Abstract]

Mertelsmann-Voss, Christina; Pan, Ting Jung; Lyman, Stephen L.; Figgie, Mark P.; Mandl, Lisa A.
ISSN: 0004-3591
CID: 3499282

Arthoplasty Rates Increased Among US Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: 1991-2005 [Meeting Abstract]

Mertelsmann-Voss, Christina; Pan, Ting Jung; Do, Huong; Figgie, Mark P.; Mandl, Lisa A.
ISSN: 0004-3591
CID: 3499272