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Urinary porphyrin excretion in normal children and adults

Bloom, K E; Zaider, E F; Morledge, L J; Poh-Fitzpatrick, M B
The relationship of random urinary porphyrin and creatinine values as functions of age and sex was examined in a normal population. Total urinary porphyrin was measured by a solvent extraction technique, while urinary creatinine was evaluated by an alkaline picrate method. Random urine specimens from 120 healthy patients (81 children and 39 adults) were evaluated. In both pediatric and adult populations, a strong correlation was found between urinary concentrations of porphyrin and creatinine (r = 0.7, P less than 0.0001). Urinary porphyrin excretion in mumol/mol creatinine (micrograms/g) was inversely related to both age (r = -0.59, P less than 0.0001) and weight (r = -0.61, P less than 0.0001) until approximately 9 years of age or 30 kg. Urinary porphyrin excretion in children 9 to 18 years of age was lower than that of younger children (P less than 0.0001) and approached adult values. Sex was not found to be a factor until 9 to 18 years of age, when females had higher urinary creatinine concentrations (P less than 0.05), but lower urinary porphyrin excretions (P less than 0.05) than similarly aged males. The converse was observed when similar values of adult women were compared with those of adult men. Men also had higher urinary porphyrin concentrations than women (P less than 0.01). Men had increased urinary creatinine concentration (P less than 0.05) and decreased porphyrin excretion ratios (P less than 0.05) when compared with males 9 to 18 years of age. Women had significantly lower urinary creatinine (P less than 0.001) and porphyrin (P less than 0.001) concentrations than females 9 to 18 years of age.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PMID: 1928067
ISSN: 0272-6386
CID: 733262