Breast cancer incidence in BRCA mutation carriers with ovarian cancer: A longitudal observational study
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:We evaluated the incidence of breast cancer and overall survival in a multi-center cohort of ovarian cancer patients carrying BRCA1/2 mutations in order to assess risks and formulate optimal preventive interventions and/or surveillance. METHODS:Medical records of 502 BRCA1/2 mutation carriers diagnosed with ovarian cancer between 2000 and 2018 at 7 medical centers in Israel and one in New York were retrospectively analyzed for breast cancer diagnosis. Data included demographics, type of BRCA mutations, surveillance methods, timing of breast cancer diagnosis, and family history of cancer. RESULTS:The median age at diagnosis of ovarian cancer was 55.8 years (range, 23.9-90.1). A third (31.5%) had a family history of breast cancer and 17.1% of ovarian cancer. Most patients (67.3%) were Ashkenazi Jews, 72.9% were BRCA1 carriers. Breast cancer preceded ovarian cancer in 17.5% and was diagnosed after ovarian cancer in 6.2%; an additional 2.2% had a synchronous presentation. Median time to breast cancer diagnosis after ovarian cancer was 46.0 months (range, 11-168). Of those diagnosed with both breast cancer and ovarian cancer (n = 31), 83.9% and 16.1% harbored BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, respectively. No deaths from breast cancer were recorded. Overall survival did not differ statistically between patients with an ovarian cancer diagnosis only and those diagnosed with breast cancer after ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The low incidence of breast cancer after ovarian cancer in women carrying BRCA1/2 mutations suggests that routine breast surveillance, rather than risk-reducing surgical interventions, may be sufficient in ovarian cancer survivors.
Weekly Carboplatin and Paclitaxel for Ovarian Cancer: The "Finer Points"
Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma as a Complication of Treatment for Recurrent High-Grade Serous Cancer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE:Advances in cancer treatment have increased survival for many patients, prompting a need for greater recognition of the long-term complications of treatment. Chemotherapy agents have the potential to induce carcinogenesis and can increase the risk of secondary malignancy. Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) used for maintenance treatment of recurrent high-grade serous cancers has been associated with the development of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). STUDY DESIGN/METHODS:Retrospective review. METHODS:Cases of oral cavity SCC in patients with recurrent high-grade serous cancer treated with PLD between 1997 and 2017 at a single institution were reviewed. RESULTS:). Seven patients tested positive for BRCA mutations (four BRCA 1+, three BRCA 2+). No patients had a history of alcohol or tobacco use. All had early-stage oral cavity disease; five were T1N0, two were T2N0, and one had carcinoma in situ. All patients underwent surgery, and two received adjuvant radiation. Four developed locoregional recurrence requiring additional treatment. Of these, one patient died from complications of oral SCC, one developed recurrent ovarian cancer, and two had no evidence of disease of the oral cavity or ovarian cancer at the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS:Long-term PLD therapy may be associated with the development of oral cavity SCC. A high index of suspicion and routine head and neck examination should be included in follow-up for exposed patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:4 Laryngoscope, 2019.
Sequential therapy with INCAGN01949 followed by ipilimumab and nivolumab in two patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma [Case Report]
Agonists of the co-stimulatory molecule OX40 (CD134) are in clinical assessment alone and in combination with other immunotherapies. Recent pre-clinical studies have suggested that concurrent administration of OX40 agonists with anti-PD1 therapy is detrimental to the efficacy of such combinations and maximal efficacy may require sequential administration of the OX40 agonist followed by anti-PD1 therapy. In this report, we detail two patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma were treated with INCAGN01949, an agonistic OX40 Ab, as part of a clinical trial until disease progression. Both patients then received the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab and experienced unusually deep and durable responses. These cases support the hypothesis raised in pre-clinical studies and highlight the potential relevance of sequence in combinational immunotherapy.
The Benefits of Reducing My Hours to Half-Time (That Is, Three-Quarter Time)
Temporal trends of subsequent breast cancer among women with ovarian cancer: a population-based study
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To examine trends, characteristics and outcomes of women who develop both ovarian and breast cancers. METHODS:This is a retrospective study examining the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program from 1973 to 2013. Among ovarian cancer (nâ€‰=â€‰133,149) and breast cancer (nâ€‰=â€‰1,143,219) cohorts, women with both diagnoses were identified and temporal trends, tumor characteristics and survival were examined. RESULTS:There were 6446 women with both malignancies, representing 4.8% of the ovarian cancer cohort and 0.6% of the breast cancer cohort. Women with ovarian cancer who had secondary breast cancer were younger than those without secondary breast cancer early in the study period (52.3 versus 59.2 in 1973) but older in more recent years (68.5 versus 62.1 in 2013, Pâ€‰<â€‰0.001). The number of breast cancer survivors who developed postcedent ovarian cancer decreased from 1.5 to 0.2% from 1979 to 2008 (relative risk reduction 90.0%, Pâ€‰<â€‰0.05). Similarly, the number of ovarian cancer survivors who developed postcedent breast cancer decreased from 7.2 to 2.0% from 1973 to 2008 (relative risk reduction 72.4%, Pâ€‰<â€‰0.05). Tumor characteristics were more likely to be favorable in women with ovarian cancer who developed postcedent breast cancer but unfavorable in those who had antecedent breast cancer (all, Pâ€‰<â€‰0.05). Women with ovarian cancer who had secondary breast cancer had superior cause-specific survival compared to those who did not develop breast cancer regardless of breast cancer timing (Pâ€‰<â€‰0.05). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Our study demonstrated that the demographics of women who develop breast cancer and ovarian cancer have changed over time and diagnosis of secondary breast cancer after ovarian cancer has decreased.
Phase II study of pembrolizumab and nab-paclitaxel in HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer: Hormone receptor-positive cohort [Meeting Abstract]
Background: PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockade in combination with chemotherapy has improved outcomes in triple-negative breast cancer, but its role in hormone receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is less clear. We report the results of the HR+ cohort of a HER2-negative MBC trial.
Method(s): Prospective phase 2 trial where 20 HR+/HER2- MBC patients (pts) received nab-paclitaxel (A) (100mg/m2 IV d1/8, q 3 wks) and pembrolizumab (P) (200mg IV d1, q 3 wks, starting with cycle 2). Eligibility: ER/PR >=1%, HER2 negative, maximum of 2 lines of cytotoxic therapy for MBC, pts could have received prior endocrine and/or targeted therapy. Primary endpoint: best overall response rate (BORR) by RECIST v1.1; secondary endpoints: safety, PFS, clinical benefit rate (CBR), duration of response (DOR), and overall survival (OS). Biomarker analyses are ongoing.
Result(s): In this 20-patient cohort, the median age was 56 (34-75), median lines of cytotoxic chemotherapy was 1 (0-2), 70% (14/20) were ER>10%, 80% (16/20) received prior hormone therapy, and 60% (12/20) received prior CDK 4/6 inhibitors. BORR was partial response (PR) in 5/20, stable disease (SD) in 7/20, and progressive disease (PD) in 7/20. CBR was 35% (7/20). Median PFS was 5.6 mos (95%CI 2.07-8.18), median OS 15.7 mos (95%CI 3.88-27.70) and median DOR was 3.9 mos (95%CI 2.07-not yet reached). Out of 5 pts who achieved PR, 4 (80%) received prior CDK 4/6 inhibitors. The most common related adverse events (AE) were anemia (50%), diarrhea, nausea and ALT abnormalities (40% each). 14 pts experienced grade 3 AEs, the most common being neutropenia, 1 pt had grade 4 AEs (pneumonitis, blood/lymphatics, hyponatremia), and no grade 5 AEs. [Formula presented]
Conclusion(s): P plus A was efficacious with PR in 5/20 and SD in 7/20 pts with a manageable toxicity profile. Importantly, responses were observed in patients previously treated with CDK 4/6 inhibitors. Further investigation of this regimen in HR+/HER2- MBC is warranted. Clinical trial identification: NCT02752685. Legal entity responsible for the study: NYU Langone Health.
Funding(s): Merck (drug-pembrolizumab and financial funding); Celgene (drug-nab-paclitaxel). Disclosure: F. Muggia: Advisory/Consultancy, Member of data safety monitoring committee of Pembrolizumab trials run by Merck: Merck. S. Adams: Advisory/Consultancy, Research grant/Funding (institution), consultant (uncompensated): Merck; Research grant/Funding (institution): Celgene. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of veliparib, a PARP inhibitor, and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in recurrent gynecologic cancer and triple negative breast cancer with long-term follow-up
OBJECTIVE:Poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerases (PARPs) are nuclear enzymes with roles in DNA damage recognition and repair. PARP1 inhibition enhances the effects of DNA-damaging agents like doxorubicin. We sought to determine the recommended phase two dose (RP2D) of veliparib with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in breast and recurrent gynecologic cancer patients. METHODS:on day 1 of a 28-day cycle. Dose escalation proceeded in two strata: A (prior PLD exposure) and B (no prior PLD exposure). Patients underwent limited pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling; an expansion PK cohort was added. RESULTS:44 patients with recurrent ovarian or triple negative breast cancer were enrolled. Median age 56Â years; 23 patients BRCA mutation carriers; median prior regimens four. Patients received a median of four cycles of veliparib/PLD. Grade 3/4 toxicities were observed in 10% of patients. Antitumor activity was observed in both sporadic and BRCA-deficient cancers. Two BRCA mutation carriers had complete responses. Two BRCA patients developed oral squamous cell cancers after completing this regimen. PLD exposure was observed to be higher when veliparib doses were >â€‰200Â mg BID. CONCLUSIONS:PLD on day 1 of a 28-day cycle. Anti-tumor activity was seen in both strata. However, given development of long-term squamous cell cancers and the PK interaction observed, efforts should focus on other targeted combinations to improve efficacy.
The Benefits of Reducing My Hours to Half-Time (That Is, Three-Quarter Time) [Editorial]
Endometrial adenocarcinoma presenting as a suprasellar mass: lessons to be learned [Case Report]
A 66-year-old woman with a history of stage IA mixed endometrioid and serous endometrial cancer presented to our centre with 2 weeks of worsening headaches nearly 4 years after her initial surgery. At admission, she manifested bitemporal hemianopsia, difficulty walking and clinical and laboratory findings of panhypopituitarism, including diabetes insipidus. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a 2.7 cm sellar/suprasellar mass compressing the optic chiasm and infiltrating the pituitary stalk. Computerised tomography documented mediastinal, lung, adrenal and liver involvement, including a 2.5 cm palpable left supraclavicular node that on excisional biopsy demonstrated metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma. Due to the advanced stage of her cancer as well as the presence of multiple metastases, including lung and hepatic metastases causing post-obstructive pneumonia and coagulopathy, the sellar/suprasellar mass was treated with fractionated radiosurgery rather than surgical excision.