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Catheter-based therapy for intermediate or high-risk pulmonary embolism is associated with lower in-hospital mortality in patients with cancer: Insights from the National Inpatient Sample

Leiva, Orly; Yuriditsky, Eugene; Postelnicu, Radu; Yang, Eric H; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Greco, Allison; Horowitz, James; Alviar, Carlos; Bangalore, Sripal
BACKGROUND:Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common complication among patients with cancer and is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. Catheter-based therapies (CBT), including catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and mechanical thrombectomy, have been developed and are used in patients with intermediate or high-risk PE. However, there is a paucity of data on outcomes in patients with cancer as most clinical studies exclude this group of patients. AIMS/OBJECTIVE:To characterize outcomes of patients with cancer admitted with intermediate or high-risk PE treated with CBT compared with no CBT. METHODS:Patients with an admission diagnosis of intermediate or high-risk PE and a history of cancer from October 2015 to December 2018 were identified using the National Inpatient Sample. Outcomes of interest were in-hospital death or cardiac arrest (CA) and major bleeding. Inverse probability treatment weighting (IPTW) was utilized to compare outcomes between patients treated with and without CBT. Variables that remained unbalanced after IPTW were adjusted using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS:A total of 2084 unweighted admissions (10,420 weighted) for intermediate or high-risk PE and cancer were included, of which 136 (6.5%) were treated with CBT. After IPTW, CBT was associated with lower death or CA (aOR 0.54, 95% CI 0.46-0.64) but higher major bleeding (aOR 1.41, 95% CI 1.21-1.65). After stratifying by PE risk type, patients treated with CBT had lower risk of death or CA in both intermediate (aOR 0.52, 95% CI 0.36-0.75) and high-risk PE (aOR 0.48, 95% CI 0.33-0.53). However, patients with CBT were associated with increased risk of major bleeding in intermediate-risk PE (aOR 2.12, 95% CI 1.67-2.69) but not in those with high-risk PE (aOR 0.84, 95% CI 0.66-1.07). CONCLUSIONS:Among patients with cancer hospitalized with intermediate or high-risk PE, treatment with CBT was associated with lower risk of in-hospital death or CA but higher risk of bleeding. Prospective studies and inclusion of patients with cancer in randomized trials are warranted to confirm our findings.
PMID: 37997287
ISSN: 1522-726x
CID: 5608872

Critical Care Is a Concept, Not a Location

Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Maves, Ryan C
PMID: 38095521
ISSN: 1530-0293
CID: 5589362

Quality and rapidity of anticoagulation in patients with acute pulmonary embolism undergoing mechanical thrombectomy

Zhang, Robert S; Ho, Alvin M; Elbaum, Lindsay; Greco, Allison A; Hall, Sylvie; Postelnicu, Radu; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Maqsood, Muhammad H; Keller, Norma; Alviar, Carlos L; Bangalore, Sripal
The primary objective of our study was to determine the proportion of intermediate-risk PE patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy (MT) who achieved therapeutic anticoagulation (AC) at the time of the procedure. The salient findings of our study showed that only a minority of patients (14.3%) were in the therapeutic range by ACT at the time of MT (primary outcome). Furthermore, in this higher-risk PE cohort selected for MT, 18.2% of patients were subtherapeutic after initially reaching therapeutic AC, 43% experienced supratherapeutic AC at some point before MT, and less than half (43%) attained therapeutic AC at 6 hours, highlighting the necessity for optimizing anticoagulation practices in acute PE.
PMID: 38071002
ISSN: 1097-6744
CID: 5589832

Disaster Medicine Training for Critical Care Medicine Fellows: The Time Is Now [Editorial]

Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Maves, Ryan C
PMID: 38070959
ISSN: 1931-3543
CID: 5589822

Implementation and early outcomes of a telehealth visit model to deliver tecovirimat for mpox infection in New York City

Chan, Justin; DiTullio, David J; Pagan Pirallo, Patricia; Foote, Mary; Knutsen, Dorothy; Kottkamp, Angelica Cifuentes; McPherson, Tristan D; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Pitts, Robert; Wallach, Andrew; Wong, Marcia; Mazo, Dana; Mgbako, Ofole
The 2022 mpox outbreak in New York City posed challenges to rapidly scaling up treatment capacity. We describe a telehealth treatment model launched during this outbreak that facilitated healthcare provider treatment capacity, and was able to adhere to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored expanded access investigational new drug (EA-IND) protocol for tecovirimat. Sixty-nine patients were evaluated and prescribed tecovirimat for mpox through telehealth visits at NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue and NYU Langone Health from June to August 2022. Thirty-two (46.4%) were previously diagnosed with HIV. Forty-four (63.8%) reported full recovery, with the remainder lost to follow-up. Most patients (n = 60, 87.0%) attended at least one follow-up visit (either in person or through telehealth) after starting treatment. We observed favorable treatment outcomes, with no serious adverse events, hospitalizations, or deaths related to mpox. While equitable access to telehealth remains a limitation that needs to be addressed, this telehealth model enabled a rapid scale-up of tecovirimat prescription during the mpox outbreak, and should be considered as an important tool used to respond to future infectious disease outbreaks.
PMID: 37632124
ISSN: 1758-1109
CID: 5598892

Critical Care Staffing in Pandemics and Disasters: A Consensus Report From a Subcommittee of the Task Force for Mass Critical Care - Systems Strategies to Sustain the Health Care Workforce

Sprung, Charles L; Devereaux, Asha V; Ghazipura, Marya; Burry, Lisa D; Hossain, Tanzib; Hamele, Mitchell T; Gist, Ramon E; Dempsey, Timothy M; Dichter, Jeffrey R; Henry, Kiersten N; Niven, Alexander S; Alptunaer, Timur; Huffines, Meredith; Bowden, Kasey R; Martland, Anne Marie O; Felzer, Jamie R; Mitchell, Steven H; Tosh, Pritish K; Persoff, Jason; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Downar, James; Báez, Amado A; Maves, Ryan C
BACKGROUND:The COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented mental health disturbances, burnout, and moral distress among health care workers, affecting their ability to care for themselves and their patients. RESEARCH QUESTION:In health care workers, what are key systemic factors and interventions impacting mental health and burnout? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:The Workforce Sustainment subcommittee of the Task Force for Mass Critical Care (TFMCC) utilized a consensus development process, incorporating evidence from literature review with expert opinion through a modified Delphi approach to determine factors affecting mental health, burnout, and moral distress in health care workers, to propose necessary actions to help prevent these issues and enhance workforce resilience, sustainment, and retention. RESULTS:Consolidation of evidence gathered from literature review and expert opinion resulted in 197 total statements that were synthesized into 14 major suggestions. These suggestions were organized into three categories: (1) mental health and well-being for staff in medical settings; (2) system-level support and leadership; and (3) research priorities and gaps. Suggestions include both general and specific occupational interventions to support health care worker basic physical needs, lower psychological distress, reduce moral distress and burnout, and foster mental health and resilience. INTERPRETATION:The Workforce Sustainment subcommittee of the TFMCC offers evidence-informed operational strategies to assist health care workers and hospitals plan, prevent, and treat the factors affecting health care worker mental health, burnout, and moral distress to improve resilience and retention following the COVID-19 pandemic.
PMID: 36907373
ISSN: 1931-3543
CID: 5536352

Critical Elements of an Mpox Vaccination Model at the Largest Public Health Hospital System in the United States

Piccolo, Anthony J Lo; Chan, Justin; Cohen, Gabriel M; Mgbako, Ofole; Pitts, Robert A; Postelnicu, Radu; Wallach, Andrew; Mukherjee, Vikramjit
In the spring of 2022, mpox spread to non-endemic countries, including the United States. In New York City (NYC), vaccine demand grew as quickly as case counts. With the leadership of the Regional Emerging Special Pathogens Treatment Center (RESPTC) at NYC Health and Hospitals/Bellevue (NYC H+H)-part of the largest public hospital system in the United States-an innovative vaccination model was established that overcame challenges involving health inequities, inadequate access, and lack of vaccine uptake, to successfully administer JYNNEOS vaccines to over 12,000 patients. Transmission has slowed since its peak in August 2022, which has been attributed to successful vaccination campaigns, infection-induced immunity, and behavioral changes among those at highest risk; however, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assessment released on 4 April 2023 suggests jurisdictions with low vaccination levels (<35%) remain at risk for an mpox resurgence. Here, we summarize the critical aspects of our mpox vaccination model in NYC, which include integration into routine clinical care, prioritization of health equity, and reutilization of COVID-19 vaccination systems, to provide valuable insights for healthcare institutions as we move into the next stage of this ongoing outbreak.
PMID: 37514954
ISSN: 2076-393x
CID: 5591792

Perceived Hospital Stress, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Activity, and Care Process Temporal Variance During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Anesi, George L; Andrews, Adair; Bai, He Julia; Bhatraju, Pavan K; Brett-Major, David M; Broadhurst, M Jana; Campbell, Elizabeth Salvagio; Cobb, J Perren; Gonzalez, Martin; Homami, Sonya; Hypes, Cameron D; Irwin, Amy; Kratochvil, Christopher J; Krolikowski, Kelsey; Kumar, Vishakha K; Landsittel, Douglas P; Lee, Richard A; Liebler, Janice M; Lutrick, Karen; Marts, Lucian T; Mosier, Jarrod M; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Postelnicu, Radu; Rodina, Valentina; Segal, Leopoldo N; Sevransky, Jonathan E; Spainhour, Christine; Srivastava, Avantika; Uyeki, Timothy M; Wurfel, Mark M; Wyles, David; Evans, Laura
OBJECTIVES:The COVID-19 pandemic threatened standard hospital operations. We sought to understand how this stress was perceived and manifested within individual hospitals and in relation to local viral activity. DESIGN:Prospective weekly hospital stress survey, November 2020-June 2022. SETTING:Society of Critical Care Medicine's Discovery Severe Acute Respiratory Infection-Preparedness multicenter cohort study. SUBJECTS:Thirteen hospitals across seven U.S. health systems. INTERVENTIONS:None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:We analyzed 839 hospital-weeks of data over 85 pandemic weeks and five viral surges. Perceived overall hospital, ICU, and emergency department (ED) stress due to severe acute respiratory infection patients during the pandemic were reported by a mean of 43% ( sd , 36%), 32% (30%), and 14% (22%) of hospitals per week, respectively, and perceived care deviations in a mean of 36% (33%). Overall hospital stress was highly correlated with ICU stress (ρ = 0.82; p < 0.0001) but only moderately correlated with ED stress (ρ = 0.52; p < 0.0001). A county increase in 10 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 cases per 100,000 residents was associated with an increase in the odds of overall hospital, ICU, and ED stress by 9% (95% CI, 5-12%), 7% (3-10%), and 4% (2-6%), respectively. During the Delta variant surge, overall hospital stress persisted for a median of 11.5 weeks (interquartile range, 9-14 wk) after local case peak. ICU stress had a similar pattern of resolution (median 11 wk [6-14 wk] after local case peak; p = 0.59) while the resolution of ED stress (median 6 wk [5-6 wk] after local case peak; p = 0.003) was earlier. There was a similar but attenuated pattern during the Omicron BA.1 subvariant surge. CONCLUSIONS:During the COVID-19 pandemic, perceived care deviations were common and potentially avoidable patient harm was rare. Perceived hospital stress persisted for weeks after surges peaked.
PMID: 36790189
ISSN: 1530-0293
CID: 5448062

A Novel COVID-19 Severity Score is Associated With Survival in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy

Hambrecht, Amanda; Krowsoski, Leandra; DiMaggio, Charles; Hong, Charles; Medina, Benjamin; Thomas McDevitt, John; McRae, Michael; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Uppal, Amit; Bukur, Marko
INTRODUCTION:Tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19 is a controversial and difficult clinical decision. We hypothesized that a recently validated COVID-19 Severity Score (CSS) would be associated with survival in patients considered for tracheostomy. METHODS:We reviewed 77 mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients evaluated for decision for percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) from March to June 2020 at a public tertiary care center. Decision for PDT was based on clinical judgment of the screening surgeons. The CSS was retrospectively calculated using mean biomarker values from admission to time of PDT consult. Our primary outcome was survival to discharge, and all patient charts were reviewed through August 31, 2021. ROC curve and Youden index were used to estimate an optimal cut-point for survival. RESULTS:The mean CSS for 42 survivors significantly differed from that of 35 nonsurvivors (CSS 52 versus 66, P = 0.003). The Youden index returned an optimal CSS of 55 (95% confidence interval 43-72), which was associated with a sensitivity of 0.8 and a specificity of 0.6. The median CSS was 40 (interquartile range 27, 49) in the lower CSS (<55) group and 72 (interquartile range 66, 93) in the high CSS (≥55 group). Eighty-seven percent of lower CSS patients underwent PDT, with 74% survival, whereas 61% of high CSS patients underwent PDT, with only 41% surviving. Patients with high CSS had 77% lower odds of survival (odds ratio = 0.2, 95% confidence interval 0.1-0.7). CONCLUSIONS:Higher CSS was associated with decreased survival in patients evaluated for PDT, with a score ≥55 predictive of mortality. The novel CSS may be a useful adjunct in determining which COVID-19 patients will benefit from tracheostomy. Further prospective validation of this tool is warranted.
PMID: 36914992
ISSN: 1095-8673
CID: 5439642

Mpox in the Emergency Department: A Case Series

Musharbash, Michael; Dilorenzo, Madeline; Genes, Nicholas; Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Klinger, Amanda
Introduction: We sought to describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcomes of a cohort of patients who presented to our emergency departments with mpox (formerly known as monkeypox) infection between May 1"“August 1, 2022. Case Series: We identified 145 patients tested for mpox, of whom 79 were positive. All positive cases were among cisgender men, and the majority (92%) were among men who have sex with men. A large number of patients (39%) were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive. There was wide variation in emergency department (ED) length of stay (range 2"“16 hours, median 4 hours) and test turnaround time (range 1"“11 days, median 4 days). Most patients (95%) were discharged, although a substantial proportion (22%) had a return visit within 30 days, and 28% ultimately received tecrovirimat. Conclusion: Patients who presented to our ED with mpox had similar demographic characteristics and clinical features as those described in other clinical settings during the 2022 outbreak. While there were operational challenges to the evaluation and management of these patients, demonstrated by variable lengths of stay and frequent return visits, most were able to be discharged.
ISSN: 2474-252x
CID: 5622452