Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Semirigid partial annuloplasty band allows dynamic mitral annular motion and minimizes valvular gradients: an echocardiographic study

Sharony, Ram; Saunders, Paul C; Nayar, Ambika; McAleer, Eileen; Galloway, Aubrey C; Delianides, Julie; Schwartz, Charles F; Applebaum, Robert M; Kronzon, Itzhak; Colvin, Stephen B; Grossi, Eugene A
BACKGROUND: Traditional mitral annuloplasty devices include both rigid rings, which restrict annular motion, and soft rings and bands, which can locally deform. Conflicting data exist regarding their impact on annular dynamics. We studied mitral annuloplasty with a semirigid partial band and with a nearly complete rigid ring. METHODS: Intraoperative three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiograms (n = 14) and predischarge transthoracic echocardiograms were retrospectively analyzed in patients undergoing mitral valve repair for degenerative disease with either a rigid ring (n = 77) or a semirigid partial band (n = 38). Each transesophageal echocardiogram was analyzed with TomTec three-dimensional software to produce cardiac cycle frame planimetry and to measure device geometry. Actual device sizes provided reference dimensions. Blinded analysis of Doppler data from transthoracic echocardiograms was performed. RESULTS: Validation of the quantitative transesophageal echocardiogram methodology revealed a 1.3% +/- 0.3% (mean +/- standard error of the mean) underestimation of actual linear dimension. With the semirigid partial band, systolic valve orifice area and intertrigonal distance decreased from 6.14 +/- 0.37 to 5.55 +/- 0.24 cm(2) (-9.6%; p = 0.01) and from 2.69 +/- 0.08 to 2.55 +/- 0.13 cm (-5.2%; p = 0.03), respectively. Systolic anterior-posterior distance decreased from 2.1 +/- 0.10 to 1.95 +/- 0.06 cm (-7.1%; p = 0.01) compared with diastole. In contrast, rigid ring orifice area was unchanged (4.12 +/- 0.15 to 4.10 +/- 0.16 cm(2); -0.5%; p = 0.48) during the cardiac cycle. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed significantly lower mitral inflow gradients with semirigid partial band (mean gradients compared with rigid ring, 4.0 +/- 0.3 versus 5.0 +/- 0.3 mm Hg; p = 0.02; peak gradients, 8.9 +/- 0.5 versus 11.1 +/- 0.5 mm Hg; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic measurements of annular dynamics are valid and reliable when discrete annuloplasty devices are present. In contrast to the rigid ring, the semirigid partial band permits more physiologic geometric changes and is associated with lower postoperative mitral valve gradients
PMID: 14759429
ISSN: 0003-4975
CID: 42597

Substernal epicardial echocardiography: review of a new technique [Case Report]

Reynolds, Harmony R; Nayar, Ambika C; McAleer, Eileen P; Schwartz, Jesse D; Tunick, Paul A; Applebaum, Robert M; Colvin, Stephen B; Culliford, Alfred T; Galloway, Aubrey C; Grossi, Eugene A; Ribakove, Gregory H; Kronzon, Itzhak
BACKGROUND: Patients after cardiac operation pose a challenge to the treating physician-these patients may become critically ill and are among the most difficult to image using transthoracic echocardiography. Several factors contribute to this, including difficulties in positioning the patient, inability of the patient to cooperate with instructions, surgical dressings, and hyperinflated lungs. Transesophageal echocardiography may be performed when transthoracic echocardiography is not diagnostic; however, transesophageal echocardiography is semi-invasive and does not lend itself to prolonged or repeated monitoring. METHODS: Recently, a new approach to echocardiography for use in the patient after operation has been introduced with the modification of the standard mediastinal drainage tube to allow for substernal epicardial echocardiography (SEE). The SEE tube has 2 lumens. The first allows for routine mediastinal drainage and the second has a blind end that permits the insertion of a standard transesophageal echocardiographic probe for high-resolution imaging as often as is desired over the period during which the mediastinal tube is in place. CONCLUSION: This article reviews the technique of SEE including a description of the method of performance of SEE (with representative images), a review of the published literature on this new modality, examples of clinical use, and a discussion of the advantages, indications, and limitations of SEE with an eye toward future directions for research
PMID: 14608297
ISSN: 0894-7317
CID: 42051

Substernal epicardial echocardiography may be a critical diagnostic tool in the postoperative cardiac surgery patient [Meeting Abstract]

Reynolds, HR; Applebaum, RM; Spevack, DM; Shah, A; Mcaleer, EP; Nayar, AC; Tunick, PA; Lapietra, A; Patel, S; Bizekis, CS; Wood, MG; Grossi, EA; Ribakove, GH; Colvin, SB; Kronzon, I
ISSN: 0735-1097
CID: 37102

Doppler diagnosis of acute occlusion of the superior vena cava [Case Report]

Benenstein, Ricardo; Nayar, Ambika C; Rosen, Robert; Schlossberg, Peter; Katz, Edward S; Tunick, Paul A; Kronzon, Itzhak
PMID: 12848706
ISSN: 0742-2822
CID: 39153

Effect of treatment on the incidence of stroke and other emboli in 519 patients with severe thoracic aortic plaque

Tunick, Paul A; Nayar, Ambika C; Goodkin, Gregory M; Mirchandani, Sunil; Francescone, Steven; Rosenzweig, Barry P; Freedberg, Robin S; Katz, Edward S; Applebaum, Robert M; Kronzon, Itzhak
Severe aortic plaques seen on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are a high-risk cause of stroke and peripheral embolization. Evidence to guide therapy is lacking. Retrospective information was obtained regarding the occurrence of embolic events (stroke, transient ischemic attacks, or peripheral emboli) in 519 patients with severe thoracic aortic plaque seen on TEE since 1988. Treatment with statins, warfarin, or antiplatelet medications was noted. Treatment was not randomized. In a matched-paired analysis, each patient taking each class of therapy was matched for age, gender, previous embolic event, hypertension, diabetes, congestive failure, and atrial fibrillation to someone not taking that medication. Multivariate analysis was also performed. An embolic event occurred in 111 patients (21%). Multivariate analysis showed that statin use was independently protective against recurrent events (p = 0.0001). Matched analysis also showed a protective effect of statins (p = 0.0004; absolute risk reduction 17%, relative risk reduction 59%, number needed to treat [n = 6]). No protective effect was found for warfarin or antiplatelet drugs. The odds ratio for embolic events was 0.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.2 to 0.6) for statin therapy, 0.7 (95% CI 0.4 to 1.2) for warfarin, and 1.4 (95% CI 0.8 to 2.4) for antiplatelet agents. Thus, there is a protective effect of statin therapy, and no significant benefit of warfarin or antiplatelet drugs on the incidence of stroke and other embolic events in patients with severe thoracic aortic plaque on TEE
PMID: 12480041
ISSN: 0002-9149
CID: 36577

Benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis diagnosed by echocardiography [Case Report]

Nayar, Ambika C; McAleer, Eileen P; Tunick, Paul A; Applebaum, Robert M; Colvin, Stephen B; Kronzon, Itzhak
PMID: 12376010
ISSN: 0742-2822
CID: 36727

Effect of treatment on embolic events in patients with severe thoracic aortic atheromas: Interim data analysis from the NYU Atheroma Group [Meeting Abstract]

Nayar, AC; Goodkin, GM; Mirchandani, S; Tunick, PA; Kronzon, I
ISSN: 0735-1097
CID: 27517

Echo contrast-enhanced diagnosis of atrial septal defect [Case Report]

Rosenzweig BP; Nayar AC; Varkey MP; Kronzon I
Pulsed wave, continuous wave, and color flow Doppler imaging as well as intravenously administered agitated saline solution can detect intracardiac shunts during transthoracic echocardiography. Ultrasonographic contrast agents have greatly improved the visualization of left heart chambers and can enhance signals from blood flow within chambers and across valves, increasing the sensitivity of Doppler techniques. We describe a patient in whom the use of echo contrast media during transthoracic echocardiography allowed the detection of a previously unseen atrial septal defect. Combining such modalities may help to increase the sensitivity of transthoracic echocardiography and may eliminate the need for transesophageal echocardiography in selected patients
PMID: 11174451
ISSN: 0894-7317
CID: 26795