Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Free Fibula Flap for the Treatment of Agnathia in a 10-Year-Old With Severe Agnathia-Otocephaly Complex

Cohen, Oriana; Morrison, Kerry A; Jacobson, Adam; Levine, Jamie; Staffenberg, David A
Agnathia-otocephaly complex (AOC), a first branchial arch defect, is characterized by mandibular hypoplasia or aplasia, ear abnormalities, microstomia, and macroglossia and is a rare and often fatal diagnosis. Herein, the technical considerations and details of mandibular reconstruction using virtual surgical planning (VSP) and a vascularized free fibula flap for further mandibular reconstruction in a 10-year-old boy are presented. The patient's preoperative examination was consistent with agnathia (absence of mandibular symphysis, bilateral mandibular bodies, condyles, coronoids, rami, and temporomandibular joint), severe microstomia, and a Tessier # 30 cleft (maintained to allow oral access until later in treatment). Virtual surgical planning was utilized to plan a 3-segment fibula for the reconstruction of the mandibular symphysis and bilateral body segments, and bilateral costochondral grafts were planned for the rami. To the authors' knowledge, this represents the first application of virtual surgical planning for mandibular reconstruction with a vascularized free fibula flap in a pediatric patient with severe agnathia-otocephaly complex.
PMID: 36217223
ISSN: 1536-3732
CID: 5360872

The First Successful Combined Full Face and Bilateral Hand Transplant

Ramly, Elie P; Alfonso, Allyson R; Berman, Zoe P; Diep, Gustave K; Bass, Jonathan L; Catalano, Louis W; Ceradini, Daniel J; Choi, Mihye; Cohen, Oriana D; Flores, Roberto L; Golas, Alyssa R; Hacquebord, Jacques H; Levine, Jamie P; Saadeh, Pierre B; Sharma, Sheel; Staffenberg, David A; Thanik, Vishal D; Rojas, Allison; Bernstein, G Leslie; Gelb, Bruce E; Rodriguez, Eduardo D
BACKGROUND:Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) has redefined the frontiers of plastic and reconstructive surgery. At the cutting edge of this evolving paradigm, we present the first successful combined full face and bilateral hand transplant (FT-BHT). METHODS:A 21-year-old man with sequelae of an 80% total body surface area burn injury sustained following a motor vehicle accident presented for evaluation. The injury included full face and bilateral upper extremity composite tissue defects, resulting in reduced quality of life and loss of independence. Multidisciplinary evaluation confirmed eligibility for combined FT-BHT. The operative approach was validated through 11 cadaveric rehearsals utilizing computerized surgical planning. Institutional review board and organ procurement organization approvals were obtained. The recipient, his caregiver, and the donor family consented to the procedure. RESULTS:Combined full face (eyelids, ears, nose, lips, and skeletal subunits) and bilateral hand transplantation (forearm level) was performed over 23 hours on August 12-13th, 2020. Triple induction and maintenance immunosuppressive therapy and infection prophylaxis were administered. Plasmapheresis was necessary postoperatively. Minor revisions were performed over seven subsequent operations, including five left upper extremity, seven right upper extremity, and seven facial secondary procedures. At eight months, the patient is approaching functional independence and remains free of acute rejection. He has significantly improved range of motion, motor power, and sensation of the face and hand allografts. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Combined FT-BHT is feasible. This is the most comprehensive VCA procedure successfully performed to date, marking a new milestone in plastic and reconstructive surgery for patients with otherwise irremediable injuries.
PMID: 35674521
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 5248392

Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation and Immunobiology: The Next Frontier

Jacoby, Adam; Cohen, Oriana; Gelb, Bruce E; Ceradini, Daniel J; Rodriguez, Eduardo D
PMID: 34019530
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 4877742

Robotic-Assisted Vaginectomy during Staged Gender-Affirming Penile Reconstruction Surgery: Technique and Outcomes

Jun, Min Suk; Shakir, Nabeel Ahmad; Blasdel, Gaines; Cohen, Oriana; Bluebond-Langner, Rachel; Levine, Jamie P; Zhao, Lee C
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To report our novel technique and mid-term follow up for robotic-assisted laparoscopic vaginectomy (RALV), a component procedure of staged gender-affirming penile reconstructive surgery (GAPRS). METHODS:The records of patients seeking GAPRS who underwent RALV, performed by a single surgeon at our institution, between May 2016 and January 2020 were reviewed retrospectively for demographic and perioperative data. Patients were included irrespective of history of previous phalloplasty. A subset of these patients elected to have urethral lengthening during second stage phalloplasty for which an anterior vaginal mucosa flap urethroplasty was performed. Postoperative complications and outcomes and most recent follow-up were obtained. RESULTS:A total of 42 patients were reviewed, of whom 19 (45%) patients ultimately had radial forearm free flap, 15 (41%) had anterolateral thigh flap, 5 (12%) had metoidioplasty, and 1 (2.4%) had abdominal phalloplasty. A vaginal mucosa and gracilis flap was used in all of 36 (86%) patients in whom a pars fixa was created. Average operative time was 299 minutes (range 153-506). Median estimated blood loss was 200 ml (range 100-400). Median length of stay was 3 days (range 1-7). Complications within 30 days from surgery occurred in 15 patients (36%), of whom 12/15 were Clavien-Dindo grade 1 or 2, and 11/15 had complications unrelated to vaginectomy. Of the 4 patients who had vaginectomy-related complications, all resolved with conservative management. Median overall follow-up was 15.8 months. CONCLUSIONS:RALV offers a safe and efficient approach during staged gender-affirming penile reconstruction and may mitigate the subsequent risk of urethral complications.
PMID: 33493507
ISSN: 1527-9995
CID: 4767002

Surgical Outcomes Following Gender Affirming Penile Reconstruction: Patient-Reported Outcomes From a Multi-Center, International Survey of 129 Transmasculine Patients

Robinson, Isabel S; Blasdel, Gaines; Cohen, Oriana; Zhao, Lee C; Bluebond-Langner, Rachel
BACKGROUND:Current literature on surgical outcomes after gender affirming genital surgery is limited by small sample sizes from single-center studies. AIM:To use a community-based participatory research model to survey a large, heterogeneous cohort of transmasculine patients on phalloplasty and metoidioplasty outcomes. METHODS:A peer-informed survey of transmasculine peoples' experience was constructed and administered between January and April 2020. Data collected included demographics, genital surgery history, pre- and postoperative genital sensation and function, and genital self-image. OUTCOMES:Of the 1,212 patients completing the survey, 129 patients underwent genital reconstruction surgery. Seventy-nine patients (61 percent) underwent phalloplasty only, 32 patients (25 percent) underwent metoidioplasty only, and 18 patients (14 percent) underwent metoidioplasty followed by phalloplasty. RESULTS:Patients reported 281 complications requiring 142 revisions. The most common complications were urethrocutaneous fistula (n = 51, 40 percent), urethral stricture (n = 41, 32 percent), and worsened mental health (n = 25, 19 percent). The average erect neophallus after phalloplasty was 14.1 cm long vs 5.5 cm after metoidioplasty (P < .00001). Metoidioplasty patients report 4.8 out of 5 erogenous sensation, compared to 3.4 out of 5 for phalloplasty patients (P < .00001). Patients who underwent clitoris burial in addition to primary phalloplasty did not report change in erogenous sensation relative to primary phalloplasty patients without clitoris burial (P = .105). The average postoperative patient genital self-image score was 20.29 compared with 13.04 for preoperative patients (P < .00001) and 21.97 for a historical control of cisgender men (P = .0004). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:These results support anecdotal reports that complication rates following gender affirming genital reconstruction are higher than are commonly reported in the surgical literature. Patients undergoing clitoris burial in addition to primary phalloplasty did not report a change in erogenous sensation relative to those patients not undergoing clitoris burial. Postoperative patients report improved genital self-image relative to their preoperative counterparts, although self-image scores remain lower than cisgender males. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS:These results are unique in that they are sourced from a large, heterogeneous group of transgender patients spanning 3 continents and dozens of surgical centers. The design of this study, following a community-based participatory research model, emphasizes patient-reported outcomes with focus on results most important to patients. Limitations include the recall and selection bias inherent to online surveys, and the inability to verify clinical data reported through the web-based questionnaire. CONCLUSION:Complication rates, including urethral compromise and worsened mental health, remain high for gender affirming penile reconstruction. Robinson IS, Blasdel G, Cohen O, et al. Surgical Outcomes Following Gender Affirming Penile Reconstruction: Patient-Reported Outcomes From a Multi-Center, International Survey of 129 Transmasculine Patients. J Sex Med 2021;18:800-811.
PMID: 33663938
ISSN: 1743-6109
CID: 4875212

Review of Flap Monitoring Technology in 2020

Jacobson, Adam; Cohen, Oriana
Advances in free flap reconstruction of complex head and neck defects have allowed for improved outcomes in the management of head and neck cancer. Technical refinements have decreased flap loss rate to less than 4%. However, the potential for flap failure exists at multiple levels, ranging from flap harvest and inset to pedicle lay and postoperative patient and positioning factors. While conventional methods of free flap monitoring (reliant on physical examination) remain the most frequently used, additional adjunctive methods have been developed. Herein we describe the various modalities of both invasive and noninvasive free flap monitoring available to date. Still, further prospective studies are needed to compare the various invasive and noninvasive technologies and to propel innovations to support the early recognition of vascular compromise with the goal of even greater rates of flap salvage.
PMID: 33368128
ISSN: 1098-8793
CID: 4764782

Perforator Variability of the Anterolateral Thigh Flap Identified on Computed Tomographic Angiography: Anatomic and Clinical Implications

Cohen, Oriana D; Abdou, Salma A; Nolan, Ian T; Saadeh, Pierre B
BACKGROUND: The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is a useful flap with minimal donor site morbidity. Preoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) for lower extremity reconstruction can determine vessel integrity and plan for recipient vascular targets. This study reviews lower extremity CTAs to further characterize ALT vascular anatomy and associated clinical implications thereof. PATIENTS AND METHODS/METHODS: Lower extremity CTA studies were retrospectively reviewed, and information on ALT cutaneous perforator location, origin, and course was collected. RESULTS:. The majority of patients were females (23, 74.2%). The LCFA most commonly originated from the profunda femoris artery (87.3%), followed by the distal common femoral artery (9.1%). On average, there were 1.66 ± 0.69 cm perforators per extremity, with an average of 5.38 cm between adjacent perforators. Perforators originated from the descending branch of the LCFA in 89.6% of studies. Perforator caliber was <1 mm (29, 30.2%), 1 to 2 mm (55, 57.3%), or >2 mm (12, 12.5%). Mean distance from the most proximal perforator to the anterior superior iliac spine was 20.4 ± 4.82 cm. Perforators were musculocutaneous (46.9%), septocutaneous (34.4%), or septomyocutaneous (18.8%). In 58.1% of patients, only one thigh had easily dissectable septocutaneous and/or septomyocutaneous perforators, in which case preoperative CTA aided in donor thigh selection. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS: ALT flap cutaneous perforator anatomy varies considerably. Using CTA, we report on rates of septocutaneous, myocutaneous, and septomyocutaneous perforators and underscore its utility in perforator selection.
PMID: 32643763
ISSN: 1098-8947
CID: 4580972

Use of a Split Pedicled Gracilis Muscle Flap in Robotic-Assisted Vaginectomy and Urethral Lengthening for Phalloplasty: A Novel Technique for Female-to-Male Genital Reconstruction

Cohen, Oriana; Stranix, John T; Zhao, Lee; Levine, Jamie; Bluebond-Langner, Rachel
BACKGROUND:We describe the technique of robotic vaginectomy, anterior vaginal flap urethroplasty, and use of a longitudinally split pedicled gracilis muscle flap to recreate the bulbar urethra and help fill the vaginal defect in female-to-male gender affirming phalloplasty. METHODS:Vaginectomy is performed via robotic assisted laparoscopic transabdominal approach. Concurrently, gracilis muscle is harvested and passed through a tunnel between the groin and vaginal cavity. It is then split longitudinally and the inferior half is passed into the vaginal cavity, where it is inset into the vaginal cavity. Following urethroplasty, the superior half of the gracilis flap is placed around the vaginal flap to buttress this suture line with well-vascularized tissue. RESULTS:From May 2016 to March 2018, 16 patients underwent this procedure, of average age 35.1 ± 8.8 years, BMI 31.4 ± 5.5, and ASA class 1.8 ± 0.6. The average length of operation was 423.6 ± 84.6 minutes, with an estimated blood loss of 246.9 ± 84.9 mL. Patients were generally out of bed on post-operative day 1, ambulating on post-operative day 2, and discharged home on post-operative day 3 (average day of discharge 3.4 ± 1.4 days). At mean follow-up time of 361.1 ± 175.5 days, no patients developed urinary fistula at the urethroplasty site. CONCLUSIONS:Our use of the longitudinally split gracilis muscle in first stage phalloplasty represents a novel approach to providing well-vascularized tissue to achieve both urethral support and closure of intra-pelvic dead space, with a single flap, in a safe, efficient, and reproducible manner.
PMID: 32195856
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 4353782

Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation following Pterygomasseteric Myotomy and Coronoidectomy in the Management of Postradiation Trismus [Case Report]

Cohen, Oriana; Levine, Jamie; Jacobson, Adam S
Trismus is a known complication following treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancers, with radiation therapy reported as a known risk factor for its development. The prevention of trismus after radiation therapy is hard to achieve, with no clear benefit of early prophylactic rehabilitation. Pterygomasseteric myotomy and coronoidectomy are well described procedures in the management of extra-articular trismus. Herein, we present 2 cases of temporomandibular joint dislocation as a cautionary tale of the potential risk for temporomandibular joint dislocation and need for closed reduction and maxillomandibular fixation.
PMID: 32766081
ISSN: 2169-7574
CID: 4651562

Robotic Excision of Vaginal Remnant/Urethral Diverticulum for Relief of Urinary Symptoms Following Phalloplasty in Transgender Men

Cohen, Oriana D; Dy, Geolani W; Nolan, Ian T; Maffucci, Fenizia; Bluebond-Langner, Rachel; Zhao, Lee C
OBJECTIVE:To describe the technique of robotic remnant vaginectomy/excision of urethral diverticulum in transmen and report post-operative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:Between 2015 and 2018, 4 patients underwent robotic remnant vaginectomy/excision of urethral diverticulum for relief of urinary symptoms. Patients were of mean age 36 ± 10.1 years (range 26 - 50) at time of vaginal remnant excision, and were 26 ± 9.1 months (range 20 - 39) post-op following their primary vaginectomy and radial forearm free flap (n=3) or anterolateral thigh (n=1) phalloplasty. All had multiple urological complications after primary phalloplasty, most commonly urinary retention (n=4), urethral stricture (n=3), fistula (n=3), dribbling (n=2), and obstruction (n=2). Indication for revision was obstruction and retention (n=3) and/or dribbling (n=2). In each case, the robotic transabdominal dissection freed remnant vaginal tissue from the adjacent bladder and rectum without injury to these structures. Concurrent first- or second-stage urethroplasty was performed in all cases at a more distal portion of the urethra using buccal mucosa, vaginal or skin grafts. Intraoperative cystoscopy was used in each case to confirm complete resection and closure of the diverticulum. RESULTS:At mean follow-up of 294 ± 125.6 days (range 106-412), no patients had persistence or recurrence of vaginal cavity/urethral diverticulum on cystoscopic follow-up. Of 3 patients who wished to ultimately stand to void, 2 were able to do so at follow-up. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Robotic transabdominal approach to remnant vaginectomy/excision of urethral diverticulum allows for excision without opening the perineal closure for management of symptomatic remnant/diverticulum in transgender men after vaginectomy.
PMID: 31790784
ISSN: 1527-9995
CID: 4218082