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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement in a patient with xeroderma pigmentosum type C [Case Report]

Laughter, Melissa R; Tegla, Cosmin A; Pawar, Shashi; Moshiri, Ata S; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 38883169
ISSN: 2352-5126
CID: 5671822

Papule Protruding Into the Nasal Cavity

Strome, Arianna; Moshiri, Ata S; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 38780970
ISSN: 2168-619x
CID: 5654902

The Alopecia Areata Severity and Morbidity Index (ASAMI) Study: Results From a Global Expert Consensus Exercise on Determinants of Alopecia Areata Severity

,; Moussa, Anthony; Bennett, Michaela; Wall, Dmitri; Meah, Nekma; York, Katherine; Bokhari, Laita; Asfour, Leila; Rees, Huw; Abraham, Leonardo Spagnol; Asz-Sigall, Daniel; Basmanav, Fitnat Buket; Bergfeld, Wilma; Betz, Regina C; Bhoyrul, Bevin; Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike; Callender, Valerie; Chitreddy, Vijaya; Combalia, Andrea; Cotsarelis, George; Craiglow, Brittany; Dhurat, Rachita; Donovan, Jeff; Doroshkevich, Andrei; Eisman, Samantha; Farrant, Paul; Ferrando, Juan; Gadzhigoroeva, Aida; Green, Jack; Grimalt, Ramon; Harries, Matthew; Hordinsky, Maria; Irvine, Alan; Jolliffe, Victoria; Kaiumov, Spartak; King, Brett; Lee, Joyce; Lee, Won-Soo; Li, Jane; Lortkipanidze, Nino; McMichael, Amy; Mesinkovska, Natasha Atanaskova; Messenger, Andrew; Mirmirani, Paradi; Olsen, Elise; Orlow, Seth J; Ovcharenko, Yuliya; Piraccini, Bianca Maria; Pirmez, Rodrigo; Rakowska, Adriana; Reygagne, Pascal; Rudnicka, Lidia; Corralo, David Saceda; Senna, Maryanne; Shapiro, Jerry; Sharma, Pooja; Siliuk, Tatiana; Starace, Michela; Suchonwanit, Poonkiat; Takwale, Anita; Tosti, Antonella; Vañó-Galván, Sergio; Visser, Willem I; Vogt, Annika; Wade, Martin; Yip, Leona; Zhou, Cheng; Sinclair, Rodney
IMPORTANCE/UNASSIGNED:Current measures of alopecia areata (AA) severity, such as the Severity of Alopecia Tool score, do not adequately capture overall disease impact. OBJECTIVE/UNASSIGNED:To explore factors associated with AA severity beyond scalp hair loss, and to support the development of the Alopecia Areata Severity and Morbidity Index (ASAMI). EVIDENCE REVIEW/UNASSIGNED:A total of 74 hair and scalp disorder specialists from multiple continents were invited to participate in an eDelphi project consisting of 3 survey rounds. The first 2 sessions took place via a text-based web application following the Delphi study design. The final round took place virtually among participants via video conferencing software on April 30, 2022. FINDINGS/UNASSIGNED:Of all invited experts, 64 completed the first survey round (global representation: Africa [4.7%], Asia [9.4%], Australia [14.1%], Europe [43.8%], North America [23.4%], and South America [4.7%]; health care setting: public [20.3%], private [28.1%], and both [51.6%]). A total of 58 specialists completed the second round, and 42 participated in the final video conference meeting. Overall, consensus was achieved in 96 of 107 questions. Several factors, independent of the Severity of Alopecia Tool score, were identified as potentially worsening AA severity outcomes. These factors included a disease duration of 12 months or more, 3 or more relapses, inadequate response to topical or systemic treatments, rapid disease progression, difficulty in cosmetically concealing hair loss, facial hair involvement (eyebrows, eyelashes, and/or beard), nail involvement, impaired quality of life, and a history of anxiety, depression, or suicidal ideation due to or exacerbated by AA. Consensus was reached that the Alopecia Areata Investigator Global Assessment scale adequately classified the severity of scalp hair loss. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE/UNASSIGNED:This eDelphi survey study, with consensus among global experts, identified various determinants of AA severity, encompassing not only scalp hair loss but also other outcomes. These findings are expected to facilitate the development of a multicomponent severity tool that endeavors to competently measure various disease impact. The findings are also anticipated to aid in identifying candidates for current and emerging systemic treatments. Future research must incorporate the perspectives of patients and the public to assign weight to the domains recognized in this project as associated with AA severity.
PMID: 38324292
ISSN: 2168-6084
CID: 5632682

An update on private equity acquisitions in dermatology, 2013 to 2022

Agarwal, Aneesh; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 37863202
ISSN: 1097-6787
CID: 5614262

Nonprofit funding in dermatology: A cross-sectional analysis in the United States, 2015 to 2019 [Editorial]

Agarwal, Aneesh; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 37404247
ISSN: 2666-3287
CID: 5539152

Skin in the Game: An Analysis of Venture Capital Investment in Dermatology from 2002 to 2021

Agarwal, Aneesh; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 36639307
ISSN: 1523-1747
CID: 5410552

Multiple eruptive dermatofibromas in an adolescent with a history of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta [Case Report]

Haber, Jessica S; Meehan, Shane; Orlow, Seth J
PMID: 35141383
ISSN: 2352-5126
CID: 5176102

Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidal Behavior in Patients with Acne Prescribed Oral Antibiotics versus Isotretinoin: Analysis of a Large Commercial Insurance Claims Database

Ugonabo, Nkemjika; Love, Elyse; Wong, Priscilla W; Rieder, Evan A; Orlow, Seth J; Kim, Randie H; Nagler, Arielle R
BACKGROUND:The association between isotretinoin and psychiatric disturbance, including depression and suicidal behavior, is controversial. OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether acne patients prescribed isotretinoin or antibiotics were more likely to have psychiatric disorders and/or engage in suicidal behavior. METHODS:Retrospective cohort study identified acne patients prescribed isotretinoin or oral antibiotics in the IBM® MarketScan® Databases of commercial US insurance claims data from 2011-2017 who were also diagnosed with psychiatric disorders or suicidal behavior. RESULTS:A total of 72,555 patients were included. Compared to acne patients prescribed isotretinoin, patients in the general population were 1.47 times more likely to be diagnosed with suicidal ideation or attempt (adjusted OR 1.47; 1.27, 1.70, p <.0001). However, the general population (adjusted OR 0.87; 0.84, 0.89, p<0.0001) and acne patients prescribed antibiotics (adjusted OR 0.88; 0.85, 0.91, p<0.0001) were less likely to have a psychiatric diagnosis compared to acne patients prescribed isotretinoin. The prevalence of suicidal behavior during isotretinoin treatment was lower (0.10%) (p=0.082), than during the year prior to (0.22%) and during the year after isotretinoin treatment (0.34%), (p = 0.004). LIMITATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:Study excludes individuals with public or no insurance and relies on physician coding accuracy. CONCLUSIONS:Compared to the general population, acne patients prescribed isotretinoin were less likely to engage in suicidal behavior. Further exploration is warranted into the slight increase in suicidal behavior seen in isotretinoin patients one year after therapy.
PMID: 33727021
ISSN: 1097-6787
CID: 4817712

Topical corticosteroid use for atopic dermatitis in the pediatric emergency department

Wang, Jason F; Young, Trevor K; Melnick, Laura E; Orlow, Seth J; Oza, Vikash S
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To investigate the evaluation and management of atopic dermatitis (AD) in the pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS:This retrospective chart review was performed at the PED of a single institution and examined data from 2012 to 2017. Of 335 visits from patients 18 years and younger coded for AD, 167 visits with documented findings that supported a diagnosis of AD according to guidelines from the American Academy of Dermatology were included. RESULTS:The mean age of presentation was 6.3 years (standard deviation [SD]: 5.9). Of 11 patients with multiple visits, the mean between-visit interval was 31 days (SD: 41). Topical corticosteroids (TCSs) were not prescribed or recommended in 63/167 visits. In an additional 46/167 visits, over-the-counter topical hydrocortisone was recommended. Of prescribed TCS, the mean TCS class was 5.5 (SD: 1.9). 61/104 recommended or prescribed TCSs were weak (Class 7), the most likely used class (P < .001). Dermatology consultation was requested in 14/167 visits and was associated with higher rates of TCS prescriptions (13/14 vs 91/153, P = .018), a higher mean class of TCS prescribed (3.1 vs 5.9, P < .001), higher prescription rates of systemic antibiotics (8/14 vs 10/153, P < .001), and higher recommendation rates for emollient usage (10/14 vs 46/153, P = .005). CONCLUSIONS:Most patients presenting to the PED for AD were either not prescribed a TCS or were prescribed a weak TCS, often one that is over-the-counter. While there may be a variety of explanations for these findings, it is possible they reveal a practice gap regarding AD management in the PED.
PMID: 33870556
ISSN: 1525-1470
CID: 4846692

The Alopecia Areata Consensus of Experts (ACE) Study PART II: Results of an International Expert Opinion on Diagnosis and Laboratory Evaluation for Alopecia Areata

Meah, Nekma; Wall, Dmitri; York, Katherine; Bhoyrul, Bevin; Bokhari, Laita; Sigall, Daniel Asz; Bergfeld, Wilma F; Betz, Regina C; Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike; Callender, Valerie; Chitreddy, Vijaya; Combalia, Andrea; Cotsarelis, George; Craiglow, Brittany; Donovan, Jeff; Eisman, Samantha; Farrant, Paul; Green, Jack; Grimalt, Ramon; Harries, Matthew; Hordinsky, Maria; Irvine, Alan D; Itami, Satoshi; Jolliffe, Victoria; King, Brett; Lee, Won-Soo; McMichael, Amy; Messenger, Andrew; Mirmirani, Paradi; Olsen, Elise; Orlow, Seth J; Piraccini, Bianca Maria; Rakowska, Adriana; Reygagne, Pascal; Roberts, Janet L; Rudnicka, Lidia; Shapiro, Jerry; Sharma, Pooja; Tosti, Antonella; Vogt, Annika; Wade, Martin; Yip, Leona; Zlotogorski, Abraham; Sinclair, Rodney D
BACKGROUND:We previously reported The Alopecia Areata Consensus of Experts (ACE) Study: Results of an International Expert Opinion on Treatments for Alopecia Areata (AA). OBJECTIVE:To report the results of the ACE international expert opinion on diagnosis and laboratory evaluation for AA. METHODS:Fifty hair experts from 5 continents were invited to participate in a 3 round Delphi process. Consensus threshold was set at >66%. RESULTS:Of 148 questions, expert consensus was achieved in 82 (55%) questions. Following round 1 consensus was achieved in 10 of 148 (7%) questions. Round 2 achieved consensus in 47 of 77 questions (61%). The final face-to-face achieved consensus in 25 of 32 (78%) questions. Consensus was greatest for laboratory evaluation (12 of 14 (86%) questions), followed by diagnosis (11 of 14 (79%) questions) of AA. Overall, etiopathogenesis achieved the least category consensus (31 of 68 (46%) questions). LIMITATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:The study had low representation from Africa, South America and Asia. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:There is expert consensus on aspects of epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, laboratory evaluation and prognostic indicators of AA. The study also highlights areas where future clinical research could be directed to address unresolved hypotheses in AA patient care.
PMID: 32926985
ISSN: 1097-6787
CID: 4592662