Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Gerotechnology for Older Adults With Cardiovascular Diseases: JACC State-of-the-Art Review

Krishnaswami, Ashok; Beavers, Craig; Dorsch, Michael P; Dodson, John A; Masterson Creber, Ruth; Kitsiou, Spyros; Goyal, Parag; Maurer, Mathew S; Wenger, Nanette K; Croy, Deborah S; Alexander, Karen P; Batsis, John A; Turakhia, Mintu P; Forman, Daniel E; Bernacki, Gwen M; Kirkpatrick, James N; Orr, Nicole M; Peterson, Eric D; Rich, Michael W; Freeman, Andrew M; Bhavnani, Sanjeev P
The growing population of older adults (age ≥65 years) is expected to lead to higher rates of cardiovascular disease. The expansion of digital health (encompassing telehealth, telemedicine, mobile health, and remote patient monitoring), Internet access, and cellular technologies provides an opportunity to enhance patient care and improve health outcomes-opportunities that are particularly relevant during the current coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Insufficient dexterity, visual impairment, and cognitive dysfunction, found commonly in older adults should be taken into consideration in the development and utilization of existing technologies. If not implemented strategically and appropriately, these can lead to inequities propagating digital divides among older adults, across disease severities and socioeconomic distributions. A systematic approach, therefore, is needed to study and implement digital health strategies in older adults. This review will focus on current knowledge of the benefits, barriers, and use of digital health in older adults for cardiovascular disease management.
PMID: 33243384
ISSN: 1558-3597
CID: 4700022

Improving Care Using a Bidirectional Geriatric Cardiology Consultative Conference

Grant, Eleonore V; Skolnick, Adam H; Chodosh, Joshua; Perskin, Michael H; Orr, Nicole M; Blaum, Caroline; Dodson, John A
More than 13 million persons in the United States aged 65 and older have cardiovascular disease (CVD), and this population is expected to increase exponentially over the next several decades. In the absence of clinical studies that would inform how best to manage this population, there is an urgent need for collaborative, thoughtful approaches to their care. Although cardiologists are traditionally regarded as leaders in the care of older adults with CVD, these individuals have multiple comorbidities, physiological differences, and distinct goals of care than younger patients that require a specialized geriatric lens. Thus, collaboration is needed between geriatricians, cardiologists, and other specialists to address the unique needs of this growing population. Accordingly, clinicians at New York University Langone Health and School of Medicine established a monthly Geriatric Cardiology Conference to foster an integrative approach to the care of older adults with CVD by uniting specialists across disciplines to collaborate on treatment strategies. At each conference, an active case is discussed and analyzed in detail, and a consensus is reached among participants regarding optimal treatment strategies. The conference attracts faculty and trainees at multiple levels from geriatrics, cardiology, and cardiothoracic surgery. The model may serve as a paradigm for other institutions moving towards geriatric-informed care of older adults with CVD.
PMID: 29542108
ISSN: 1532-5415
CID: 2992982

Skilled Nursing Facility Care for Patients With Heart Failure: Can We Make It "Heart Failure Ready?"

Orr, Nicole M; Boxer, Rebecca S; Dolansky, Mary A; Allen, Larry A; Forman, Daniel E
Skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) have emerged as an integral component of care for older adults with heart failure (HF). Despite their prominent role, poor clinical outcomes for the medically complex patients with HF managed in SNFs are common. Barriers to providing quality care include poor transitional care during hospital-to-SNF and SNF-to-community discharges, lack of HF training among SNF staff, and a lack of a standardized care process among SNF facilities. Although no evidence-based practice standards have been established, various measures and tools designed to improve HF management in SNFs are being investigated. In this review, we discuss the challenges of HF care in SNFs as well as potential targets and recommendations that can help improve care with respect to transitions, HF management within SNFs, and modifiable factors within facilities. Policy considerations that might help catalyze improvements in SNF-based HF management are also discussed.
PMID: 27769909
ISSN: 1532-8414
CID: 3092572

Heart Failure Among Older Adults in Skilled Nursing Facilities: More of a Dilemma Than Many Now Realize

Orr, Nicole M; Forman, Daniel E; De Matteis, Giuseppe; Gambassi, Giovanni
Post-acute care, encompassing long-term care hospitals, home health, inpatient rehabilitation, and skilled nursing facilities, is increasingly employed as an integral part of management for more complicated patients, particularly as hospitals seek to maintain costs and decrease length of stay. Skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) in particular are progressively utilized for patients with complex medical processes, including today's growing population of older hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients who pose a prominent challenge due to their high risks of mortality, 30-day readmissions, and substantial aggregate cost burden to the healthcare system. Publications to date have largely grouped post-hospitalized HF patients together when reporting demographic or outcome data, without differentiating those at SNFs from those at traditional nursing homes or other post-acute care settings. SNF patients suffer distinctive vulnerabilities and needs, and understanding these distinctions has implications for determining goals of care. In this review we evaluate HF patients referred to SNFs, and discuss the characteristics, outcomes, and management challenges associated with this particular population.
PMID: 27398289
ISSN: 2196-7865
CID: 3106512

What to Expect From the Evolving Field of Geriatric Cardiology

Bell, Susan P; Orr, Nicole M; Dodson, John A; Rich, Michael W; Wenger, Nanette K; Blum, Kay; Harold, John Gordon; Tinetti, Mary E; Maurer, Mathew S; Forman, Daniel E
The population of older adults is expanding rapidly, and aging predisposes to cardiovascular disease. The principle of patient-centered care must respond to the preponderance of cardiac disease that now occurs in combination with the complexities of old age. Geriatric cardiology melds cardiovascular perspectives with multimorbidity, polypharmacy, frailty, cognitive decline, and other clinical, social, financial, and psychological dimensions of aging. Although some assume that a cardiologist may instinctively cultivate some of these skills over the course of a career, we assert that the volume and complexity of older cardiovascular patients in contemporary practice warrants a more direct approach to achieve suitable training and a more reliable process of care. We present a rationale and vision for geriatric cardiology as a melding of primary cardiovascular and geriatrics skills, thereby infusing cardiology practice with expanded proficiencies in diagnosis, risks, care coordination, communications, end-of-life, and other competences required to best manage older cardiovascular patients.
PMID: 26361161
ISSN: 1558-3597
CID: 1772722

Utility of Remote Monitoring Using a Mobile Phone in Patients with Heart Failure: the REMOTE-HF-1 Study [Meeting Abstract]

Stahlberg, Marcus; Govind, Satish C.; Orr, Nicole M.; Gopal, Aasha S.; Lachmann, Justine S.; Bhagirath, R.; Ramesh, S. S.; Lund, Lars H.; Braunschweig, Frieder
ISSN: 0009-7322
CID: 3519512

Mechanical circulatory support for right ventricular failure

Kapur, Navin K; Paruchuri, Vikram; Jagannathan, Anand; Steinberg, Daniel; Chakrabarti, Anjan K; Pinto, Duane; Aghili, Nima; Najjar, Samer; Finley, John; Orr, Nicole M; Tempelhof, Michael; Mudd, James O; Kiernan, Michael S; Pham, Duc Thinh; DeNofrio, David
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the clinical utility of a commercially available centrifugal flow pump as a centrifugal flow-right ventricular support device (CF-RVSD) in patients with right ventricular failure (RVF). BACKGROUND: RVF is associated with high in-hospital mortality. Limited data regarding efficacy of the CF-RVSD for RVF exist. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 46 patients receiving a CF-RVSD for RVF from a registry comprising data from 8 tertiary-care hospitals in the United States. CF-RVSD use was recorded in the setting of acute myocardial infarction; myocarditis; chronic left heart failure; after valve surgery, orthotopic heart transplantation, left ventricular assist device surgery, coronary bypass grafting. Devices were implanted via the percutaneous (n = 22) or surgical (n = 24) route. RESULTS: No intraprocedural mortality was observed. Mean time from admission to CF-RVSD implantation was 5.7 +/- 8.5 days, with a mean of 6,769 +/- 789 rotations/min, providing 4.2 +/- 1.3 l/min of flow. Mean duration of support was 5.4 +/- 5.1 days. Mean arterial pressure (65 +/- 12 mm Hg vs. 73 +/- 14 mm Hg; p < 0.05), right atrial pressure (21 +/- 8 mm Hg vs. 16 +/- 7 mm Hg; p = 0.05), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (43 +/- 15 mm Hg vs. 33 +/- 15 mm Hg; p = 0.01), and cardiac index (1.7 +/- 0.7 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.6; p = 0.01) were improved within 48 h of CF-RVSD implantation. Total in-hospital mortality was 57% and was lowest in the setting of left ventricular assist device implantation, chronic left heart failure, and acute myocardial infarction. Increased age, biventricular failure, and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction-defined major bleeding were associated with increased in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Use of the CF-RVSD for RVF is clinically feasible and associated with improved hemodynamic status. Observations from the registry of patients who have received this device may support the development of prospective studies that will examine the role of percutaneous circulatory support for RVF.
PMID: 24621838
ISSN: 2213-1787
CID: 1896052

Formin homology 2 domain containing 3 variants associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Wooten, Eric C; Hebl, Virginia B; Wolf, Matthew J; Greytak, Sarah R; Orr, Nicole M; Draper, Isabelle; Calvino, Jenna E; Kapur, Navin K; Maron, Martin S; Kullo, Iftikhar J; Ommen, Steve R; Bos, J Martijn; Ackerman, Michael J; Huggins, Gordon S
BACKGROUND: Incomplete penetrance and variable expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is well appreciated. Common genetic polymorphisms variants that may affect HCM penetrance and expression have been predicted but are not well established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a case-control genomewide association study to identify common HCM-associated genetic polymorphisms and then asked whether such common variants were more represented in HCM or could explain the heterogeneity of HCM phenotypes. We identified an intronic FHOD3 variant (rs516514) associated with HCM (odds ratio, 2.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-3.41; P=1.25x10(-7)) and validated this finding in an independent cohort. Next, we tested FHOD3-V1151I (rs2303510), a nonsynonymous variant in partial linkage disequilibrium with rs516514, and we detected an even stronger association with HCM (P=1.76x10(-9)). Although HCM patients were more likely to carry these, FHOD3 allele subjects homozygous for FHOD3-1151I had similar HCM phenotypes as carriers of the V1151 allele. FHOD3 expression is increased in the setting of HCM, and both alleles of FHOD3-V1151I were detected in HCM myectomy tissue. Previously, FHOD3 was found to be required for formation of the sarcomere, and here we demonstrate that its fly homolog fhos is required for normal adult heart systolic contraction. CONCLUSIONS: Here we demonstrate the association of a common nonsynonymous FHOD3 genetic variant with HCM. This discovery further strengthens the potential role of gene mutations and polymorphisms that alter the amino acid sequence of sarcomere proteins and HCM.
PMID: 23255317
ISSN: 1942-3268
CID: 1896062

The pulmonary artery pulsatility index identifies severe right ventricular dysfunction in acute inferior myocardial infarction

Korabathina, Ravi; Heffernan, Kevin S; Paruchuri, Vikram; Patel, Ayan R; Mudd, James O; Prutkin, Jordan M; Orr, Nicole M; Weintraub, Andrew; Kimmelstiel, Carey D; Kapur, Navin K
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the setting of acute inferior wall myocardial infarction (IWMI), and early detection may improve clinical outcomes. We defined a novel hemodynamic index, the pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi), and explored whether the PAPi correlates with severe RVD in acute IWMI. METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, we identified 20 patients presenting with angiographically confirmed proximal right coronary artery occlusion and suspected RVD (sRVD) as defined by hemodynamic instability, profound bradycardia, or ST-elevation in lead V4R. Two controls groups were studied (1) 50 patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (Non-CAD) and (2) 14 patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome requiring left coronary stenting (ACS). Hemodynamic indices analyzed at the time of catheterization included: (1) the right atrial to pulmonary capillary wedge pressure ratio (RA:PCWP), (2) right ventricular stroke work (RVSW), and (3) the PAPi. Qualitative echocardiographic scores of RV systolic function were determined by two blinded investigators within 24 hr of catheterization. RESULTS: Among subjects with sRVD, 7 (35%) received a percutaneous RV support device (pRVSD) for medically refractory RV failure and 4 (20%) died prior to hospital discharge. Compared to Non-CAD and ACS controls, subjects with sRVD had a significantly lower PAPi (4.32 +/- 3.04 vs. 5.52 +/- 4.40 vs. 1.11 +/- 0.57, respectively, P < 0.01) and a higher RA:PCWP ratio (0.48 +/- 0.24 vs. 0.51 +/- 0.26 vs. 0.81 +/- 0.30, respectively, P < 0.05). Both the PAPi and RA:PCWP ratios correlated significantly with RVSW and qualitative echocardiographic grading. The PAPi demonstrated the highest sensitivity (88.9%) and specificity (98.3%) for predicting in-hospital mortality and/or requirement of a pRVSD. Using ROC curve derived cut-points, a PAPi
PMID: 21954053
ISSN: 1522-726x
CID: 1896072

Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among individuals in low socioeconomic communities and homeless shelters

Kim, Dae Hyun; Daskalakis, Constantine; Plumb, James D; Adams, Suzanne; Brawer, Rickie; Orr, Nicole; Hawthorne, Katie; Toto, Erin Cunningham; Whellan, David J
To understand cardiovascular health in low socioeconomic populations, we analyzed the data from 426 low socioeconomic community-dwelling males and females and 287 homeless males in Philadelphia. Despite higher prevalence of smoking and hypertension, the proportion of homeless participants at increased risk for coronary heart disease was comparable with that of low socioeconomic community-dwelling participants. Among various characteristics, emotional stress was significantly associated with coronary heart disease risk in low socioeconomic community-dwelling participants only, suggestive of a differential psychosocial effect of stress. Our findings suggest that low socioeconomic populations are heterogeneous with respect to their risk factors and needs for interventions.
PMID: 18794634
ISSN: 1550-5057
CID: 1896082