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Endoscopic Endonasal Ligation of Ethmoidal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Save, Akshay V; Raz, Eytan; Lieberman, Seth; Pacione, Donato
PMID: 36716055
ISSN: 2332-4260
CID: 5419912

Up-front single-session radiosurgery for large brain metastases-volumetric responses and outcomes

Benjamin, Carolina; Gurewitz, Jason; Nakamura, Aya; Mureb, Monica; Mullen, Reed; Pacione, Donato; Silverman, Joshua; Kondziolka, Douglas
BACKGROUND:Patients presenting with large brain metastases (LBM) pose a management challenge to the multidisciplinary neuro-oncologic team. Treatment options include surgery, whole-brain or large-field radiation therapy (WBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), or a combination of these. OBJECTIVE:To determine if corticosteroid therapy followed by SRS allows for efficient minimally invasive care in patients with LBMs not compromised by mass effect. METHODS:We analyzed the change in tumor volume to determine the efficacy of single-session SRS in the treatment of LBM in comparison to other treatment modalities. Twenty-nine patients with systemic cancer and brain metastasis (≥ 2.7 cm in greatest diameter) who underwent single-session SRS were included. RESULTS:(range 1.56-25.31). The median margin dose was 16 Gy (range 12-18). The average percent decrease in tumor volume compared to pre-SRS volume was 55% on imaging at 1-2 months, 58% at 3-5 months, 64% at 6-8 months, and 57% at > 8 months. There were no adverse events immediately following SRS. Median corticosteroid use after SRS was 21 days. Median survival after radiosurgery was 15 months. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Initial high-dose corticosteroid therapy followed by prompt single-stage SRS is a safe and efficacious method to manage patients with LBMs (defined as ≥ 2.7 cm).
PMID: 36702970
ISSN: 0942-0940
CID: 5419722

Discontinuation of Postoperative Prophylactic Antibiotics for Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery

Dastagirzada, Yosef; Benjamin, Carolina; Bevilacqua, Julia; Gurewitz, Jason; Sen, Chandra; Golfinos, John G.; Placantonakis, Dimitris; Jafar, Jafar J.; Lieberman, Seth; Lebowitz, Rich; Lewis, Ariane; Pacione, Donato
Background Postoperative prophylactic antibiotic usage for endoscopic skull base surgery varies based on the institution as evidence-based guidelines are lacking. The purpose of this study is to determine whether discontinuing postoperative prophylactic antibiotics in endoscopic endonasal cases led to a difference in central nervous system (CNS) infections, multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infections, or other postoperative infections. Methods This quality improvement study compared outcomes between a retrospective cohort (from September 2013 to March 2019) and a prospective cohort (April 2019 to June 2019) after adopting a protocol to discontinue prophylactic postoperative antibiotics in patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs). Our primary end points of the study included the presence of postoperative CNS infection, Clostridium difficile (C. diff), and MDRO infections. Results A total of 388 patients were analyzed, 313 in the pre-protocol group and 75 in the post-protocol group. There were similar rates of intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak (56.9 vs. 61.3%, p = 0.946). There was a statistically significant decrease in the proportion of patients receiving IV antibiotics during their postoperative course (p = 0.001) and those discharged on antibiotics (p = 0.001). There was no significant increase in the rate of CNS infections in the post-protocol group despite the discontinuation of postoperative antibiotics (3.5 vs. 2.7%, p = 0.714). There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative C. diff (0 vs. 0%, p = 0.488) or development of MDRO infections (0.3 vs 0%, p = 0.624). Conclusion Discontinuation of postoperative antibiotics after EEA at our institution did not change the frequency of CNS infections. It appears that discontinuation of antibiotics after EEA is safe.
ISSN: 2193-634x
CID: 5446662

Kawase's education day: An iconic instance of a surgical approach evolution

Borghei-Razavi, Hamid; Sabahi, Mohammadmahdi; Adada, Badih; Benjamin, Carolina G; Pacione, Donato
PMID: 36764452
ISSN: 1878-8769
CID: 5421002

Detection of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks Using the Endoscopic Fluorescein Test in the Postoperative Period following Pituitary and Ventral Skull Base Surgery

Benedict, Peter A.; Connors, Joseph R.; Timen, Micah R.; Bhatt, Nupur; Lebowitz, Richard A.; Pacione, Donato R.; Lieberman, Seth M.
Objective Diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks is sometimes challenging in the postoperative period following pituitary and ventral skull base surgery. Intrathecal fluorescein (ITF) may be useful in this setting. Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Tertiary care center. Methods and Participants All patients who underwent pituitary and ventral skull base surgery performed by a single rhinologist between January 2017 and March 2020 were included. There were 103 patients identified. Eighteen patients received 20 ITF injections due to clinical suspicion for CSF leak during the postoperative period without florid CSF rhinorrhea on clinical exam. Computed tomography scans with new or increasing intracranial air and intraoperative findings were used to confirm CSF leaks. Clinical courses were reviewed for at least 6 months after initial concern for leak as the final determinate of CSF leak. Main Outcome Measures Specificity and safety of ITF. Results Eleven (61%) ITF patients were female and 7 (39%) were male. Average patient age was 52.50 ± 11.89. There were six patients with confirmed postoperative CSF leaks, 3 of whom had evaluations with ITF. ITF use resulted in 2 true positives, 1 false negative, 17 true negatives, and 0 false positives. ITF sensitivity was 67%, specificity was 100%, and positive and negative predictive values were 100 and 94.4%, respectively. There were no adverse effects from ITF use. Conclusions Existing modalities for detecting postoperative CSF leaks suffer from suboptimal sensitivity and specificity, delayed result reporting, or limited availability. ITF represents a specific and safe test with potential utility in the postoperative setting.
ISSN: 2193-634x
CID: 5425322

The Cost Effectiveness of Implementation of a Postoperative Endocrinopathy Management Protocol after Resection of Pituitary Adenomas

Benjamin, Carolina G; Dastagirzada, Yosef; Bevilacqua, Julia; Kurland, David B; Fujita, Kevin; Sen, Chandra; Golfinos, John G; Placantonakis, Dimitris G; Jafar, Jafar J; Lieberman, Seth; Lebowitz, Richard; Lewis, Ariane; Agrawal, Nidhi; Pacione, Donato
PMID: 36393880
ISSN: 2193-6331
CID: 5377672

Editorial: Value-Based Healthcare in Skull Base Surgery [Editorial]

Kshettry, Varun R; Levine, Corinna G; Pacione, Donato R; McKean, Erin L
PMID: 36393877
ISSN: 2193-6331
CID: 5384902

The Value of Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Endoscopic Endonasal Resection of Pituitary Adenoma

Patel, Aneek; Dastagirzada, Yosef; Benjamin, Carolina; Lieberman, Seth; Lebowitz, Richard; Golfinos, John G; Pacione, Donato
PMID: 36393881
ISSN: 2193-6331
CID: 5384912

Comparing Rates of Postoperative Meningitis After Endoscopic Endonasal Procedures Based on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Orillac, Cordelia; Patel, Aneek; Dastagirzada, Yosef; Benjamin, Carolina; Lieberman, Seth; Lebowitz, Richard; Golfinos, John G; Pacione, Donato
BACKGROUND:Endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) procedures are inherently contaminated due to direct access through the nasopharyngeal mucosa. The reported rate of postoperative meningitis in EEA procedures is 0.7%-3%. A variety of methods exist to minimize the risk of meningitis with antibiotic prophylaxis, although their value is not completely understood. This study investigated whether there is a difference in rates of postoperative meningitis based on Staphylococcus aureus colonization and use of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis. METHODS:All adult patients who underwent EEA resection at our institution from 2013 to 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with preoperative cerebrospinal fluid infections were excluded. Data including recent preoperative infections, preoperative colonization status, antibiotic administration, and postoperative outcomes were recorded for each patient. RESULTS:Of 483 patients identified (mean age, 51 years; range, 18-90 years; 274 [56.7%] female), 80 (16.6%) had a positive preoperative methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)/methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) screening swab. Twenty-one (26.3%) colonized patients were treated with preoperative decolonizing antibiotics. Within 30 days of surgery, 13 (2.7%) patients developed culture-positive meningitis. There was no significant difference in meningitis rates based on MRSA/MSSA colonization status. Among colonized patients, there was no significant difference in rates of MRSA/MSSA meningitis based on preoperative antibiotic decolonization. CONCLUSIONS:Postoperative rates of meningitis after EEA surgery were not significantly changed based on MRSA/MSSA colonization status of the patient or preoperative decolonization. The utility of preoperative testing of MRSA/MSSA status and antibiotics for decolonization to prevent postoperative meningitis should be further investigated.
PMID: 36041718
ISSN: 1878-8769
CID: 5337662

Preoperative differentiation of hypophysitis and pituitary adenomas using a novel clinicoradiologic scoring system

Wright, Kyla; Kim, Hyon; Hill, Travis; Lee, Matthew; Orillac, Cordelia; Mogar, Nikita; Pacione, Donato; Agrawal, Nidhi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:Hypophysitis can clinically and radiologically mimic other nonfunctioning masses of the sella turcica, complicating preoperative diagnosis. While sellar masses may be treated surgically, hypophysitis is often treated medically, so differentiating between them facilitates optimal management. The objective of our study was to develop a scoring system for the preoperative diagnosis of hypophysitis. METHODS:A thorough literature review identified published hypophysitis cases, which were compared to a retrospective group of non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) from our institution. A preoperative hypophysitis scoring system was developed and internally validated. RESULTS:Fifty-six pathologically confirmed hypophysitis cases were identified in the literature. After excluding individual cases with missing values, 18 hypophysitis cases were compared to an age- and sex-matched control group of 56 NFAs. Diabetes insipidus (DI) (p < 0.001), infundibular thickening (p < 0.001), absence of cavernous sinus invasion (CSI) (p < 0.001), relation to pregnancy (p = 0.002), and absence of visual symptoms (p = 0.007) were significantly associated with hypophysitis. Stepwise logistic regression identified DI and infundibular thickening as positive predictors of hypophysitis. CSI and visual symptoms were negative predictors. A 6-point hypophysitis-risk scoring system was derived: + 2 for DI, + 2 for absence of CSI, + 1 for infundibular thickening, + 1 for absence of visual symptoms. Scores ≥ 3 supported a diagnosis of hypophysitis (AUC 0.96, sensitivity 100%, specificity 75%). The scoring system identified 100% of hypophysitis cases at our institution with an estimated 24.7% false-positive rate. CONCLUSIONS:The proposed scoring system may aid preoperative diagnosis of hypophysitis, preventing unnecessary surgery in these patients.
PMID: 35622211
ISSN: 1573-7403
CID: 5229072