Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Conduction velocity is reduced in the posterior wall of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with normal bipolar voltage undergoing ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Zahid, Sohail; Malik, Tahir; Peterson, Connor; Tarabanis, Constantine; Dai, Matthew; Katz, Moshe; Bernstein, Scott A; Barbhaiya, Chirag; Park, David S; Knotts, Robert J; Holmes, Douglas S; Kushnir, Alexander; Aizer, Anthony; Chinitz, Larry A; Jankelson, Lior
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:We investigated characteristics of left atrial conduction in patients with HCM, paroxysmal AF and normal bipolar voltage. BACKGROUND:Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) exhibit abnormal cardiac tissue arrangement. The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increased fourfold in patients with HCM and confers a fourfold increased risk of death. Catheter ablation is less effective in HCM, with twofold increased risk of AF recurrence. The mechanisms of AF perpetuation in HCM are poorly understood. METHODS:We analyzed 20 patients with HCM and 20 controls presenting for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal AF normal left atrial voltage(> 0.5 mV). Intracardiac electrograms were extracted from the CARTO mapping system and analyzed using Matlab/Python code interfacing with Core OpenEP software. Conduction velocity maps were calculated using local activation time gradients. RESULTS: = 0.13, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS:Atrial conduction velocity is significantly reduced in patients with HCM and paroxysmal AF, possibly contributing to arrhythmia persistence after catheter ablation.
PMID: 36952090
ISSN: 1572-8595
CID: 5523872

An Anterior Second Heart Field Enhancer Regulates the Gene Regulatory Network of the Cardiac Outflow Tract

Yamaguchi, Naoko; Chang, Ernest W; Lin, Ziyan; Shekhar, Akshay; Bu, Lei; Khodadadi-Jamayran, Alireza; Tsirigos, Aristotelis; Cen, Yiyun; Phoon, Colin K L; Moskowitz, Ivan P; Park, David S
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Conotruncal defects due to developmental abnormalities of the outflow tract (OFT) are an important cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease. Dysregulation of transcriptional programs tuned by NKX2-5 (NK2 homeobox 5), GATA6 (GATA binding protein 6), and TBX1 (T-box transcription factor 1) have been implicated in abnormal OFT morphogenesis. However, there remains no consensus on how these transcriptional programs function in a unified gene regulatory network within the OFT. METHODS/UNASSIGNED: RESULTS/UNASSIGNED: CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:Our results using human and mouse models reveal an essential gene regulatory network of the OFT that requires an anterior second heart field enhancer to link GATA6 with NKX2-5-dependent rotation and septation gene programs.
PMID: 37772400
ISSN: 1524-4539
CID: 5606412

Comparison of combined substrate-based mapping techniques to identify critical sites for ventricular tachycardia ablation

Khan, Hassan; Bonvissuto, Matthew R; Rosinski, Elizabeth; Shokr, Mohamed; Metcalf, Kara; Jankelson, Lior; Kushnir, Alexander; Park, David S; Bernstein, Scott A; Spinelli, Michael A; Aizer, Anthony; Holmes, Douglas; Chinitz, Larry A; Barbhaiya, Chirag R
BACKGROUND:Established electroanatomic mapping techniques for substrate mapping for ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation includes voltage mapping, isochronal late activation mapping (ILAM), and fractionation mapping. Omnipolar mapping (Abbott Medical, Inc.) is a novel optimized bipolar electrogram creation technique with integrated local conduction velocity annotation. The relative utilities of these mapping techniques are unknown. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative utility of various substrate mapping techniques for the identification of critical sites for VT ablation. METHODS:Electroanatomic substrate maps were created and retrospectively analyzed in 27 patients in whom 33 VT critical sites were identified. RESULTS:. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:ILAM, fractionation, and CV mapping each identified distinct critical sites and provided a smaller area of interest than did voltage mapping alone. The sensitivity of novel mapping modalities improved with greater local point density.
PMID: 36863636
ISSN: 1556-3871
CID: 5462332

Catheter ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia with an irrigated contact-force sensing radiofrequency ablation catheter

Panday, Priya; Holmes, Douglas; Park, David S; Jankelson, Lior; Bernstein, Scott A; Knotts, Robert; Kushnir, Alexander; Aizer, Anthony; Chinitz, Larry A; Barbhaiya, Chirag R
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) slow pathway modification for catheter ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is traditionally performed using a 4-mm nonirrigated (NI) RF ablation catheter. Slow pathway modification using irrigated, contact-force sensing (ICFS) RFA catheters has been described in case reports, but the outcomes have not been systematically evaluated. METHODS:Acute procedural outcomes of 200 consecutive patients undergoing slow pathway modification for AVNRT were analyzed. A 3.5-mm ICFS RFA catheter (ThermoCool SmartTouch STSF, Biosense Webster, Inc.) was utilized in 134 patients, and a 4-mm NI RFA catheter (EZ Steer, Biosense Webster, Inc.) was utilized in 66 patients. Electroanatomic maps were retrospectively analyzed in a blinded fashion to determine the proximity of ablation lesions to the His region. RESULTS:The baseline characteristics of patients in both groups were similar. Total RF time was significantly lower in the ICFS group compared to the NI group (5.53 ± 4.6 vs. 6.24 ± 4.9 min, p = 0.03). Median procedure time was similar in both groups (ICFS, 108.0 (87.5-131.5) min vs. NI, 100.0 (85.0-125.0) min; p = 0.2). Ablation was required in closer proximity to the His region in the NI group compared to the ICFS group (14.4 ± 5.9 vs. 16.7 ± 6.4 mm, respectively, p = 0.01). AVNRT was rendered noninducible in all patients, and there was no arrhythmia recurrence during follow-up in both groups. Catheter ablation was complicated by AV block in one patient in the NI group. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Slow pathway modification for catheter ablation of AVNRT using an ICFS RFA catheter is feasible, safe, and may facilitate shorter duration ablation while avoiding ablation in close proximity to the His region.
PMID: 36738141
ISSN: 1540-8167
CID: 5420642

Temporal trends in atrial fibrillation ablation procedures at an academic medical center: 2011-2021

Kushnir, Alexander; Barbhaiya, Chirag R; Aizer, Anthony; Jankelson, Lior; Holmes, Douglas; Knotts, Robert; Park, David; Spinelli, Michael; Bernstein, Scott; Chinitz, Larry A
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Radiofrequency ablation technology for treating atrial fibrillation (AF) has evolved rapidly over the past decade. We investigated the impact of technological and procedural advances on procedure times and ablation outcomes at a major academic medical center over a 10-year period. METHODS:Clinical data was collected from patients who presented to NYU Langone Health between 2011 and 2021 for a first-time AF ablation. Time to redo AF ablation or direct current cardioversion (DCCV) for recurrent AF during a 3-year follow-up period was determined and correlated with ablation technology and practices, antiarrhythmic medications, and patient comorbid conditions. RESULTS:From 2011 to 2021, the cardiac electrophysiology lab adopted irrigated-contact force ablation catheters, high-power short duration ablation lesions, steady-pacing, jet ventilation, and eliminated stepwise linear ablation for AF ablation. During this time the number of first time AF ablations increased from 403 to 1074, the percentage of patients requiring repeat AF-related intervention within 3-years of the index procedure dropped from 22% to 14%, mean procedure time decreased from 271 ± 65 to 135 ± 36 min, and mean annual major adverse event rate remained constant at 1.1 ± 0.5%. Patient comorbid conditions increased during this time period and antiarrhythmic use was unchanged. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Rates of redo-AF ablation or DCCV following an initial AF ablation at a single center decreased 36% over a 10-year period. Procedural and technological changes likely contributed to this improvement, despite increased AF related comorbidities.
PMID: 36738147
ISSN: 1540-8167
CID: 5420652

Outcomes and atrial substrate analysis in patients with HIV undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation

Cheng, Austin; Qiu, Jessica; Barbhaiya, Chirag; Garber, Leonid; Holmes, Douglas; Jankelson, Lior; Kushnir, Alexander; Knotts, Robert; Bernstein, Scott; Park, David; Spinelli, Michael; Chinitz, Larry; Aizer, Anthony
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Patients with HIV infection have increased risk of atrial fibrillation, but the pathophysiologic mechanisms and the utility of catheter ablation in this population are not well-studied. We aimed to characterize outcomes of atrial fibrillation ablation and left atrial substrate in patients with HIV. METHODS:The study was a retrospective propensity score-matched analysis of patients with and without HIV undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation. A search was performed in the electronic medical record for all patients with HIV who received initial atrial fibrillation ablation from 2011 to 2020. After calculating propensity scores for HIV, matching was performed with patients without HIV by using nearest-neighbor matching without replacement in a 1:2 ratio. The primary outcome was freedom from atrial arrhythmia and secondary outcomes were freedom from atrial fibrillation, freedom from atrial tachycardia, and freedom from repeat ablation, compared by log-rank analysis. The procedures of patients with HIV who underwent repeat ablation at our institution were further analyzed for etiology of recurrence. To further characterize the left atrial substrate, a subsequent case-control analysis was then performed for a set of randomly chosen 10 patients with HIV matched with 10 without HIV to compare minimum and maximum voltage at nine pre-specified regions of the left atrium. RESULTS:Twenty-seven patients with HIV were identified. All were prescribed antiretroviral therapy at time of ablation. These patients were matched with 54 patients without HIV by propensity score. 86.4% of patients with HIV and 76.9% of controls were free of atrial fibrillation or atrial tachycardia at 1 year (p = .509). Log-rank analysis showed no difference in freedom from atrial arrhythmia (p value .971), atrial fibrillation (p-value .346), atrial tachycardia (p value .306), or repeat ablation (p value .401) after initial atrial fibrillation ablation in patients with HIV compared to patients without HIV. In patients with HIV with recurrent atrial fibrillation, the majority had pulmonary vein reconnection (67%). There were no significant differences in minimum or maximum voltage at any of the nine left atrial regions between the matched patients with and without HIV. CONCLUSIONS:Ablation to treat atrial fibrillation in patients with HIV, but without overt AIDS is frequently successful therapy. The majority of patients with recurrence of atrial fibrillation had pulmonary vein reconnection, suggesting infrequent nonpulmonary vein substrate. In this population, the left atrial voltage in patients with HIV is similar to that of patients without HIV. These findings suggest that the pulmonary veins remain a critical component to the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation in patients with HIV.
PMID: 36511474
ISSN: 1540-8167
CID: 5382032

Off-Target Effects of Cancer Therapy on Development of Therapy-Induced Arrhythmia: A Review

Leiva, Orly; Bohart, Isaac; Ahuja, Tania; Park, David
BACKGROUND:Advances in cancer therapeutics have improved overall survival and prognosis in this patient population; however, this has come at the expense of cardiotoxicity including arrhythmia. SUMMARY:Cancer and its therapies are associated with cardiotoxicity via several mechanisms including inflammation, cardiomyopathy, and off-target effects. Among cancer therapies, anthracyclines and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are particularly known for their pro-arrhythmia effects. In addition to cardiomyopathy, anthracyclines may be pro-arrhythmogenic via reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and altered calcium handling. TKIs may mediate their cardiotoxicity via inhibition of off-target tyrosine kinases. Ibrutinib-mediated inhibition of CSK may be responsible for the increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation. Further investigation is warranted to further elucidate the mechanisms behind arrhythmias in cancer therapies. KEY MESSAGES:Arrhythmias are a common cardiotoxicity of cancer therapies. Cancer therapies may induce arrhythmias via off-target effects. Understanding the mechanisms underlying arrhythmogenesis associated with cancer therapies may help design cancer therapies that can avoid these toxicities.
PMID: 36702116
ISSN: 1421-9751
CID: 5597662

Advances in Cardiac Electrophysiology

Piccini, Jonathan P; Russo, Andrea M; Sharma, Parikshit S; Kron, Jordana; Tzou, Wendy; Sauer, William; Park, David S; Birgersdotter-Green, Ulrika; Frankel, David S; Healey, Jeff S; Hummel, John; Koruth, Jacob; Linz, Dominik; Mittal, Suneet; Nair, Devi G; Nattel, Stanley; Noseworthy, Peter A; Steinberg, Benjamin A; Trayanova, Natalia A; Wan, Elaine Y; Wissner, Erik; Zeitler, Emily P; Wang, Paul J
Despite the global COVID-19 pandemic, during the past 2 years, there have been numerous advances in our understanding of arrhythmia mechanisms and diagnosis and in new therapies. We increased our understanding of risk factors and mechanisms of atrial arrhythmias, the prediction of atrial arrhythmias, response to treatment, and outcomes using machine learning and artificial intelligence. There have been new technologies and techniques for atrial fibrillation ablation, including pulsed field ablation. There have been new randomized trials in atrial fibrillation ablation, giving insight about rhythm control, and long-term outcomes. There have been advances in our understanding of treatment of inherited disorders such as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. We have gained new insights into the recurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of various conditions such as myocarditis and inherited cardiomyopathic disorders. Novel computational approaches may help predict occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and localize arrhythmias to guide ablation. There are further advances in our understanding of noninvasive radiotherapy. We have increased our understanding of the role of His bundle pacing and left bundle branch area pacing to maintain synchronous ventricular activation. There have also been significant advances in the defibrillators, cardiac resynchronization therapy, remote monitoring, and infection prevention. There have been advances in our understanding of the pathways and mechanisms involved in atrial and ventricular arrhythmogenesis.
PMID: 36441565
ISSN: 1941-3084
CID: 5383502

Contrasting Ionic Mechanisms of Impaired Conduction in FHF1- and FHF2-Deficient Hearts [Letter]

Santucci, John; Park, David S; Shekhar, Akshay; Lin, Xianming; Bu, Lei; Yamaguchi, Naoko; Mintz, Shana; Chang, Ernest Whanwook; Khodadadi-Jamayran, Alireza; Redel-Traub, Gabriel; Goldfarb, Mitchell; Fishman, Glenn I
PMID: 35862854
ISSN: 1941-3084
CID: 5268322

Urgent catheter ablation for treatment refractory symptomatic atrial fibrillation: Health care utilization and outcomes

Khan, Hassan; Tarabinis, Constantine; Beccarino, Nicholas; Park, David S; Bernstein, Scott A; Knotts, Robert; Kushnir, Alex; Aizer, Anthony; Holmes, Douglas; Chinitz, Larry A; Barbhaiya, Chirag R
PMID: 35490709
ISSN: 1556-3871
CID: 5215712