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Routine extended (30 days) chemoprophylaxis for patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy may reduce Portomesenteric vein thrombosis rates

Cuva, Dylan; Somoza, Eduardo; Alade, Moyosore; Saunders, John K.; Park, Julia; Lipman, Jeffrey; Einersen, Peter; Chui, Patricia; Parikh, Manish
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT), is a major complication of sleeve gastrectomy (SG). We changed our practice in July 2021 to routinely discharge all SG patients postoperatively with extended chemoprophylaxis for 30 days. Objectives: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of routine extended chemoprophylaxis compared to 2 prior timeframes using selective extended chemoprophylaxis. Setting: University Hospital. Methods: Between 2012"“2018, SG patients were discharged on extended chemoprophylaxis for patients deemed "high-risk" for VTE, including patients with body mass index (BMI) >50, and previous VTE. Between 2018"“2021, extended chemoprophylaxis was broadened to include patients with positive preoperative thrombophilia panels (including Factor VIII). After 2021, all SG were routinely discharged on extended chemoprophylaxis. The typical regimen was 30 days Lovenox BID (40-mg twice daily for BMI> 40, 60-mg twice daily for BMI >60). Outcomes evaluated were rate of VTE/PMVT and postoperative bleed, including delayed bleed. Results: A total of 8864 patients underwent SG. Average age and BMI were 37.5 years and 43.0 kg/m2, respectively. The overall incidence of PMVT was 33/8864 (.37%). Converting from selective extended chemoprophylaxis (Group 1) to routine extended chemoprophylaxis (Group 3) decreased the rate of PMVT from .55% to .21% (P = .13). There was a significantly higher overall bleeding rate (.85%), including delayed bleeds (.34%) in the routine extended chemoprophylaxis patients (P < .05). These bleeds were mainly managed nonoperatively. Conclusions: Routine extended (30 day) chemoprophylaxis for all SG may reduce PMVT rate but lead to a higher bleeding rate post-operatively. The vast majority of the increased bleeds are delayed and can be managed non-operatively.
ISSN: 1550-7289
CID: 5629922

Acute Appendicitis During The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multicenter, Retrospective Analysis From The US Epicenter

Tamirian, Richard; Klein, Michael; Chui, Patricia; Park, Julia; Frangos, Spiros; Shah, Paresh; Malino, Cris M K
BACKGROUND:Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical emergency, with a relatively stable yearly incidence. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, as New York City (NYC) emerged as the US epicenter, hospitals saw a marked reduction in patients presenting with non-COVID-related diseases. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of the pandemic on the incidence, presentation, and management of AA. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of patients with AA who presented to two academic medical centers during the NYC COVID peak (March 22nd-May 31st, 2020) was performed. This group was compared to a control cohort presenting during the same period in 2019. Primary outcomes included the incidence of AA, complicated disease, and management. Secondary outcomes included duration of symptoms, hospital length of stay, and complication rates. Statistical analyses were performed using Mann-Whitney U, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS:< .02). Hospital length of stay and complication rates were similar between years. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:Significantly fewer AA patients presented during the initial phase of the pandemic. Patients presented later, which may have contributed to a higher proportion of complicated disease. Surgeons were also more likely to treat uncomplicated AA nonoperatively than they were prior. Further research is needed to understand the long-term consequences of these changes.
PMID: 35599614
ISSN: 1555-9823
CID: 5236402

Thrombophilia prevalence in patients seeking laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: extended chemoprophylaxis may decrease portal vein thrombosis rate

Parikh, Manish; Somoza, Eduardo; Chopra, Ajay; Friedman, Danielle; Chui, Patricia; Park, Julia; Ude-Welcome, Aku; Saunders, John K
BACKGROUND:Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) may occur after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Previous studies have shown that PMVT patients may have undiagnosed thrombophilia. We recently changed our practice to check thrombophilia panel in every LSG patient preoperatively. OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To estimate the thrombophilia prevalence in patients seeking LSG, and determine if extended chemoprophylaxis post LSG reduces PMVT. SETTINGS/METHODS:University hospital. METHODS:Thrombophilia panels were drawn on every patient seeking LSG after July 2018 at 2 high-volume accredited bariatric surgery centers. A positive panel included factor VIII >150%; protein C <70%; protein S <55%; antithrombin III <83%; and activated protein C resistance <2.13. Patients with a positive panel were discharged on extended chemoprophylaxis. PMVT rates and bleeding occurrences were recorded for LSG patients from August 2018 to March 2019 and were compared with a historic cohort of LSG performed from January 2014 to July 2018. RESULTS:, respectively. Of the cohort, 52.4% (563/1075) had positive thrombophilia panel, including factor VIII elevation (91.5%), antithrombin III deficiency (6.0%), protein S deficiency (1.1%), protein C deficiency (.9%), and activated protein C resistance (.5%). Between January 2014 and July 2018, 13 PMVT were diagnosed among 4228 LSG (.3%) and there were 17 bleeding occurrences (.4%). After August 2018, one PMVT was diagnosed among 745 LSG (.1%) and there were 5 bleeding occurrences (.6%). CONCLUSIONS:The estimated thrombophilia prevalence in patients seeking LSG is 52.4%. The majority (91.5%) of these patients have factor VIII elevation. Extended prophylaxis may decrease PMVT postLSG.
PMID: 32312684
ISSN: 1878-7533
CID: 4401432

Recovery of a Missile Embolus From the Right Ventricle [Case Report]

Marshall, Clement D; Ma, Michael R; Park, Julia; Sheckter, Clifford C; Massoudi, Rustin A; Ligman, Cathleen M; Jou, Ronald M; Ogden, William D
Missile embolism is a clinical entity in which a projectile object enters a blood vessel and is carried to a distant part of the body. We present a case of the discovery of an iliac vein to right ventricle missile embolus in a young man, with successful extraction through a right atriotomy. We provide a historical overview of the literature concerning missile embolism, and we argue that whereas acute embolized projectiles should be removed in almost all cases, it may be reasonable to simply observe an asymptomatic chronic missile embolus.
PMID: 28007279
ISSN: 1552-6259
CID: 2707052

Validity evidence for Surgical Improvement of Clinical Knowledge Ops: a novel gaming platform to assess surgical decision making

Lin, Dana T; Park, Julia; Liebert, Cara A; Lau, James N
BACKGROUND: Current surgical education curricula focus mainly on the acquisition of technical skill rather than clinical and operative judgment. SICKO (Surgical Improvement of Clinical Knowledge Ops) is a novel gaming platform developed to address this critical need. A pilot study was performed to collect validity evidence for SICKO as an assessment for surgical decision making. METHODS: Forty-nine subjects stratified into 4 levels of expertise were recruited to play SICKO. Later, players were surveyed regarding the realism of the gaming platform as well as the clinical competencies required of them while playing SICKO. RESULTS: Each group of increasing expertise outperformed the less experienced groups. Mean total game scores for the novice, junior resident, senior resident, and expert groups were 5,461, 8,519, 11,404, and 13,913, respectively (P = .001). Survey results revealed high scores for realism and content. CONCLUSIONS: SICKO holds the potential to be not only an engaging and immersive educational tool, but also a valid assessment in the armamentarium of surgical educators.
PMID: 25454955
ISSN: 1879-1883
CID: 2707062

Endocrine surgery

Chapter by: Park, Julia; Lin, Dana T; Greco, Ralph S; Nikravan, Sara; Mihm, Frederick G
in: Anesthesiologist's manual of surgical procedures by Jaffe, Richard A; Schmiesing, Clifford A; Golianu, Brenda [Eds]
Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer Health, [2014]
pp. ?-?
ISBN: 1451176600
CID: 2707152

Sentinel lymph node biopsy is successful and accurate in male breast carcinoma

Flynn, Laurie W; Park, Julia; Patil, Sujata M; Cody, Hiram S 3rd; Port, Elisa Rush
BACKGROUND: Men and women with breast cancer have similar risks of morbidity related to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy minimizes this risk. We report results from the largest series of SLN biopsies for male breast cancer and compare this experience with that of female counterparts treated concurrently. STUDY DESIGN: The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center SLN biopsy database showed that 7,315 SLN biopsy procedures were performed for primary breast cancer from September 1996 to July 2005. Of these, 78 (1.0%) procedures were performed in men. Followup data were obtained from medical record review. RESULTS: SLN biopsy was successful in 76 of 78 (97%) patients. Negative SLNs were found in 39 of 76 (51%) patients. In 3 (8%) patients with negative SLNs, a positive non-SLN was found, identified by intraoperative palpation. Positive SLNs were found in 37 of 76 (49%) patients. In 22 of 37 (59%), node positivity was determined intraoperatively, prompting immediate ALND. In 15 of 37 (41%) patients with positive SLNs, node positivity was determined postoperatively. Of these 15, 9 (60%) underwent completion ALND. In the 2 of 78 (3%) patients with failed SLN biopsy procedures, ALND was performed and yielded positive nodes. At a median followup of 28 months (range 5 to 96 months), there were no axillary recurrences. Compared with their female counterparts, men with breast cancer had larger tumors and were more likely to have positive nodes. CONCLUSIONS: SLN biopsy is successful and accurate in male breast cancer patients. Although a larger proportion of men have positive nodes, for men with negative nodes, SLN biopsy may reduce morbidity related to ALND.
PMID: 18387465
ISSN: 1879-1190
CID: 2707082

Reoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy: a new frontier in the management of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence

Port, Elisa Rush; Garcia-Etienne, Carlos A; Park, Julia; Fey, Jane; Borgen, Patrick I; Cody, Hiram S 3rd
BACKGROUND: Breast conservation therapy (BCT) with sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a well-established standard of care for primary operable breast cancer; 5-10% of BCT patients will develop local recurrence (LR). The question then arises: How best to manage the axilla in the setting of LR after previous BCT and SLN biopsy or axillary dissection (ALND)? METHODS: Between 9/96 and 12/04, 117 reoperative SLN were performed for LR after BCT and either SLN biopsy or ALND more than 6 months previously. Because of wide variation in the number of nodes removed at the initial procedure, validation by backup ALND was not feasible in all cases. RESULTS: Reoperative SLN was successful in 64/117 (55%) patients. SLNs were identified by isotope and dye in 28/64 (44%); isotope only in 29/64 (45%); dye only in 4/64 (6%); 3/64 (5%) unknown. Positive reoperative SLN were found in 10/64 (16%) successful cases. Among 54/64 (84%) patients with negative reoperative SLNs, 23 (43%) had additional non-SLN removed concurrently: these were negative in 21/23 cases (91%). In 2/23 (9%), reoperative SLN were falsely negative: one with a positive intramammary node, and the other with a positive non-SLN palpated at surgery. Success of reoperative SLN was inversely related to number of nodes removed previously, and was more likely to be successful after a previous SLN biopsy than a previous ALND (74% vs. 38%, P = 0.0002). Non-axillary drainage was identified by lymphoscintigraphy significantly more often in reoperative SLN than in primary SLN biopsy (30% vs. 6%, P < 0.0001). There were no local or axillary recurrences at a mean follow up of 2.2 years; 6 patients developed systemic recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Reoperative SLN biopsy is feasible in the setting of LR after previous BCT/axillary surgery and deserves further study in this increasingly common clinical scenario. The added benefit of lymphoscintigraphy in identifying sites of non-axillary drainage may be greater in the setting of reoperative SLN than for the initial SLN procedure.
PMID: 17268882
ISSN: 1068-9265
CID: 2707092

Perpendicular inked versus tangential shaved margins in breast-conserving surgery: does the method matter?

Wright, Mary Jo; Park, Julia; Fey, Jane V; Park, Anna; O'Neill, Anne; Tan, Lee K; Borgen, Patrick I; Cody, Hiram S 3rd; Van Zee, Kimberly J; King, Tari A
BACKGROUND: In breast-conserving surgery (BCS), the method of margin assessment and the definition of a negative margin vary widely. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of positive margins and rates of reexcision between two methods of margin assessment at a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: In July 2004, our protocol for margin evaluation changed from perpendicular inked margins (Group A, n=263) to tangential shaved margins (Group B, n=261). In Group A, margins were classified as positive, close, and negative. Margins designated as "close" were further defined as: < or = 1 mm, < or = 2 mm, and < or =3 mm. In Group B, shaved margins (by definition 2 to 3 mm) were reported as positive or negative. RESULTS: The rate of reported "positive" margins was significantly higher in Group B: 127 of 261 (49%) versus 42 of 263 (16%), p < 0.001. But when patients with "positive, close, or both" kinds of margins were combined in Group A, there was no significant difference between the two techniques. Although the shaved margin was 2- to 3-mm thick, the rate of reexcision in Group B was significantly higher when compared with that in patients with "positive, close, or both" < or =3 mm margins in Group A (75% versus 52%, p < 0.001). The likelihood of finding residual disease remained the same (27% versus 32%, p=NS). CONCLUSIONS: The tangential shaved-margin technique results in a higher proportion of reported positive margins and limits the ability of the surgeon to discriminate among patients with close margins, resulting in a higher rate of reexcision. The fact that many, but not all, patients with positive or close margins in both groups underwent reexcision emphasizes the role of surgical judgment in this setting. Longer followup is required to determine equivalency in rates of local recurrence between these two methods of margin assessment.
PMID: 17382212
ISSN: 1072-7515
CID: 2707102

A declining rate of completion axillary dissection in sentinel lymph node-positive breast cancer patients is associated with the use of a multivariate nomogram

Park, Julia; Fey, Jane V; Naik, Arpana M; Borgen, Patrick I; Van Zee, Kimberly J; Cody, Hiram S 3rd
OBJECTIVE: To compare sentinel lymph node (SLN)-positive breast cancer patients who had completion axillary dissection (ALND) with those who did not, with particular attention to clinicopathologic features, nomogram scores, rates of axillary local recurrence (LR), and changes in treatment pattern over time. BACKGROUND: While conventional treatment of SLN-positive patients is to perform ALND, there may be a low-risk subgroup of SLN-positive patients in whom ALND is not required. A multivariate nomogram that predicts the likelihood of residual axillary disease may assist in identifying this group. METHODS: Among 1960 consecutive SLN-positive patients (1997-2004), 1673 (85%) had ALND ("SLN+/ALND") and 287 (15%) did not ("SLN+/no ALND"). We compare in detail the clinicopathologic features, nomogram scores, and rates of axillary LR between groups. RESULTS: Compared with the SLN+/ALND group, patients with SLN+/no ALND were older, had more favorable tumors, were more likely to have breast conservation, had a lower median predicted risk of residual axillary node metastases (9% vs. 37%, P < 0.001), and had a marginally higher rate of axillary LR (2% vs. 0.4%, P = 0.004) at 23 to 30 months' follow-up; half of all axillary LR in SLN+/no ALND patients were coincident with other local or distant sites. For patients in whom intraoperative frozen section was either negative or not done, the rate of completion ALND declined from 79% in 1997 to 62% in 2003 to 2004 but varied widely by surgeon, ranging from 37% to 100%. For 10 of 10 evaluable surgeons, the median nomogram scores in the SLN+/no ALND group were
PMID: 17435554
ISSN: 0003-4932
CID: 2004192