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Cystolithotomy during robotic radical prostatectomy: Single-stage procedure for concomitant bladder stones [Case Report]

Tan, Gerald Y; Sooriakumaran, Prasanna; Peters, David L; Srivastava, Abhishek; Tewari, Ashutosh
Asymptomatic concomitant vesical calculi are an occasional finding on routine radiologic staging and evaluation of patients with early prostate cancer. We report the first case of single-stage robotic cystolithotomy for multiple bladder stones in a 64-year-old man undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy, and discuss the approaches available for ensuring complete stone clearance in this unique setting. We show that concomitant bladder stone extraction during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy is feasible and does not add significantly to operative time. This technique avoids the need to undergo additional general anesthetic procedures with potential complications such as bleeding, urethral stricture formation, and bladder perforation, prior to the prostatectomy.
PMID: 22557729
ISSN: 1998-3824
CID: 5242122

Optimizing vesicourethral anastomosis healing after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: lessons learned from three techniques in 1900 patients

Tan, Gerald; Srivastava, Abhishek; Grover, Sonal; Peters, David; Dorsey, Philip; Scott, Ann; Jhaveri, Jay; Tilki, Derya; Te, Alexis; Tewari, Ashutosh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:Creation of an optimally apposed, tension-free, well-supported vesicourethral anastomosis remains the cornerstone for anastomotic healing after radical prostatectomy. We report the effect of three techniques of bladder neck reconstruction during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy on anastomotic leak, stricture formation, and continence recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS/METHODS:Between January 2005 to September 2009, 1900 consecutive patients underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) by a single surgeon. Of these, the first 214 underwent vesicourethral conventional anastomosis (CA); the next 303 men underwent anterior reconstruction (AR) only; and last 1383 men underwent total anatomic restoration (TR). Data elements included patient age, body mass index, preoperative biopsy Gleason score and prostate-specific antigen level, prostate volume, total operative time, console time, time for performing vesicourethral anastomosis, estimated blood loss, tumor stage, and margin status on final pathologic findings. Primary end points were rates of clinically significant anastomotic leaks, bladder neck contractures, and time to return of continence. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used for analysis of categoric variables. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for both univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS:Clinically significant anastomotic leakage and bladder neck strictures were significantly fewer in the reconstructed groups (2.3% vs 1.0% vs 0.3% and 3.7% vs 1.3% vs 0.5% in the CA, AR, and TR groups, P < 0.01). Continence rates at 1, 6, 12, 26, and 52 weeks after RALP were also significantly better at all time points with AR and TR compared with CA alone (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:TR of the continence mechanism optimizes vesicourethral anastomosis healing and hastens early continence return after RALP.
PMID: 20973740
ISSN: 1557-900x
CID: 5242132

Anatomical retro-apical technique of synchronous (posterior and anterior) urethral transection: a novel approach for ameliorating apical margin positivity during robotic radical prostatectomy

Tewari, Ashutosh K; Srivastava, Abhishek; Mudaliar, Kumaran; Tan, Gerald Y; Grover, Sonal; El Douaihy, Youssef; Peters, David; Leung, Robert; Yadav, Rajiv; John, Majnu; Wysock, James; Vaughan, E Daracott; Muir, Sara; Amin, Mahul B; Rubin, Mark; Tu, Jiangling; Akthar, Mohammed; Shevchuk, Maria
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel synchronous approach to apical dissection during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) which augments circumferential visual appreciation of the prostatic apex and membranous urethra anatomy, and assess its effect on apical margin positivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Positive surgical margins (PSM) during RP predispose to earlier biochemical recurrence, and occur most frequently at the prostatic apex. Conventional apical transection after early ligation of the dorsal venous complex (DVC) remains suboptimal, as this approach obscures visualization of the intersection between prostatic apex and membranous urethra, leading to inadvertent apical capsulotomy and eventual margin positivity. A synchronous urethral transection commenced via a retro-apical approach was adopted in 209 consecutive patients undergoing RARP by one surgeon (A.T.) between April to September 2009. The apical margin rates for this group were compared with those of 1665 previous patients who received conventional urethral transection via an anterior approach after DVC ligation. Outcomes were adjusted for differences in clinicopathological variables. All RP specimens were processed according to institutional protocols, and examined by dedicated genitourinary pathologists. The location of PSMs was identified as apex, posterior, posterolateral, bladder neck, anterior, base, or multifocal. RESULTS: Patients receiving synchronous urethral transection had significantly lower apical PSM rates than the control group (1.4% vs 4.4%, P = 0.04). This marked improvement in the retro-apical group occurred despite a significantly higher incidence of aggressive cancer (>/= pT3a) documented on final specimen pathology (16% vs 10%, P = 0.027).Technical difficulty was encountered in three of 209 study patients, in whom urethral transection had to be completed using the classic anterior approach. CONCLUSION: Improved circumferential visualization of the prostatic apex, membranous urethra and their anatomical intersection facilitates precise dissection of the apex and its surrounding neural scaffold, and optimizes membranous urethral preservation. This has significantly ameliorated apical PSM rates in patients undergoing RARP, despite having to deal with more aggressive cancer on final specimen pathology.
PMID: 20377582
ISSN: 1464-4096
CID: 162278