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Correction of the Nasal Ala

Locketz, Garrett D; Franco, Alexa; Miller, Phillip
PMID: 34921357
ISSN: 1098-8793
CID: 5109972

Management of Lip Complications

Gupta, Amar; Miller, Philip J
This article discusses complications that may occur after procedures on the lips, specifically focusing on injectable fillers. Evidence-based guidelines and suggested methods to manage these complications are presented in a systematic format.
PMID: 31587774
ISSN: 1558-1926
CID: 4130462

Outcomes of Direct Facial-to-Hypoglossal Neurorrhaphy with Parotid Release

Jacobson, Joel; Rihani, Jordan; Lin, Karen; Miller, Phillip J; Roland, J Thomas Jr
Lesions of the temporal bone and cerebellopontine angle and their management can result in facial nerve paralysis. When the nerve deficit is not amenable to primary end-to-end repair or interpositional grafting, nerve transposition can be used to accomplish the goals of restoring facial tone, symmetry, and voluntary movement. The most widely used nerve transposition is the hypoglossal-facial nerve anastamosis, of which there are several technical variations. Previously we described a technique of single end-to-side anastamosis using intratemporal facial nerve mobilization and parotid release. This study further characterizes the results of this technique with a larger patient cohort and longer-term follow-up. The design of this study is a retrospective chart review and the setting is an academic tertiary care referral center. Twenty-one patients with facial nerve paralysis from proximal nerve injury at the cerebellopontine angle underwent facial-hypoglossal neurorraphy with parotid release. Outcomes were assessed using the Repaired Facial Nerve Recovery Scale, questionnaires, and patient photographs. Of the 21 patients, 18 were successfully reinnervated to a score of a B or C on the recovery scale, which equates to good oral and ocular sphincter closure with minimal mass movement. The mean duration of paralysis between injury and repair was 12.1 months (range 0 to 36 months) with a mean follow-up of 55 months. There were no cases of hemiglossal atrophy, paralysis, or subjective dysfunction. Direct facial-hypoglossal neurorrhaphy with parotid release achieved a functional reinnervation and good clinical outcome in the majority of patients, with minimal lingual morbidity. This technique is a viable option for facial reanimation and should be strongly considered as a surgical option for the paralyzed face.
PMID: 22451794
ISSN: 1531-5010
CID: 210292

The bow-tie mattress suture for the correction of nasal cartilage convexities and concavities [Letter]

Miller, Philip J; Dayan, Steven H
PMID: 20855781
ISSN: 1538-3660
CID: 141870

Biomechanical analysis of anchoring points in rhytidectomy

Carron, Michael A; Zoumalan, Richard A; Miller, Philip J; Shah, Anil R
OBJECTIVE: To quantify tissue tearing force at various anchoring points on the face. METHODS: This is a prospective anatomic study using 4 fresh cadavers of persons aged 60 to 70 years at the time of death, for a total of 8 sides. Standardized 1-cm distances were measured at the various anchor points, and a single 0 Prolene suture loop was tied at each standardized anchoring point. Steady force was applied perpendicular to the plane of the face with a digital hanging scale. The scale was pulled until the suture ruptured the tissue at the anchoring point. The values at which the tissue ruptured were recorded, averaged, and compared. RESULTS: The average tissue force was 7.01 kg for the root of the zygoma vs 3.44 kg for the temporalis fascia (P < .05). The average tissue force was 5.50 kg for infralobular tissue vs 4.09 kg for tissue of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system located 1 cm anterior to the infralobular tissue (P < .05). The force for the fascia of the sternocleidomastoid was 3.89 kg vs 5.57 kg for the mastoid fascia (P < .05). There was a statistically significant difference between vertical bites of the temporalis fascia at 1.90 kg vs horizontal bites of the temporalis at 5.01 kg (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The tissue tearing force varies by location on the face as well as suture orientation
PMID: 20083739
ISSN: 1538-3660
CID: 129087

Treatment of dorsal deviation

Zoumalan, Richard A; Carron, Michael A; Tajudeen, Bobby A; Miller, Philip J
The deviated nasal dorsum is a complex problem with a variety of proposed solutions. Straightening the deviated nose should be focused on maximizing cosmetic outcome while preserving or improving nasal function. Deviations can occur in one or a combination of the nasal thirds. A simple approach to treatment is to develop a strategy for each third of the nose. Tailoring maneuvers to alleviate problems in each specific third helps the surgeon deal with deviations in an effective and straightforward manner
PMID: 19486752
ISSN: 0030-6665
CID: 99245

The subzygomatic fossa: a practical landmark in identifying the zygomaticus major muscle

Miller, Philip J; Smith, Sarah; Shah, Anil
OBJECTIVE: To test the validity of the subzygomatic fossa as a possible landmark in identifying the origin of the zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM). METHODS: Twenty-three fresh cadaver facial halves were dissected. Four references points were identified in each cadaver head: the zygomatic arch, the malar eminence, the modiolus, and the ZMM insertion notch. The ZMM insertion notch is a palpable landmark that is typically identified midway between the zygomatic arch and the malar eminience. A straight line was drawn from the ZMM insertion notch to the modiolus. An additional line was drawn from the malar eminence to the modiolus. An incision was made along the each line to the depth of the facial muscles. The presence or absence of the ZMM was recorded, and the location of the ZMM insertion notch was characterized in each cadaver. RESULTS: The ZMM insertion notch was palpated and identified in 23 of 23 facial halves. It was accurate in identifying the course of the ZMM in all 23 facial halves. The line created by the malar eminence to the modiolus was inaccurate in all 23 facial halves. CONCLUSION: The ZMM insertion notch is a reliable landmark for identification of the ZMM
PMID: 17638762
ISSN: 1521-2491
CID: 73809

The evolving surgeon: how, when, and why change is for the better

Miller, Philip J
Change is an inevitable part of a surgeon's practice. There are several positive and negative forces encouraging a surgeon to change. Whether a surgeon should modify and how to do it are the focus of this article
PMID: 17330766
ISSN: 0736-6825
CID: 71865

Direct Facial-to-Hypoglossal Neurorrhaphy with Parotid Release

Roland, J Thomas Jr; Lin, Karen; Klausner, Lee M; Miller, Philip J
Objective: Facial nerve paralysis or compromise can be caused by lesions of the temporal bone and cerebellopontine angle and their treatment. When the facial nerve is transected or severely compromised and primary end-to-end repair is not possible, hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis remains the most popular method for accomplishing three main goals: restoring facial tone, restoring facial symmetry, and facilitating return of voluntary facial movement. Our objectives are to evaluate the surgical feasibility and long-term outcomes of our technique of direct facial-to-hypoglossal neurorrhaphy with a parotid-release maneuver. Design: Prospective cohort. Setting: Academic tertiary care referral center. Patients: Ten patients with facial paralysis from proximal nerve injury underwent the facial-hypoglossal neurorrhaphy with a parotid-release maneuver. Main outcome measures: The Repaired Facial Nerve Recovery Scale, questionnaires, and photographs. Results: Facial-hypoglossal neurorrhaphy with parotid release was technically feasible in all cases, and anastomosis was performed distal to the origin of the ansa hypoglossi. All patients had good return of facial nerve function. Nine patients had scores of C or better, indicating strong eyelid and oral sphincter closure and mass motion. There was no hemilingual atrophy and no subjective tongue dysfunction. Conclusions: The parotid-release maneuver mobilizes additional length to the facial nerve, facilitating a tensionless communication distal to the ansa hypoglossi. The technique is a viable option for facial reanimation, and our patients achieved good clinical outcomes with continual improvement
PMID: 17077874
ISSN: 1531-5010
CID: 105544

Structural approach to endonasal rhinoplasty

Shah, Anil R; Miller, Philip J
The marriage of endonasal rhinoplasty with structural grafting has resulted in more consistent rhinoplasty results. The nasal base can be stabilized by tongue-in-groove techniques, a columellar strut, or extended columellar strut. The middle vault can be addressed with spreader grafts or butterfly grafts. Lower lateral cartilage weakness can be supported with alar batten grafts or repositioning of the lower lateral cartilages
PMID: 16732505
ISSN: 0736-6825
CID: 64792