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Lessons from the first DBTex Challenge

Park, Jungkyu; Shoshan, Yoel; Marti, Robert; Gómez del Campo, Pablo; Ratner, Vadim; Khapun, Daniel; Zlotnick, Aviad; Barkan, Ella; Gilboa-Solomon, Flora; Chłędowski, Jakub; Witowski, Jan; Millet, Alexandra; Kim, Eric; Lewin, Alana; Pysarenko, Kristine; Chen, Sardius; Goldberg, Julia; Patel, Shalin; Plaunova, Anastasia; Wegener, Melanie; Wolfson, Stacey; Lee, Jiyon; Hava, Sana; Murthy, Sindhoora; Du, Linda; Gaddam, Sushma; Parikh, Ujas; Heacock, Laura; Moy, Linda; Reig, Beatriu; Rosen-Zvi, Michal; Geras, Krzysztof J.
ISSN: 2522-5839
CID: 5000532

Comparison between qualitative and quantitative assessment of background parenchymal enhancement on breast MRI

Pujara, Akshat C; Mikheev, Artem; Rusinek, Henry; Gao, Yiming; Chhor, Chloe; Pysarenko, Kristine; Rallapalli, Harikrishna; Walczyk, Jerzy; Moccaldi, Melanie; Babb, James S; Melsaether, Amy N
BACKGROUND: Potential clinical implications of the level of background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on breast MRI are increasing. Currently, BPE is typically evaluated subjectively. Tests of concordance between subjective BPE assessment and computer-assisted quantified BPE have not been reported. PURPOSE OR HYPOTHESIS: To compare subjective radiologist assessment of BPE with objective quantified parenchymal enhancement (QPE). STUDY TYPE: Cross-sectional observational study. POPULATION: Between 7/24/2015 and 11/27/2015, 104 sequential patients (ages 23 - 81 years, mean 49 years) without breast cancer underwent breast MRI and were included in this study. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T; fat suppressed axial T2, axial T1, and axial fat suppressed T1 before and after intravenous contrast. ASSESSMENT: Four breast imagers graded BPE at 90 and 180 s after contrast injection on a 4-point scale (a-d). Fibroglandular tissue masks were generated using a phantom-validated segmentation algorithm, and were co-registered to pre- and postcontrast fat suppressed images to define the region of interest. QPE was calculated. STATISTICAL TESTS: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses and kappa coefficients (k) were used to compare subjective BPE with QPE. RESULTS: ROC analyses indicated that subjective BPE at 90 s was best predicted by quantified QPE 50.0 = d, and at 180 s by quantified QPE 74.5 = d. Agreement between subjective BPE and QPE was slight to fair at 90 s (k = 0.20-0.36) and 180 s (k = 0.19-0.28). At higher levels of QPE, agreement between subjective BPE and QPE significantly decreased for all four radiologists at 90 s (P
PMID: 29140576
ISSN: 1522-2586
CID: 2785262

Structured Reporting: A Tool to Improve Reimbursement

Pysarenko, Kristine; Recht, Michael; Kim, Danny
PMID: 28027857
ISSN: 1558-349x
CID: 2383582

Clinical applicability and relevance of fibroglandular tissue segmentation on routine T1 weighted breast MRI

Pujara, Akshat C; Mikheev, Artem; Rusinek, Henry; Rallapalli, Harikrishna; Walczyk, Jerzy; Gao, Yiming; Chhor, Chloe; Pysarenko, Kristine; Babb, James S; Melsaether, Amy N
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical applicability of fibroglandular tissue (FGT) segmentation on routine T1 weighted breast MRI and compare FGT quantification with radiologist assessment. METHODS: FGT was segmented on 232 breasts and quantified, and was assessed qualitatively by four breast imagers. RESULTS: FGT segmentation was successful in all 232 breasts. Agreement between radiologists and quantified FGT was moderate to substantial (kappa=0.52-0.67); lower quantified FGT was associated with disagreement between radiologists and quantified FGT (P
PMID: 27951458
ISSN: 1873-4499
CID: 2363342

Background parenchymal enhancement over exam time in patients with and without breast cancer

Melsaether, Amy; Pujara, Akshat C; Elias, Kristin; Pysarenko, Kristine; Gudi, Anjali; Dodelzon, Katerina; Babb, James S; Gao, Yiming; Moy, Linda
PURPOSE: To compare background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) over time in patients with and without breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant study included 116 women (25-84 years, mean 54 years) with breast cancer who underwent breast magnetic resonance imaging at 3T between 1/2/2009 and 12/29/2009 and 116 age and date-of-exam-matched women without breast cancer (23-84 years, mean 51 years). Two independent, blinded readers (R1, R2) recorded BPE (minimal, mild, moderate, marked) at three times (100, 210, and 320 seconds postcontrast). Subsequent cancers were diagnosed in 9/96 control patients with follow up (12.6-93.0 months, mean 63.6 months). Exact Mann-Whitney, Fisher's exact, and McNemar tests were performed. RESULTS: Mean BPE was not found to be different between patients with and without breast cancer at any time (P = 0.36-0.64). At time 2 as compared with time 1, there were significantly more patients, both with and without breast cancer, with BPE >minimal (R1: 90 vs. 41 [P < 0.001] and 81 vs. 36 [P < 0.001]; R2: 84 vs. 52 [P < 0.001] and 79 vs. 43 [P < 0.001]) and BPE >mild (R1: 59 vs. 10 [P < 0.001] and 47 vs. 13 [P < 0.001]; R2: 49 vs. 12 [P < 0.001] and 41 vs. 18 [P < 0.001]). BPE changes between times 2 and 3 were not significant (P = 0.083-1.0). Odds ratios for control patients developing breast cancer were significant only for R2 and ranged up to 7.67 (1.49, 39.5; P < 0.01) for BPE >mild at time 2. CONCLUSION: BPE changes between the first and second postcontrast scans and stabilizes thereafter in most patients. Further investigation into the most clinically relevant timepoint for BPE assessment is warranted. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2016.
PMID: 27285396
ISSN: 1522-2586
CID: 2136622

The Patient Experience in Radiology: Observations From Over 3,500 Patient Feedback Reports in a Single Institution

Rosenkrantz, Andrew B; Pysarenko, Kristine
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with the patient experience in radiology based on patient feedback reports from a single institution. METHODS: In a departmental patient experience committee initiative, all imaging outpatients are provided names and roles of all departmental employees with whom they interact, along with contact information for providing feedback after their appointment. All resulting feedback was recorded in a web-based database. A total of 3,675 patient comments over a 3-year period were assessed in terms of major themes. Roles of employees recognized within the patient comments were also assessed. RESULTS: Patient feedback comments most commonly related to professional staff behavior (74.5%) and wait times (11.9%), and less commonly related to a spectrum of other issues (comfort during the exam, quality of the facilities, access to information regarding the exam, patient privacy, medical records, the radiology report, billing). The most common attributes relating to staff behavior involved patients' perceptions of staff caring, professionalism, pleasantness, helpfulness, and efficiency. Employees most commonly recognized by the comments were the technologist (50.2%) and receptionist (31.6%) and much less often the radiologist (2.2%). No radiologist was in the top 10% of employees in terms of the number of comments received. CONCLUSION: Patients' comments regarding their experiences in undergoing radiologic imaging were largely influenced by staff behavior and communication (particularly relating to technologists and receptionists), as well as wait times, with radiologists having a far lesser immediate impact. Radiologists are encouraged to engage in activities that promote direct visibility to their patients and thereby combat risks of the perceived "invisible" radiologist.
PMID: 27318577
ISSN: 1558-349x
CID: 2158982

What Do Patients Tweet About Their Mammography Experience?

Rosenkrantz, Andrew B; Labib, Anthony; Pysarenko, Kristine; Prabhu, Vinay
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate themes related to patients' experience in undergoing mammography, as expressed on Twitter. METHODS: A total of 464 tweets from July to December 2015 containing the hashtag #mammogram and relating to a patient's experience in undergoing mammography were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the tweets, 45.5% occurred before the mammogram compared to 49.6% that occurred afterward (remainder of tweets indeterminate). However, in patients undergoing their first mammogram, 32.8% occurred before the examination, whereas in those undergoing follow-up mammogram, 53.0% occurred before the examination. Identified themes included breast compression (24.4%), advising other patients to undergo screening (23.9%), recognition of the health importance of the examination (18.8%), the act of waiting (10.1%), relief regarding results (9.7%), reflection that the examination was not that bad (9.1%), generalized apprehension regarding the examination (8.2%), interactions with staff (8.0%), the gown (5.0%), examination costs or access (3.4%), offering or reaching out for online support from other patients (3.2%), perception of screening as a sign of aging (2.4%), and the waiting room or waiting room amenities (1.3%). Of the tweets, 31.9% contained humor, of which 56.1% related to compression. Themes that were more common in patients undergoing their first, rather than follow-up, mammogram included breast compression (16.4% vs 9.1%, respectively) and that the test was not that bad (26.2% vs 7.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Online social media provides a platform for women to share their experiences and reactions in undergoing mammography, including humor, positive reflections, and encouragement of others to undergo the examination. Social media thus warrants further evaluation as a potential tool to help foster greater adherence to screening guidelines.
PMID: 27658329
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 2254922

Comparison of Whole-Body F FDG PET/MR Imaging and Whole-Body F FDG PET/CT in Terms of Lesion Detection and Radiation Dose in Patients with Breast Cancer

Melsaether, Amy N; Raad, Roy A; Pujara, Akshat C; Ponzo, Fabio D; Pysarenko, Kristine M; Jhaveri, Komal; Babb, James S; Sigmund, Eric E; Kim, Sungheon G; Moy, Linda A
Purpose To compare fluorine 18 (18F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) combined positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with 18F FDG combined PET and computed tomography (CT) in terms of organ-specific metastatic lesion detection and radiation dose in patients with breast cancer. Materials and Methods From July 2012 to October 2013, this institutional review board-approved HIPAA-compliant prospective study included 51 patients with breast cancer (50 women; mean age, 56 years; range, 32-76 years; one man; aged 70 years) who completed PET/MR imaging with diffusion-weighted and contrast material-enhanced sequences after unenhanced PET/CT. Written informed consent for study participation was obtained. Two independent readers for each modality recorded site and number of lesions. Imaging and clinical follow-up, with consensus in two cases, served as the reference standard. Results There were 242 distant metastatic lesions in 30 patients, 18 breast cancers in 17 patients, and 19 positive axillary nodes in eight patients. On a per-patient basis, PET/MR imaging with diffusion-weighted and contrast-enhanced sequences depicted distant (30 of 30 [100%] for readers 1 and 2) and axillary (eight of eight [100%] for reader 1, seven of eight [88%] for reader 2) metastatic disease at rates similar to those of unenhanced PET/CT (distant metastatic disease: 28 of 29 [96%] for readers 3 and 4, P = .50; axillary metastatic disease: seven of eight [88%] for readers 3 and 4, P > .99) and outperformed PET/CT in the detection of breast cancer (17 of 17 [100%] for readers 1 and 2 vs 11 of 17 [65%] for reader 3 and 10 of 17 [59%] for reader 4; P < .001). PET/MR imaging showed increased sensitivity for liver (40 of 40 [100%] for reader 1 and 32 of 40 [80%] for reader 2 vs 30 of 40 [75%] for reader 3 and 28 of 40 [70%] for reader 4; P < .001) and bone (105 of 107 [98%] for reader 1 and 102 of 107 [95%] for reader 2 vs 106 of 107 [99%] for reader 3 and 93 of 107 [87%] for reader 4; P = .012) metastases and revealed brain metastases in five of 51 (10%) patients. PET/CT trended toward increased sensitivity for lung metastases (20 of 23 [87%] for reader 1 and 17 of 23 [74%] for reader 2 vs 23 of 23 [100%] for reader 3 and 22 of 23 [96%] for reader 4; P = .065). Dose reduction averaged 50% (P < .001). Conclusion In patients with breast cancer, PET/MR imaging may yield better sensitivity for liver and possibly bone metastases but not for pulmonary metastases, as compared with that attained with PET/CT, at about half the radiation dose. (c) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
PMID: 27023002
ISSN: 1527-1315
CID: 2059122

Evaluation of a known breast cancer using an abbreviated breast MRI protocol: Correlation of imaging characteristics and pathology with lesion detection and conspicuity

Heacock, Laura; Melsaether, Amy N; Heller, Samantha L; Gao, Yiming; Pysarenko, Kristine M; Babb, James S; Kim, Sungheon G; Moy, Linda
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates use of an abbreviated magnetic resonance imaging protocol with T2-weighted imaging in detecting biopsy-proven unifocal breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board approved retrospective study of patients with biopsy-proven unifocal breast cancer (88% invasive; 12% in situ) undergoing magnetic resonance imaging. In three separate sessions, three breast imagers evaluated (1) T1-weighted non-contrast, post-contrast and post-contrast subtracted images, (2) T1-weighted images with clinical history and prior imaging, and (3) T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images with clinical history and prior imaging. Protocols were compared for cancer detection, reading time and lesion conspicuity. An independent breast radiologist retrospectively analyzed initial enhancement ratio of cancers and retrospectively reviewed lesion morphology and final pathology. RESULTS: All 107 cancers were identified at first protocol by at least one reader; five cancers were missed by either one or two readers. One cancer was missed by one reader at protocols two and three. Mean percentage detection for protocol one was 97.8%; protocol two, 99.4%, protocol three, 99.4%. T2-weighted images did not alter cancer detection but increased lesion conspicuity for 2/3 readers. 3/5 missed lesions were low grade cancers. Initial enhancement ratio was positively associated with increasing tumor grade (p=0.031) and pathology (p=0.002). Reader interpretation time decreased and lesion conspicuity increased as initial enhancement ratio increased. CONCLUSION: Abbreviated magnetic resonance imaging has high rate of detection for known breast cancer and short interpretation time. T2 weighted imaging increased lesion conspicuity without altering detection rate. Initial enhancement ratio correlated with invasive disease and tumor grade.
PMID: 26971429
ISSN: 1872-7727
CID: 2031312

The service encounter in radiology: acing the "moments of truth" to achieve patient-centered care

Rosenkrantz, Andrew B; Pysarenko, Kristine
Radiologists are increasingly recognizing their role as direct service providers to patients and seeking to offer an exceptional patient experience as part of high-quality service delivery. Patients' perceptions of service delivery are derived from the chain of numerous individual real-time encounters that occur throughout their visit. These so-called "moments of truth" define the overall experience and form the lasting impression of the given practice in their mind. Providing excellent service can be difficult to achieve in practice given its intangible nature as well as the heterogeneity and unpredictability of the large number of patients, frontline staff, and environmental circumstances that define the patient experience. Thus, broad commitment and team effort among all members of a radiology practice are required. This article explores important areas to be considered by a radiology practice to ensure positive and meaningful patient experiences. Specific ways in which every member within the practice, including schedulers, receptionists, technologists, nurses, and radiologists, can contribute to achieving high-quality patient service are discussed. Examples of patient-oriented language that may be useful in particular scenarios in radiology practice are given. The role of the practice's physical facility, including all aspects of its aesthetics and amenities, as well as of Internet services, in shaping the patient experience is also described. Throughout this work, a proactive approach to promoting a service-oriented organizational culture is provided. By improving the patient experience, these strategies may serve to enhance patients' perceptions of radiology and radiologists.
PMID: 25572928
ISSN: 1076-6332
CID: 1435832