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Reflecting on Music Therapy Research on the Occasion of the Journal of Music Therapy's 60th Anniversary

Ghetti, Claire M; Ray, Kendra
PMID: 37590391
ISSN: 2053-7395
CID: 5605082

Evaluating the use of music-assisted caregiving interventions by certified nursing assistants caring for nursing home residents with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders and depressive symptoms: A mixed-methods study

Ray, Kendra; Kaimal, Girija; Dassa, Ayelet; Slaughter-Acey, Jaime; Mittelman, Mary
In recent years, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (H
ISSN: 1943-863x
CID: 5137602

Indirect Music Therapy Practice and Skill-Sharing in Dementia Care

McDermott, Orii; Ridder, Hanne Mette; Baker, Felicity Anne; Wosch, Thomas; Ray, Kendra; Stige, Brynjulf
Public interest in the benefits of music for people with dementia has rapidly increased in recent years. In addition to clinical work with clients, music therapists are often required to support and train staff, families, and volunteers and skill-share some music therapeutic skills. Six music therapy researchers from six countries agreed it was timely to organize a roundtable and share their indirect music therapy practice and examples of skill-sharing in dementia care. This article was developed following the roundtable at the World Congress of Music Therapy in 2017 and further discussion among the authors. This process highlighted the diversity and complexity of indirect music therapy practice and skill-sharing, but some common components emerged, including: 1) the importance of making clinical decisions about when direct music therapy is necessary and when indirect music therapy is appropriate, 2) supporting the transition from direct music therapy to indirect music therapy, 3) the value of music therapy skill-sharing in training care home staff, 4) the need for considering potential risks and burdens of indirect music therapy practice, and 5) expanding the role of music therapist and cultivating cross-professional dialogues to support organizational changes. In indirect music therapy practice, a therapist typically works with carers and supporters to strengthen their relationships with people with dementia and help them further develop their self-awareness and sense of competence. However, the ultimate goal of indirect music therapy practice in dementia care remains the wellbeing of people living with dementia.
PMID: 30053091
ISSN: 2053-7395
CID: 3355022

Music therapy: A nonpharmacological approach to the care of agitation and depressive symptoms for nursing home residents with dementia

Ray, Kendra D; Mittelman, Mary S
Depression, agitation, and wandering are common behaviors associated with dementia and frequently observed among nursing home residents. Even with pharmacological treatment, behaviors often persist, hindering quality of life for elders, their family, and paid caregivers. This study examined the use of music therapy for treatment of these symptoms among 132 people with moderate to severe dementia in nursing homes. Participants were evaluated for depressive symptoms, agitation, and wandering to determine their predominate behavior. There were two assessments, two weeks apart, prior to intervention, followed by a two-week intervention, and two follow-up assessments, also two weeks apart. A repeated measures ANOVA determined that after two weeks of music therapy, symptoms of depression and agitation were significantly reduced; there was no change for wandering. Multivariate analyses confirmed a relationship between music therapy and change in neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with dementia. Results suggest widespread use of music therapy in long-term care settings may be effective in reducing symptoms of depression and agitation.
PMID: 26519453
ISSN: 1741-2684
CID: 1817722

Free art-making in an art therapy open studio: changes in affect and self-efficacy

Kaimal, Girija; Ray, Kendra
Background: This study investigated the impact of visual art-making on self-reported positive and negative affect and perceived self-efficacy. Study participants included 39 healthy adults aged 18 to 59 years, including 33 women and 6 men.
ISSN: 1753-3015
CID: 3354982

Reduction of Cortisol Levels and Participants' Responses Following Art Making

Kaimal, Girija; Ray, Kendra; Muniz, Juan
This quasi-experimental study investigated the impact of visual art making on the cortisol levels of 39 healthy adults. Participants provided saliva samples to assess cortisol levels before and after 45 minutes of art making. Participants also provided written responses about the experience at the end of the session. Results indicate that art making resulted in statistically significant lowering of cortisol levels. Participants' written responses indicated that they found the art-making session to be relaxing, enjoyable, helpful for learning about new aspects of self, freeing from constraints, an evolving process of initial struggle to later resolution, and about flow/losing themselves in the work. They also reflected that the session evoked a desire to make art in the future. There were weak associations between changes in cortisol level and age, time of day, and participant responses related to learning about one's self and references to an evolving process in art making. There were no significant differences in outcomes based on prior experiences with art making, media choice, or gender.
PMID: 27695158
ISSN: 0742-1656
CID: 3355012

Caring for Individuals with Dementia on a Continuum: An Interdisciplinary Approach Between Music Therapy and Nursing

Chapter by: Ray, Kendra; Dassa, Ayelet; Maier, Jan; Davis, Renita; Ogunlade, Olayinka
in: UPDATE ON DEMENTIA by ; Moretti, DV
pp. 427-447
ISBN: 978-953-51-2654-6
CID: 3354992

Music-assisted bathing: making shower time easier for people with dementia

Ray, Kendra D; Fitzsimmons, Suzanne
It is estimated that 90% of nursing home residents need assistance with bathing. The purpose of this article is to describe a music-assisted care technique that can be used by caregivers when bathing nursing home residents with dementia. Research suggests that music has many therapeutic benefits for people with dementia. Using music to soothe anxiety can be an effective intervention to assist with lessening of agitation during activities of daily living, especially bathing. This article will provide nursing and direct care staff tools to successfully conduct the music-assisted bathing protocol. Consideration for choosing appropriate music for bathing, the creation of individualized personalized playlists, and acknowledgement of desired outcomes are presented. Incorporating music-assisted bathing may address neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia by lessening agitation and improving mood, which in turn can increase job satisfaction.
PMID: 24550123
ISSN: 0098-9134
CID: 3355072