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Improving the transition of adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds from pediatric to adult primary care providers

Guzman, Alexis; Bring, Rachel; Master, Samuel; Rosenthal, Susan L; Soren, Karen
BACKGROUND:The lack of structured transition interventions for adolescents aging out of pediatric care is associated with poor health outcomes. METHODS:We assessed the effectiveness of a transition protocol that aimed to improve the transfer of adolescents to adult primary care. Chart reviews were conducted on 21- and 22-year-old patients seen 18 months before and after protocol implementation. Completion of an adult medicine appointment scheduled within 6 months from the last pediatric visit was the primary outcome of interest. FINDINGS/RESULTS:In pre-implementation period, 20.9% of patients versus 39.3% in post-implementation period were transferred. Transfer was higher in patients who had a dedicated transition visit, had a transition order placed, and were tracked during the transfer process. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:A transition protocol can increase the number of adolescents who transfer to adult care. Once a patient is ready to transition, a dedicated transition visit is ideal; however, providers should incorporate transition care during any clinical encounter. While an electronic transition order can facilitate appointment scheduling, patient tracking and appointment reminders can help ensure appointment completion. In addition, all clinical staff should receive transition training and clinicians should be frequently reminded about the need to transition their patients. However, even with these efforts to support transition, the majority of patients did not do so, which indicates a continued need to develop and evaluate transition interventions. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:Implementing a transition protocol in pediatric clinics can improve the transition of adolescents aging out of pediatric care and may diminish gaps in medical care that can be associated with poor health outcomes.
PMID: 34343766
ISSN: 1532-8449
CID: 5005932


Guzman, Alexis; Bring, Rachel; Master, Samuel; Rosenthal, Susan L.; Soren, Karen
ISSN: 1054-139x
CID: 4799232

A stepwise diagnostic approach to superior vena cava syndrome

Mathews, Tony; Bring, Rachel; Khan, Azkia; Kronzon, Itzhak; Gianos, Eugenia
PMID: 30649234
ISSN: 2047-2412
CID: 3595302

Posttraumatic stress disorder and nonadherence to medications prescribed for chronic medical conditions: A meta-analysis

Taggart Wasson, Lauren; Shaffer, Jonathan A; Edmondson, Donald; Bring, Rachel; Brondolo, Elena; Falzon, Louise; Konrad, Beatrice; Kronish, Ian M
BACKGROUND:Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for adverse consequences from comorbid medical conditions. Nonadherence to medications prescribed to treat those comorbid conditions may help explain this increased risk. We sought to determine the association between PTSD and medication nonadherence and whether it varied according to the type of event inducing the PTSD. METHODS:Prospective observational cohort or cross-sectional studies relating PTSD and nonadherence among adults prescribed medications for a chronic medical illness were identified by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and the PILOTS Database and by hand-searching bibliographies from selected articles. Individual estimates of odds ratios were pooled using random effects meta-analysis with inverse variance weighting. Articles were pooled separately according to whether PTSD was induced by a medical versus non-medical event. OUTCOMES/RESULTS:Sixteen articles comprising 4483 patients met eligibility criteria. The pooled effect size of the risk of PTSD to medication nonadherence was OR 1.22 (95% CI, 1.06-1.41). Among the 6 studies of medical event-induced PTSD, the OR was 2.08 (95% CI, 1.03-4.18); p = 0.04. Among the 8 studies in which PTSD was not induced by a medical event, the OR was 1.10 (95% CI, 0.99-1.24); p = 0.09. INTERPRETATION/CONCLUSIONS:Patients with PTSD were more likely to be nonadherent to medications prescribed for chronic medical conditions - an association that may exist specifically when PTSD was induced by a medical event. Medications may serve as aversive reminders among survivors of acute medical events, magnifying avoidance behaviors characteristic of PTSD. FUNDING/BACKGROUND:NHLBI.
PMID: 29631190
ISSN: 1879-1379
CID: 3332072


Bring, Rachel A.; Lane, Mariellen; Kostacos, Connie; Soren, Karen
ISSN: 1054-139x
CID: 3332172


Brittner, Mindy Rachel; Bring, Rachel Ashley; Soren, Karen; Francis, Jenny
ISSN: 1054-139x
CID: 3332182

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Nonadherence to Medications: A Meta-Analytic Review [Meeting Abstract]

Kronish, Ian M.; Wasson, Lauren; Edmondson, Donald; Falzon, Louise; Brondolo, Elena; Bring, Rachel; Shaffer, Jonathan
ISSN: 0033-3174
CID: 3332162

Antihypertensive drug class and adherence: an electronic monitoring study

Moise, Nathalie; Schwartz, Joseph; Bring, Rachel; Shimbo, Daichi; Kronish, Ian M
BACKGROUND:Medication adherence is essential to optimizing blood pressure (BP) control. Prior research has demonstrated differences in pharmacy refill patterns according to antihypertensive drug class. No prior study has assessed the association between drug class and day-to-day adherence. METHODS:Between 2011 and 2014, we enrolled a convenience sample of 149 patients with persistently uncontrolled hypertension from two inner-city clinics and concurrently measured adherence of up to four antihypertensive medications using electronic pillboxes during the interval between two primary care visits. The main outcome was mean percent of days adherent to each drug. Mixed effects regression analyses were used to assess the association between drug class and adherence adjusting for age, gender, race, ethnicity, education, health insurance, coronary artery disease, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, number of medications, days monitored, and dosing frequency. RESULTS:The mean age was 64 years; 72% women, 75% Hispanic, 88% prescribed ≥ 1 BP medication. In unadjusted analyses, adherence was lower for beta-blockers (70.9%) compared to angiotensin receptor blocking agents (75.0%, P = 0.11), diuretics (75.9%, P < 0.001), calcium channel blockers (77.6%, P < 0.001) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (78.0%, P < 0.0001). In the adjusted analysis, only dosing frequency (P = 0.0001) but not drug class (P = 0.71) was associated with medication adherence. CONCLUSIONS:Antihypertensive drug class was not associated with electronically measured adherence after accounting for dosing frequency amongst patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Low adherence to beta-blockers may have been due to the common practice of prescribing multiple daily dosing. Providers may consider using once daily formulations to optimize adherence and should assess adherence among all treated patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
PMID: 25344354
ISSN: 1941-7225
CID: 3332062