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Advancing Lifestyle Medicine in New York City's Public Health Care System

Babich, John S; McMacken, Michelle; Correa, Lilian; Polito-Moller, Krisann; Chen, Kevin; Adams, Eric; Morgenstern, Samantha; Katz, Mitchell; Long, Theodore G; Joshi, Shivam; Wallach, Andrew B; Shah, Sapana; Boas, Rebecca
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in the United States, and much of this burden can be attributed to lifestyle and behavioral risk factors. Lifestyle medicine is an approach to preventing and treating lifestyle-related chronic disease using evidence-based lifestyle modification as a primary modality. NYC Health + Hospitals, the largest municipal public health care system in the United States, is a national pioneer in incorporating lifestyle medicine systemwide. In 2019, a pilot lifestyle medicine program was launched at NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue to improve cardiometabolic health in high-risk patients through intensive support for evidence-based lifestyle changes. Analyses of program data collected from January 29, 2019 to February 26, 2020 demonstrated feasibility, high demand for services, high patient satisfaction, and clinically and statistically significant improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors. This pilot is being expanded to 6 new NYC Health + Hospitals sites spanning all 5 NYC boroughs. As part of the expansion, many changes have been implemented to enhance the original pilot model, scale services effectively, and generate more interest and incentives in lifestyle medicine for staff and patients across the health care system, including a plant-based default meal program for inpatients. This narrative review describes the pilot model and outcomes, the expansion process, and lessons learned to serve as a guide for other health systems.
PMID: 38828080
ISSN: 2542-4548
CID: 5664872

Patient-Reported Outcomes from a Pilot Plant-Based Lifestyle Medicine Program in a Safety-Net Setting

Massar, Rachel E; McMacken, Michelle; Kwok, Lorraine; Joshi, Shivam; Shah, Sapana; Boas, Rebecca; Ortiz, Robin; Correa, Lilian; Polito-Moller, Krisann; Albert, Stephanie L
Lifestyle medicine interventions that emphasize healthy behavior changes are growing in popularity in U.S. health systems. Safety-net healthcare settings that serve low-income and uninsured populations most at risk for lifestyle-related disease are ideal venues for lifestyle medicine interventions. Patient-reported outcomes are important indicators of the efficacy of lifestyle medicine interventions. Past research on patient-reported outcomes of lifestyle medicine interventions has occurred outside of traditional healthcare care settings. In this study, we aimed to assess patient-reported outcomes on nutrition knowledge, barriers to adopting a plant-based diet, food and beverage consumption, lifestyle behaviors, self-rated health, and quality-of-life of participants in a pilot plant-based lifestyle medicine program in an urban safety-net healthcare system. We surveyed participants at three time points (baseline, 3 months, 6 months) to measure change over time. After 6 months of participation in the program, nutrition knowledge increased by 7.2 percentage points, participants reported an average of 2.4 fewer barriers to adopting a plant-based diet, the score on a modified healthful plant-based diet index increased by 5.3 points, physical activity increased by 0.7 days per week while hours of media consumption declined by 0.7 h per day, and the percentage of participants who reported that their quality of sleep was "good" or "very good" increased by 12.2 percentage points. Our findings demonstrate that a lifestyle medicine intervention in a safety-net healthcare setting can achieve significant improvements in patient-reported outcomes. Key lessons for other lifestyle medicine interventions include using a multidisciplinary team; addressing all pillars of lifestyle medicine; and the ability for patients to improve knowledge, barriers, skills, and behaviors with adequate support.
PMID: 37447186
ISSN: 2072-6643
CID: 5535302

Change in cardiometabolic risk factors in a pilot safety-net plant-based lifestyle medicine program

Albert, Stephanie L; Massar, Rachel E; Correa, Lilian; Kwok, Lorraine; Joshi, Shivam; Shah, Sapana; Boas, Rebecca; Alcalá, Héctor E; McMacken, Michelle
INTRODUCTION/UNASSIGNED:Interventions emphasizing healthful lifestyle behaviors are proliferating in traditional health care settings, yet there is a paucity of published clinical outcomes, outside of pay-out-of-pocket or employee health programs. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:We assessed weight, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure, and cholesterol for 173 patients of the Plant-Based Lifestyle Medicine Program piloted in a New York City safety-net hospital. We used Wilcoxon signed-rank tests to assess changes in means, from baseline to six-months, for the full sample and within baseline diagnoses (i.e., overweight or obesity, type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia). We calculated the percentage of patients with clinically meaningful changes in outcomes for the full sample and within diagnoses. FINDINGS/UNASSIGNED:The full sample had statistically significant improvements in weight, HbA1c, and diastolic blood pressure. Patients with prediabetes or overweight or obesity experienced significant improvements in weight and those with type 2 diabetes had significant improvements in weight and HbA1c. Patients with hypertension had significant reductions in diastolic blood pressure and weight. Data did not show differences in non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), but differences in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were approaching significance for the full sample and those with hyperlipidemia. The majority of patients achieved clinically meaningful improvements on all outcomes besides systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSION/UNASSIGNED:Our study demonstrates that a lifestyle medicine intervention within a traditional, safety-net clinical setting improved biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease. Our findings are limited by small sample sizes. Additional large-scale, rigorous studies are needed to further establish the effectiveness of lifestyle medicine interventions in similar settings.
PMID: 37153909
ISSN: 2296-861x
CID: 5519462

Addressing Psychosocial Stressors through a Community-Academic Partnership between a Museum and a Federally Qualified Health Center: A Qualitative Study

Liou, Kevin T; Boas, Rebecca; Murphy, Shannon; Leung, Peggy; Boas, Samuel; Card, Andrea; Asgary, Ramin
Psychosocial stressors are prevalent and linked to worse health outcomes, but are less frequently addressed than physically apparent medical conditions at primary care visits. Through a community-academic partnership between an art museum and a federally qualified health center, we developed an innovative museum-based intervention and evaluated its feasibility and acceptability among diverse, underserved patients and its perceived effects on psychosocial stressors. Guided by experiential learning and constructivist approaches, the intervention consisted of a single, three-hour session that incorporated group discussions and interactive components, including art-viewing, sketching, and object-handling. We used post-intervention focus groups to elicit feedback qualitatively. From July 2017 to January 2018, 25 patients participated. Focus groups revealed that the intervention exhibited therapeutic qualities, fostered self-reflection, catalyzed social connectivity, and functioned as a gateway to community resources. These findings can guide future research and development of community-based interventions to target the growing burden of psychosocial stressors among the underserved.
PMID: 34120976
ISSN: 1548-6869
CID: 4911262


Ito, Timothy; Boas, Rebecca; Han, Justin S; Kheterpal, Emil; Wysock, James S; Stifelman, Michael D; Huang, William C; Taneja, Samir S; Shah, Ojas
ISSN: 0022-5347
CID: 1872322


Ito, Timothy; Kheterpal, Emil; Han, Justin S; Marien, Tracy; Boas, Rebecca; Stifelman, Michael D; Taneja, Samir S; Huang, William C; Shah, Ojas
ISSN: 0892-7790
CID: 2166062