Short-term outcomes of infants born to mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection
OBJECTIVE/UNASSIGNED:The rate of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from mothers to infants in the peri- and post-natal period remains an area of ongoing investigation. This study aims to determine rates of development of clinically significant COVID-19 disease within 1â€‰month among infants born to symptomatic and asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS/UNASSIGNED:This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of all infants born to SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers who were admitted to the Well Baby Nursery (WBN) at New York University Langone Hospital-Brooklyn from 23 March-23 September 2020. Infants born to asymptomatic mothers were allowed to room-in, while infants born to mothers with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 were isolated and discharged home to an alternate primary caregiver. A phone follow-up program contacted mothers at 2â€‰weeks and 1â€‰month post discharge to inquire about newborn symptoms, maternal symptoms, personal protective equipment (PPE) usage, and any presentations to care. Medical records were also reviewed for clinic and hospital visits to determine if exposed infants developed any symptoms following discharge. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:Of 1903 deliveries during the study period, 131 mothers (21 symptomatic, 110 asymptomatic) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and had infants admitted to the WBN. 57 infants (21 born to symptomatic mothers, 36 born to asymptomatic mothers) were tested prior to discharge, and none were positive. 121 of 133 infants had at least 1 follow up call in the study period. Of these, 31 had symptoms potentially concerning for SARS-CoV-2 infection or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children, and 19 presented to medical care for these symptoms. 4 infants had SARS- CoV-2 testing after discharge, and none were positive. 2 infants were admitted to the hospital for fever but neither had a positive SARS-CoV-2 result. 65% of mothers reported always adhering to PPE recommendations. CONCLUSION/UNASSIGNED:Our results suggest that infants born both to symptomatic and asymptomatic mothers are unlikely to develop clinically significant COVID-19 disease in the peri- and post-natal periods.
Characteristics of Hospitalized Children With SARS-CoV-2 in the New York City Metropolitan Area
A Longitudinally Extensive Spinal Cord Lesion Restricted to Gray Matter in an Adolescent Male [Case Report]
Longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions (LECL) restricted to gray matter are poorly understood as are their neurodevelopmental repercussions in children. We herein report the critical case of a 13-year-old male presenting with progressive quadriparesis found to have cervical LECL restricted to the anterior horns. Challenged with a rare diagnostic dilemma, the clinical team systematically worked through potential vascular, genetic, infectious, rheumatologic, and paraneoplastic diagnoses before assigning a working diagnosis of acute inflammatory myelopathy. Nuanced consideration of and workup for both potential ischemic causes (arterial dissection, fibrocartilaginous embolism, vascular malformation) and specific inflammatory conditions including Transverse Myelitis, Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), and Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) is explained in the context of a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on previous reports of gray matter-restricted longitudinally extensive cord lesions in children. Treatment strategy was ultimately based on additional literature review of treatment-refractory acute inflammatory neurological syndromes in children. A combination of high-dose steroids and plasmapheresis was employed with significant improvement in functional outcome, suggesting a potential benefit of combination immune-modulatory treatment in these patients. This case furthermore highlights quality clinical reasoning with respect to the elusive nature of diagnosis, nuances in neuroimaging, and multifocal treatment strategies in pediatric LECL.
Outreach to immigrant communities: teaching pediatric residents about access to health care
Twenty-seven pediatric residents were assessed for knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding rights of immigrant families. A program documenting immigrant rights was reinforced in the clinic with posters and individual consultations on immigrant children's needs. This brief program was effective in instructing residents on health and nutritional services for immigrant patients.