Treatment of olecranon fractures with 2.4- and 2.7-mm plating techniques
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the outcomes of olecranon fractures treated with 2.4- and 2.7-mm plate constructs. DESIGN/METHODS:Retrospective Case Series. SETTING/METHODS:One-level 1 trauma center and 1 tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS/METHODS:Thirty-five consecutive patients meeting inclusion criteria. INTERVENTION/METHODS:A 2.7- or 2.4-mm reconstruction plate was placed on the dorsal ulnar cortex and contoured to allow passage of either a 2.7- or 3.5-mm intramedullary screw. In 9 patients, additional plates were required to control comminution. Available computed tomographic (CT) scans were evaluated for the presence of comminution. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS/METHODS:Average Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). RESULTS:All fractures were united. Average extension deficit was 4.2 degrees, and average flexion angle was 137.4 degrees. Outcome scores were completed by 94% (33/35) of study patients. Average DASH score was 6.6, and average MEPS score was 94.5. Implants were removed in 18 patients. In the cohort of patients with CT scans, 6 of the 7 fractures thought to be simple on plain film analysis were found to have occult comminution on CT scan. CONCLUSIONS:Comminution should be considered in all olecranon fractures, even when plain films display simple patterns; although this did not affect treatment in this series of plated patients, it may be important if selecting tension band wiring. Fixation with 2.4- and 2.7-mm plates addresses comminution in olecranon fractures, avoiding the pitfalls of tension band wiring. In patients with completed outcome scores, 97% (32/33) reported their outcomes as good or excellent according to the MEPS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
A novel computational re-analysis of published GWAS data suggests new risk loci for melanoma susceptibility [Meeting Abstract]
Analysis of melanoma GWAS data suggests specific risk loci influencing age of onset of melanoma [Meeting Abstract]
Intramedullary allograft fibula as a reduction and fixation tool for treatment of complex proximal humerus fractures with diaphyseal extension
SUMMARY/CONCLUSIONS:In this study, we present a novel technique for reduction and fixation of complex, unstable proximal humerus fractures with diaphyseal extension with the assistance of fibula allograft. We treated 14 patients using this technique since 2009 and found that it improves the reduction and enhances fixation while making the surgical procedure technically more manageable, and allows for early postoperative motion. In the first part of this study, we describe in detail the indications and surgical technique applied to these fractures. In the second part, we review the clinical and radiographic outcomes of these patients. Using this new technique, we have achieved an excellent union rate with minimal incidence of complications when treating these challenging fractures.
Association Between Genotype and Age of Presentation of Large Soft Drusen in Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration [Meeting Abstract]
Epidemiology, clinical characteristics and complications in ocular foreign body injuries. [Meeting Abstract]
Association Between Genotype and Choroidal Thickness in Reticular Macular Disease (RMD) [Meeting Abstract]
Comparison of supination external rotation type IV ankle fractures in geriatric versus nongeriatric populations
BACKGROUND:Geriatric patients' (defined as those older than 65 years old) inherent comorbidities, functional limitations, and bone quality present obstacles to successful clinical outcomes for operatively treated supination external rotation (SER) ankle fractures. We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively collected series of SER injuries between 2004 and 2010. This is a comparison of the radiographic and clinical outcomes of our geriatric (27 patients) and nongeriatric (81 patients) populations. We hypothesized that geriatric patients would have worse outcomes when compared to nongeriatric patients. METHODS:All SER ankle fractures (176) treated by a single surgeon were enrolled in a prospective database. All patients fulfilled inclusion criteria (108) consisting of 1 year of having clinical follow-up, postoperative radiographs, and Foot & Ankle Outcome Scores (FAOS). The primary outcome evaluated was functional outcome as exhibited by the FAOS. The secondary outcomes included adequacy of reduction, loss of reduction, postoperative complications (wound complications, infection, pain-driven hardware removal), and range of motion. RESULTS:Despite significantly higher rates of diabetes (P < .001) and peripheral vascular disease (P < .001), there were statistically significantly better FAOS outcomes in the symptoms subcategory among the geriatric population. There was no significant difference in the articular reduction, syndesmotic reduction, wound complications, postoperative infections, or range of motion between these groups. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Geriatric patients exhibited equivalent complication rates, radiographic outcomes, and functional outcomes compared to nongeriatric patients in this series. Anatomic fixation and soft tissue management counter the inherent risks of operative intervention in geriatric populations that report higher rates of comorbidities. This study supports aggressive fracture- and ligament-specific operative intervention in geriatric patients presenting with unstable SER injuries.
The Dynamics of Hyperreflectant Central Target Lesions In Reticular Macular Disease (RMD) In Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) [Meeting Abstract]
Progression of Reticular Macular Disease (RMD) in Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) [Meeting Abstract]